UKA TARSADIA UNIVERSITY

B. Tech (Mechanical) (6thSemester)
Subject :030050603‐Computer Aided Design (Theory)
Date : 04/11/2015
Duration : 3 Hours

Time: 10.00 AM to 1.00 PM
Max. Marks: 70

Instructions:
1. Attempt all questions.
2. Write each section in a separate answer book.
3. Make suitable assumptions wherever necessary.
4. Figures to the right indicate full marks allocated to that question.
5. Draw diagrams/figures whenever necessary.
SECTION - 1
Q-1 (A) Answer the following.

[05]

I) Define: CAD
II) List hardware used in CAD.
III) List CAD software available in market
IV) Define: resolution.
V) What do you understand by user coordinate system?
Q-1 (B) Answer the following in brief. (Any 5)

[10]

I) Difference between non parametric and parametric representation of curves.
II) What is geometric transformation? List different transformation.
III) What is geometric mapping?
IV) What do you understand by hidden line removal algorithm?
V) List limitation of CAD.
VI) Why continuity conditions are required for synthetic curves?
VII) Explain use of sweep command.
Q-2 Answer the following.

[10]

A) A triangle ABC with vertices A(30,20), B(90,20) and C(30,80) is to be scaled by
factor 0.5 about a point X(50,40). Determine (i) the composition matrix and (ii)
the coordinates of the vertices for a scaled triangle.
OR
A) A rectangle ABCD has vertices A(1,1), B(2,1) ,C(2,3) and D(1,3) . It has to be
rotated by 300 CCW about point P (3,2). Determine (i) the composite
transformations of matrix and (ii) the new coordinates of rectangle.
B) Derive parametric equation of Line.
OR
B) Write short note on Bezier curve.
Q-3 Answer the following in detail. (Any 2)

[10]

A) Compare CSG and B-rep techniques of solid modeling.
B)

Explain DDA algorithm for generation of line.

C)

Explain the feature based modeling with suitable examples in detail.
SECTION - 2

Q-4 (A) Answer the following.
I) Define: graphics standard.

[05]

OR B) Find the dimensions of cylindrical tin with top and bottom made up of sheet metal to maximize its volume such that total surface area is equal to Ao = 24 π m2 . [10] A) Figure below shows the bar with dimensions and loads. (Any 5) [10] I) What is a role of data exchanger translator? II) List different data exchange formats. III) What is node and element in FEM? IV) What is meant by optimum design? V) Define: objective function VI) What are limitation of FEM VII) List different FEM software available in market.II) What do you understand by natural coordinate system? III) Define: FEM IV) Write equation of surface traction on body. If the material of the bar is uniform and has a modulus of elasticity as 200 GPa. Assume the modules of elasticity for the complete bar as 200 GPa and coefficient thermal expansion as 12 x 10 -6 per 0 C. Q-5 Answer the following. Also find the reaction B) Explain the concepts of FEM. V) What is optimization? Q-4 (B) Answer the following in brief. if the temperature rises by 600 0C. Determine the nodal displacements. Determine the displacement of each section. Discuss the different steps involved in FEA in detailed. 2 c/s area = 250 mm c/s area = 400 mm 2 F1 = 30 kN F2= 60 kN OR A) An axial stepped bar as shown in figure is subjected to an axial pull of 50 kN.

(Any 2) A) Explain elimination approach used in FEM B) Classify optimization problem with elaboration.Q-6 Answer the following in detail. [10] . C) Explain IGES graphic standard in detail with structure.

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