cenre

Number "ft|*i::"

Raffles Girls' School
(sEcoNDARY)
Estrblishcd in l8?9

Name:

Class: Sec 4 |

Register No:

-

CHEMISTRY
PAPER
1

PRELIM INARY EXAM I NATION Friday
26 September 2003

t

hour.

INSTRUCTIONS TO GANDIDATES
Do not open this booklet until you are told to do so. Write your name, Centre number and candidate number on the answer sheet in the Spaces provided. There are forty questions in this paper. Answer alt questions, For each question, there are four possible answers, AB,G and D. Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate answer sheel Read very caiefully the instructions on the answer sheet.

'

INFORMATION FOR GANDIDATES
Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducled for a wrong answer. Any rough working should be done in this booklet. A copy of the Periodic Table is printed on page 16.

This Question Paper consists of 16 printed pages including the cover page.

flurn over

1.

The best representation of a mixnue of ar_eon and heiium inside a balloon is shown by diagram:

D

@@@ffi
Gas

X was passed through a U-tube irnrhersed. in an ice conciensed into a colourless liquid-

mixture. The gas

Which

of

the following substances could be X?
Substance

Meltine Point
-1 15

l'C

BoilinePoint/ "C
-85
--lJ

A
B

\D

Hydrogen chloride Arnmonia Sulphur dioxide Octare

-78
-t)

-10
L26

-Jt

You are asked to s?axate a suspe,nsion of charcoal in a soiution of sodium chioride and nmmonium chloride so as to obtain all three substances. The followingprocesses caa be used: (f) Evaporation, (tr) Fileation, Gtr) Sublirnation. In which order should you carry out these processes?

A B

D

c

(D, CID, @) (D, @), @)

(tr), cD, @) @), @), CD

A

A substance X was

are shown below' Jeveloped using water and ethanol

se'parated' using paper

cbromatography: The cbromatoglams

solvent front

(al that From these experiments' it can be concluded

(b)

X

contains

A B C D

P onlY

Q oniY R onlY either P or Q or R

5.Fivestrrdentseachdissolvedanindigesdonta.'b.letTigoT,ofwater.Theythen with dilule hydrochioric acid' using the each titrated zio"d-"i,rteir soiutioins
the table' same indicator. The results are shown in
A

Lrer

Tikation value / ffn'

20.4

1

lL
I 20.5

)

7r;120.6

l4

122-0

-Whichstatementcouldexpiaintheresultobtainedbystudentnr:mber5? acidThe burette was washed out vrith hydrochloric A solution' The pipette was wasbed out with tablet B of the pipefce' The student m"^sur"d to the top of the meniscus

C

DThetitradonflaskwaswashedoutwiththetabietsolution.

6.Wbichoneofthefollowingcorrectlydescribestheparticlesinadilutesait
solution at room temPerature?
Salt ions ciose close toeethen viblq'u4g sli I ciose

A
B

movine at ragdom
at random

5

\-

wideiv ssDarared: not : o1'ng widelv separareq-me1-lgg 3!gg

*rd"lY seaxarcd: mor-ing

This is the srable $ructure sf salglrrrn ign.

I
I I I I I
I

l

L

It follows tbat

an atoo of caicir:m contains

A B C D

20protons, 20 electrons and20neutrons. 20protons, 18 elecEons aad20neutrons20protons, 18 electrons and 18 Deutrons. 18 protons, 18 electons and 18 neurons-

8-

Z is the atomic number of a noble gas in the periodic table and (Z+L) afi(Z-1) are the atomic numbers of the elements X and Y respectiveiy. If the elements X au<l Y are to combine, which-willbe the most likel;r formuia of the compouodformed?

AXY X;Y B XYz C X2Y D

9.

Silicon carbide has the following $ructure.

Which statement is true forthe compound? n It is a ver-v hard solid and the atoms are booded in a covalent network. It is a soft slippery solid with covalent bsnrling. B It is a ver-y hard solid with metaiiis lsnding. c It is a hard soiid with lattice structure. D

10.

Tflhich of the following occurs in the in&rstrial manufacture of sulpbr:ric acid'?

A B C D

l Sulphr:r dioxide is dissoived in watcrSulphur tioxide is dissolved in water' Sulphr:r dioxide is dissolved ja concentrated sulphr:ric acid' Su$Ur:r trioxide is dissoived in concentrated sulphuric acid:

t1 T I.

The tabie below shows the melting and boiling points of.sulphr:r, lead@) bromide
and hydrogen chioride. Substance

M"itiog poiot
-111

/'C_

Boiling point / "C
-85
-

hvdroeen chioride suiphur lead(It) bromide

1i9
370

A

A<

910

When the foilowing apparahS is set up, ttre bulb glows-

:-F-{-:
--------beaker
1

(25'C)

bcaker 2 (4O0'C)

Whicb one of the following correctly describes the substances presentin beakers
L an(l-.L! oC

A B C D

beaker 1 at 25 dilutehydrochloricacid lead(tr) bromide dilutehydrochloric acid lead@) bromide

beaker 2 at 400 "C lead@) bromide dilute h-vdro chioric aci d sulphur sulpbr:r

L?.

A constant

usrng tbrough aqueous copper(tr) sulphate copper electrode tle plarinum anode and copper cathode- atlSufar-rnjA*t Wbich one of tbe foliowing graphs rePresetrts *"r r.roo.,r"{ dded Ja'*"Wdploued against time (x-axis)?
c-ulreart was passed

the mass of copper

"i""""Jiy-axis)

A

D

IJ.

40cm3 of a mixture of 20cm3 methane and What volume of air is required for monoxide to burn comPletelY?

A B

"urbo:r

60 cml

120 cm'

C D

240 cfr'
300 crn'

L4-

If 1i g of carbon dioxide colsist
7 g of nit'ogen gas?
Yzx

are there in of x molecuies' how manY molecules

B
C

D

A*

1i

Whatisthemaximrrmmassofcalcir:moxidetbatcanbeobtainedbyheating15 of li-*oo" which is 80% Prne?

B C "D

A

6.72 g 8.40 g 10.92 g

r2g

16.Chlorideionsreactwitb'siiverionsaccordingtothefollowingequation:
Ag-

(aq)

+

Cr(uq)

-+

AgC(s)

of a metal moVdm3 soiution of the chioride It was found that 10 cm3 0f a 0.05 complete reaction' soiution for needed 10 cm, oi u o.i-"ov-o*'-.1"o "l*t" Wn t is the formula of tbe chloride?

X

A
B
C

I'zC.
.)(UI

D

XClz XCls

1'r Lt.

of 12' 13 aad Carbon has isotopic masses
this comPound?
fr.

i4' If ethene is forrred from these

carbonatoms,whichoftu"folio*ingi,,,ot-"possiblerelativemolecu]ar''.assof
r?O
Jv

B3i c32
D

18'Whichofthefollowingstate,meltsabouteiectrolysisofdilutesulphuricacidwith
platinr.tm electrodes is not correct?.

A B c

Th"

preferentiallv discbarged at tfe anode' as electrolysis proceeds' The sulphr:ric acid becom", Jor"-"ooclntrated the the anode respectivelv are in ot'o th";;;;;d

OH-;;; ;

nt" g.t:;;;i""t"a

D

ratio 1:2 bYvolume' rfr" ioi p""'tt i" solution include

If'

SOt2' and

OIf

ions'

19.

A potemial difference is applied between tbe elecuodes of the apparahls sho'*n rn the diagram

Ptatinum eiecfodes

d€ar cepp€rtll)
iellY

cfiromate

Why is a blue colour observed near the negative elect'ode after some time? Copper@) chromate is an electrolyte A

B C D

The

jeliy conducts elecricity. Chromare ions are biue in colour. Copper@) ions migrate ro the cathode.

20.

The pH of the solution obtained by mixing 50cm3 of 0-5moVdm3 hydrochloric acid and 27cm3 of lmoVdm3 sodium hydroxide solution is

A B C D 2'1

greaterthan

7

equal to 7 less than 7 between 6 and 8

The following observations were made when nickel and iron were put separately into solutions of salts of three metals P, Q and R

\of
Metal

Solution
Salt of P Salr of Q SaIt of R

Nickel
Iron

Yes: disolaced Yes; displaced

Nor displaced
Yes; dispiaced

Not displaced Not displaced

The correct order of decreasing reactiviry of the five metais is n R. Q, Fe, Ni, P
tl
L-

& Fe, Q, Ni, P & Fe, Ni, Q, P
P,

D

Ni, Fe, Q, R

22.

experimen! sulphuric acid was added to aqueous barium hydroxide. .I" rh"

carFn Bleclrodes

=
After each additio3, fre-sol-u-tio4 was s{r-red arrd-&e-4mmelerreading noted., Which one of the following gaphs corectly represents the reiationship between the voiume of acid added and the ammeter reading?

d

o
E

o

c

0

tcrorUqprcnl

0

t*reOr+rPd#

rOne*tlpoorl

0

voU"cdr5m;c'd'

23.

A-Z B+2
LnLA u

Crysotile, MgSizO;(OFDc, is an asbestos rnineral. From its formula we can conclude that the oxidation stare of silicon is

-.i .-

,,4

The reacrion betweeD silver nibate and sodiurr chioride is exoth ermic. Which the following represents the energy change for this reaction?

of

'A l*"rg I

I

l-f rl tt
I ,I

&cr(si

| **
-

i=s).+ cl-'("e)

3 | "nerg

I
I
I

lr
l l-

NcNq, (i{)

tl rl
|
enersr
-Na+'6iq1 +

Nol-

(cs)

Ag*

(aq)

+ Cl-:(is)

I
DT
I

-kcrtsr

eD.ersrj

Ni*'.(aq)

{-NO; {at)

I

I *** ,""
IU

25.

Which sait can be e$trinsd as the insoiuble product of a reaction beween a dilute

icid A
B
D

and an aqueous salt?

barium suiphate copper@) sulphate

masesiuo sulphate
silver nitrate

26.

The rate of reaction between pieces of zinc foil and- 1 moVdo3 hydrochloric acid was investigated by_recording the total volume of gas produced every minute over a period of time. The results are sbown in the graph. The zi''c had completeiy reacted in the reaction-

*u-"rrr
sas,itit
50.
4B

30

IB
'0

-j-- -.F - - F- -F- -*--.J
lEe/fTnrn

What results would be expected. if the experiment was repeated using the same mass of zinc (same size lumps) andthe srme volume of 2-0moVdm'hydrochloric acid at the same te'mPeratr:re? Maximum volurre of gas
produced

Time at which maximum volume is
obtained
Less than 4 minutes

A B C D

40 cm3 40 cm3
80 cm3 80 cm3

Longer than 4 minutes Longer than 4 minutes Less than 4 minutes

i1

27.

Which starement best explainq wby coal dust forms an explosive mirture with air?

A B C D
28.

Coai dust catalyses the explosionCoal dust h:s a large surface area. Crushing coal breaks chemical bondsCmshing coal reieases hydroge'n from compounds in coal'

Deuterir:m (symbol D) is an isotope of hydrogen'Which forrrula is incorrect for a deuterium compotmd?
at

CDc

B

CzD:OD
CaOD

L D

DCI

29.

The apparatus shown in the diagram was used to investigate the rusting of moist iron.'Th" tube contained 100 cm3 of air at the start of tbe experimenf

'Which graph is the The volume of gas in the tube was recorded over some days. most likeiyresult?

B
volrna st gas
1O0

U
cC

D
bLEmof !,< unlning/qrf

uminirg/ crf

vottna

rsnainhg

Atrs
./

drf

rclunc cd gns rstrairir€ / mt

{

1
'1
--l
I

_..-.-

.n]
J t
I I

oL_"*-----lime
L2

30-

Chlorinc is passed.into an aqueous solution of a compormd. Z. At first colorr is see,r and the,n a blackprecipitate appears- What could Z be? ammonir:mhYdroxide A iron(tr) sulPhate B C Potassir:mbromide poussium iodide D

a

brown

31.

Why are nirates included in fertilisers? To helP Piants make sugarsA To he$ plaats make Protein. B To help plants grow good rootsC To neukaiise excess acid in the soil. D

32.

.

Four reactions are given below. In which one is the rmderiined substance acting as a reducing agent? hydrcgen * copoer0toxide') copper + water A sulphuric acid + magnesium oxide ) magnesium sulphate * watgr B zinc oxide * carbon monoride ) carbon dioxide + anc C

D

iron@) chloride

+ chlorine ) iron(m) chloride

33-

The formulae of catalysts used in some important indusuial processes are given
the tableFrocess Contact

in

Cracking

Manufachre of ethanol Manufacture of poly(ethene) | TiClr + Al(CzHs): Manufacture of ethanoic acid | (Cl{3COz)zltdn

process ofpropane.

Formrda of catah'st used I VzOs CrzO: I AizOl I HfO+

*

How many different uansition eiements are included in the list?

A3 B4

D6

c5

13

^, 5+.

The stnrctr:ral formulae of three organic compormds &Y,and

Z arc shoqrn below.

xYZ
HHH
H-O-C-C-C-H

lll
lll

.HHH
H-C -C -C-H

lll

HHH

HOH
I

ttl

H-C-O-C-C-H

H ttl

HH
HH

H

tlr

H
Which compormds are isomers of each other?

A B C D

XandYoniy XandZonly

Y'and Z only X.Y andZ

35.

Propaae gas is cracked to produce two hydrocarbons. One of them is methane sas and the other gas is Q- Wbat is the stnrctr:re of Q?

HH
tl II

.B
I

H

H-C-C-H tt HH
l-

H-C:'C-H
DHIIH.H.

t-t

H

CFTHH

lrl H_C-=C-C_H ttt
HH.H

H-C-C-C-C-H
HHHH

ltrl

trtl

JO-

Olive oil contains oleic acid- Oleic acid. is an unsafirrated acid *U"n has tbe moiecular formula Cr zHl r COzH. How many carbon-carbon double bouds are present in one molecule of oieic acid?

A1

B2

t-J

D4

1 r'l
l-

37

.

in the air for some time, it becomes bottle .When a'Which of wine or beer is left standing equation describes the reaction that takes place? acidic.

A B C D
38.

CILCIIzOH + COz + CIITCTIzOII+CII3CO2H

CHrCI{zOI{+Oz -+ CI{aCOzH -} CIL++

-+

HOCHzCIIzCQH CH:CQCIIzCIIT+HzO

CTITCOzH+HzO
COz

The second mernber of a homologous series has the formula CzHs. formula of the first member of this series?

'What

is the

A B C D .
Oy-*

C6iJ6

C6I{8

CtHs
CeHro

:

39

the poiynerisation of ethene to fonn polyethene there is no change

in

.. .

A B C D 40.

ratio of carbon to hydrog€n atomsmolecular formuladensrtY.

meltingPoint

'Which set contains tbe correct process for converting substance S,to the
product(s)?

Process A B C D

Substance

S

Product(s)

Additionpollmerisation an ester Condensation pollmerisation starch protein Hydrolysis ethanol Reduction

Terylene
glucose(sugar) amino 3sids ethanoic acid

End ofpaper

i5

I

Nl

lR::

3 q:
6 6: =)r! io

J;

lii

zi-3
t

n tr,i -F: :ulE p o.l :=i

=E :E
-E ti - ag
UJ;
L:

,al

E

:Oi

N>?

5

o

oo

-t o{
.v.2
lo.-:
E

o (n
(D

g6

E€!
c,

o

.o
4

ru

i3!og
E

o
().,3
F

irr=o a9 zEl
.0) n E

^ -l 5fi$

<e
3; s!

-t E!

<r o.9

F,.E
o

s6! luc!
Ft -

o F=
6

-(/,9
o-5
-j

s or
E:
E

v,

'u,
d.-

o)

=1 Z6

CO

t-

o

:Zi
!E=
-^

za

m=i
tao-i

@

o
I !6

.

-E.

= ...6
o

3s: if;
-P 991: o q)o Oo) Eo
=n

F

ei9 ;=

-1=

=: 364

F

!rr dXp

i:

=+ E<

F. ': .tn

ti5
r6

uenre

Numoer

Candidate Numoer

Raffles Girls' School
(SECONDARY)

Name:

Class:

Sec 4l

Register No:

Ghemistry 5068
PAPER 2 PRELIMINA,RY EXAMINA.TION
Friday
26 September 2003

_

t hour 45 minutes

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
Section

A

Answer atl questions. Write your ansu/ers in the spaces provided on the question paper.

Section B Answer allthree questions, the last question is in the form of eitherlor.
Write your answers on the lined paper provided. At the end of the examination, tie the answers of section A and B together. INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES

The number of rnarks is given in brackeG[ ] at the end of each question or part
question-

A copy of the Periodic Table is printed on page 15

This Question Paper consists

of

15 printed pages including the cover page.

ffum over

SectionA(50marks)
A-nswer all the questions in this section in the spaces provided.

A1

The element phosphorus is in Group V ofthe Periodic Table.

(i) What is the elecrron arrangenent in

a phosphorus

atom?

[1m]

(ii) Write the molecularformula for aprobabie compound containing

phosphorusandhydrogen-

[im]

(iii) Showing only the vaience electrons, draw a ldot and 6xsss' diagram oftle compound namsd in (ii) above. [1m]

(iv) If lumps of phosphon:s are left in contact with aA thgy start to burnExplain why this is unexpected in the iight of your knowledge of

nitrogen.

[2m]

A2

A snrdent prepares a soiution of ethanol as showa below-

Sug;ar and

Witer cootaiuing
Uiliversal Indicaror

ycast in water

(a) (i) What

''ame

is given to this process ofpreparing ethanol?

Iim]

(ii) The shrdent wants the process to go frster and heats tbe flask- Explain u&y this may not be a good idea. [1m]

.

(b) There is a color:r chaage to the wat€r containing Universal lndicator.

(i) State the colour change observed.

Ilml

(ii) Explain the cause of the colour change.

Iim]

(c) After the yeast is removed Aom the solution when the reaction
Explain why this separation process is

has

stopped, the ethanoi is separared from the solution by disullation.

posnble.

[1m]

B

Ethane-l, 2

-

dioi has the strucnrral formula shown.

HH tl

'

rH<-+{

tl
ll

ll oo tl
HH

Whe,n one mole of water is added to one mole of epoxyethane, one mole

of

gthane-l, 2 - diol is formed

as the

only producl

(a) (DGivethemolecnlarformr:laof

ethane-1,2-diol

[in]
Iim]

'

(ii) Dedlcethe molecularformula of epoxyethane.

(b)

Etlane-l,

2

as an antifreeze. Ethane-1, 2

-diol when dissolved in the water in the radlator of a car acts -diol freezes at -14oC and boiis at 19fC.

When a sample of the liquid taken from a radiator that contained water and antifreeze was cooled dowg clystais first appear at atenperature of -21oC and not at -14oC. Give a probable eiplanation forthe

observation.

[1m]

A4

An organic compound, W, contains 37.5oA carbon andT25Yohydrogen, by
maqs- The rest is oxygeo-

When W is oxidised under suitable conditions an acid, Use the frcts above to answer the following guestions: (a) Find the probable empirical formula

{

isproduced-

of W-

[2m]

(b) To which homologous series of compomd is W?

[1m]

(c)Name compound W.

[1m]

(d) W and X reacts togetherwhen wamed in the presence concentrated sulphuric acid to form compound Y. (i) Draw the structural formula of

of

a few drops

of
[im]

Y-

(ii) Name compornd Y.

[lm]

(iii) State one use ofY.

[1m]

(a) One way of getting zinc from the mineral sphalerite is outiined below.

Electroiysis

r
I

(D

Aprt from 'jnc, name

another eiernent that is present in

sphalerite- [1m]

(ii) Explain why the sulphr:r dioxide fomed should not be allowed to escape into the air for econornic and environme,ntal reasons. [2n]
.cconouuc reasons:

Environmental

reasons :

(iii) Descnbe experiments you could carry out and statetle results you would obtain to confrm the prese,nce of zinc sulpbate. [4m]

O) Zinc blocks are anached to the steel hulls of ships,
diagram-

as shown

in the

(i) How does thezinc protectfte hullfromrusting?

t2nl

(ii) What would be the effect of using copper blocks instead of

zinc?

[hn]

AO

The dia-e5am below shows an indusrial ceii forthe manufacture of sodium anA chlorine by rhe eiecrolysis of noiten sodium chloride.

Moltea
soorum

Moltea

--

sodium

=_H__l-+-==l = -:--^ - l--;r r=-l =. ----i i-=;-l;i l--.r-n i=i B li-i-:-I
-]i
-=:l

_

oirturc
sodium

Moltcn

conuining
chloridc

(a) in the diagram above, labei the elecrodes A, B and C rdth appropriate inthe circles below the electrodes. (b) Write an eqrufion of the reaction that occurs at A-

+

or

- .ls
[lm]
[1m]

(c) Why are theproducts separaed by the hood?

Iim]

(d) Suggest why the hood does not exrend to the botom ofthe cell.

liml

(e) Why must tbe sodir:m chioride be molten and not solid?

[lm]

(D Vfhy is aqueous sodium chloride unsuitable?

[1m]

(g) why must all the air be excluded from the parts of the ceir iabelled

x?[lm]

(h) Electrodes A and

c

are made

why electrode B is not made of steel

of steel but B is made of graphite- Explain [1m]

A1 nt

This question is mainly concerned wiih air pollution

(a) Freonsare compounds used as 'propellants' in aerosols- The propellant is a liquid obtained by putting a gas rmder pressure. Many scientists beiieve that freons desuoy a protective part ofthe Eafih's atmosphere and manufacturen are advised to use other substinrtes.
What is the protective part of the earth made of and explain why this parr is important? [2n]

(b) Vehicles are fined with catalytic converters which change exhaus form of emission

gases

such as carbon monoxide and nitrogen monoxide into a more acceptable

To atnosphere

(i) Elplain why carbon monoxide is a poliutant.

[1m]

One design of catalytic converter is shown beicw:

EXHAUST G45ES

-J
TO

ATilOSPHERE

CATALYTIC CONYEFTER

Each of the cataiysts, which only works at a fairly high te'mperature' brings about one of the foilowing reactions:

2CO(g) +

QG) -+ 2CQ(g)

zNO(g) -+ Nz(g) + Oz(g)

(ii) which one of the two

gases, carbon monoxide or niu'oge,n monoxide, is-.

renoved (coaverted) bY cataiYst B? Give a reason for your answer.

[2m]

(iii) Assr:ming that 10 dm3 of carbon monoxide e,tters the catalytic conv€.fter, calanlate the minimum volume of ar, meas:red atroom te,mperanne and pressure, needed to completely conY€rt thj cabon
monoxide to carbon dioxide.Qgnore the oxygeo produced fro,m the other t2nl reaction in the cataiytic converter)

(c) FerUliSerS such as ammonir:m nitrats s1 rmmonirrm phosphate are needed for plants to grow weil These ferblisers are ofte,n washed away when there
is hearyrain E>rplain an environme,lrtal problem tbatthis would cause.

[2m]

A8

Aqueous hydroge,t peroxide, HzOz, reacts with acidified agueous potassium

manganate(Vll)

as shown:

5HzQ(aq) + 2\lnO4laq) + 6rf(aq) -+ 5QG) + 2lvfn2*(aq) + 8H2O0)
(a)'State the colotr cbange you wor:ld see when ]vfnO+ reacts with the

hydrogenperoxide.

[1m]

(b) What type of chemicai change happens to the lrdnOr- in the reaction? Give' ' ' ureasooforyouranswer. [2m]

10

Section B (30 mad<s)

Answer all three questions from this sectionThe tast quesrion is in the form of either/or and only one of the alternatives should be
anempted.

89

(a) iron, nicket and platinum can act as calysts. Severai indr:strial reactions use cataiysts to iower the cost of the manufrcn:red products.

(i) Wbat tlpe of metals are abie to act as catatysts? (ii) Name an industrial process that uses a cataiyst and name the

[lm]

*Ti*,

(iii)Give a balanced che,nical equation forthe reactionthat uses the catalyst you named in (ii). [1m] (iv) E>plam how a cataiyst is abie to lower the cost of some manufrctured

products

[2m]

(b) Fineiy powdered. iron can be used as a catalyst for the laboratory decomposition ofhydrogen peroxide.
:

ZHzAz-+ZHzO + Oz
(i) Althoug! iron does act as a catalyst forthis decomposition, it is not suitable. E{piain why iron is not a suitable catalyst[1n]

(ii) iron is extracted from iron(Itr) oxide in the

blasc fumace- Calculate tbe maximum mass of iron that can be obtained from 3000 tomes of iron ore that contains 70% iron(Itr) oxide. [2n]

(c) The relative molecularmass of iron carbonyl, Fe(COX, was formd to be 196. Whe,n. strongly heated, this compotnd decomposes to form iron and

decomposition-

carbon monoxide. Determine the value of x and hence write the equation for its thermal

t2rnl

810

(a) .4a investigation iato the reaction of Iithium with water is carried out b-v two mrdents both using the appararus below:

Thermometer

Hydrogcn

l(D crn3 measuring cylindcr Wire

The voir:me ofhydrogen collected at lO-second intervals is notedTime in seconds Totai volume ofhydrogen in
u

i0
24 9

Stud€nt
Student

cmt

A B

0

20 39
35

30

40

48
62

)5
81

fU 50 55 ff
95

0

(i) On the same axes, piot a graph of totai volume ofhydrogen obtained against time for snrdents A and B- L"abel the graph as student A and snrdent B. [2m]

(D Expiain why
different

the volume of\,vdrogen collected by each student is

Iim]
forthe difFerence in the rate

(iii) Give

a possible reason

ofreaction- [im]

(iv) Student B was unable to record the volume ofhydrogen at 60 secondsSuggest one reasonwhlrhe was rmable to do so. [1n]

'12

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