INTRODUCTION, IR ,& Electrochemical Sensors


The Model 202 is a reliable & rugged non

dispersive infrared (NDIR) monitoring system
used primarily for themeasurement of
CO2, CO , NH3, freons & hydrocarbons. .
These instruments have a wide dynamic
range (high ppm to %).The PID Analyzers
Infrared gas analyzer uses an interference
filter instrument and has been designed with
the process and plant environment in mind.
This instrument can be easily interfaced with
process control computers.
Other Continuous Analyzers in the 200
series include the Model 201-B PID or FID
Analyzer for total VOCs, the Model 203
fixed wavelength UV-Near IR Photometer,
a thermal conductivity detector (TCD), Model
204 and a Model 210 Paramagnetic
Oxygen Analyzer. The addition of these new
Analyzers greatly improves the capability
range of process analyzers from PID.

Principle of Operation

The technique for measuring the
concentration depends upon the Lambert
Beer Law:
I =Io eWhere- I is the measured intensity,
I is the incidentintensity, k is the absorption
coefficient, and x is the pathlength
The instrument consists of a pulsed IR
source,a fixed path length cell, a measurement filter,and an IR detector (thermopile).
Infrared radiation in the 1 to 5 micron region
is absorbed by molecules (organic and
inorganic) and converted into molecular
vibration energy. This absorption is
associated with a structural group stretching,
or bending. Infrared absorption spectra are
due to transitions between vibrational rotational levels. Infrared is best used for
measuring chemical structures with a
specific functional group in the presence of
other compounds without that functional
group ie CO2 or CO (at 4.3
and 4.6 m respectivel. It can also be used
to measure total hydrocarbons at the 3.3 m

CH stretching frequency. Symmetric species
that do not have a dipole moment will not
absorb in the infrared (examples of this
include N2 and O2).

Applications: IR
Hydrocarbons & Methane ppm to %
Natural Gas Composition (Total HC) &
Drying oven % LEL
Pill Coating % LEL
Stack & Vent monitoring % or % LEL
Methane in sewage treatment plants
Landfill gas monitoring CH4/CO2
Leaks of refrigerant gases
Carbon Dioxide low ppm to %
CO2 in room or plant air- ppm
CO2 in process streams- %/ CO2, ppm CO2
in natural gas
Carbon Monoxide- 0-1,000 ppm to %
CO %- combustion or process
N2O high ppm sensor- 0-1,000 ppm

Other Sensors
Zirconium Oxide- electrochemical- solid
state sensor 0.1 to 100%
Electrochemical sensor with acidic
Carbon monoxide sensor- ppm to low %
levels of CO

FeaturesAutomatic Restart- In the event of a power
outage, the instrument will
automatically restart
Low cost of ownership- The long lifetime
of the analyzer coupled with the minimal
level of maintenance results in a low cost
of ownership
Wide operating range with no range
changing necessary- 15 Bit ADC
Push button Automatic calibration;
automatically adjusts response
RS232 digital output; 0-1 VDC analog
Up to 6 dual setpoints that are
programmable- can be used to shut down
a process, remotely dial a number...


Detectors available: CO (IR &
electrochemical), CO2 IR, N2O IR
Measurement mode: Continuous
Zero drift- Automatic
compensation; <1% per month
Span drift- Auto cal each 24 hours
(with contact closure), less than 1%
every 24 hours
Wide range of response- from sub
ppm on PID to % on the FID
Support gases: PID requires no
support gases; FID requires H2 and
zero air
Readout- Backlit LCD Display with11
character keyboard

4-20 mA output; RS485 output,
Single alarm setpoint- Customer
Data storage inASCII format using
8 GByte USB memory stick
-more than a year of data
X Proof- explosion proof enclosure
Z purged for Zone 1 and Zone 2
Calibration gas and regulations for
any of the gases at various levelsCOntact PID Analyzers

Sampling Systems
Standard output: 5 VDC, RS232
Enclosure:Rack (NEMA 2)Rack: 19" W x 51/4"H x 14"D
Weight: 25 pounds
Wall (NEMA 4)
23"W x 21"H x 10"D
19” rack mount
Weight: -21 pounds
Power requirements- 100-240VAC,
2 amps
CO2 ppm or % (specify range
CO % 0-100, 0-10%
N2O 0-1,000 ppm
HC- 0-5, 0-100%
O2 ZrO2 0.1 to 100%
O2 electrochemical (acidic electrolyte)
0.1 to 100%
CO- electrochemical ppm to low%
The 202 PLC with outputs is shown below:

One of the most difficult challenges is
to deliver a sample stream saturated
with water at an elevated temperature
to the analyzer without any change in
the composition of the compounds to
be measured. A photo of our sample
conditioning system is shown below .
For additional information, please
contact PID Analyzers.
The system below requires only
compressed air for operation and
removes all liquid water from the
sample. It can be used in a Class I Div
1 area.We also offer heat exchangers
and heated sample lines for other types
of samples.

New Features, Data Collection Software, Multipoint

Multipoint Sequencer

New Features
4 line x 20 character backlit LCD display
4 Analog to digital converters- up to 4 sensors
Optional Z purge to meet Class 1 Div. II
can be added instead of two
* Inputs from other sensors (like flow) can be

control: analyzer
to produce
a total emissions
* Up to three ranges now 0-100, 0-1,000, 05,000 ppm all of which are linear
* 11 character keyboard
* 4 function keys for programming
* RS232 & RS485 are standard items
* Direct internet connection
* Digital inputs/outputs increased to 12
* Alarms
* LEDs for indicating modes
* Summary on the 4 LED indicators when they
are ON:
* F4-LED indicates that the automatic saving
the data is active;
* LED1 shows Cooler pump ON;
* LED2 shows that autozero is in progress;
* LED3 shows the sample pump ON;
* LED4 indicates the gain position
* Optional internal storage of Data for more
than 1 year of continuous operation-data
stored in ASCII format for direct importing into
* Optional Peltier cooler can be added to
remove moisture
* 19" Rack Mount or optional NEMA 4
* Optional Z purge to meet Class 1 Div
. II
Optional Temperature control: heating/cooling for
outdoor installations


The 202-B has several mulipoint options The
first is a simple 2 point system that can be
used to monitor the input and output of a
scrubber, carbon bed etc. to determine the
efficiency of the system. This 201-B has a two
channel display; one for each channel.
The second option is a 4, 8, 12, 16, 24 or 32
point system. This system employs a
manifold with a needle valve and a 3 way valve
for each channel. This version has a three
channel display. One channel is for for the
concentration, the second is for the channel #
and the third is for the sampe flow for that
channel. The flow is measured with a mass
flow sensor. The setpoint for the flow channel
can be set to indicate a low flow or blockage
for a channel.An alarm can be programmed
for each channel in the system. this
system provides an inexpensive alternative to
a sensor for each point. The cost of
maintaining and/or calibrating this single
system is considerably less expensive than
maintaining a 16 or 24 sensor system.
The multipoint system can be interfaced with
DataWorks, a PLC or DCS system that is
already at the Plant.
Data collection in ASCII format stored on an
8 GByte memory stick

Additional Features
Up to six sensors can be incorporated in
the 201 including IR for CO, CO2, N2O, FID,
Contact PID Analyzers, LLC

2 Walshington Circle, Sandwich, MA 02563
Tel. 1-774-413-5281 USA Fax. 1-774-413-5298 Web: E-mail:
HNU Nordion, Ltd, OY, Atomitie 6 A 5, PL 1, Helsinki, Finland Tel. 358 9 565 7240 Fax +358 9 565 72430
Web: E-mail:

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