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FOUNDATION UNIVERSITY

COLLEGE OF NURSING
DUMAGUETE CITY

Resource Unit on the


CARE OF CLIENTS WITH WOUNDS

Submitted by:
Cubero, Reneryl Angelique M.
Manso, Erwin A.
Orcullo, Marie Jo G.
Villegas, Frances Grace B.
Submitted to:
Mr. John Robert General

Date Submitted:
09/14/15

Resource Unit on The Care of Clients With Wounds

Course Title: Nursing Care Management 105

Concept: Structured Health Teaching on the care of clients with wounds.

Placement: First Semester

Time Allotment: 15 minutes

Topic Description: This topic deals on how to care for patients with wound, which includes the types and phases of wound healing.

Central Objective: At the end of the 15 minute discussion, the learners shall gain the knowledge, skills and right attitude about the process of wound healing and
caring for patients with wound.
.
PURPOSE: To provide learners with complete information about care of clients with wound and the process of wound healing.

GOAL: The learners will be able to acquire good attitude, enhance knowledge and develop skills on how to take care of clients with wounds.

Objectives
At the end of the
discussion the learners
will be able to:

Content Outline

1. discuss the

I.

introduction briefly

2. elaborate the causes

of wound well

II. Causes
1. Friction rubbing against an abrasive surface
2. Sharp pointed object entering the skin
3. Human and animal bites
4. Pressure sores

I.
3. name the at least 5

types of wound

Introduction
Wounds occur when the skin is broken or damaged because of injury. Causes of injury may be the result of mechanical,
chemical, electrical, thermal, or nuclear sources. The skin can be damaged in a variety of ways depending upon the
mechanism of injury.

Types
1. Contusion
A contusion is more commonly called a bruise. It is usually caused by a blunt blow, the overlying skin is unbroken, but
tissues and blood vessels below are damaged. The discoloration is caused by bleeding from small vessels into the tissues.

2. Abrasion

An abrasion is a scrape or graze. Typically, there is a superficial surface wound involving the epidermis and part of the
dermis. Abrasions are most commonly caused by friction injuries. These wounds need to be well cleaned to remove dirt and
grit which may be sticking to the wound surface.
3. Avulsion

This term describes a wound where there is tissue loss, preventing the closure of the wound edges. An avulsion is caused by
tearing of tissue.
4. Laceration

Laceration describes a wound made by a blunt object, and has often involved considerable force.

turation

This is a cut caused by a sharp object. These wounds usually appear neat and the edges can be readily approximated to
allow primary healing to take place.
liferation

fammation

lar

5. Incised wound

Puncture wounds
These
may well present
as misleadingly
small wounds and are also described as penetrating wounds. They are made by
Lymphocytes
and other
WBC
Platelets

References:
Lewis, S.M., et.al. Medical Surgical Nursing: Assessment and Management of Clinical Problems. St. Louis, Missouri: Mosby, Inc. 2004.
Brown, D. & Edwards, H. Lewis's Medical Surgical Nursing. Smidmore Street, Marrickville: Elsevier Inc. 2005.
Black, J. & Hawks, J.H. Medical- Surgical Nursing. 7th Ed. Singapore: Elsevier Inc. 2004.
Ignatavicius, D. & Workman, M. Medical- Surgical Nursing. Singapore: Elsevier Pte Ltd. 2006.
Doenges, M.,et. Al. Nurse's Pocket Guide.Philadephia, Pennsylvania: F. A. Davis Company. 2008.