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PLANES

PREVIOUS EAMCET BITS 1. The image of the point (3, 2, 1) in the plane 2x – y + 3z = 7 is [EAMCET 2009] 1) (1, 2, 3) 2) (2, 3, 1) 3) (3, 2, 1) 4) (2, 1, 3) Ans: 3 Sol. Since point lies on the plane, image is itself. 2. If (2, –1, 3) is the foot of the perpendicular drawn from the origin to the plane, then the equation of the plane is [EAMCET 2004] 1) 2x + y − 3z + 6 = 0 2) 2x − y + 3z − 14 = 0 3) 2x − y + 3z − 13 = 0 4) 2x + y + 3z − 10 = 0 Ans: 2 Sol. O ( 0, 0, 0 ) , A ( 2, −1,3) , P = ( x, y, z )

OA.PA = 0 ⇒ 2x − y + 3z − 14 = 0 3. If the plane 3x – 2y – z – 18 = 0 meets the coordinates axes in A, B, C then the centroid of ΔABC is [EAMCET 2004] 2) ( 2, −3, 6 ) 3) ( −2, −3, 6 ) 4) ( 2, −3, −6 ) 1) ( 2,3, −6 ) Ans: 4 x y z + + =1 Sol. 6 −9 −18 ∴Centroid = ( 2, −3, −6 )

A plane π makes intercepts 3 and 4 respectively on Z-axis and X-axis. If π is parallel to Y-axis, then its equation is [EAMCET 2003] 1) 3x + 4z = 12 2) 3z + 4x = 12 3) 3y + 4z = 12 4) 3z + 4y = 12 Ans: 1 x z Sol. The equation of the required plane is + = 1 ⇒ 3x + 4z = 12 4 3 5. The equation of the plane passing through (1, 1, 1) and (1, –1, –1) ; and perpendicular to 2x – y + z + 5 = 0 is [EAMCET 2003] 1) 2x + 5y + z − 8 = 0 2) x + y − z − 1 = 0 4) x − y + z − 1 = 0 3) 2x + 5y + z + 4 = 0 Ans: 2 Sol. The equation of the plane passing through (1, 1, 1) and (1, –1, –1) is x + y – z = 1 and it is ⊥ ar to 2x – y + z + 5 = 0 6. If P=(0, 1, 0), Q = (0, 0, 1), then the projection of PQ on the plane x + y + z = 3 is [EAMCET 2002] 1) 2 2) 3 3) 2 4) 3 Ans: 3 Sol. Perpendicular distances from P, Q to the plane are equal and the point P, Q lies on same side of the plane. ∴ The distance between P and Q is the projection of PQ on the given plane = 2 7 In the space the equation by by + cz + d = 0 represents a plane perpendicular to the….. plane [EAMCET 2002] 4. 1

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Planes

1) YOZ 2) ZOX 3) XOY 4) z = k Ans: 1 Sol. by + cz + d = 0 Plane is parallel to x-axis ∴ It is perpendicular to y o z plane. 8. A plane π passes through the point (1, 1, 1). If b, c , a are the direction ratios of a normal to the plane, where a, b, c (a < b < c) are the prime factors of 2001, then the equation of the plane π is [EAMCET 2002] 1) 29x + 31y + 3z = 63 2) 23x + 29y − 29z = 23 4) 31x + 37y + 3z = 71 3) 23x + 29y + 3z = 55 Ans: 3 Sol. By verification 2001 = 23 × 29 × 3 ∴ 23x + 29y + 3z = 55 9. If the foot of the perpendicular from (0, 0, 0) to a plane is (1, 2, 2) then the equation of the plane is [EAMCET 2001] 1) – x + 2y + 8z – 9 = 0 2) x + 2y + 2z – 9 = 0 3) x + y + z – 5 = 0 4) x + 2y – 3z + 1= 0 Ans: 2 Sol. The plane passing through (1, 2, 2) with normal D.r.s 1, 2, 2 ∴ 1(x – 1) + 2(y – 2) + 2(z – 2) = 0 ⇒ x + 2y + 2z = 9 10. A variable plane is at a constant distance k from the origin and meets the co-ordinate axes in A, B, C. Then the locus of the centroid of ΔABC is [EAMCET 2001] −2 −2 −2 −2 −2 −2 −2 −2 1) x + y + z = k 2) x + y + z = 4k

3) x −2 + y −2 + z −2 = 16k −2 Ans: 4 Sol. Let A ( h, 0, 0 ) B ( 0, k, 0 ) , C ( 0, 0, P ) 4) x −2 + y −2 + z −2 = 9k −2

⎛h k p⎞ ∴ centroid = ⎜ , , ⎟ = G ( x1 , y1 , z1 ) ⎝ 3 3 3⎠ The perpendicular distance from origin to

x y z + + = 1 is h k p

1 h 2 + k 2 + p2

=k

⇒ x −2 + y −2 + z −2 = 9k −2

2

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