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Continuity. (Section 1.8 from Stewart.)

Properties of continuous functions. (Section 1.8 from Stewart.)

The Intermediate Value Theorem. (Section 1.8 from Stewart.)

The tutor will aim to discuss: 1, 2, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, and maybe 12 and 13.

Problems that I think might be more unusual or dicult than normal are

marked with a .

Suppose that f and g are continuous functions such that g(2) = 6 and

limx2 [3f (x) + f (x)g(x)] = 36. Find f (2).

Problem 2: (Based on #1.8.15 from [Stewart].)

Use the denition of continuity and standard properties of limits to show

that

2x + 3

f (x) =

x2

is continuous at every point of its domain.

Problem 3:

Explain why the function

{

f (x) =

1

x1

if x = 1,

if x = 1.

Explain why the function

f (x) =

1 x2

if x < 1,

1

x

if x 1.

Problem 5: (#1.8.20 from [Stewart].)

Explain why the function

f (x) =

x2 x

x2 1

if x = 1,

if x = 1.

Problem 6: (Based on #1.8.22 from [Stewart].)

What value does a have to be so that the following function is continuous

at every point?

{ 2

2x 5x3

if x = 3

x3

f (x) =

a

if x = 3.

Explain why some standard theorems about continuous functions imply that

the function

tan x

B(x) =

4 x2

is continuous at every point of its domain.

Problem 8: (#1.8.36 from [Stewart].)

Use continuity to evaluate the limit

lim sin(x + sin x).

Find the values of a and b that make the following f (x) continuous at every

point.

x2 4

if x < 2,

x2

2

f (x) =

ax bx + 3

if 2 x < 3,

2x a + b

if x 3.

Consider the function f (x) = x2 + 10 sin x. Prove that there exists a real

number c such that f (c) = 1000.

Problem 11: (#1.8.49 from [Stewart].)

Deduce using the intermediate value theorem that there exists a number

c (0, 1) where 3 c = 1 c.

Problem 12 : (#1.8.63 from [Stewart].)

Is the following function continuous at any point? Justify your answer.

{

if x is rational,

0

f (x) =

1

if x is irrational.

Hint: Your solution to this problem and the next will need the following

fact. In every open interval of the form (a, b), with a < b, there exists at

least one rational number and at least one irrational number. A proof of

this needs a deep understanding of the system of real numbers, R.

Problem 13 : (#1.8.64 from [Stewart].)

Is the following function continuous at any point? Justify your answer.

{

0

if x is rational,

f (x) =

x

if x is irrational.

Does there exist a number exactly 1 greater than its cube?

Problem 15 : (#1.8.66 from [Stewart].)

Prove that for any pair a, b R of positive numbers, the following equation

has at least one solution in the interval (1, 1):

x3

a

b

+ 3

= 0.

2

+ 2x 1 x + x 2

(a) Show that the absolute value function |x| is continuous at every point.

(b) Explain why if some function f (x) is continuous on some interval, then

so is the function |f (x)|.

(c) Does the converse to part (b) hold? If |f | is continuous, does it follow

that f is continuous?

Recall the following theorem from the lectures:

Consider two functions f and g, and real numbers a and L. Assume that

f (x) is continuous at the point L, and that limxa g(x) = L. Use the

denitions of limit and continuous to prove that

(

)

lim f (g(x)) = f lim g(x) .

xa

xa

Comment: I suggest you start by writing out explicitly what you know

already about the functions f (x) and g(x), and then writing out explicitly

what you are looking for. (Something like: Find a rule () such that...).

You main task is to nd a way to express the you need in terms of the

assumed information f and g .

Problem 18

Explain why the theorem you just proved in Problem 17 is equivalent to the

following statement: If f and g are functions and a is a real number such

that

g(x) is continuous at a, and

f (x) is continuous at g(a),

then the composition f g is continuous at x = a.

Comment: By equivalent I mean produce short arguments deducing each

of these two statements from the other.

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