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Supplemental Problem S.

4-1
Consider Problem 3-26 worked in class, with the modifications shown. Determine the block
shear strength of the section. Compare this to the yielding and rupture limit state values
determined in class, and state the controlling limit state.

Solution:
Properties:
MC 12x40 web thickness:
Diameter of bolt:

d bolt

Diameter of bolt hole:

tw 0.590in
7
8

in

1
d hole d bolt in
8

Yield strength of A36 steel:

(AISC Table 1-6)

Fy 36ksi

Ultimate strength of A36 steel:

d hole 1 in
(Table 2-4)

Fu 58ksi

Failure Paths:
Consider two block shear failure paths for tension: one perpendicular to the load, and
one through the staggered connection. They are identified below as red and green,
respectively.

Bolt longitudinal spacing (pitch):

s 2in

Bolt transverse spacing (gage)

g 3.5in

Areas (for 1 MC):


For two shear lengths:

Agv 2 ( 6 s) tw

Agv 14.16 in

Agt 2 g tw

Agt 4.13 in

For two shear lengths:

Anv Agv 2 2.5 d hole tw

Anv 11.21 in

For red path:

Ant.red Agt 1 d hole tw

Ant.red 3.54 in

For green path:

s
2
Ant.green Agt 2 d hole tw 2
tw 3.287 in
4 g

Green path controls the design (smallest, path of least resistance):

Ant min Ant.red Ant.green

Ant 3.287 in

Block Shear Equation:


Rn = 0.60 Fu Anv Ubs Fu Ant 0.60 Fy Agv Ubs Fu Ant
0.75

(AISC J4.3 Eq. J4-5)

Ubs 1.0
Take the equation in two calculations, and use the minimum value.
Left side of the equation: Rn.left 0.60 Fu Anv Ubs Fu Ant 580.762 kip
Right side of the equation: Rn.right 0.60 Fy Agv Ubs Fu Ant 496.51 kip
Controlling value:

Block shear design strength for 2 MC's:


From class:

Rn min Rn.left Rn.right 496.51 kip


Rn.bsr 2 Rn

Yielding:

Rn.y 764.64kip

Rupture:

Rn.r 784.69kip

Rn.bsr 744.765 kip

Block shear rupture controls the design.

Supplemental Problem S.4-2


Given the angle with diameter bolts as shown. It is subjected to a tensile load of 25 kips
dead load, 50 kips live load. Determine the most economical section that can handle this
load. The angle is A36 steel. Neglect block shear.

Solution:
Loads:

Live load:

PD 25kip
PL 50kip

Factored load:

Pu 1.2 PD 1.6 PL

Dead load:

Fy 36 ksi

Steel properties:

Pu 110 kip

(AISC Table 2-4)

Fu 58 ksi
Section properties:

Lbolt 6in

Length between end bolts:


3

Bolt diameter:

d bolt.2

Hole diameter:

1
d hole.2 d bolt.2 in 0.875 in
8

in

Compute Minimum Criteria:


Yielding:

Trials:

M u Pn = t Fy Ag
t 0.9
Pu
Ag.min
t Fy

(AISC Eq. D2-1)

Ag.min 3.395 in

Use AISC Tables 1-7 and/or 5-2:


1) Choose an L4 x 3-1/2 x 1/2:
x bar.1 0.994in
tleg.1

1
2

in

Ag.1 3.5in

(assuming bolted through long leg of angle)


(AISC Table 1-7)

Check rupture:

Pn = Fu Ae

(AISC Eq. D2-2)

x bar.1
U1 1
0.834
Lbolt
2

An.1 Ag.1 1 d hole.2 tleg.1 3.063 in


2

Ae.1 U1 An.1 2.555 in


t.r 0.75
Pn.1 t.r Fu Ae.1
Pn.1 111.149 kip >

Pn.1 111.149 kip


Pu 110 kip

---> Okay

Use an L4 x 3-1/2 x 1/2, assuming angle is bolted


through long leg of angle.