You are on page 1of 3

No

Journal

Type of
nano filler

Polymer matric
used

Advantages

Disadvantages

References

Journal
1

NanoCaCO3

Polyvinyl
chloride (PVC)

good reinforcing effects on


many polymeric matrixes
due to their large aspect
ratio

does not obviously


improve the
toughness, and
sometimes even
decreases it

(Chen, Wan,
Zhang, &
Zhang, 2004)

Journal
2

nanoCaCO3-LDPE

The food grade


LDPE (density
0.92 kg/m3,
softening point
95 C; Jiangsu
Linhai Resin
Technology Co.
Ltd, Linhai,
China)

Nano-CaCO3-LDPE
packaging significantly
inhibited the increase
of browning index,
total phenolic and
malondialdehyde
content, and
maintained overall
visual quality (OVQ),
titratable acid, and
ascorbic acid.

(Luo, Wang,
Jiang, & Xu,
2015)

Journal
3

nanosize
CaCO3 filler

Styrene
butadiene
rubber (SBR)

-Nano-CaCO3-LDPE
packaging was proven to be
efficient for retarding total
bacterial count (TBC) and
yeast and mold (YMC) counts
-Reducing degradation of
titratable acid and ascorbic
acid, preventing
(phenylalanine ammonialyase) PAL, polyphenol
oxidase (PPO) and peroxidase
(POD) activities increase,
thus delaying browning and
extending shelf-life for 2 days
of fresh-cut Chinese yam.
Have a specific gravity,
swelling index, hardness,
tensile strength, abrasion
resistance, modulus at 300%
elongation, flame retardancy,
and elongation at break were
measured.

The modulus at 300%


elongation, hardness,
specific gravity, and
flame-retarding
properties increased
with a reduction in the
nanosize with linseed
oil as an extender,
which helped with the

(S. Mishra,
N. G. Shimpi ,
2005)

Remarks

uniform dispersion of
nano-CaCO3 in the
rubber matrix.
Journal
4

Journal
5

Journal
6

Caco3

styrene
butadiene
styrene (SBS)
elastomers

nanometer
on calcium
carbonate
(nanoCaCO3)

polypropylene
(PP)/poly
(ethylene-cooctene) (POE)

hybrid filler
system

nitrile rubber
(NBR)

The reduction to the nanosize


gives more enhancements in
the properties due to a
uniform dispersion of
nanoparticles into the
elastomer matrix that
interrelates the elastomer
chains and increases the
degree of cross-linking of the
matrix.
- the Young's modulus,
tensile strength, and tensile
elongation at break
decreased nonlinearly while
the tensile fracture strength
varied slightly with
increasing the POE weight
fraction
It was observed that
manufacture of
nanocomposites with this
approach showed better
morphology, cure rheometry,
swelling resistance, and
mechanical properties
compared with existing
rubber products reinforced
with single-phase filler, thus
this approach has been
introduced as an effective

he hardness of all the


compositions increases
with an increase in the
amount of filler (05
%) in the case of the
nano and commercial
CaCO3

(In et al., 2012)

Difficult to prepare the


surface of the nanoCaCO3 particles

Liang, J.-Z., Zhu,


B. and Ma, W.-Y.
(2016),

Effect of nano caco3


and organoclay causes
reduction in scorch
time and optimum
cure time, although its
concentration has no
significant change on
these parameters

Salkhord, S. and
Sadeghi Ghari,
H. (2015)

way to produce rubber


nanocomposites.
Journal
7

surfacemodified
CaCO3
nanoparticle
s

polyurethane
(PU)

The results indicated that


modification with KH560
improved the dispersion of
nano-CaCO3 in the PU matrix

The PU coating cannot


be used in an
environment in which
the temperature is
above 450 C;

(Li, Li, Liu, & Yu,


2014)

Journal
8

Nano filler
Carbon
black (CB)
filler

acrylonitrile
butadiene
rubber (NBR)

Analysis reveal that solgel


modified nano CaCO3
delivers greater thermal
stability in NBR
nanocomposites than
unmodified nano CaCO3.

unfilled or unmodified
nano CaCO3 filled NBR
nanocomposites.

K. Roy Md. N.
Alam S. K.
Mandal S. C.
Debnath (2014)

Journal
9

nanocalcium
carbonate
(nanoCaCO3)
organoclay
(OC)
CaCO3
nanoparticle
s

-natural rubber
(NR)
nanocomposites

-Good dispersion and


intercalation of nano-silicate
layers in the OC/nanoCaCO3/NR nanocomposite.

causes energy loss


process in the matrix.

(Sadeghi Ghari
& Jalali-Arani,
2016)

Electrospun
chitosan/poly(vi
nyl alcohol)

From chitosan/PVACaCO3
provides the most suitable
environment for growing of
cells among all the tested
variants

Difficult to prepare
because the
incorporation of Caco3
did not change. This
may be due to the
insufficient loading
amount of CaCO3 to
affect the surface
properties of the fibers

(Sambudi,
Sathyamurthy,
Lee, & Park,
2015)

Journal
10