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REG 360 INDUSTRIALISED BUILDING SYSTEM

REG360: INDUSTRIALISED
BUILDING SYSTEM

LECTURE 3:
IBS TECHNOLOGY &
BEST PRACTICE

Sr Dr Md Azree Othuman Mydin


School of Housing, Building & Planning
Universiti Sains Malaysia
azree@usm.my
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Contents

Traditional Construction Methods


Problems with Traditional Construction
What is IBS?
IBS method of construction
IBS components 5 major components
IBS types 6 major types
Advantages and Disadvantages of IBS
IBS achievements
Best practice lesson learned from IBS
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Traditional Construction Method?

Brick construction
Block walls construction
Tiles on a timber structure construction
Timber intermediate floors construction
Concrete ground floors construction
Steel sheeting construction
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Difference between block and brick?

BRICK

BLOCK

8"x4"x4"

16"x8"x8"

interior of exterior finish

partitions in interior applications and structural


in exterior applications

clay product

concrete product

Traditional Construction Methods


Material

Completed Building

Concrete

Timber

Brick

Steel

SITE
Equipment
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Problems with Traditional Construction

Problems with Traditional Construction

Problems with Traditional Construction

Problems with Traditional Construction

Problems with Traditional Construction

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Problems with Traditional Construction

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Problems with Traditional Construction

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Problems with Traditional Construction

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Problems with Traditional Construction

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What do you understand by the


term IBS?
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What is IBS?
Defination:IBS as a construction technique in which components are manufactured in
a controlled environment (on or off-site), transported, positioned and
assembled into a structure with minimal additional site works.
As such, components that are being pre-fabricated in a controlled
environment on-site are also considered as IBS (CIDB Malaysia, 2001).

Factory

Transport

Assembled
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IBS Method of Construction


Material

Concrete

Construction Component

Completed Building

Timber
trusses

Timber

Wall Panel

Brick
Timber
frame

Block
Precast
stairs

OFF-SITE

ON-SITE
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IBS CENTRE

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Main IBS Components

Roof trusses
Column

Stairs

Beam

BUILDING
5 components of IBS

Floor
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Comparison of Construction Methods


Conventional System

0 % IBS

IBS System

100 % IBS

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Compare this? What your comments?


PRECAST GROUND BEAM

Conventional System

IBS System

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Compare this? What your comments?

Conventional System

IBS System

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Compare this? What your comments?

IBS System

Conventional System

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IBS Types
Precast concrete

Formwork

Timber frame

Block

Steel frame

Other innovative system


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1: PRECAST CONCRETE SYSTEM

PC columns, beams,
slabs, 3D-components
(balconies, staircases,
toilets, lift chambers, box
girders, etc)

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Toilet assembly in factory

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2: STEEL FORMWORK SYSTEM

Tunnel forms, beams


and column moulding
forms, permanent steel
formworks (metal decks),
etc.

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3 : STEEL FRAME SYSTEM

Steel beams and


columns, portal
frames,roof trusses, etc

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4: TIMBER FRAME

Timber frames, prefab timber roof


trusses, beams and
columns etc.

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5 : BLOCK SYSTEM

Interlocking concrete
masonry unit (CMU),
lightweight concrete
blocks, etc.

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6 : OTHER INNOVATIVE SYSTEMS

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Advantages of IBS?
Less construction time
Cost savings
Saving in labour
Less labour at site
Optimised use of material
Higher quality and better finishes
Construction operation less affected by weather
Flexibility
Increase site safety and neatness
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Labour efficient through IBS : Reduce 30% labour

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Disadvantages IBS?
High initial capital cost
Problem of joints
Sophisticated plants and skilled operators
Site accessibility
Large working area

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Some news on IBS

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IBS ACHIEVEMENT
2003-2010

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Government IBS projects (331 in total), Okc 2008-May 2010

Source: ICU JPM, and Study Analysis July 2010


Schools
Clinics, Hospitals, Colleges
Courts, Audit Offices, Training Centers
Polytechnics, Campuses
Bomba, Rumah Rakyat
Bridges, Laboratory
Depot, Children Housing
LHDN, Custom Offices
Training Institutes
LPP, LKIM, Seeds bank
Flyovers
MTC, Hotels
TLDM Complex, Campus, Technical Lab
Furniture Center, Timber Center
OSH, NIOSH Buildings
Offices
Asrama

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IBS Projects: Distribution of projects by state

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IBS Project in Malaysia

CASE STUDY

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IBS IN MALAYSIA: Case Study 1

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Completed Project

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IBS SEK.
IN KEB.
MALAYSIA:
Case Study 2
BRICKFIELDS 1, KUALA LUMPUR
SEK. KEB. BRICKFIELDS 1, KUALA LUMPUR

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IBS Project in Malaysia

THE LESSONS LEARNED

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Best practise for precast concrete


structures throughout the world

THE LESSONS LEARNED

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How beautiful is precast construction?

The Dream St Helens

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The Dream When we dream, anything is possible

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IBS CONSTRUCTION
PROCESS VARIES..

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Shopping Centre, Finland

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Thank you

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