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PERIODICITY AND EXTREME VALUES

PREVIOUS EAMCET BITS

1. The period of sin 4 x + cos 4 x is [EAMCET 2009]
π 4
π 2
π π
1) 2) 3) 4)
2 2 4 2
Ans: 4
⎛π ⎞
Sol. f ⎜ + x ⎟ = cos 4 x + sin 4 x = f ( x )
⎝2 ⎠
∴ Period = π/2
⎛ π⎞
2. For all values of θ, the values of 3 − cos θ + cos ⎜ θ + ⎟ lie in the interval [EAMCET 2006]
⎝ 3⎠
1) [ −2,3] 2) [ −2,1] 3) [ 2, 4] 4) [1,5]
Ans: 3
⎛ π⎞ π π
Sol. cos ⎜ θ + ⎟ = cos θ cos − sin θ.sin
⎝ 3⎠ 3 3
1 3
= cos θ − sin θ
2 2
⎛ p⎞ 1 3
3 − cos θ + cos ⎜ θ + ⎟ = 3 − cos θ − sin θ
⎝ 3⎠ 2 2
1 3
Min. value = C − a 2 + b 2 = 3 − + =2
4 4
Max. value = C + a 2 + b 2 = 3 + 1 = 4
⎛π ⎞ ⎛π ⎞
3. The extreme value of 4 cos ( x 2 ) cos ⎜ + x 2 ⎟ cos ⎜ − x 2 ⎟ over \ are [EAMCET 2005]
⎝3 ⎠ ⎝3 ⎠
1) – 1, 1 2) –2, 2 3) –3, 3 4) –4, 4
Ans: 1
1
Sol. cos A cos ( 60 − A ) cos ( 60 + A ) = cos 3A
4
⎛ π ⎞ ⎛ π ⎞
∴ 4 cos x 2 cos ⎜ + x 2 ⎟ cos ⎜ − x 2 ⎟ = cos 3x 2 = [ −1 1]
⎝3 ⎠ ⎝3 ⎠
cos nx
4. If n ∈ N , and the period of is 4π, then n = [EAMCET 2004]
⎛x⎞
sin ⎜ ⎟
⎝n⎠
1) 4 2) 3 3) 2 4) 1
Ans: 3

Sol. Period of cos nx =
n

1

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Periodicity and Extreme values
⎛x⎞
Period of sin ⎜ ⎟ = 2nπ
⎝n⎠
2nπ = 4π ⇒ n = 2

5. For x ∈ \,3cos ( 4x − 5 ) + 4 lies in the interval [EAMCET 2004]
1) [1, 7 ] 2) [ 4, 7 ] 3) [ 0, 7 ] 4) [ 2, 7 ]
Ans: 1
Sol. Maximum and Minimum values of cosθ are 1 an – 1
∴ [ −3 + 4,3 + 4] = [1, 7 ]
θ θ
6. The period of the function f ( θ ) = sin + cos is [EAMCET 2003]
3 2
1) 3π 2) 6π 3) 9π 4) 12π
Ans: 4
⎛ θ ⎞ 2π
Sol. The period of sin ⎜ ⎟ is = 6π
⎝ 3 ⎠ 1/ 3
θ 2π
The period of cos is = 4π
2 1/ 2
⎛θ⎞ ⎛θ⎞
The period of sin ⎜ ⎟ + cos ⎜ ⎟ is L.C.M of 6π, 4π = 12π
⎝3⎠ ⎝2⎠
⎛π π⎞ ⎛π π⎞
7. If f ( x ) = sin 2 ⎜ + ⎟ − sin 2 ⎜ − ⎟ , then the period of f is [EAMCET 2002]
⎝8 2⎠ ⎝8 2⎠
1) π 2) π/2 3) π/3 4) 2π
Ans: 4
Sol. Sin 2 A − sin 2 B = sin ( A + B ) Sin ( A − B )
⎛π x⎞ ⎛π x⎞ π
∴ sin 2 ⎜ + ⎟ − sin 2 ⎜ − ⎟ = sin sin x
⎝8 2⎠ ⎝8 2⎠ 4
∴ period = 2π

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