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Tank with floating roof


61N
OMV Petrom

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Tank 61N
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Contents
1.

Scope

2.

General

3.

Key dimensions

4.

tank and cup shell

5.

weight of tank and cup

6.

Wind girders for stability of shell

10

7.

Floating roof

12

8.

Overturning Moment - Earthquake

24

9.

Overturning Moment - Wind

28

10.

Foundation loads

29

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1.

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Scope
The following covers the design calculations for one double wall, double bottom,
floating roof tank to store net 10.000 m of the product.

2.

General
The inner tank containing the product consists of a flat inner bottom with a cylindrical,
vertical open shell. This inner tank is closed by a floating roof. The inner tank is located
within an outer cup consisting of a flat outer bottom with a cylindrical open shell.
The outer cup is designed to hold the liquid in case of an inner tank failure.

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3. Key dimensions
Tank shell to be designed for product filling and water filling during hydrostatic test.
There are 7 shell courses heights 4 of 2400 mm, 2 of 2000 mm and 1 of 1400 mm,
total tank shell height = 15.000 mm.
Material of shell plates

S235 J2G3

Tensile strength, thickness

Ts

N/mm2 340

Yield strength, Thickness <= 16

Ys

N/mm2 235

Design stress, EN 14015 9.1.1 = 2/3Ys

Std

N/mm2 156,7

Hydro test stress EN 14015 9.1.1 = 0,75Ys

Stt

N/mm2 176,3

Corrosion allowance

mm

Joint efficiency

Minimum shell thickness


see EN 14015 table 9.1.5

1,0
1,0

mm

8,0

Design liquid height


Test water height

Hd
Ht

mm
mm

13.900
13.900

Diameter inside
Cylindrical shell height

D
Hc

mm
mm

30.000
15.000

Density - design
Density - testwater

W
Wt

kg/m3
kg/m3

810

Internal design pressure


Test air pressure EN 14015 9.2.2
Internal design vacuum

pd
pt
pv

mbar g 0
mbar g 0
mbar g
-5

1000

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Cup shell to be designed for product filling in case of tank failure and water filling during
hydrostatic test. There are 5 shell courses heights, 4 of 2400 mm and 1 of 1900 mm,
total cup shell height = 11.500 mm.
Material of shell plates

S235 J2G3

Tensile strength, thickness

Ts

N/mm2 340

Yield strength, Thickness <= 16

Ys

N/mm2 235

Design stress, EN 14015 9.1.1 = 2/3Ys

Std

N/mm2 156,7

Hydro test stress EN 14015 9.1.1 = 0,75Ys

Stt

N/mm2 176,3

Corrosion allowance

mm

Joint efficiency

Minimum shell thickness


see EN 14015 table 9.1.5

1,0
1,0

mm

8,0

Design liquid height


Test water height

Hd
Ht

mm
mm

11.400
11.400

Diameter inside
Cylindrical shell height

D
Hc

mm
mm

33.800
11.500

Density - design
Density - testwater

W
Wt

kg/m3
kg/m3

810

Internal design pressure


Test air pressure EN 14015 9.2.2
Internal design vacuum

pd
pt
pv

mbar g 0
mbar g 0
mbar g 0

1000

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4. tank and cup shell


Equation for Design Thickness td
Design Case / Operation with Product:

td=D/20.Std[98.W(Hd 0,3)+pd]+c ] tmin


Equation for Hydrostatic Test Thickness tt
Hydro Test Case with Water:

tt=D/20.Stt[98.Wt(Ht 0,3)+pt] ] tmin

minimum required shell thickness


tank
allowable corrosion
tank diameter

[mm]
[m]

1,00
30,00

design pressure
test pressure
allowable design stress
allowable test stress
desity of design fluid
density of test fluid

[mbar]
[mbar]
[N/mm2]
[N/mm2]
[kg/l]
[kg/l]

0,00
0,00
156,70
176,30
0,81
1,00

required shell
required shell used shell
design thickness test thickness thickness
distance from top to foot of course
td
tt
t
[m]
[mm]
[mm]
[mm]
1,4
1,84
0,92
8,00
3,40
3,36
2,58
8,00
5,4
4,88
4,25
8,00
7,8
6,70
6,25
8,00
10,2
8,52
8,25
9,00
12,6
10,35
10,26
11,00
15
12,17
12,26
13,00

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minimum required shell thickness cup


allowable corrosion
cup diameter

[mm]
[m]

1,00
33,80

design pressure
test pressure
allowable design stress
allowable test stress
density of design fluid
density of test fluid

[mbar]
[mbar]
[N/mm2]
[N/mm2]
[kg/l]
[kg/l]

0,00
0,00
156,70
176,30
0,81
1,00

distance from top to foot of course

required shell used shell


required shell
design thickness test thickness thickness
td
tt
t
[mm]
[mm]
[mm]
[m]
1,9
2,63
1,50
8,00
4,3
4,68
3,76
8,00
6,7
6,74
6,01
8,00
9,1
8,79
8,27
9,00
11,5
10,85
10,52
11,00

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5. weight of tank and cup


dead weight tank
PHI
tank diameter D

[mm]

3,14
30000,00

steel density

[kg/m]

8000,00

course hight Hd
[mm]
0
1.400
2.000
2.000
2.400
2.400
2.400
2.400

H
[mm]
0
1.400
3.400
5.400
7.800
10.200
12.600
15.000

t
[mm]
0
8,00
8,00
8,00
8,00
9,00
11,00
13,00

shell
stiffener
pipes and nozzles
platforms

107000
10000
10000
15000

kg
kg
kg
kg

total without bottom 142000

kg

15,8**2xPix200

60000
157000

kg
kg

total

217000

kg

course No
ring stif.
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

tank

roof
snow

G
[kg]
0
8445
12064
12064
14476
16286
19905
23524
106764

Ws
[KN]
0
84
205
326
470
633
832
1068

Rd
[KN/m]
1,0
1,2
2,3
3,5
5,0
6,7
8,8
11,3

area of snow radius 15,0 m + ring 0,8 m

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Dead weight cup


starting load
Wd
PHI
tank diameter
D
steel density

course No
ringst
5
4
3
2
1

cup

[KN/m]
[mm]
[kg/m]

1,00
3,14
33800,00
8000,00

course hight Hd
[mm]
0
1.900
2.400
2.400
2.400
2.400

H
[mm]
0
1.900
4.300
6.700
9.100
11.500

t
[mm]
0
8,00
8,00
8,00
9,00
11,00

shell
stiffener
piping + nozzles
platforms

87000
10000
10000
15000

kg
kg
kg
kg

total without bottom 122000

kg

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Tank 61N
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G
[kg]
0
12912
16310
16310
18349
22427
86308

Ws
[KN]
0
129
292
455
639
863

Rd
[KN/m]
1,0
2,2
3,8
5,3
7,0
9,1

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6. Wind girders for stability of shell


wind girder tank

tank diameter
wind velocity
internal pressure

30,00
45,00
-5
7,00
15,00

D=
v=
pv =
emin =
Hf =

783,00
Z = 0,058D^2Hfvw^2/45^2
963,33
Z = 17/18 1020 =
Z = (80^3 0,6/12+2 22 40^2)/40 2400,00

min. top stiffener


(UPN400)
used 800x7/9+200x12

course No

k=

95000/(3,563v+580pv)

9,39

Hp =

k (emin^5/d^3)^0,5

7,41

course hight h
[m]
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

H
[m]

0,40
2,00
2,00
2,40
2,40
2,40
2,40

0,80
2,60
4,40
6,80
9,20
11,60
14,00

Hp < HE < 2Hp 1 add. wind girder


used

[m]
[m/s]
[mbar]
[mm]
[m]
[cm]
[cm]
[cm]

[m]

e
[mm]

He
[m]

7,00
7,00
7,00
7,00
8,00
10,00
12,00
HE=

0,40
2,00
2,00
2,40
1,72
0,98
0,62
10,13

at 5,0 m from top girder

1 UPN140 at 2,7 m from top girder


1 UPN140 at 6,4 m from top girder

10

ok !
ok!

11,3
7,6

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Tank 61N
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wind girder cup

cup diameter
wind velocity
internal pressure

Z = 0,058D^2Hfvw^2/45^2
Z=

min. top stiffener


370x9+190x9+35x9

762,01
1211 *)

[cm]
[cm]

95000/(3,563v+580pv)

9,39

Hp =

k (emin^5/d^3)^0,5

6,20

course hight h
[m]
5
4
3
2
1

H
[m]

1,90
2,40
2,40
2,40
2,40

tc

xs0

He
[m]

7,00
7,00
7,00
8,00
10,00
HE=

1,90
2,40
2,40
1,72
0,98
9,40

1 add. UPN 140 at 4,7 m from top

xs0 A

xsneu^2

420

2.940

370

185

3.330

190

380

1.710

35

350

0,6 root(r/tc) =290mm,

ok !

[m]

e
[mm]
1,90
4,30
6,70
9,10
11,50

Hp < HE < 2Hp

length

[m]
[m/s]
[mbar]
[mm]
[m]

k=

course No

*)

33,80
45,00
-5
7,00
11,50

D=
v=
pv =
emin =
Hf =

xsneu^2 A

I0

6,8

27.521

8,09E+07

0,00E+00

8,09E+07

616.050

365

1,22E+06

7,60E+07

7,72E+07

649.800

45.841

7,84E+07

0,00E+00

7,84E+07

315

110.250

33.895

1,07E+07

6,43E+04

1,07E+07

8.295

1.376.100

166

290+130=420mm

I=

247.236.291 mm^4

Wshell=

1490316,864 mm

Wstiffener

1211319,829 mm

Because of no roof on tank and cup, no stability calculation for axial loads of the shells is
necessary.
11

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7. Floating roof
The floating roof consist of 18 pontoon compartments and a membrane in the center.
The plate thickness of all parts is 6 mm ( 5 mm + 1 mm corrosion )

Dimensions of pontoon

The stress calculation of the floating roof is done here for two situations:
1. swimming roof with 2 kN/m snow on all parts
2. roof standing on its pins with 2 kN/m snow on all parts

12

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Swimming roof

model 30 degree of whole roof

boundary conditions

13

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pressure load snow 2 kN/m on top, fluid up to 3.5 kN/m

resulting displacement in vertical direction

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stress equivalent 144 N/mm < 156,7 N/mm

radial stress 139 N/mm

15

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circumferential stress 121 N/mm

vertical stress 108 N/mm

16

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radial membrane stress 32 N/mm

circumferential membrane stress -57 N/mm / 20 N/mm

17

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Roof standing on its pins

model 60 degree of whole roof


18 pins below pontoon radius r =13.5 m
12 pins on membrane radius r = 9.0 m
6 pins on membrane radius r = 5.0 m
3 pins on membrane radius r = 1.5 m

18

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pressure of 2 kN/m from snow

vertical displacements

19

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bending stress equivalent 208 N/mm local peaks at supports

radial bending stress 204 N/mm

20

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circumferential bending stress 238 N/mm

radial membrane stress 125 N/mm < 156,7 N/mm

21

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circumferential membrane stress 141 N/mm < 156,7 N/mm

maximum reaction force on one pin is 56 kN

Pins
Pins: pipe 76,1x 6,3

1 mm corrosion allowance: 76,1 x 5 is used for calculation

F = 11,2 cm i = 2,52 l = 300 cm ( 2 m free + 1 m pontoon height )


Pk = 300/2,52 = 119 Pa = 92,9 P = 119/92,9 = 1,28
line b: Q = 0,44
Npl = 23,5 x 11,2 = 263 kN

Nd = 56 x 1,35 = 75,6 kN

Nd/ (Npl 4 ) = 0,65 < 1,0

22

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floatage of roof in case of demage


roof
PHI
tank radius
R=
dead weight roof G =
density fluid
G=

3,14
15,00
60,00
0,70

[m]
[t]
[t/m]

for calculation

18 compartements
ra =
l=
ha =
hi =

Outer radius
Radial length

14,725 m
2,7 m
1m
0,85 m

A1 =
A2 =
A=
ys =

l(ha-hi) =
0,2025 m
l hi =
2,295 m
A1+A2 =
2,4975 m
A1(ra-l/3)+A2(ra-l2)/A = 13,411 m

V=
GA =

2 pi ys A =
V*g =

210,46 m
147,32 t

Pontoon volume
buoyancy

a) demage of 2 compartements + membrane


Vred =
GAr =

16/18 V =
Vred * g =

187,07 m
130,95 t
> 60 t
Safety s = 2,18

b) 0,25 m rain on all parts


Atank =
Vrain =
Amem=
hrain =

R**2 *Pi
Atank /4 =
(ra-l)**2 *Pi =
0,25 Atank/Amem =

706,86 m
176,72 m
454,28 m
0,389 m

Grain =
Gtot =
Gatot =

Vrain 1,0 =
G + Grain =
GA + Amem*hi *g =

176,72 t
236,72 t
417,61 t

Dead weight of rain


> 237 t
Safety s = 1,76

23

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8. Overturning Moment - Earthquake


Overturning Moment in
accordance with EN 14015
tank 30m only
Formula for Moment M = (G1 (TtXs + TrHl + T1X1) + G2T2X2) /102
tank diameter D=
max. product height H=
D/H=
ks=
time of first mode T = 1,81 ks ( D^0,5) =
soil factor f=
product density set to 1 t/m g=

lateral force coefficient G1=


lateral force coefficient G2=1,25 G1 f / T =
lateral force coefficient G2=5,625 G1 f / T^2 =
shell weight Tt=
shell point of gravitation Xs=
roof weight + Snow Tr=
shell height Hl=
max. possible weight of filling TT=Hl g Pi D^2/4 =
a1 =
a2 =
a3 =
a4 =
effective product mass T1=a1 TT =
centroid of seismic force X1=a3 H =
effective mass at first mode T2=a2 TT =
centroid of seismic force X2=a4 H =

30,00
13,90
2,16
ks=0,60
5,95
1,20
1000,00

m
m

0,20
0,05
0,04

140000,00
7,50
217000,00
15,00

kg
m
kg
m

10597500,00kg
T1/TT =0,56
T2/TT =0,44
X1/H =0,37
X2/H =0,62
5934600,00
5,14
4662900,00
8,62

b1=G1TtXs =
b2=G1TrHl =
b3=G1T1X1 =
b4=G2T2X2 =
24

figure G.3 0.5 - 1.0


> 4,5 ?
Tab G.1 1.0;1.2;1.5
kg/m 810 kg/m

210000,00
651000,00
6104329,56
1533258,76

kg
m
kg
m

G.2
G.3

T < 4.5
T > 4.5

figure G.1
figure G.1
figure G.2
figure G.2

1.0 - 0.1
0.0 - 0.8
0.5 - 0.38
1.0 - 0.5

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Summe b =

8498588,32

83319,49
M =Sum b / 102
Q =(G1(Tt+Tr+T1)+G2T2)/10214080,72

kNm
kN

Resistance to Overturning
thickness of annular plate tb =
gravity of the product Ws =
yield strength of plate Fby =

9mm min 6 + c
1t/m >=1,0
235N/mm

weigth of tank wL=0,1 tb root ( FbyWsH)


max wL =0,2WsHD =
tL =0,1744 wL/WsH =
weigth of shell + roof wt =(Ts+Tr)/100piD =
weigth of shell only wt =Ts/100piD =
M / (D^2(wt+wl) =
vertical pressure wb = wt+(1,273M/D^2)
thickness of shell course 1 ts =
test =WsHD^2/ts^2 =
Fa =33(ts/D)+7.5root(WsH )=
Fa =83 ts / D =
Fb = b/t =
0,5 Fby =

51,44kN/m G.4
83,40kN/m
0,65m
G.5
37,90kN/m
14,86kN/m x
1,40

< 0,785?

155,75kN/m
13,00mm
74,02
<>44?
42,26N/mmtest<44
35,97N/mmtest>44
11,98N/mm
117,50N/mm
11,98<

25

117,50

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Overturning Moment in
accordance with EN 14015
cup 33,8m only
Formula for Moment M = (G1 (TtXs + TrHl + T1X1) + G2T2X2X2) /102
tank diameter D=
max. product height H=
D/H=
ks=
time of first mode T = 1,81 ks ( D^0,5) =
soil factor f=
product density set to 1 t/m g=

lateral force coefficient G1=


lateral force coefficient G2=1,25 G1 f / T =
lateral force coefficient G2=5,625 G1 f / T^2 =
shell weight Tt=
shell point of gravitation Xs=
roof weight + Snow Tr=
shell height Hl=
max. possible weight of filling TT=Hl g Pi D^2/4 =
a1 =
a2 =
a3 =
a4 =
effective product mass T1=a1 TT =
centroid of seismic force X1=a3 H =
effective mass of first mode T2=a2 TT =
centroid of seismic force X2=a4 H =

33,80
11,50
2,94
ks=0,60
6,31
1,20
1000,00

26

figure G.3 0.5 - 1.0


> 4,5 ?
Tab G.1 1.0;1.2;1.5
kg/m 810 kg/m

0,20
0,05
0,03

120000,00
6,00
0,00
11,50

kg
m
kg
m

10313377,10 kg
T1/TT =0,39
T2/TT =0,56
X1/H =0,37
X2/H =0,56
4022217,07
4,26
5775491,18
6,44

b1=G1TtXs =
b2=G1TrHl =
b3=G1T1X1 =
b4=G2T2X2 =

m
m

144000,00
0,00
3422906,73
1259598,72

kg
m
kg
m

G.2
G.3

T < 4.5
T > 4.5

figure G.1
figure G.1
figure G.2
figure G.2

1.0 - 0.1
0.0 - 0.8
0.5 - 0.38
1.0 - 0.5

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Summe b =

4826505,44

47318,68
M =Summe b / 102
Q =(G1(Tt+Tr+T1)+G2T2)/102 10039,54

kNm
kN

Resistance to Overturning
thickness of annular plate tb =
gravity of the product Ws =
yield strength of plate Fby =

9mm min 6
1,00E+00t/m >=1,0
235N/mm

weigth of tank wL=0,1 tb root( FbyWsH)


max wL =0,2WsHD =
tL =0,1744 wL/WsH =
weigth of shell + roof wt =(Ts+Tr)/100piD =
weigth of shell only wt =Ts/100piD =
M / (D^2(wt+wl) =
vertical pressure wb = wt+(1,273M/D^2)
thickness of shell course 1 ts =
test =WsHD^2/ts^2 =
Fa =33(ts/D)+7.5root(WsH )=
Fa =83 ts / D =
Fb = b/t =
0,5 Fby =

46,79kN/m G.4
77,74kN/m
0,71m
G.5
11,31kN/m
11,31kN/m x
0,71
64,03kN/m
11,00mm
108,58
<>44?
36,17N/mm test<44
27,01 N/mm test>44
5,82N/mm
117,50N/mm
5,82<

27

< 0,785?

117,50

MCE
Industrietechnik
9. Overturning Moment - Wind
Wind on tank
PHI
tank height
tank diam. D
wind
velocity

m
m

3,14
15,00
30,00

m/s

45,00

q=

v^2/1600 =

1,265625 kN/m

Re =
k/D =

vxD/y=

9,00E+07
3,33E-05

cf0 =

0,84

lw set to

Wind W =
M=

q cfo lw D H =
w H/2 =

478,40625 kN
3588,046875

Wind on cup
PHI
cup height
cup diam.
wind
velocity

q=

v^2/1600 =

1,265625 kN/m

Re =
k/D =

vxD/y=

1,01E+08
2,96E-05

cf0 =

3,14
11,50
33,80

m/s

45,00

0,84

lw set to

Wind W =
M=

m
m

q cfo lw D H =
w H/2 =

413,2366875 kN
2376,110953

28

Auftrag:
Seite:

OMV Petrom
Tank 61N
28 / 29

MCE
Industrietechnik

10.

OMV Petrom
Tank 61N
29 / 29

Auftrag:
Seite:

Foundation loads

Wind H
Wind M
Earthq. H
Earthq. M
V max
V min

Tank
480
3590
14080
83320
106000+1800=107800
1400+600+400=2400

kN
kNm
kN
kNm
kN
kN

Cup
413
2376
10040
47319
(103200)+1700=104900
1200+500=1700

29

kN
kNm
kN
kNm
kN
kN