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LIMITS
PREVIOUS EAMCET BITS
1.

⎛ x+5⎞
lim ⎜

x →∞ x + 2


1) e
Ans: 3

x +3

=

[EAMCET 2009]

2) e2

⎡ x +5 ⎤
l t ( x + 3) ⎢
−1⎥
⎣ x+2 ⎦

Sol. e x→∞

3) e3

3x + 9

= e x→∞ x + 2 = e3 ⎡∵ Lt ⎡⎣ f ( x ) ⎤⎦
⎣⎢ x →∞
Lt

g( x )

4) e5
Lt g ( x ) ⎡⎣f ( x ) −1⎤⎦

= e x→∞

(1 − e ) sin x
lim


⎦⎥

x

2.

x →0

[EAMCET 2008]

x 2 + x3

1) – 1
2) 0
3) 1
4) 2
Ans: 1
1 − e x ) sin x
(
1 − e x sin x
1 − ex
−e x
Sol. Lt
=
Lt
×
=
Lt
=
Lt
= −1
x →0
x →0 x + x 2
x →0 x + x 2
x →0 1 + 2x
x 2 + x3
x
3.
If f : R → R is defined by f ( x ) = [ x − 3] + x − 4 for x ∈ R then lim f ( x ) =
x →3−

1) – 2
2) – 4
3) – 6
Ans: 3
Sol. Lt f ( x ) = Lt − {[ x − 3] + x − 4 } = −1 + 1 = 0
x →3 −

4.

x →3−

xf ( 2 ) − 2f ( x )
=
x →2
x−2
3) 2

5.

[EAMCET 2008]
4) 3

e x − esin x
lim
=
x →0 2 ( x − sin x )

[EAMCET 2007]

1
1
2)
2
2
Ans: 2
esin x ( e x −sin x − 1) 1
Sol. lim
=
x →0
2 ( x − sin x )
2
1) −

6.

4) – 8

If f(2) = 4 and f ′ ( 2 ) = 1 then lim

1) – 2
2) 1
Ans: 3
xf ( 2 ) − 2f ( x )
f ( 2 ) − 2f ′ ( 2 ) 4 − 2
Sol. Lt
= Lt
=
=2
x →2
x →2
x−2
1
1

⎧ sin (1 + [ x ])

If f ( x ) = ⎨
[x]

0

3) 1

for [ x ] ≠ 0

4)

3
2

where [x] denotes the greatest integer not exceeding x, then

for [ x ] = 0

lim f ( x ) =

[EAMCET 2007]

x → 0−

1) –1
Ans: 2

[EAMCET 2008]

2) 0

3) 1

1

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4) 2

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Limits
Sol.

lim f ( x )

x → 0−

sin (1 + [ x ]) 1 + [ x ]
×
1+ [x]
[x]

= lim−
x →0

= 1×
7.

0
=0
−1

If 0 < p < q, then lim ( q n + p n )

1/ n

n →∞

1) e
Ans: 3

=

2) p

Sol. 0 < p < q, 0 <

[EAMCET 2006]
3) q

4) 0

p
<1
q
1/ n

⎛ p⎞
lim ( q + p ) = lim q ⎜1 + ⎟ = q x 1 = q
n →∞
n →∞
⎝ q⎠
lim ⎡ x 2 + 2x − 1 − x ⎤ =
[EAMCET 2006]
8.
n →∞ ⎣

1) ∞
2) 1/2
3) 4
4) 1
Ans: 4
2x − 1
Sol. lim
2
x →∞
x + 2x − 1 + x
1⎞

⎜2− ⎟
2
x⎠

= =1
lim
x →∞
2
2 1
1+ − 2 +1
x x
⎛ cos 4x + a cos 2x + b ⎞
9.
If lim ⎜
⎟ is finite, then the values of a, b, are respectively [EAMCET 2006]
x →0
x4


1) 5, –4
2) –5, –4
3) –4, 3
4) 4, 5
Ans: 3
f (x)
⎛ cos 4x + a cos 2x + b ⎞
exists
Sol. lim ⎜
= lim

4
x →0
x

⎠ x →0 g ( x )
f(0) = 0
1 + a + b = 0 ⇒ a + b = −1
f ′(x)
−4sin 4x − 2a sin 2x
lim
= lim
x→0 g′ ( x )
x→0
4x 3
n

n 1/ n

f ′′ ( 0 ) = 0

−16 − 4a = 0 ⇒ a = −4
⇒ b = 4 − 1 = 3 –4, 3

10.

If I1 = lim+ ( x + [ x ]) , I 2 = lim− ( 2x + [ x ]) and I3 = lim
x →2

1) I1 < I 2 < I3
Ans: 3

x →2

2) I 2 < I3 < I1

cos x
[EAMCET 2006]
, then
π
π⎞
x→ ⎛
2 x −


2⎠

3) I3 < I 2 < I1
4) I1 < I3 < I 2

2

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Limits
Sol.

1

= lim+ x + [ x ] = 4

2

= lim− 2x − [ x ]

x →2

x →2

= lim {2 ( 2 − h ) − [ 2 − h ]}
h →0

= 4−2 = 2
⎛π

sin ⎜ − x ⎟
⎝2
⎠ = −1
3 = ( −1) lim
π

⎞ ⎛π

⎜ −x ⎟
−x⎟
⎝2 ⎠ ⎜
⎝2

3 < 2 < 1
π
11. lim x 2 sin =
x →0
x
1) 1
2) 0
3) does not exist
4) ∞
Ans: 2
π⎞
⎛π⎞

Sol. Lt x 2 sin ⎜ ⎟ = Lt x 2 . ⎜ Lt sin ⎟ = 0 × (finite value between – 1 to 1) = 0
x →0
x
0
x
0


x⎠
⎝x⎠

n
1
12. lim 3 ∑ ( k 2 x ) =
n →∞ n
k =1
x
x
x
3)
4)
1) x
2)
2
3
4
Ans: 3
1 ⎡ n ( n + 1)( 2n + 1) ⎤
2n 3 + ....
2 x
Sol. x Lt 3 ⎢
= x× =
⎥ = x nLt
3
n →∞ n
→∞
6
6n
6 3


⎛ 3sin x − 3 cos x ⎞
limπ ⎜⎜
⎟⎟ =
6x − π
x→ ⎝

6
1
1) 3
2)
3
Ans: 2
⎛ 3sin x − 3 cos x ⎞
Sol. lim ⎜⎜
⎟⎟
π
6x − π
x→ ⎝

6

13.

[EAMCET 2005]

[EAMCET 2004]

[EAMCET 2003]
3) –

1
3

4)

−1
3

3co s x + 3 sin x
1
=
π
6
3
x→
6

lim

a x − xa
14. If a > 0 lim x
= −1 , then a = ……..
x →a x − a a
1) 0
2) 1
Ans: 2
a x − xa
Sol. lim x
= −1
x →a x − a a
Apply L-hospital rule

[EAMCET 2003]

3) e

3

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4) 2e

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Limits

a x log a − ax a −1
= −1
x →a x x (1 + log x )

⇒ lim

15.

log a − 1
= −1 ⇒ log a = 0 ⇒ a = 1
1 + log a

4x − 9x
=
x →0 x 4 x + 9 x
(
)

[EAMCET 2002]

lim

1) log

2
3

Ans: 1
4x − 9x
Sol. Lt
x →0 x 4 x + 9 x
(
)

(4

Lt

x →0

x

− 1)

x

3
2

2) log

(9

x

4x + 9x

3)

1
2
log
2
3

4)

1
3
log
2
2

− 1)
x

log 4 − log 9 1
2
⎛2⎞
= log ⎜ ⎟ = log
2
2
3
⎝3⎠
16. The quadratic equation whose roots are l and m where
⎛ 2 tan θ ⎞
⎛ 3sin θ − 4sin 2 θ ⎞

⎟ is
l = lim ⎜
=
and
m
lim

θ→ 0
θ→ 0 ⎜ θ 1 − tan 2 θ ⎟
θ
(
)




2
2
2
1) x + 5x + 6 = 0 2) x − 5x + 6 = 0
3) x − 5x − 6 = 0
Ans: 2
⎛ 3sin θ − 4sin 2 θ ⎞
Sol.
= Lt ⎜

θ→0
θ


2

[EAMCET 2002]
4) x 2 + 5x − 6 = 0

sin θ
( 3 − 4sin θ ) = 3
θ→ 0 3θ
2 tan θ
m = Lt
=2
θ→0 θ 1 − tan 2 θ
(
)

= Lt

∴ The quadratic equation required is x 2 − ( + m ) x + m = 0
x 2 − (3 + 2) x + 6 = 0
⇒ x 2 − 5x + 6 = 0
17. If f : R → R is defined by f(x) = x – [x], where [x] is the greatest integer not exceeding x, then
[EAMCET 2002]
the set of discontinuities of f is
1) the empty set
2) R
3) Z
4) N
Ans: 3
Sol. [x] is discontinuous at inter values of x hence
f(x) = x – [x] is discontinuous on Z
18.

⎛ x+a ⎞
lim ⎜

x →∞ x + b


1) 1

x+b

=

[EAMCET 2001]
2) e b −a

3) ea − b

4

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4) e b

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Limits
Ans: 3
⎡ x −a ⎤
−1
Lt ( x + b ) ⎢
⎣ x + b ⎥⎦

Sol. e x→∞

Lt g(x ) ⎡⎣f ( x ) −1⎤⎦ ⎤

g(x )
= ea − b ⎢∵ Lt f [ x ] = e x→∞

⎣ x →∞

x.10 x − x
=
[EAMCET 2001]
x →α 1 − cos x
1) log 10
2) 2log 10
3) 3 log 10
4) 4 log 10
Ans: 2
x (10 x − 1)
Sol. lim
x →0
x
2sin 2
2
x
⎛ 10 − 1 ⎞
x2
= 2 log10
lim ⎜
⎟ . Lt
x →0
⎝ x ⎠ x →0 2sin 2 x
2
x 2 − 10x + 25
[EAMCET 2001]
20. If f ( x ) = 2
for x ≠ 5 and f is continuous at x = 5 then f(5) =
x − 7x + 10
1) 0
2) 5
3) 10
4) 25
Ans: 1
x 2 − 10x + 25
Sol. lim 2
= f ( 5)
x →5 x − 7x + 10
⇒ f ( 5) = 0
19.

lim

21.

lim
π
θ→
2

1 − sin θ
=
⎛π

cos θ ⎜ − θ ⎟
⎝2

[EAMCET 2000]

1) 1

2) –1

3)

−1
2

4)

1
2

Ans: 4

1 − sin θ
π
⎛π

θ→
2 cos θ ⎜
− θ⎟
2

Sol. lim

⎛π

⎜ 2 −θ⎟
2sin ⎜

⎜ 2 ⎟
1


lim
=
π
⎛π

⎛π
⎞ ⎛π
⎞ 2
θ→
2
⎜ 2 −θ⎟
⎜ 2 −θ⎟ ⎜ 2 −θ⎟
2sin ⎜
⎟ cos ⎜
⎟ .2 ⎜

⎜ 2 ⎟
⎜ 2 ⎟ ⎜ 2 ⎟



⎠ ⎝

( x +1)
log
lim x e =
x →0 3 − 1
1) log 3e
2) 0
3) 1
Ans: 4
2

22.

5

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[EAMCET 2000]

4) log 3e

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Limits

log (e )
Sol. lim x
x →0 3 − 1
1+ x

log (e )
log ee
lim xx
=
= log 3e
3
x →0 ⎛ 3 − 1 ⎞
log e


⎝ x ⎠
1+ x

œœœ

6

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