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Quranic Vocabularies
Chapter: 1

It is incumbent on God, the Exalted, to impose moral-religious obligations on
mankind ensuring that man achieves the summit of excellence in this short span of life
gifted to him. . This is a rational conclusion derived from sound rational proofs and
explicit enlightened evidence establishing the axiom that human beings on their path
to perfection are in constant need of religious-moral obligations in order to attain
happiness and success in every aspect of life . Supposing for a moment that if God did
not impose religious-moral obligations on man, this would either because He is
unaware of their need for obligation whereas God is far above such ignorance or
fallacy; or because He desires to prevent them from attaining perfection [through the
performance of these obligations], which is is inadmissible of the Absolutely
Generous One; or because He desires to impose obligations on them, but possesses no
power to do so, and this incompetence is again unacceptable of the Absolutely
Therefore, it is imperative for Him to impose religious-moral guideline code on
mankind. This necessity entails the requirement of a mentor in human form who
would apprise them of the explicit and implicit forms of the religious-moral obligation
that he who perished [on that day]might perish by a clear proof [of gods sovereignty
and he who survived might survive by a clear proof( Please state how is this ayah
connected to the message stated in the sentence). Furthermore, this divine
mediatorship is an important appointment that inevitably would have numerous
pretenders and would be coveted by the vainly ambitious, with tragic consequences
such that the truthful and sincere representatives of God will be mistaken for
deceptive and misleading guides. History has witnessed many such events where
discrimination between truth and falsehood has become an extremely perplexed
matter. Hence, its vital for claimant of this mediatorship to establish clear evidence of
truthfulness of his claim and his trustworthiness in conveying the Divine Message.
And executing this noble cause must be beyond the capacity of common man and
something exceeding the laws of nature.

Therefore, a miracle is a way of supporting the truthfulness of the claimant with

respect to divine appointment, as miracles exceed the laws of nature and therefore
cannot be performed without divine providence and empowerment. If the claimant to
prophethood were to be false in his claim, the divine empowerment to make miracles
work would then be a temptation to accept error and support falsehood, which is
impossible on the part of the All-Knowing, All-Powerful God. Therefore, a miracle
wrought by a claimant must be an indication of his truthfulness and a sign of God s
acceptance of his prophethood.
The truthfulness of the claimant is an everlasting rule governing such matters, and is
accepted without reservation by rational people. If someone claims to be an emissary
of a ruler in matters peraining to his subjects, and if the subjects are in doubt about the
truthfulness of his claim, it is first of all necessary for the claimant to produce
evidence ( please join this paragraph with the next line)
supporting his claim. It is further necessary that this evidence should be unequivocal.
Hence, if the emissary tells them, the evidence of my truthfulness is that tomorrow
the king will salute me in a special manner he salutes his other emissaries, and if the
king knows what has gone on between the emissary and the people, and if, further, the
king saluted the emissary at proper time in the proper manner, the kings action would
thus confirm the claimants mission, and no rational being would be able to doubt the
validity of the claim. After all, it is inappropriate of a capable king, who protects the
interest of his subjects, to confirm a false claimant, when the latter [by putting forward
a false claim] wishes to corrupt the subjects. If such behavior is inappropriate on the
part of a rational person, it is impossible on the part of the Absolutely wise God. God,
the exalted, has pointed this out in his noble Book, saying: and if he [the prophet] had
invented false sayings concerning us, we assuredly had taken him by the right hand
and then severed his life-artery. (Surah al-haqah; verses number: 44-46).
Within the scope of this textbook, the definition of miracle of the Quran and its
characteristics will be discussed along with the verses of Quran in this regard.
Furthermore, the significant efforts of scholars regarding inimitability of Quran will
be briefed upon in depth.