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PROPERTIES OF TRIANGLES
PREVIOUS EAMCET BITS 1. In any ΔABC, a ( b cos C − c cos B ) =
1) b 2 + c 2 2) b 2 − c2 3)

[EAMCET 2009]

1 1 + b c

4)

1 1 − b2 c2

Ans: 2 1 Sol. ( 2ab cos C − 2ca cos B) 2 1 2 ⎡a + b2 − c2 − c2 − a 2 + b2 ⎤ ⎦ 2⎣

= b 2 − c2
2. In a ΔABC

( a + b + c )( b + c − a )( c + a − b )( a + b − c )
4b 2 c 2 3) sin2A 4) sin2B

[EAMCET 2009]

1) cos2A 2) cos2B Ans: 3 2s ( 2s − 2a )( 2s − 2b )( 2s − 2c ) Sol. 4b 2 c 2
2

4Δ 2 ⎛ 2Δ ⎞ 2 =⎜ ⎟ = sin A 2 2 b c ⎝ bc ⎠ 1 1 3 + = then C = 3. In ΔΑBC if b+c c+a a+b+c 1) 90° 2) 60° 3) 45° Ans: 2 1 1 3 + = Sol. Given b+c c+a a +b+c b a ⇒ 1+ +1+ =3 a+c a+c ⇒ b ( b + c ) + a ( a + c ) = ( a + c )( b + c ) =
⇒ b 2 + bc + a 2 + ac = ab + ac + bc + c2 ⇒ a 2 + b 2 − c 2 = ab a 2 + b2 − c2 ab 1 = = Now, cos C = 2ab 2ab 2 ⇒ C = 60° Observe the following statements : C B I) In ΔABC b cos 2 + c cos 2 = s 2 2 A b+c II) In ΔABC, cot = ⇒ B = 90° 2 2

[EAMCET 2008]

4) 30°

4.

[EAMCET 2008]

1

Properties of Triangles
Which of the following is correct? 1) Both I and II are true 2) I is true, II is false 3) I is false , II is true 4) Both I and II are false Ans: 2 s (s − c) s (s − b ) s C B +c = (s − c + s − b ) = s Sol. I) b cos 2 + c cos 2 = b 2 2 ab ac a II) If A = 45°, B = 90°, C = 45°, then a = 2R, b = 2R, c = 2R

R 1 A cot 22 ° ≠ cot 2 2 2 a b c 5. In a triangle, if r1 = 2r2 = 3r3 , then + + = b c a 75 155 176 1) 2) 3) 60 60 60 Ans: 4 Δ 2Δ 3Δ Δ Sol. r1 = 2r2 = 3r3 ⇒ = = = ( say ) s−a s−b s−c k ⇒ s − a = k,s − b = 2k,s − c = 3k ⇒ s − a + s − b + s − c = 6k ⇒ s = 6k ⇒ a = 5k, b = 4k, c = 3k a b c 5k 3k 5 4 3 75 + 80 − 36 191 ∴ + + = + = + + = = b c a 4k 5k 4 3 5 60 60

But

b + c 2R + 2R = = 2 2

(

2 +1

) R2 =

[EAMCET 2008]

4)

191 60

6.

(or) If xr1 = yr2 = zr3 , then a:b:c=y+z:z+x:x+y ∴a:b:c=5:4:3 If two angles of ΔABC are 45° and 60°, then the ratio of the smallest and the greatest sides are [EAMCET 2007] 1) 3 − 1 :1 3) 1: 3 4) 3 :1 2) 3 : 2

(

)

Ans: 1 Sol. Angles are 45°, 60° and 75°. The ratio of smallest and greatest sides = sin45°; sin75°= 3 − 1:1 A B⎞ ⎛ 7. In ΔABC, ( a + b + c ) ⎜ tan + tan ⎟ = 2 2⎠ ⎝ C A B C 2) 2a cot 3) 2b cot 4) tan 1) 2c cot 2 2 2 2 Ans: 1 ⎛ Δ A B⎞ Δ ⎞ ⎛ Sol. ( a + b + c ) ⎜ tan + tan ⎟ = 2s ⎜ + ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ 2 2⎠ ⎝ ⎝ s (s − a ) s (s − b ) ⎠
= 2c s ( s − a )( s − b )( s − c ) 2Δc = ( s − a )( s − b ) ( s − a )( s − b )

[EAMCET 2007]

= 2c cot

c 2
2

Properties of Triangles
8. In ΔABC, with usual notation, observe the two statements given below I) rr1r2 r3 = Δ 2

[EAMCET 2007]

II) r1r2 + r2 r3 + r3r1 = s 2 Which of the following is correct 1) Both I and II are true 2) I is true, II is false 3) I is false, II is true 4) Both I and II are false Ans: 1 Δ Δ Δ Δ Sol. i) rr1r2 r3 = . = Δ2 . . s s−a s−b s−c Δ Δ Δ Δ Δ Δ + + ii) r1 r2 + r2 r3 + r3 r1 = . . . s−a s−b s−b s−c s−c s−a = s ( s − c ) + s ( s − a ) + s ( s − b ) = s2 9. If, in a ΔABC, tan A 5 C 2 [EAMCET 2006] = and tan = then a, b, c are such that : 2 6 2 5 2) 2b = a + c 3) 2ac = b(a + c) 4) a + b = c

1) b2 + ac Ans: 2 A C 5 2 1 Sol. tan .tan = . = 2 2 6 5 3

( s − b )( s − c ) ( s − a )( s − b ) = 1 s (s − a ) s (s − c) 3
s−b 1 = ⇒ 3s − 3b = s s 3 2s = 3b a + b + c = 3b ⇒ a + c = 2b ⇒
10. The angles of a triangle are in the ratio 3 : 5 : 10. Then the ratio of the smallest side to the greatest side is [EAMCET 2006] 1) 1: sin 10° 2) 1 : 2 sin 10° 3) 1 : cos 10° 4) 1 : 2 cos10° Ans: 4 Sol. Let angles as 3x, 5x, 10x ∴ 18x = 180° ⇒ x = 10° ∴ angle aer 30°, 50°, 100° a : c = sinA : sinC = sin30 : sin100 1 : sin ( 90 + 10 ) = 1: 2 cos10° 2 s−a 1 s−b 1 s−c 1 [EAMCET 2006] 11. In a triangle ABC, then b = = , = , = 8 Δ 12 Δ 24 Δ 1) 16 2) 20 3) 24 4) 28 Ans: 1 1 s−a 1 1 s−b 1 1 s−c 1 Sol. = = ; = = ; = = r1 Δ 8 r2 Δ 12 r3 24 Δ 1 1 1 1 6 1 = + + = = r r1 r2 r3 24 4
3

Properties of Triangles

12.

In a ΔABC, a ( cos 2 B + cos 2 C ) + cos A ( c cos C + b cos B ) = 4) a + b +c

( r2 − r )( r1 + r3 ) = b2 (12 − 4 )( 24 + 8 ) = b 2 ⇒ 16 ×16, b = 16

[EAMCET 2005]

1) a 2) b 3) c Ans: 1 ⎡⎛ a 2 + c 2 − b 2 ⎞ 2 ⎛ a 2 + b 2 − c 2 ⎞ 2 ⎤ Sol. = a ⎢⎜ ⎟ +⎜ ⎟ ⎥ 2ac 2ab ⎢⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎥ ⎣ ⎦ 2 2 2 2 2 2 ⎛ b + c −a ⎞⎡ ⎛ b + a −c ⎞ ⎛ a 2 + c2 − b 2 +⎜ c⎜ + b⎜ ⎟⎢ ⎟ 2bc 2ab 2ac ⎝ ⎠⎣ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 a +c −b a +b −c 2a + = =a 2a 2a 2a 13. In a ΔABC, 1) a Ans: 4

⎞⎤ ⎟⎥ ⎠⎦

∑ ( b + c ) tan 2 tan ⎜ ⎝
2) b

A

⎛ B−C⎞ ⎟= 2 ⎠ 3) c 4) 0

[EAMCET 2005]

A ⎛ B−C⎞ b−c cot Sol. From Napier’s formula tan ⎜ ⎟= 2 ⎝ 2 ⎠ b+c A A b−c A ⎛ B−C⎞ ∑ ( b + c ) tan tan ⎜ cot ⎟ = ∑ ( b + c ) tan . 2 2 b+c 2 ⎝ 2 ⎠ ∑ ( b − c) = 0 14. Two sides of a triangle are given by the roots of the equation x2 – 5x + 6 = 0 and the angle between the sides is π/3. Then the perimeter of the triangle is [EAMCET 2005] 1) 5 + 2 2) 5 + 3 3) 5 + 5 4) 5 + 7 Ans: 4 A Sol. c 2 = a 2 + b 2 − 2ab cos C 1 2 = 9 + 4 − 12 × = 7 2 π/3 B C 3 =c= 7 2S = a + b + c = 5 + 7 15. If , in a ΔABC, r3 = r1 + r2 + r , then A + B = 1) 120° 2) 100° 3) 90° Ans: 3 c Sol. r3 − r = 4R sin 2 2 c r1 + r2 = 4R cos 2 2 r1 + r2 + r − r3 = 0

[EAMCET 2004]
4) 80°

4

Properties of Triangles
c c⎞ ⎛ ⇒ 4R ⎜ cos 2 − sin 2 ⎟ = 0 2 2⎠ ⎝ ⇒ 4R cos c = 0 ⇒ c = 90° ∴ A + B = 90° C C 2 2 In a ΔABC, ( a − b ) cos 2 + ( a + b ) sin = 2 2 2 2 1) a 2) c 3) b2 Ans: 2 c c⎞ ⎛ a 2 + b 2 − 2ab ⎜ cos 2 − sin 2 ⎟ = c 2 2 2⎠ ⎝ In a ΔABC, the correct formulae among the following are A B C I) r = 4R sin sin sin 2 2 2 A II) r1 = ( s − a ) tan 2 Δ III) r3 = s−c 1) only I, II 2) only II, III 3) only I, III Ans: 3 I is true, II is false, III is true If in a ΔABC , r1 < r2 < r3 then 1) a < b < c 2) a > b > c 3) b < a < c Ans: 1 r1 < r2 < r3 Δ Δ Δ ⇒ < < S−a S− b S−c ⇒ S−a > S− b > S−c ⇒ −a > − b > −c ∴a<b<c B C If in a ΔABC,if 3a = b + c , then cot .cot = 2 2 1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 Ans: 2 B C S (S − b ) S (S − c ) cot cot = × 2 2 Δ Δ S 2S a+b+c = = = =2 S − a 2 (S − a ) b + c − a

16.

[EAMCET 2004]
4) a2 + b2

Sol. 17.

[EAMCET 2004]

4) I, II, III

Sol. 18.

[EAMCET 2003] 4) a < c < b

Sol.

19.

[EAMCET 2003]
4) 4

Sol.

In a ΔABC, if b = 20, c = 21 and sinA = 3/5, then a = ……… 1) 12 2) 13 3) 14 Ans: 2 3 4 Sol. sin A = ⇒ cos A = 5 5 2 2 2 a = b + c − 2bc cos A a = 13 20.

[EAMCET 2003]
4) 15

5

Properties of Triangles
If ΔABC is right angled at A, then r2 + r3 = 1) r1 − r 2) r1 + r 3) r − r1 Ans: 1 Sol. A = 90° and r2 + r3 A = 4R cos 2 = 2R 2 A r2 − r = 4R sin 2 = 2R 2 cos C + cos A cos B 22. In a ΔABC, + = c+a b 1 1 1 1) 3) 2) b a c Ans: 2 cos C + cos A cos B Sol. + = c+a b b cos C + b cos A + c cos B + a cos B = b (c + a ) 21.

[EAMCET 2002]
4) R

[EAMCET 2001]
4) c+a b

(c + a ) = 1 b (c + a ) b

In a ΔABC, a 2 sin 2C + c 2 sin 2A 1) Δ 2) 2Δ 3) 3Δ Ans: 4 Sol. a 2 sin 2C + c2 sin 2A = 4R 2 sin 2 A.2sin C cos C + 4R 2 sin 2 C.2sin A cos A = 8R 2 sin A sin C ( sin A cos C + cos A sin C ) 23.

[EAMCET 2001]
4) 4Δ

= 8R 2 sin A sin Bsin C = 4Δ 24. If in a ΔABC, a, b, c are in arithmetic progression, then the (A/2) tan (C/2) = 1) 1/4 2) 1/3 3) 3 4) 4 Ans: 2 A C Δ Δ Sol. tan tan = . 2 2 s (s − a ) s (s − c)

[EAMCET 2000]

25.

s − b 2 (s − b) = s 2s a + c − b 2b − b 1 = = = a + b + c 2b + b 3 If a ΔABC, cos A + cos B + cos B + cos C = r r R 1) 1 + 2) 1 − 3) 1 − R R r Ans: 1
=

[EAMCET 2000]
4) 1 + R r

6

Properties of Triangles
A B C sin sin 2 2 2 A B C 4R sin sin sin 2 2 2 = 1+ r =1 + R R 26. In a ΔABC, r + r3 + r1 – r2 = 1) 4R cosA 2) 4R cosB 3) 4R cosc Ans: 2 B Sol. r1 + r3 = 4R cos 2 2 B r2 − r1 = 4R sin 2 2 B B⎞ ⎛ r + r1 + r3 − r2 = 4R ⎜ cos 2 − sin 2 ⎟ = 4R cos B 2 2⎠ ⎝ Sol. cos A + cos B + cos C = 1 + 4 R sin

[EAMCET 2000]
4) 4R

7