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Math 221 Complete Course,Latest Taken A+ Graded Available At www.Hwacer.com!

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Discussions

Week 1

Descriptive Statistics (graded)

If you were given a large data set such as the

sales over the last year of our top 1,000

customers, what might you be able to do with

this data? What might be the benefits of

describing the data?

Week 2

Regression (graded)

Suppose you are given data from a survey

showing the IQ of each person interviewed and

the IQ of his or her mother. That is all the

you to put together a report showing the

relationship between these two variables. What

could you present and why?

Week 3

Statistics in the News (graded)

Keep your eyes and ears open as you read or

listen to the news this week. Find/discover an

example of statistics in the news to discuss the

following statement that represents one of the

objectives of statistics analysis: Statistics

helps us make decisions based on data

analysis. Briefly discuss how the news item or

article meets this objective. Cite your references.

Week 4

Discrete Probability Variables (graded)

What are examples of variables that follow a

binomial probability distribution? What are

examples of variables that follow a Poisson

distribution? When might you use a geometric

probability?

Week 5

Interpreting Normal Distributions (graded)

Assume that a population is normally distributed

15. Would it be unusual for the mean of a sample

of 3 to be 115 or more? Why or why not?

Week 6

Confidence Interval Concepts (graded)

Consider the formula used for any confidence

interval and the elements included in that

formula. What happens to the confidence

interval if you (a) increase the confidence level,

(b) increase the sample size, or (c) increase the

margin of error? Only consider one of these

changes at a time. Explain your answer with

words and by referencing the formula.

Week 7

Rejection Region (graded)

How is the rejection region defined and how is

that related to the z-score and the p value? When

do you reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis?

Why do you think statisticians are asked to

complete hypothesis testing? Can you think of

examples in courts, in medicine, or in your area?

Statistics Lab Week 2

Name:_______________________

MATH221

Statistical Concepts:

Using Minitab

Graphics

Shapes of Distributions

Descriptive Statistics

Empirical Rule

DATA IN MINITAB

Minitab is a powerful, yet user-friendly, data

analysis software package. You can launch

Minitab by finding the icon and double clicking

on it. After a moment you will see two windows,

the Session Window in the top half of the screen

and the Worksheet or Data Window in the bottom

half.

Data have already been formatted and entered

into a Minitab worksheet. Go to the eCollege Doc

sharing site to download this data file. The

names of each variable from the survey are in

the first row of the Worksheet. This row has a

background color of gray to identify it as the

variable names. All other rows of the Minitab

to the survey questions. Therefore, the rows are

called observations and the columns are called

variables. Included with this lab, you will find a

code sheet that identifies the correspondence

between the variable names and the survey

questions.

Complete the questions after the Code Sheet

and paste the Graphs from Minitab in the grey

areas for question 1 through 3. Type your

answers to questions 4 through 11 where noted

in the grey areas. When asked for explanations,

please give thorough, multi-sentence or

paragraph length explanations. The completed

iLab Word Document with your responses to the

questions will be the ONE and only document

submitted to the dropbox. When saving and

submitting the document, you are required to

use the following format: Last Name_ First

Name_Week2iLab.

Code Sheet

Do NOT answer these questions. The Code

Sheet just lists the variables name and the

question used by the researchers on the survey

instrument that produced the data that are

included in the Minitab data file. This is just

the code sheet.

Variable Name

QUESTION

Drive Question 1 How long does it take you to

drive to the school on average (to the nearest

minute)?

State Question 2 What state/country were you

born?

Temp Question 3 What is the temperature

outside right now?

Rank Question 4 Rank all of the courses you

are currently taking. The class you look most

forward to taking will be ranked one, next two,

and so on. What is the rank assigned to this

class?

Height Question 5 What is your height to the

nearest inch?

Shoe Question 6 What is your shoe size?

Sleep Question 7 How many hours did you

sleep last night?

Gender Question 8 What is your gender?

Race Question 9 What is your race?

Car Question 10 What color of car do you

drive?

TV Question 11 How long (on average) do you

spend a day watching TV?

have with you right now?

Coin Question 13 Flip a coin 10 times. How

many times did you get tails?

Die1 Question 14 Roll a six-sided die 10 times

and record the results.

Die2

Die3

Die4

Die5

Die6

Die7

Die8

Die9

Die10

Creating Graphs

1. Create a Pie Chart for the variable Car - Pull up

Graph > Pie Chart and click in the categories

variables box so that the list of variables will

show up on the left. Now double click on the

variable name 'Car" in the box at the left of the

window. Include a title by clicking on the

"Labels." button and typing it in the correct text

area (put your name in as the title). In this same

labels window, select the tab- Slice Labels and

click on all; Category name; Frequency; Percent;

Click OK again to create graph. Click on the

graph and use Ctrl+C to copy and come back

here, click below this question and use Ctrl+V to

paste it in this Word document.

2. Create a histogram for the variable Height

Pull up Graph > Histograms and choose

Simple. Then set the graph variable to

height. Include a title by clicking on the

Labels button and typing it in the correct

text area (put your name in as the title) and click

OK. Copy and paste the graph here.

3. Create a stem and leaf chart for the variable

Money Pull up Graph > Stem-and Leaf and set

Variables: to Money. Enter 10 for theIncrement:

and click OK.

The leaves of the stem-leaf plot will be the ones

digits of the values in the Money variable.

Note: the first column of the stem-leaf plot that

you create is the count. The row with the count

in parentheses includes the median. The counts

below the median cumulate from the bottom of

the plot.

Copy and paste the graph here.

CALCULATING DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS

Height by Gender Pull up Stat > Basic

Statistics > Display Descriptive Statisticsand set

Variables: to Height. Check By variable: and

enter Gender into this text box. Click OK. Type

the mean and the standard deviation for both

males and females in the space below this

question.

Mean Standard deviation

Females

Males

Select File > Save Worksheet As to save the

data set. You must either keep a copy of this

data or download it again off the web site for

future labs.

Short Answer Writing Assignment

All answers should be complete sentences.

5. What is the most common color of car for

students who participated in this survey?

Explain how you arrived at your answer.

What is seen in the histogram created for the

heights of students in this class (include the

shape)? Explain your answer.

money variable (include the shape)? Explain

your answer.

Compare the mean for the heights of males and

the mean for the heights of females in these

data. Compare the values and explain what can

be concluded based on the numbers.

Compare the standard deviation for the heights

of males and the standard deviation for the

heights of females in the class. Compare the

values and explain what can be concluded based

on the numbers.

Using the empirical rule, 95% of female heights

should be between what two values? Either

show work or explain how your answer was

calculated.

Using the empirical rule, 68% of male heights

should be between what two values? Either

show work or explain how your answer was

calculated.

Statistics Lab Week 4

Name:_______________________

MATH221

Statistical Concepts:

Probability

Binomial Probability Distribution

CALCULATING BINOMIAL PROBABILITIES

Open a new MINITAB worksheet.

We are interested in a binomial experiment

with 10 trials. First, we will make the probability

of a success . Use MINITAB to calculate the

probabilities for this distribution. In column C1

enter the word success as the variable name (in

the shaded cell above row 1. Now in that same

column, enter the numbers zero through ten to

represent all possibilities for the number of

successes. These numbers will end up in rows 1

through 11 in that first column. In column C2

enter the words one fourth as the variable

name. Pull up Calc > Probability Distributions >

Binomial and select the radio button that

corresponds to Probability. Enter 10 for the

Number of trials: and enter 0.25 for the Event

probability:. For the Input column: select

success and for the Optional storage: select

one fourth. Click the button OKand the

probabilities will be displayed in the Worksheet.

Now we will change the probability of a

success to . In column C3 enter the words one

that given above in order to calculate the

probabilities for this column. The only difference

is in Event probability: use 0.5.

Finally, we will change the probability of a

success to . In column C4 enter the words

three fourths as the variable name. Again, use

similar steps to that given above in order to

calculate the probabilities for this column. The

only difference is in Event probability: use 0.75.

Plotting the Binomial Probabilities

1. Create plots for the three binomial

distributions above. Select Graph > Scatter Plot

and Simple then for graph 1 set Y equal to one

fourth and X to success by clicking on the

variable name and using the select button

below the list of variables. Do this two more

times and for graph 2 set Y equal to one half

and X to success, and for graph 3 set Y equal to

three fourths and X to success. Paste those

three scatter plots below.

Calculating Descriptive Statistics

Open the class survey results that were

entered into the MINITAB worksheet.

where students flipped a coin 10 times. Pull up

Stat > Basic Statistics > Display Descriptive

Statistics and set Variables: to the coin. The

output will show up in your Session Window.

Type the mean and the standard deviation here.

Mean:

Standard deviation:

Short Answer Writing Assignment Both the

calculated binomial probabilities and the

descriptive statistics from the class database

will be used to answer the following questions.

3. List the probability value for each possibility

in the binomial experiment that was calculated in

MINITAB with the probability of a success being

. (Complete sentence not necessary)

P(x=0) P(x=6)

P(x=1) P(x=7)

P(x=2) P(x=8)

P(x=3) P(x=9)

P(x=4) P(x=10)

P(x=5)

4. Give the probability for the following based on

the MINITAB calculations with the probability of

necessary)

P(x?1) P(x<0) P(x>1) P(x?4)

P(4 Row Statistics and select the radio-button

corresponding to Mean. For Input variables:

enter all 10 rows of the die data. Go to the Store

result in: and select the mean column. Click OK

and the mean for each observation will show up

in the Worksheet.

? We also want to calculate the median for the 10

rolls of the die. Label the next column in the

Worksheet with the word median. Repeat the

above steps but select the radio-button that

corresponds to Median and in the Store results

in: text area, place the median column.

Calculating Descriptive Statistics

? Calculate descriptive statistics for the mean

and median columns that where created above.

Pull up Stat > Basic Statistics > Display

Descriptive Statistics and set Variables: to mean

and median. The output will show up in your

Session Window. Print this information.

Calculating Confidence Intervals for one Variable

entered into the MINITAB worksheet.

? We are interested in calculating a 95%

confidence interval for the hours of sleep a

student gets. Pull up Stat > Basic Statistics > 1Sample t and set Samples in columns: to Sleep.

Click the OK button and the results will appear in

your Session Window.

? We are also interested in the same analysis

with a 99% confidence interval. Use the same

steps except select the Options button and

change the Confidence level: to 99.

MATH 221 FINAL EXAM

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