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GETTING STARTED

1. It is the summer holiday. Lilly lives in London and wants to visit her friend, Gemma, in Dover.
She has many options for transportation. Look at the following pictures and write the missing
word.
by s _ _ _
by b _ _

by a _ _ p _ _
__

by t _ _ _ n

by c _ _
by t _ _ i

2. Ask and answer as in the example.

E.g. Does Lilly want to go to Dover by bus? Yes, she does.


Does Lilly want to go to Dover by plane? No, she doesnt.

1.
2.
3.
4.

3. Think of as many possible means of transportation and write them down. Use the dictionary to
check for a correct spelling.

AIR

WATER

MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION

LAND

VOCABULARY PRACTICE
1. Put the words in the correct column.
horse, car, helicopter, garbage truck, boat, ambulance, bicycle, truck, bus, motorbike, coach, van,
yacht, jet, subway, fire engine, hot air balloon
DRIVE

RIDE

SAIL

FLY

2. Use the same words from exercise 1 and solve the crossword below.
B
G
V

R
M
C

S
F

T
A

B
C

3. Complete the sentences with the missing words. Use the ones for the two exercises above.
In USA a school .. is yellow.
An .. is used for medical emergencies.
Another word for motorcycle is .. .
A .. is a plane that flies very fast.
5. A .. moves on tracks.
1.
2.
3.
4.

My father is a sailor and works on a . He simply loves the sea.


I am a sporty person. I like to be fit so I go to work on my .. .
We dont have a car, so my mum always calls a .. to go to work.
Theres no bus stop near my sisters university. She loves driving, so she goes to course
by .
10. My uncle is a fire-fighter. He goes to work by . . It makes a lot of noise.
6.
7.
8.
9.

4. Choose five words and play with a partner the hangman game.

5. Match the sign with the directions.

Cross the street!

Go straight ahead!

Turn left!

Dont turn right!

Dont cross!

6. Fill in with the missing actions. Change their form.


walk

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

get on

get off

ride

get

drive

catch

sail

commute take

fly

Lilly is going to visit Gemma. She on the train right now.


I am late for school. I must .. that bus!
My brother . his bike to school every day.
When you arrive in Dover, . the bus. Grandma is going to wait for
you in the station.
My father the Black Sea on a container ship.
Mike never . his car to work. He has a company car.
Its very difficult to from Brighton to London daily.
In summer we .. to school, but in winter we the
subway.
How do you .. to the train station?
We are going to London for our summer vacation. We are going . here.

READING COMPREHENSION
1. Look at the text below. Cut out the highlighted words and write them down.

2. Answer the questions using the information above:

1. Where does Lilly live?

________________________________________________ .

2. Where is Lilly now?

________________________________________________ .

3. Where does Lilly want to go?

________________________________________________ .

4. Does she have luggage?

________________________________________________ .

5. What is she buying now?

________________________________________________ .

Lilly is at the Victoria railway station, at the ticket office.

Lilly: I want to buy a ticket to Dover for the 2 p.m. intercity train, please.
Clerk: Do you want a first or second-class ticket?
Lilly: Is there a big difference between them?
Clerk: Well, first-class ticket is 19 and the second-class ticket is 15.
Lilly: A second-class ticket then. Heres my International Student Card. Do I have a discount with
this?
Clerk: Yes, of course, 40%. Do you carry extra luggage? There are trolleys to help you with that, you
know.
Lilly: Yes, I know, but I dont need one. I only have my backpack.
Clerk: Do you also wish to book a return ticket?
Lilly: Thank you, no. I dont know yet when I am returning to London.
Clerk: Very well. Dont forget you can check our on-line timetable for convenient options at
www.networkrail.co.uk. Here is you ticket. Now, the train leaves from platform 2, but there is a 15
minutes delay; technical problems, but not to worry. Were sorry for that. Have a nice journey!
Lilly: Ah, no problem. Thank you very much.

3. True or false

X?

1. . Lilly lives in Dover.


2. . She is in the bus station.
3. . She is buying a second-class ticket.
4. . The train leaves form platform 2 at 3 p.m.
5. . The first-class ticket costs 19.
6. . Lilly has a backpack and extra luggage.
7. . Lilly has an International Student Card.
8. . There is a 15 minutes delay for the Dover train.
9. . Lilly is upset because of the delay.
10. . Her friend Gemma lives in London.
4. What is the missing word?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

. station
ticket .
. train
first-.
big .

6. . 15
7. . luggage
8. . ticket
9. . on-line timetable
10. 15 minutes .

5. Complete the sentences with the missing verb.


Have, can, carries, leaves, buying, help, wants, costs, booking, isnt
1. Lilly . to go to Dover.
2. She is . a second-class ticket.
3. It . 15.
4. Lilly . only a backpack.
5. Trolleys . with the luggage.
6. Lilly isnt . a return ticket.
7. She . check the on-line timetable.
8. The train . from platform 2.
9. Lilly . worried about the delay.
10. . a nice journey! says the clerk.
6. Together with your partner reconstruct the dialogue between Lilly and the clerk. Refer
to the following:

The train: time and place of leaving, platform, destination


Buying tickets: price, types of tickets, booking return tickets
Luggage: back pack, extra, trolley

GRAMMAR PRACTICE
1. Fill the blanks with information form the text.
Lilly is going to visit her friend Gemma in . (1). She is at the railway
. (2) right now and she is buying a . ticket (3) with 15. She
doesnt need a . (4), because she doesnt have extra luggage, only her
. (5) on her back. The 2 p.m. train leaves Victoria Station from
. (6) 2. It has a 15 minutes . (7), but Lilly thinks this is not a
. (8). She also doesnt know how long she is going to stay in Dover. But she
can check the on-line . (9) to find a return train to London. She is going to have
a . (10) journey.

Grammar box going to future


The Form: to be (am, are, is) + going to + infinitive
Lilly
is
going to
visit
Gemma in Dover.
The Use:
1. Use going to for planned actions in the future!
Lilly is going to visit her friend.
2. Use going to when you are certain of sth. is going to happen in the future!
Lilly is going to have a nice journey.

2. Complete the table with the missing forms.

AFFIRMATIVE
I am going to play chess.

NEGATIVE
I am not going to play chess.

INTERROGATIVE
Am I going to play chess?

You are going to drive the car.


He is not going to ride the bike.
Is she going to visit her friend?
It is not going to leave at 2 p.m.
We are going to have a good
time.
Are you going to buy the
tickets?
They are not going to catch the
train.

3. Transform the following sentences into the future, using going to.

1. Lilly lives in London.

2. We are buying bus tickets.

3. The tickets cost 10.

4. Lilly doesnt carry extra luggage.

5. Gemma is waiting for Lilly at the station.

6. There is a 15 minutes delay.

7. The train leaves from platform 2.

8. Lilly doesnt need a trolley.

9. They are checking the on-line timetable.

10. Are you booking a return ticket?

4. Make sentences as in the example.


E.g. I / a taxi/ to call / for/ not . Im not going to call for a taxi.

Words

Sentences

in two hours/ I / chess / to play


the car / you / to drive / in a few days
He / to ride / the bike
She / her friend / to visit / tomorrow.
It / at 2 p.m / to leave
We / to have / in London / a good time
Tomorrow/ you / to buy / the tickets
They / not / to catch / the train
5. Write three sentences about what you are going to do this week-end.
1.
2.
3.

Lets remember!

Lets write!

1 one
11 eleven
21 twenty-one
2 two
12
22 twenty-two
3
13
23 twenty- ..
4
14 fourteen
24 ..-..
5
15
25 ..-..
6
16
26 ..-..
7
17
27 ..-..
8
18
28 ..-..
9
19 nineteen
29 ..-..
10
20 twenty
30 thirty
40 forty; 50 fifty; 60 sixty; 70 seventy; 80 eighty; 90 ninety; 100 one hundred
1. Write the following numbers:

16 - .
82 - .
75 - .

PAY ATTENTION!
4 four
14 fourteen
40 forty

19 - .
31 - .

51 - .

43 - .

29 - .

68 - .

13 - .

14 - .

95 - .

17 - .

11 - .

43 - .

37 - .

15 - .

66 - .

2. How much does the ticket cost?

1. London to Swindon - 90

The ticket from London to Swindon costs ninety pounds.

2. Norwich to London - 85 ..
3. Canterbury to London - 53 ..
4. London to Brighton - 42 .
5. Manchester to Liverpool - 36 ..
6. Leeds to Sheffield - 21.

3. Whats the time?

Its three thirty.(Its three and a half) .

...

..

...

..

...

WRITING A Letter to a Friend


GREETING

Dear Gemma,

OPENING
REMARK

Im so happy to accept your invitation to spend the week-end in Dover with


you. I am sure we are going to have a great time together.

FUTURE
PLANS

Please, dont forget you promised me a glimpse of the Castle and of the
White Cliffs. I also want to go to the beach. Lets hope it is not going to rain.

TRAVELLING
PLANS

Well, I am taking the 2 p.m. train on Monday. It usually arrives in Dover in


an hour. I dont know which platform the train is going to arrive at, but lets
meet at the information office. Its easier this way.

CLOSING
REMARK

Ah, I cant wait to see you! With all best wishes,


Lilly.

Imagine you are invited to spend next week-end with a friend in a different city. Write a similar letter
using the bolded words from the letter above. Offer relevant information about the places you are going to visit,
about things to do together, about travelling plans (by train, by car etc.) and so on.
GREETING
OPENING
REMARK

Dear .......,
I am so happy ...

FUTURE
PLANS

TRAVELLING
PLANS

CLOSING
REMARK

Best wishes, .. .

GETTING STARTED
1. What are the words you think of when you hear the word weather?
2. Connect the pictures to the words.

wind

rain

cloud

3. Put the words where they belong.

sun

cold

snow

fog

hot

rain

ice

READING COMPREHENSION
1. What do you know about weather in Britain?
..
2. Lets read this article and find out more.
Weather is a favourite topic for so many people around the world. It can change how we to live, what
we wear, our moods, and sometimes even our national characteristics. A sunny day can make you feel better.
And sometimes a little rain can spoil the day and your plans.
The people who live in Britain have a weather that changes every day and almost every hour. This is
because Britain is an island and the Atlantic Ocean gives it a climate that changes quickly. It is hard to know
the weather from one day to another. It can be sunny one day and rainy the next.
In general summers are warm, but not hot, and winters are cool, but not cold. Spring starts in March
and ends in May. Everything is in bloom and showers can start anytime. May, June, September and October
are the best months to travel in UK. These months have pleasant temperatures and little rain. July and August
are the warmest, but it pours during July and August is quite dry. In autumn the leaves change colours and the
British countryside is very beautiful. And of course, it rains some more. January and February are the coolest.
It snows between December and March, but most of times it is a very wet snow, almost like cold rain. There is
ice on the pavements in the morning, but it melts away quickly.
Different parts of Britain have different types of weather. In the south, in England, its warmer and in
the north, in Scotland, its cold and wet. There is a lot of rainfall in the west, especially in Wales and the island
of Ireland, and not so much in the east, in England.
It is hard to predict the weather in UK. The winds that blow from the Atlantic Ocean change it every
day. It is not raining now, but take your umbrellas. It will rain later.
3. Complete the questions using When and Where, like in the example. You have to complete the answers too.

e.g.

Where does the weather change every day?

. does spring start in UK?


. does it rain a lot?
. does the spring end in UK?
.. is it really cold in UK?
5. .. is it best to travel in UK?
1.
2.
3.
4.

6. does it snow in UK?


7. is it warmer in UK?

Weather changes every day in Britain.

Spring starts ..
It rains a lot ..
Spring ends ..
Its cold
It is best to travel .
...
It snows ..
It is warmer ..

4. THE MONTHS OF THE YEAR. Put them in the correct order. There are some in the text.
1. .

5.

9.

2. .

6.

10.

3.

7.

11.

4.

8.

12.

5. Use the information form the text and write sentences as in the example.
e.g.

July is very warm.

1. August .. .

7. .. in May.

2. January . .

8. September and October

3. In June .. .

.. .

4. August .. .

9. .. in July.

5. .. in March.

10. .. in

6. .. between

May and June.

December and March.


6. Answer the questions. Use months in your answers.

1. When is the winter holiday? .


2. When is the spring holiday? .
3. When is the summer holiday?
7. THE SEASONS OF THE YEAR. Describe the British seasons as in the example, using the
information form the text.
e.g. British summers are warm, but not very hot. It rains a little in June, a lot in July and August is dry.
1.

British autumns

2.

British winters

3.

British springs

9. Identify where north, south, east and west are in Britain, and write them on the map.
10. Complete the text with the missing words, using the
information from the text.
In The United Kingdom, .. differs not
SCOTLAND

only from one day to another, but also from one region to
.. .
Take Scotland, for example, in the north, where a lot of
the times it is .. and . . Even summers

IRELAND

are not very sunny. In the ., in England, its

WALES

ENGLAND

.., but not as dry as you think. Most of the


rainfall happens in the , especially in
Wales and in ...

GRAMMAR PRACTICE
These are ordinal numerals. Match the numbers to their short form.
1. January is the first month of the year.

It is the 1st.

2. is the second
3. is the third
4. is the fourth
5. is the fifth ..
6. is the sixth

7. is the seventh ...


8. is the eighth
9. is the ninth ..
10. . is the tenth
11. . is the eleventh
12. . is the twelfth

VOCABULARY PRACTICE
1. You have seven texts with missing words the days of the week and the ordinal numerals. Complete them.

2. TELLING THE DATE. Match the columns.

01/12/1943

the twenty-first of May, ten sixty-eight

21/05/1068

the ninth of August, nineteen sixty-six

13/10/1940

the first of December, nineteen forty-three

25/06/2001

the thirty-first of April, eighteen seventy

15/06/1980

the twenty-second of March, eighteen seventeen

22/03/1817

the twenty-fifth of June, two thousand and one

31/04/1870

the thirteenth of October, nineteen forty

01/01/1999

the first of January, nineteen ninety-nine

12/02/1914

the fifteenth of June, nineteen eighty

09/08/1966

the twelfth of February, nineteen fourteen

GETTING STARTED
1. What do you like doing in your free time?

.
2. How much free time do you really have?

.
3. What are your favourite activities and hobbies? Choose at least three.

Playing with your friends


Reading a book
Watching cartoons
Doing sports
Painting or drawing

Listening to music
Singing or playing a musical instrument
Shopping
Playing computer games
Going to park and walking

4. Move around the classroom and ask questions to find out who likes or doesnt like these
activities. Write sentences as in the example.
e.g. You: Do you like doing sports? / Partner: Yes, I do. I swim every Saturday morning.
LIKES

DOESNT LIKE

Alexandra likes doing sports. She swims once a week.

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..

5. Name these hobbies. Write them below each picture.

READING COMPREHENSION
1. This is Monica. Read the first sentence and then look at the picture. What can you tell your
partner about her?
2. Read the following sentences. Which do you think are true? Or false? Read the text to find out.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Monica has little free time.


Tennis is the only sport she enjoys.
She likes cooking and cooks all the time.
She has a competition to go to next week.
Her parents wont be proud of her if she doesnt win first place.

Monica is a student at a local university, but also a


professional tennis player and shes only 19. She first used a racket
at the age of 5, encouraged by her parents. She loves sports and before
deciding to become a tennis player most of her free time was spent
swimming, jogging and playing volleyball with some old colleagues
form school. But tennis became her favourite. Her decision changed
her life and she has little spare time now. She enjoys reading
magazines or going to the cinema with her brothers. She rarely has
time for friends and she doesnt have many. Cooking also relaxes her
and she prepares dinner for her family as often as she can.
Next weekend, she is going to compete in an important tennis tournament in the south of
England. She will practise hard all week on the university campus courts because she wants to
get the first place. The winner of this competition will receive 2,500. So first thing tomorrow
she will be on the tennis court after a quick breakfast. By Sunday she will be so tired! But she
has really high hopes and so does her family. Her parents usually accompany her everywhere, so
they promised to travel to the tournament with Monica this time too. They will anxiously watch
her compete while they sit in the stands and cheer for her. They are sure they will be proud of
Monica even if she doesnt win first place. Ericas brothers, Michael and Luke, cant go to the
tournament this time though. Theyre both students and their final exams are in three weeks. But
they will watch the tournament on television.
3. Fill in the word(s) from the list below. Use the word(s) only once.

tomorrow, of, high, volleyball, in, tennis, on, place, by, spare, reading, for

player
encouraged .. her parents
playing
little . time
magazines
first ..

first thing
hopes
cheer .. her
proud . her
three weeks
watch .. television

GRAMMAR PRACTICE
1. Read the second paragraph of the text again. What time does WILL express?
2. Put the verbs in brackets into the gaps and form
sentences using will.
E.g. I
will get
home by 5. (get)

Grammar box WILL future


The Form: will + infinitive
Monica will practise
hard all week.
The Use:
1. Use will for future statements.
The winner of this competition will receive
2,500.
2. Use will to express predictions.
They are sure they will be proud of Monica.

1. Tomorrow it . in the
south of Scotland all morning. (rain)
2. She . in a tennis
tournament next week. (play)
3. My friend . back home
on the 2nd of May. (come)
4. They . proud of her when she wins the final game. (be)
5. He . watch the film on TV this evening. (watch)
6. The train . at 2 p.m. (not/arrive)
7. The exams . in June. (end)
8. I know you . for me on the platform. (not/wait)

Will not=wont

3. Complete the table with the missing forms.

AFFIRMATIVE
I will join you tomorrow.
You will arrive at 2 tonight.

NEGATIVE
I will not join you tomorrow.

INTERROGATIVE
Will I join you tomorrow?

He will not help you.


Will she visit her friend next
week?
It will not rain this afternoon.
We will wait for him.
Will you promise me this?
They will not catch the train.
4. Complete the questions using When and Where, like in the example. You have to complete the answers too.

e.g.

When did she first used a racket?

She first used a racket

at the age of 5.

.. does the tournament start?


The tournament starts ......
.... is the tournament?
The tournament is ....
... will she practice hard?
She will practice hard ..
will she be on the tennis
court tomorrow?
She will be on the tennis court .
5. will her parents sit and cheer? They will sit and cheer .
6. . her brothers final exams?
Their final exams are..
1.
2.
3.
4.

7. . will her brother watch the


tournament?

They will watch the tournament ..

5. What can you do?


e.g. I swim. I can
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

swim.

I . draw.
I . jump high.
I . count to 100.
I . skate.
I . sing.
I . cook.
I . ski.

Grammar box CAN


The Form - affirmative : can + infinitive
Monica can play tennis.
- negative: can not / cant + infinitive
Her brothers cant go to the tournament.
The Use:
Can expresses general ability.
Monica can also cook.

6. Using the actions in exercise 5, ask your partner questions and answer to him, as in the example.
Take turns in asking each other all the questions. Ask other questions using your own ideas.
e.g.
A: Can you swim?
B: Yes, I can. No I cant.
7. Turn the sentences into affirmative (A), negative (N) or questions(Q).
e.g.
Can she take photos? (N)
She cant take photos.

1. Monica can swim very well. (Q) .


2. Luke cant play the guitar. (A) ....
3. She can tell nice stories. (N) ....
4. Can they ride their bikes every day? (A) ...
5. He cant fish. (Q) .
6. They cant do sports. (A) .
7. Her parents can come to the game. (N)
8. Michael cant study when he is tired. (Q)
9. Can I take a cookie? (N) ..
10. You can run really fast. (Q) .

WRITING Leave a Message!


Use WILL or CAN to leave a message in the following situations, as in the example.
Jane/call/at five.

You/do/the dishes?

I/talk/to you/later?

Mum/arrive/from the
airport/tonight.

LANGUAGE REFERENCE
Cardinal numbers
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

one
two
three
four
five
six
seven
eight
nine
ten

11 eleven
12 twelve
13 thirteen
14 fourteen
15 fifteen
16 sixteen
17 seventeen
18 eighteen
19 nineteen
20 twenty

61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70

sixty-one
sixty-two
sixty-three
sixty-four
sixty-five
sixty-six
sixty-seven
sixty-eight
sixty-nine
seventy

21 twenty-one
22 twenty-two
23 twenty-three
24 twenty-four
25 twenty-five
26 twenty-six
27 twenty-seven
28 twenty-eight
29 twenty-nine
30 thirty

71 seventy-one
72 seventy-two
73 seventy-three
74 seventy-four
75 seventy-five
76 seventy-six
77 seventy-seven
78 seventy-eight
79 seventy-nine
80 eighty

31 thirty-one
32 thirty-two
33 thirty-three
34 thirty-four
35 thirty-five
36 thirty-six
37 thirty-seven
38 thirty-eight
39 thirty-nine
40 forty

81 eighty-one
82 eighty -two
83 eighty -three
84 eighty -four
85 eighty -five
86 eighty -six
87 eighty -seven
88 eighty -eight
89 eighty -nine
90 ninety

41 forty-one
42 forty-two
43 forty-three
44 forty-four
45 forty-five
46 forty-six
47 forty-seven
48 forty-eight
49 forty-nine
50 fifty

91 ninety -one
92 ninety -two
93 ninety -three
94 ninety -four
95 ninety -five
96 ninety -six
97 ninety -seven
98 ninety -eight
99 ninety -nine
100 one hundred

51 fifty-one
52 fifty-two
53 fifty-three
54 fifty-four
55 fifty-five
56 fifty-six
57 fifty-seven
58 fifty-eight
59 fifty-nine
60 sixty

101 one hundred and one


102 one hundred and two
110 one hundred and ten
111 one hundred and eleven
120 one hundred and twenty
132 one hundred and thirty-two
1,000 one thousand
2,000 two thousand
1,000,000 one million

Ordinal Numbers
1st first
2nd second
3rd third
4th fourth
5th fifth
6th sixth
7th seventh
8th eighth
9th ninth
10th tenth

11th eleventh
12th twelfth
13th thirteenth
14th fourteenth
15th fifteenth
16th sixteenth
17th seventeenth
18th eighteenth
19th nineteenth
20th twentieth

21st twenty-first
31st
thirty-first
22nd twenty-second 40th
fortieth
23rd twenty-third
50th
fiftieth
24th twenty-fourth 60th
sixtieth
25th twenty-fifth
70th
seventieth
26th twenty-sixth
80th
eightieth
27th twenty-seventh 90th
ninetieth
28th twenty-eighth 100th
one hundredth
29th twenty-ninth 1,000th
one thousandth
30th thirtieth
1,000,000th one millionth

1. Does Lilly want to go to Dover .. bus?


A with
B by
C in
2. In USA a school .. is yellow.
A car
B plane
C bus
3. A fire-fighter goes to work by . . It makes a lot of noise.
A fire bus
B fire engine
C plane
4. May, June, September and October are the best .. to travel in UK.
A days
B months
C years
5. Lilli is to visit Gemma. She is getting on the train right now.
A will
B going
C go
6. His brother . his bike to school every day.
A goes
B drives
C rides
7. Its very difficult to commute .. Brighton London daily.
A from . to
B from .. into
C to . To
8. Dont forget to buy a -class ticket. Its cheaper.
A second
B first
C two
9. You . check the on-line timetable. An you can also buy your ticket on-line.
A cant
B going to
C can
10. She doesnt know how long she is going to in London.
A leave
B arrive
C stay
11. Are you going watch that film tonight or not?
A to
B too
C two
12. The winner of this competition .. receive 2,500.
A will
B to
C going
13. My grandfather is .. and his name is Richard.
A seventeen
B seventy
C seventh
14. I wait to see you! With all best wishes, your best friend.
A want
B cant
C will
15. A day can make you feel better.
A foggy
B rainy
C sunny
16. 1:32. Its . Hes half an hour late.
A one and thirthy-three
B one and thirty-three
C one and third-three
17. Harrys train arrives .. platform 5. And dont be late. He needs your help with his luggage.
A on
B in
C at
18. In UK it snows . December and March.
A in
B from
C between
19. .. is the third day of the week.
A Wednesday
B Tuesday
C Thirsday
20. He .. go to the tournament. He is ill.
A can
B not
C cant