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Cambium Networks

Services Server
Quick Start Guide

System Release 1.3

Product Overview
Client/Server
Requirements
Installation
Discovery
Upgrading Device
Software
Configuration
Monitoring Devices

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

General information .............................................................................................................................................. 4

2BVersion information ....................................................................................................................... 4


Contacting Cambium Networks ..................................................................................................... 4
Feedback ........................................................................................................................................ 4
Product Description .............................................................................................................................................. 5
Client/Server Requirements.................................................................................................................................. 5

Server Hardware............................................................................................................................. 5
Server Operating System ............................................................................................................... 5
Firewall/Required Ports.................................................................................................................. 6
Client .............................................................................................................................................. 6
Scalability ....................................................................................................................................... 6
Deployment and Security Recommendations...................................................................................................... 7

Device Configuration ..................................................................................................................... 7


Security Recommendations ........................................................................................................... 7
DHCP Support ................................................................................................................................ 7
Client Configuration ....................................................................................................................... 7
Installation ............................................................................................................................................................. 7

Installing the Server ....................................................................................................................... 7


Backend Startup........................................................................................................................... 14
Additional Network Configuration Options ........................................................................................................ 16

Network Facing Interface Configuration ...................................................................................... 16


Device Accessible IP Address ..................................................................................................... 17
Discovery............................................................................................................................................................. 17
Upgrading Device Software ................................................................................................................................ 23

Importing Software Update Packages.......................................................................................... 23


Deploying Software Update Packages......................................................................................... 25
Configuring Devices............................................................................................................................................ 28

Overview ...................................................................................................................................... 28
Configuring Individual Devices .................................................................................................... 28
Creating Templates ...................................................................................................................... 32
Applying Templates ..................................................................................................................... 35
Monitoring Devices ............................................................................................................................................. 38

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Overview ...................................................................................................................................... 38
Positioning Devices in the Maps View ......................................................................................... 41
Manual Location ......................................................................................................................... 41
CSV Import ................................................................................................................................ 44
Clearing Events ............................................................................................................................ 47
Importing Cambium Networks Device Support Files......................................................................................... 51
User Manual......................................................................................................................................................... 54

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General information
Version information
2B

Issue

Date of issue

Remarks

001v000

May 2014

Initial release for review.

001v001

June 2014

Fix TOC bookmarks.

Contacting Cambium Networks


Support website:

http://www.cambiumnetworks.com/support

CNS Server forum:

http://mgmt.community.cambiumnetworks.com/

Main website:

http://www.cambiumnetworks.com

Sales enquiries:

solutions@cambiumnetworks.com

Support enquiries:

support@cambiumnetworks.com

Telephone number list:

http://www.cambiumnetworks.com/support/contact-support/

Address:

Cambium Networks Limited,


3800 Golf Road, Suite 360
Rolling Meadows, IL 60008

Feedback
We appreciate feedback from the users of our documents. This includes feedback on the structure, content,
accuracy, or completeness of our documents. Send feedback to cnsserverteam@cambiumnetworks.com.

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Product Description
The Cambium Networks Services (CNS) Server is a network management application provided by Cambium
Networks to manage ePMP devices.
This document provides a brief introduction and walkthrough of the following CNS Server capabilities:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Initial Installation and Startup


Network Configuration Options
Discovery
Upgrading Devices
Configuring Devices
Monitoring Devices
Importing CND files

Each of these sections should be reviewed prior to installing and using the CNS Server. For additional details
please refer to the CNS Server User Manual available from the Documentation link at the bottom of the CNS Server
user interface after installation.

Client/Server Requirements
Server Hardware
The CNS Server has been run on several different hardware platforms ranging from laptops to multi core servers.
To achieve the scalability levels referenced in the Scalability section below. The following hardware configuration is
recommended:

2 GHz or more with at least a dual core processor


8 GB of RAM
10 GB of available disk space

Server Operating System


To date, the CNS Server has been tested on the following operating systems:

Windows Server 2008 R2 SP 2


Windows Server 2012
Windows 7 and 8 (Standard Desktop Version). Note: Windows 7 and 8 are only recommended when
managing less than 100 devices.
Centos 6.5 and 6.6
Redhat Enterprise 6.5
Ubuntu 12.0

For the 1.3 release only 64 bit operating systems are supported.
Important: For Linux systems it is necessary to have the dos2unix utility installed prior to installation.
In addition, the host file must be configured properly otherwise the CNS Server will fail to start properly. In
particular, the IP address of the server needs to be present in the host file.
An example of a valid host file is show below:

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127.0.0.1

localhost

::1

localhost

10.120.143.1

usil01cnssit01.camnwk.com

usil01cnssit01

Firewall/Required Ports
The CNS Server needs the following ports/connections to be available by default. Alternative ports for some of the
items below can be configured during or post installation. Insure that if a firewall is enabled that the configuration is
such that the connections below cab pass traffic in the indicated direction.
Port

Protocol

Direction

Description

80

TCP (HTTP)

Both

Used for interactions between the user interface and the


server. Also used for some interactions between the server
and devices.
Note that an outbound internet connection is required for the
Maps view to work properly.

161

UDP (SNMP)

Outbound

Used by the server when communicating with the devices via


SNMP.

162

UDP (SNMP)

Inbound

Used when receiving traps from the devices.

443

TCP (HTTPs)

Both

Used for client/server interactions when HTTPs has been


enabled.

514

UDP
(SYSLOG)

Inbound

Used when receiving syslog messages from the devices.

Client
The CNS Server user interface runs entirely in a web browser. Development has verified client operations for PCs
on Linux, Windows, and Macintosh operating systems using the following browsers:

Internet Explorer (version 10 and above)


Chrome (version 27 and above)
Safari (version 6 and above)
Firefox (version 25 and above)

At this time, smartphone and tablet based browsers are not fully supported.
Important: Be sure to configure the browsers security settings to trust the server on which the CNS Server
is running otherwise the user interface will not operate properly.

Scalability
With the hardware specifications above, each CNS Server instance can reliably manage 1000 devices with 5
concurrent users. Additional devices and clients can be supported, however the user interfaces will begin to get
"sluggish" and other degradations may occur. This is also true if the server does not meet the minimum specs
outlined above.
Additional recommendations for scalability:

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The "Events Limit" specified in Admin/Monitor may need to be increased to prevent events from getting
automatically deleted. The default is 25000 events.
In cases where greater than 1000 devices are being managed it is strongly recommended to deploy
multiple CNS Server instances.

Deployment and Security Recommendations


Device Configuration
To get the most out of a CNS Server deployment it is recommended to configure the ePMP devices to send traps
and syslog messages to the CNS Server.

Security Recommendations
Due to potential security vulnerabilities, if the web interface will be accessible outside of a closed network, it is
recommended that a secure VPN connection be used or that the firewall is configured to only allow only trusted
users to access the server.
The steps below can be used to further configure the CNS Server webserver to whitelist or only allow particular IP
addresses access. <server root> refers to the location at which the CNS Server has been installed on the server.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Make a backup copy of <server root>/stack/apache2/conf/httpd.conf.


Open <server root>/stack/apache2/conf/httpd.conf in a text editor.
Locate the <Directory <server root>> tag.
Inside the Directory tag, locate the Allow from all entry.
Change all to a list of IP addresses or subnets to allow access to the server. Note that both client and device
ranges will need to be added. Examples:
a. Allow from 10.120.32.2 10.120.32.3 10.120.32.4
b. Allow from 10.120.32.0/24
c. Allow from 10.120.32.0/255.255.255.0
6. After changing the configuration restart the Apache server using the commands in the Backend Startup section
below.

DHCP Support
The CNS Server does not support systems that change the IP addresses of devices dynamically. If a DHCP server
is being used it must be configured such that the same IP address is given to the device (static mapping).

Client Configuration
In order for the client to run properly in certain web browsers it is necessary to add the server on which the CNS
Server is running to the Trusted Sites List.

Installation
Installing the Server
Important: the CNS Server must be installed using a login with either Administrator or root level (logged in
as root or run with sudo) permissions.
Once CNS Server 1.3 installation executable has been obtained, double click on the installer to launch it. This will
launch a standard installer wizard. Follow the prompts to complete the installation. For Linux systems, the

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dos2unix script must be installed otherwise the installation will be unsuccessful. In addition, be sure that the
hostname has been properly configured in the hosts file otherwise some operations will fail to work properly.
The installation typically takes around 5 minutes to complete. Note that it is not unusual for the screens to appear
to be paused during the installation process as scripts are being run and services are being configured.
Screenshots of a typical installation are shown below. Note that a console only installation is also available. To run
the console on

Figure 1:

Obtaining and downloading the software.

Figure 2:

Run the installer as Administrator.

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Figure 3:

Initial installation wizard screen.

Figure 4:

Accepting the license agreement.

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Figure 5:

Selecting the default installation directory.

Figure 6:

Configuring HTTP or HTTPS parameters.

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Figure 7:

Configuring the Postgres Database parameters.

Figure 8:

Ready to install.

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Figure 9:

Figure 10:

Installing the core services.

Installing the PostgreSQL

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Figure 11:

Creating Uninstaller

Figure 12:

Post installation steps.

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Figure 13:

Installation complete.

Figure 14:

Viewing the readme file.

Backend Startup
During installation three services are installed; an Apache webserver, a Postgres database, and the CNS Server
backend services. These are installed as services in Windows and Linux and can be managed with the command
line services utilities. The installation automatically starts the services after they have been installed.

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To confirm the services are running, open a command prompt and type the following commands:
On Linux:

service cnsapache status


service cnspostgresql status
service cnsserver status

On Windows:

sc query cnsapache
sc query cnspostgresql
sc query cnsserver

If the service is not running it can be started by typing the following commands:
On Linux:

service cnsapache start


service cnspostgresql start
service cnsserver start

On Windows:

sc start
sc start
sc start

cnsapache
cnspostgresql
cnsserver

Screenshot examples of the commands listed above are shown below.

Figure 15:

Checking and starting the services on Linux.

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Figure 16:

Checking and starting the services on Windows.

Additional Network Configuration Options


Network Facing Interface Configuration
When managing devices in a multi-NIC environment, it is important that the CNS Server be able to communicate
and receive information from the devices. By default, the CNS Server will listen on all available interfaces, and will
send data out on the first interface available (typically eth0 on most machines).
In cases where the interface to the devices is on a different interface, it will be necessary to configure the Network
Facing Interface. This is done by selecting the Admin application and then selecting General from the navigation
bar. A screenshot of this updated administration screen is shown below.

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Figure 17:

Admin general page showing Network Facing interface and Device Accessible IP
Address.

Device Accessible IP Address


In some deployments, the CNS Server is behind a firewall which translates the CNS Servers actual address. For
certain operations, particularly configuration and software upgrades, the devices are notified that an update exists
and the IP address to get the file is included in the notification.
In cases where the IP address that the devices should use is different from the actual server address, it will be
necessary to configure the Device Accessible IP Address. This is done by selecting the Admin application and then
selecting General from the navigation bar. See the screenshot in the Network Facing Interface Configuration
section above.

Discovery
At this point, all front and backend services will be initialized and the device discovery process can begin. To do so,
perform the following steps:
1. Start a web browser and enter in the URL of the server to get the login page. For example, if you are on
the server you can type https://localhost (or https://localhost:<port number> if the port is different than 443).
2. Login to the server. The default admin credentials are admin/admin.
3. Select the Discover Service (in green on the application bar), then select Discover Devices (eye icon) from
the left side navigation bar to display the discovery configuration table.
4. Right click on the table and select Add Entry from the right click menu. Enter the IP Address Ranges and
SNMP/Login credentials for the devices to discover. Items in orange have not been saved to the database
yet. Once the save button/right click menu is selected, the items will turn green.
5. Select the rows you wish to discover and then select the start discovery button/right click menu.

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Once these steps have been completed, the selected ranges will be probed for devices. A progress bar and
various status results will be displayed on the Discover Devices view. Once discovery is complete, the Inventory
and Discovery Events views should be reviewed to verify that the expected devices were discovered, and to review
any issues found during discovery.
Screenshots for the steps above are shown below.

Figure 18:

Logging in to the server.

Figure 19:

Main user interface.

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Figure 20:

Select Discover and then Discover Devices

Figure 21:

Enter network ranges and credentials.

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Figure 22:

Save changes.

Figure 23:

Start discovery.

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Figure 24:

Start discovery.

Figure 25:

Monitor discovery progress.

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Figure 26:

Review inventory of discovered devices.

Figure 27:

Review discovery related events and address any issues found.

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Upgrading Device Software


Importing Software Update Packages
Software updates for devices will be made available as new features are introduced and as defects are repaired.
These software updates are distributed in the form of packages that can be downloaded from the Cambium
Networks website.
Once the appropriate packages have been downloaded to your local computer, perform the following steps to
import them into the CNS Server.
1.
2.
3.
4.

Login to the server and select the Upgrade application.


Select the Packages view from the left side navigation pane.
Right click in the able and select Add Packages from the menu.
In the resulting dialog, click Choose File and select the software package, then select Upload Package.
Repeat this process as necessary.
5. The Package view will automatically update to show the packages that have been imported as well as the
version and device to which they apply.

Note that when selecting packages to use with the CNS Server, only the files ending in tar.gz should be used. Files
ending in pkg3 are to be used only for the CNUT application.
Screenshots for the steps above are shown below.

Figure 28:

Review software versions in the Upgrade inventory.

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Figure 29:

Select Packages to review available packages.

Figure 30:

Upload packages (packages are downloaded from the Cambium Support website.

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Figure 31:

Review uploaded packages.

Deploying Software Update Packages


After importing the software update packages, perform the following steps to deploy a package to the devices. Be
sure to review the device documentation to insure that the correct software package is deployed to the device
based on its currently running software, hardware type, or other characteristics.
1. Login to the server and select the Upgrade application.
2. Select the Inventory view from the left side navigation pane.
3. Refresh the CNS Servers view of the software versions by selecting the devices, right clicking, and
selecting Refresh Software Version.
4. Select the device(s) you wish to upgrade, right click, and select Upgrade Software.
5. In the resulting dialog, select an appropriate software update package and select Apply.
After Apply has been selected, the status of the software upgrade will be shown in the inventory view of the
Upgrade application. Devices will be notified of the upgrade and then they will upload and apply the upgrade, and
then automatically reboot the device. The inventory view will update periodically with the status of the upgrade.
The process of upgrading the devices typically takes a few minutes to complete. When the update is complete all
devices will either be in a Success (No Software Upgrade Pending) or Fail state.
If failures are seen, review the Upgrade events view for more details on the failure. Also be sure to go back to the
Inventory view and refresh the software versions in case the CNS Server has reported a false failure.
Screenshots for the steps above are shown below.

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Figure 32:

Select devices to upgrade from the inventory view.

Figure 33:

Select packages to deploy to the devices.

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Figure 34:

Monitor the progress of the upgrade.

Figure 35:

Wait for the upgrade to complete.

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Figure 36:

Review upgrade related events.

Configuring Devices
Overview
When devices are discovered in the CNS server, the current configuration is read and stored on the CNS server.
The configuration can be refreshed at any time by selecting a device (or devices) and clicking Refresh
Configuration.
The CNS server supports two ways to ways to configure a device either directly or through the use of
configuration templates. Configuration templates are used to define a subset of configuration parameters as well as
their values and save them as a template. These configuration templates can then be applied later to either a
single device, or multiple devices of the same type.
The status of any configuration operation can be viewed from the inventory view.

Configuring Individual Devices


To view and update the configuration of an individual device, perform the following steps.
1. Login to the server and select the Configure application.
2. Select the inventory view from the left side navigation pane.
3. Refresh the CNS Servers view of the configuration by selecting the devices, right clicking, and selecting
Refresh Configuration.
4. Select the device you wish to view, right click, and select View Configuration. This will result in a popup
window that displays the latest pulled configuration values.

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5. Update parameters as desired, and then click apply. Note that the selections can also be saved as a
template for later use if desired. Only checked items will be included in the newly created template.
After Apply has been selected, the status of the configuration operation will be shown in the inventory view of the
Configuration application. The device will be notified of the update and will upload and apply the new configuration.
Note that only checked values will be updated. The process of updating the configuration on a device can take a
few minutes to complete. Note that the device will always reboot in response to a configuration operation. When
the update is complete the device will either be in an Success or Failed state.
If failures are seen, review the Configuration events view for more details on the failure.
Screenshots for the steps above are shown below.

Figure 37:

Select configure and then select the inventory view.

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Figure 38:

Refresh the current configuration view.

Figure 39:

Wait until the refresh operation completes.

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Figure 40:

View the configuration.

Figure 41:

Modify the configuration and select apply.

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Creating Templates
It is important to note that templates are associated with a given device type. It is not possible to create a template
for one device type and apply it to another.
To create and apply a template, perform the following steps.
1.
2.
3.
4.

Login to the server and select the Configure application.


Select the Template view from the left side navigation pane.
Right click anywhere in the table and select Create Template.
A dialog will be shown with a list of device types. Select the desired device type from the list. This will result
in a popup window that displays the configuration parameters that are currently included in the template.
When initially creating a template, click on the expand all button to see all the available configuration
parameters.
5. Update parameters as desired, or click on the selection box on the left side of the parameter. This indicates
that the parameter will be included in the template. When selections are complete, name the template and
click apply or save.

Templates can also be modified by selecting a template from the table, right clicking, and selecting edit.
Screenshots for the steps above are shown below.

Figure 42:

Select Configure and then select Templates.

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Figure 43:

Right click and select Create Template.

Figure 44:

Select the type of template to create.

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Figure 45:

Select and modify fields to include in the template.

Figure 46:

Select Save to save the template.

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Applying Templates
To apply a previously created template, perform the following steps.
1. From the template view, select the desired template, right click, and select Apply Template.
2. A dialog will be shown with a list of applicable devices. Select the desired devices and click apply.
After Apply has been selected, the status of the configuration operation will be shown in the inventory view as it is
with configuring an individual device.
Note that templates can also be applied after selecting a device or multiple devices of the same type in the
inventory view. In this case, after right clicking and selecting Apply Template a list of applicable templates will be
shown. After selecting a template and clicking ok, the status will be show in the inventory view.
If failures are seen, review the Configuration events view for more details on the failure.
Screenshots for the steps above are shown below.

Figure 47:

Select a template, right click, and then select Apply Template.

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Figure 48:

Select devices to apply the template to.

Figure 49:

Apply the template.

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Figure 50:

Review the progress in the Inventory view.

Figure 51:

Review configuration related events.

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Monitoring Devices
Overview
Once devices have been discovered, the CNS Server will begin monitoring the devices. The CNS Server will begin
to periodically check the devices for reachability, download statistics and other important information, and update
various views that display the status of the devices. In addition, if the devices are configured to send traps and
syslog messages to the CNS Server, the CNS Server will interpret these messages and update the status of the
devices accordingly.
The main Monitor views provide system level views of the network. In addition, double clicking rows in the inventory
and events views, as well as clicking on device in the map view, will display a device page. The device page
provides a consolidated view of various performance and status attributes.
Note that in order for the CNS Server to receive traps and syslog messages from the devices, it is necessary to
configure the device to send traps and syslog messages to the CNS server.
Several screenshots of the various views available are shown below.

Figure 52:

Maps view.

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Figure 53:

Fault Management dashboard view.

Figure 54:

Performance Management dashboard view.

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Figure 55:

AP device page dashboard.

Figure 56:

AP device page probes (statistics)

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Figure 57:

ePMP SM device page dashboard.

Positioning Devices in the Maps View


If devices are prepopulated with GPS coordinates then the devices will automatically be positioned in the right
location in the maps view during discovery. In cases where the GPS coordinates are not populated, or the CNS
Server failed to determine the device location, they will be located in a default location (configured in the Admin
screens). To move the devices to their proper location there are two options manual location and CSV import.
Note that updating the configuration of the device directly does not cause the position to change on the CNS Server
view. Likewise, updating the position in the CNS Server views does not update the configuration of the device.
MANUAL LOCATION
To manually move devices on the map perform the following steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Login to the server and select the Monitor application.


Select the Map view from the left side navigation pane.
In the Map view, click on a cluster or device.
In the resulting list, scroll to the device you wish to move, right click, and select Set Location.
The device will decluster and a popup window will be displayed. Either enter in the latitude and longitude
coordinates or drag and drop the device to the desired location.
6. Click Save to set the device location.
Screenshots for the steps above are shown below.

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Figure 58:

Maps view showing a cluster.

Figure 59:

Right click to view devices at the cluster.

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Figure 60:

Select a device, right click, and select Set Location.

Figure 61:

Drag and drop or enter the new latitude/longitude directly.

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Figure 62:

Device at the new location.

CSV IMPORT
To simplify moving devices, the CNS Server can import a CSV file of device IDs, latitudes, and longitudes, It is
important that the device IDs match the EXACT format and case as is shown for the device in the inventory view. In
addition, decimal degrees (WGS84) coordinate format must be used for latitude and longitude.
An example of a CSV file is shown below.
0a:00:3e:a0:00:84,41.9303,-88.1555
0a:00:3e:a0:00:93,41.9292,-88.16
0a:00:3e:a0:01:15,41.9338,-88.1624
0a:00:3e:a0:04:38,41.9338,-88.1624
0a:00:3e:3f:ff:54,41.9515,-88.165
0a:00:3e:3f:fe:ac,41.9509,-88.1709
0a:00:3e:3f:fe:b9,41.9483,-88.1639
To import a CSV file perform the following steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Login to the server and select the Admin application.


Select the Monitor view from the left side navigation pane.
Click the Import button next to Import Latitude/Longitude CSV File.
In the resulting dialog, click Choose File and select the CSV file, then select Upload File.
The CSV file will be loaded and the devices will be moved on the Map view. Verify this by selecting the
Map view of the Monitor application.

Screenshots for the steps above are shown below.

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Figure 63:

Select Admin and then select Monitor.

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Figure 64:

Select Import Latitude/Longitude CSV file and select the file to be imported.

Figure 65:

Upload the CSV file.

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Figure 66:

Review the updated locations.

Clearing Events
The CNS Server does not automatically clear device alarms. Instead it is necessary to manually clear the alarms.
The CNS Server maintains two views of the events a currently active events view, and a historic events view. The
historic events view shows all events including inactive or cleared events. To switch between the views select the
desired view from the pull down list at the top right side of the event table.
In some cases newly discovered devices will display in a Minor alarm state in the Monitor views after discovery is
completed. This can typically happen if the CNS Server is unable to discover the latitude and longitude of a device
or if the write community string couldnt be determined. The events view of the Monitor application should be
reviewed and actions taken to correct the issue.
After the issues have been corrected, the alarms can be cleared by performing the following steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Login to the server and select the Monitor application.


Select the Event view from the left side navigation pane.
In the Filter field at the top of the table enter Minor to filter out the Minor events.
Select events by clicking or shift clicking to select multiple events. Ctrl-A will select all the events displayed.
Right click and select Clear Events. The selected events will be removed from the active events view.
Note that the events will still be available in the all events view. In addition, the device severity state will be
updated on views throughout the Monitor application.

Screenshots for the steps above are shown below.

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Figure 67:

Event view selected.

Figure 68:

Minor events filtered.

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Figure 69:

Select events to be cleared, right click, and select Clear Events.

Figure 70:

Minor events cleared.

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Figure 71:

Minor events no longer in the Current Active Events View.

Figure 72:

Minor events still viewable in the All Events view.

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Importing Cambium Networks Device Support Files


As new features are developed for the ePMP devices, it will be necessary to upgrade the CNS Server to take
advantage of the newly created features. Rather than having to install new copies of the CNS Server application for
each update, it is possible to import device support files known as Cambium Network Device or CND files.
CND files will be made available from the Cambium Networks support website. Only one CND file is permitted for
each device type. The available devices types can be viewed by selecting the Admin application and then
selecting Device Compiler from the navigation bar. Select the View Device Definitions button to see the current
CND files in use.
To update the CNS Server with a new CND file perform the following steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Download the CNS file from the Cambium Networks support site.
Select the Device Compiler admin screen and then select View Device Definitions.
Select the device type to be updated, right click, and then select Delete Device Definition(s) from the menu.
Right click and select Import Device Definition from the menu.
In the CND File Upload window, select the new CND file and then select Upload CND file.
Restart the CNS Server to apply the new settings.

Screenshots for the steps above are shown below.

Figure 73:

Select Admin and then Device Compiler.

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Figure 74:

Select View Device Definitions

Figure 75:

Select the device types that will be updated and then delete the definitions. Then,
select Import Device Definitions

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Figure 76:

Select the new CND file and then select Upload CND File.

Figure 77:

Verify the CND file has been updated.

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CAMBIUM NETWORKS

User Manual
The CNS Server contains an online user manual accessible by clicking the Documentation link on the bottom of the
main application page. The user manual is a type of wiki. Clicking on links and entries in the table of contents pane
on the left side will open up the selected item.
A screenshot of the documentation is shown below.

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