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Relations & Functions - notes

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Relations & Functions by Manda Reid - notes

© All Rights Reserved

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388 views15 pagesRelations & Functions - notes

Relations & Functions by Manda Reid - notes

© All Rights Reserved

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Warm Up

Generate ordered pairs for the function

y = x + 3 for x = 2, 1, 0, 1, and 2.

Find the y values, and put them together as

an ordered pairs as (x,y)

x

(x,y)

-2

(2, 1)

y=x+3

=-2 + 3

=1

-1

(1, 2)

y=x+3

= -1 + 3

=2

(0, 3)

y=x+3

=0+3

=3

(1, 4)

y=x+3

=1+3

=4

(2, 5)

y=x+3

=2+3

=5

Holt Algebra 1

Objectives

Identify functions.

Find the domain and range of relations and

functions.

Holt Algebra 1

Showing Multiple

Representations of Relations

Example 1:

Express the relation {(2, 3), (4, 7), (6, 8)}:

1. as a table,

2. as a graph,

3. and as a mapping diagram.

Holt Algebra 1

1. Represent as Table:

x y

x y

Table

Holt Algebra 1

and write all y-values under y.

2. Represent as Graph:

{(2, 3), (4, 7), (6, 8)}

Graph

(4,7)

(2,3)

Holt Algebra 1

(6,8)

plot the ordered pairs.

{(2, 3), (4, 7), (6, 8)}

Mapping Diagram

Holt Algebra 1

all y-values under y. Draw an

arrow from each x-value to its

corresponding y-value.

Your turn to try it!!! PRACTICES

Express the relation {(1, 3), (2, 4), (3, 5)} as

a table, as a graph, and as a mapping diagram.

Table

Graph

Mapping Diagram

y

x

Holt Algebra 1

of first coordinates (or x-values) of

the ordered pairs.

The range of a relation is the set

of second coordinates (or y-values)

of the ordered pairs.

Holt Algebra 1

y

Range

my EX WIFE is a DR.

X

Holt Algebra 1

Domain

Check It Out! Example 2a

Give the domain and range of the relation.

6

5

2

1

Holt Algebra 1

1

0

Domain: {6, 5, 2, 1}

Range: {4, 1, 0}

Check It Out! Example 2b

Give the domain and range of the relation.

Holt Algebra 1

Domain: {1, 4, 8}

Range: {1, 4}

A function is a special type of relation

that pairs each domain value with

exactly one range value.

Notes:

If it is a function, then none of x

(domain) value should be repeated

Holt Algebra 1

Example 3A: Identifying Functions

Give the domain and range of the relation. Tell

whether the relation is a function. Explain.

{(3, 2), (5, 1), (4, 0), (3, 1)}

does not have exactly one range value.

The domain value 3 is repeated, paired with the

range values 2 and 1.

Holt Algebra 1

Example 3B: Identifying Functions

Give the domain and range of the relation. Tell

whether the relation is a function. Explain.

4

8

4

5

This relation is a function. Each domain value is

paired with exactly one range value.

Holt Algebra 1

Example 3C: Identifying Functions

Give the domain and range of the relation. Tell

whether the relation is a function. Explain.

(-3,1)

(-3,-2)

the domain and range

values

Check out the points

that the line cut

through the plane

values have more than one range value.

Holt Algebra 1