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SCALAR (DOT) PRODUCT OF TWO VECTORS
PREVIOUS EAMCET BITS 1. If m1, m2 , m3 and m4 are respectively the magnitudes of the vectors [EAMCET 2009]

a1 = 2i − j + k, a 2 = 3i − 4 j − 4k , a 3 = i − j + k and a 4 = − i + 3 j + k
Then the correct order of m1, m2, m3, m4 is 1) m3 < m1 < m 4 < m 2 3) m3 < m 4 < m1 < m 2 Ans: 1 Sol. m1 = 6, m 2 = 41, m3 = 3, m 4 = 11 2) m3 < m1 < m 2 < m 4 4) m3 < m 4 < m 2 < m1

∴ m3 < m1 < m 4 < m 2

2.

Suppose a = λ i − 7 j + 3k, b = λ i + j + 2λk . If the angle between a and b is greater than 90°, then
λ satisfies the inequality :
1) −7 < λ < 1 Ans: 1 2) λ > 1 3) 1 < λ < 7

[EAMCET 2009]
4) −5 < λ < 1

Sol. a.b < 0

⇒ λ 2 + 6λ − 7 < 0

( λ − 1)( λ + 7 ) < 0
−7 < λ < 1 3. If the position vectors of A, B and C are respectively 2i − j + k,i − 3j − 5k and 3i − 4 j − 4k , then cos2A = 1) 0 Ans: 3 Sol. AB = OB − OA = ( i − 3j − 5k ) − ( 2i − j + k ) = −i − 2 j − 6k
AC = OC − OA = ( 3i − 4 j − 4k ) − ( 2i − j + k ) = i − 3j − 5k cos A = AB.AC AB AC

[EAMCET 2008]
2) 6/41 3) 35/41 4) 1

=

( −i − 2 j − 6k )( i − 3j − 5k )
−i − 2 j − 6k i − 3j − 5k

1

Scalar (dot) Product of Vectors
=

−1 + 6 + 30 35 35 = 41 1 + 4 + 36 1 + 9 + 25 35 41

∴ cos 2 A =

35 41 4 i − j−k , 3

4.

If a = i − j − k and b = λ i − 3 j + k and the orthogonal projection of b on a is then λ = 1) 0 Ans: 2 2) 2 3) 12 4) –1

(

)

[EAMCET 2007]

Sol. Orthogonal projection of b on a =

( b.a ) a
a
2

4 ⎛ λ + 3 −1⎞ ⎜ ⎟ (i − J − k ) = (i − J − k ) ⇒ λ = 2 3 3 ⎝ ⎠

5.

If a + b + c = 0 and a = 3, b = 4 and c = 37 , then the angle between a and b is
[EAMCET 2006]

1)

π 4

2)

π 2

3)

π 6

4)

π 3

Ans: 4 Sol. a + b = − c Squaring o.b.s
9 + 16 + 24 cos ( a, b ) = 37 cos ( a, b ) = 6. a + b + 2 a b cos ( a, b ) = c
2 2 2

1 π ⇒ ( a, b ) = 2 3

a.k = a. ( 2 i + j ) = a ( i + j + 3k ) = 1 ⇒ a 1) i − k Ans: 4 2)

[EAMCET 2006]

1 ( 3i + j − 3k ) 3

3)

1 ( i + j + k) 3

4)

1 ( 3i − 3 j + k ) 3

Sol. Let a = a1i + a 2 j + a 3 k a.i = 1 ⇒ a1 = 1
a. ( 2i + j) = 1 ⇒ 2a1 + a 2 = 1 ⇒ a 2 = 1 − 2 = −1

2

Scalar (dot) Product of Vectors
a. ( i + j + 3k ) = 1 ⇒ a1 + a 2 + 3a 3 = 1

⇒ 3a 3 = 1 ⇒ a 3 =
∴a =

1 3

1 [3i − 3j + k ] 3
[EAMCET 2005]

7.

If the vector a = 2i + 3 j + 6k and b are collinear and b = 21, then b = 1) ± 2i + 3 j + 6k Ans: 2

(

)

2) ±3 2i + 3 j + 6k

(

)

3) i + j + k

(

)

4) ±21 2i + 3 j + 6k

(

)

Sol. a = t ( b )
a = t b ⇒ t = t=± 8. 1 3 7 1 = 21 3

∴ b = ±3 ( a )

If the vectors i + 3 j + 4k, λ i − 4 j + k are orthogonal to each other, then λ = [EAMCET 2004] 1) 5 Ans: 3 2) – 5 3) 8 4) – 8

Sol. a.b = 0 ⇒ λ − 12 + 4 = 0 ⇒ λ = 8 9. If a, b, c are three vectors such that a = b + c and the angle between b and c is
a = a ,b = b ,c = c

π : here 2

[EAMCET 2003]

1) a 2 = b 2 + c2 Ans: 1 Sol. a 2 = ( b + c )
2

2) b 2 = c 2 + a 2

3) c 2 = a 2 + b 2

4) 2a 2 − b 2 = c 2

a 2 = b 2 + c 2 + 2 ( b.c )

⇒ a 2 = b 2 + c2 (∵ ( b.c ) = π / 2 ) 10. If a.i = a. i + j = a. i + j + k then a = 1) i Ans: 1 Sol. By verification a = i 2) j 3) k

(

)

(

)

[EAMCET 2002]

4) i + j + k

3

Scalar (dot) Product of Vectors

11.

The orthogonal projection of a on b is 1)

[EAMCET 2002]

( a.b ) a
a
2

2)

( a.b ) b
b
2

3)

a a

4)

b a

Ans: 2 Sol.

( a.b )

b b
2

12.

If θ is an acute angle and the vector ( sin θ ) i + ( cos θ ) j is perpendicular to the vector i − 3 j

then θ = 1) π 6 2) π 5 3) π 4 4) π 3

[EAMCET 2000]

Ans: 4 Sol. The given vectors are ⊥ er then ( sin θi + cos θj) . i − 3j = 0 sin θ − 3 cos θ = 0 ⇒ tan θ = 3 sin θ − 3 cos θ = 0 ⇒ tan θ = 3 ⇒ θ = 13. π 3

(

)

If two out of the three vector a + b + c are unit vectors a + b + c = 0 and 2 a.b + b.c + a.c + 3 = 0 , then the third vector is of length 1) 3 Ans: 3 2) 2 3) 1 4) 0

(

)

[EAMCET 2000]

Sol. a + b + c = 0 ⇒ a + b + c

(

)

2

=0

∴ a 2 + b 2 + c 2 + 2 a.b + b.c + c.a = 0

(

)

1 + 1 + c2 − 3 = 0 ⇒ c2 = 1
∴ c =1

4