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Parametricvs.nonparametrictests

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Parametricvs.nonparametrictests

Explanations>SocialResearch>Analysis>Parametricvs.nonparametrictests

Therearetwotypesoftestdataandconsequentlydifferenttypesofanalysis.Asthetable
belowshows,parametricdatahasanunderlyingnormaldistributionwhichallowsformore
conclusionstobedrawnastheshapecanbemathematicallydescribed.Anythingelseisnon
parametric.

Parametric

Nonparametric

Assumeddistribution

Normal

Any

Assumedvariance

Homogeneous

Any

Typicaldata

RatioorInterval

OrdinalorNominal

Datasetrelationships

Independent

Any

Usualcentralmeasure

Mean

Median

Benefits

Candrawmore
conclusions

SimplicityLess
affectedbyoutliers

Tests

Choosing

Choosingparametric
test

Choosinganon
parametrictest

Correlationtest

Pearson

Spearman

Independentmeasures,
2groups

Independentmeasures
ttest

MannWhitneytest

Independentmeasures, Oneway,independent
>2groups
measuresANOVA

KruskalWallistest

Repeatedmeasures,2
conditions

Matchedpairttest

Wilcoxontest

Repeatedmeasures,>2
conditions

Oneway,repeated
measuresANOVA

Friedman'stest

http://changingminds.org/explanations/research/analysis/parametric_nonparametric.htm

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