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TRIGONOMETRIC EQUATIONS

PREVIOUS EAMCET BITS
1. If 3cos x ≠ 2,sin x , then the general solution of sin 2 x − cos 2x = 2 − sin 2x is x =
[EAMCET 2009]
π nπ
1) nπ + ( −1) ,n∈Z ,n∈Z
n
2)
2 2
π
3) ( 4n ± 1) , n ∈ Z 4) ( 2n − 1) π, n ∈ Z
2
Ans: 3
Sol. sin 2 x − (1 − 2sin 2 x ) = 2 − 2sin x cos x
⇒ 3sin 2 x + 2sin x cos x − 3 = 0
⇒ 3sin 2 x + 2sin x cos x − 3 ( sin 2 x + cos 2 x ) = 0
⇒ cos x ( 2sin x − 3cos x ) = 0
⇒ cos x = 0 (∵ 2sin x ≠ 3cos x )
⇒ x = ( 4n ± 1) π / 2, n ∈ Z
2. {x ∈ R : cos 2x + 2 cos 2
x − 2 = 0} = [EAMCET 2008]
⎧ π ⎫ ⎧ π ⎫ ⎧ π ⎫ ⎧ π ⎫
1) ⎨2nπ + ; n ∈ Z⎬ 2) ⎨nπ ± ; n ∈ Z ⎬ 3) ⎨nπ ± ; n ∈ Z⎬ 4) ⎨2nπ − ; n ∈ Z⎬
⎩ 3 ⎭ ⎩ 6 ⎭ ⎩ 3 ⎭ ⎩ 3 ⎭
Ans: 2
Sol. cos 2x + 2 cos 2 x − 2 = 0 ⇒ 2 cos 2 x − 1 + 2 cos 2 x − 2 = 0
3 ⎛π⎞ π
⇒ 4 cos 2 x = 3 ⇒ cos 2 x = = cos 2 ⎜ ⎟ ⇒ x = nπ ±
4 ⎝6⎠ 6

3. cos 2x = ( ⎛
2 + 1 ⎜ cos x −

)1 ⎞ 1
⎟ , cos x ≠ 2 ⇒ x ∈
2⎠
[EAMCET 2005]

⎧ π ⎫ ⎧ π ⎫
1) ⎨ 2nπ ± : n ∈ Z⎬ 2) ⎨2nπ ± : n ∈ Z ⎬
⎩ 3 ⎭ ⎩ 6 ⎭
⎧ π ⎫ ⎧ π ⎫
3) ⎨2nπ ± : n ∈ Z⎬ 4) ⎨2nπ ± : n ∈ Z⎬
⎩ 2 ⎭ ⎩ 4 ⎭
Ans: 4
( )
Sol. 2 2 cos 2 x − 2 + 2 cos x + 1 = 0
2 2 cos x − 2 cos x − 2 cos x + 1 = 0
2

( 2 cos x − 1) ( 2 cos x − 1 = 0)
1 1
cos x ≠ ; cos x =
2 2

1

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Trigonometric Equations
⎧ π ⎫
∴ x ∈ ⎨ 2nπ ± / n ∈ Z ⎬
⎩ 4 ⎭
4. The solution set of ( 5 + 4 cos θ )( 2 cos θ + 1) = 0 in the interval [0, 2π] is [EAMCET 2003]
⎧ π 2π ⎫ ⎧ 2 π 5π ⎫ ⎧ 2π 4 π ⎫ ⎧ 2 π 5π ⎫
1) ⎨ , ⎬ 2) ⎨ , ⎬ 3) ⎨ , ⎬ 4) ⎨ , ⎬
⎩3 3 ⎭ ⎩3 3⎭ ⎩3 3⎭ ⎩3 3⎭
Ans: 3
Sol. ( 5 + 4 cos θ )( 2 cos θ + 1) = 0
−1 2π 4π
cos θ = ⇒θ= ,
2 3 3
5. The equation 3 sin x + cos x = 4 has [EAMCET 2001]
1) only one solution 2) two solutions
3) infinitely many solutions 4) no solutions
Ans: 4
Sol. The max. value of 3 sinx + cosx is ‘2’.
∴ 3 sinx + cosx never equal to ‘4’.
π
6. If tan θ + sec θ = 3 , then the principal value of θ + is [EAMCET 2000]
6
1) π/4 2) π/3 3) 2π/3 4) 3π/4
Ans: 2
Sol. tan θ + sec θ = 3
3 cos θ − sin θ = 1
⎛ π⎞ 1 ⎛ π⎞ π
cos ⎜ θ + ⎟ = ∴⎜θ+ ⎟ =
⎝ 6⎠ 2 ⎝ 6⎠ 3
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