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COORDINATE SYSTEM

PREVIOUS EAMCET BITS

1.

If, l, m, n are in arithmetic progression, then the straight line lx + my + n = 0 will pass through the point [EAMCET 2008] 1) (–1, 2) Ans: 2 2) (1, –2) 3) (1, 2) 4) (2, 1)

Sol. l, m, n are in A.P ⇒ m – l = n – m ⇒ l – 2m + n = 0 ⇒ (1, –2) lies on lx + my + n = 0 2. In the triangle with vertices at A ( 6,3) , B ( −6,3) and C ( −6, −3) , the median through A meets BC at P, the line AC meets the x-axis at Q, while R and S respectively denote the orthocentre and centroid of the triangle. Then the correct matching of the coordinates of points in List – I to List – II is [EAMCET 2007] List – I i) P ii) Q iii) R iv) S List – II A) (0, 0) B) (6, 0) C) (–2, 1) D) (–6, 0) E) (–6, –3) F) (–6, 3) i 1) 3) Ans: 3 Sol. i) P is midpoint of BC = (–6, 0) = D ii) Midpoint of AC is (0, 0) ⇒ AC meets x-axis at Q(0, 0) = A iii) ΔABC is right angled at B. Orthocentre = R = (–6, 3) = F iv) Centroid = S = (–2, 1) = C 3. The area (in square units) of the triangle formed by the lines x = 0, y = 0 and 3x + 4y = 12 is [EAMCET 2005] 1) 3 Ans: 3 Sol. Area of Δle OAB = 2) 4 3) 6 4) 12 D D ii A A iii E F iv C C 2) 4) i D B ii B A iii E F iv C C

B(0,3) 1 base × height 2 3 O (0,0) 4 x y + =1 4 3 A (4,0)

1 Area = × 4 × 3 = 6 2

1

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Coordinate system

4.

**If PM is the perpendicular from P(2, 3) onto the line x + y = 3, then the coordinates of M are
**

[EAMCET 2005]

1) (2, 1) Ans: 3 Sol. P(2, 3),

2) (–1, 4)

3) (1, 2)

4) (4, –1)

**= x + y = 3 , slope = - 1 by verification product of slopes = –1
**

3− 2 =1 2 −1

from (3) option slope PM = 1(–1) = – 1 5.

The point P is equidistant from A(1, 3), B(–3, 5) and C(5, –1). Then PA - . [EAMCET 2003] 1) 5 Ans: 4 2) 5 5 3) 25 4) 5 10

Sol. PA 2 = PB2 = PC2

( x − 1) + ( y − 3)

2

2

2

= ( x + 3) + ( y − 5 )

2

2

2

= ( x − 5 ) + ( y + 1)

⇒ P ( x, y ) = ( −8, −10 ) ∴ PA = 5 10 6. If (–2, 6) is the image of the point (4, 2) with respect to the line L = 0, then L = [EAMCET 2002] 1) 6x − 4y − 7 2) 2x + 3y − 5 3) 3x − 2y + 5 4) 3x − 2y + 10

Ans: 3 Sol. L = 0 is perpendicular bisector of line segment joining the roots (–2, 6) (4, 2) L = 3x –2y+5 7. If the altitude of a triangle are in arithmetic progression, then the sides of the triangle are in .. progression [EAMCET 2002] 1) arithmetic 2) harmonic 3) geometric 4) arithmetico-geometric Ans: 2 1 2Δ Sol. Δ = P1a ⇒ P1 = 2 a 2Δ 2Δ P2 = P3 = P1 , P2 , P3 are in A.P. b c ⇒ a, b, c are in H.P 8. The lines 2x + 3y = 6, 2x + 3y = 8 cut the x-axis at A, B respectively. A line l drawn through the point (2, 2) meets the x-axis at C. In such a way that abscissae of A, B and C are in arithmetic progression. Then the equation of the line l is [EAMCET 2001] 1) 2x + 3y = 20 2) 3x + 2y = 10 3) 2x − 3y = 10 4) 3x − 2y = 10

Ans: 1 Sol. The lines 2x + 3y = 6 and 2x + 3y = 8 cuts x-axis at A and B ∴ Α(3, 0), Β(4, 0) The point ‘C’ lies on x-axis and the abscissae of the points A, B, C are in A.P.

2

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Coordinate system

∴C(5, 0) ∴ The equation of the line passing through (2, 2) and (5, 0) is 2x + 3y = 10 The incentre of the triangle formed by the lines x + y = 1 , x = 1, y = 1 is [EAMCET 2001] 1 1 ⎞ 1 1 ⎞ ⎛ ⎛ 1) ⎜1 − ,1 − , ⎟ 2) ⎜1 − ⎟ 2 2⎠ 2 2⎠ ⎝ ⎝ Ans: 3 ⎛ 1 1 ⎞ 3) ⎜ , ⎟ ⎝ 2 2⎠ 1 ⎞ ⎛ 1 4) ⎜ ,1 − ⎟ 2⎠ ⎝ 2

9.

Sol. The vertices of the triangle are (1, 0) (0, 1), (1, 1) and lengths of the sides are 1, 1,

2

10.

⎛ 1 1 ⎞ , ∴ Incentre ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ 2 2⎠ The vertices of a triangle are (6, 6), (0, 6) and (6, 0). The distance between the circumentre and centroid is [EAMCET 2000] 3)

2

1) 2 2 2) 2 Ans: 3 Sol. Circumcentre = S(3, 3) Centroid = G(4,4 ) ∴ SG = 2

4) 1

3

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