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Stoichiometry of a Magnesium and Hydrochloric

Acid Reaction
Lee Brandt
September 21, 2015
Gus White

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The objective of this experiment was to understand stoichiometry by
studying a reaction of metal and acid. This experiment effectively taught
three essential skills: Titration, deduction of balanced chemical equations,
and the water displacement method of measuring gas volume.
To begin the experiment gather the following materials
1 Calculator
1 8in. Test tube
2 pieces of rubber tubing
1 rubber stopper with one hole
1 rubber stopper with two holes
1 500 mL Florence flask
1 Pinch clamp
1 600 mL beaker
1 magnesium ribbon(.20-.24g)
25 mL of standard HCl (about 1-1.5M)
two beaker holders
two glass tubes
25 mL buret
two lab stands
1 rotatable arm clamp
Phenolphthalein indicator
Titration buret
Set up apparatus as shown in figure 1.

Figure 1
Figure 1 is a picture of the set up of this experiment.
Start a siphon action between the flask and the beaker by gently blowing
into the tubing that attaches to the test tube. This process takes any
bubbles out of the tubing and allows for one to test the volume of gas
produced using the water displacement method.

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4) Add about 200 mL of water to the beaker and adjust the siphon so that the
flask is filled to the neck. Close the pinch clamp.
5) measure a length of magnesium ribbon using an electric balance to weigh
between .2g and .24g, then coil gently.
6) meaure exactly 25.mL of standard HCl solution into the test tube using a
25mL volumetric pipet. Record the exact molarity of the HCl solution.
7) tip the test tube so that the solution slightly reaches just over halfway up
the side.
8)placed the coiled magnesium ribbon over the glass tubing on the inside of
the rubber stopper. 9) Place the stopper in the test tube, being carful to keep
the magnesium ribbon on the glass tubuing.
10) drain the beaker and open the pinch clamp.
11) tip the magnesium into the HCl solution
12) wait for all the magnesium to react and remove the test tube from its
clamp and place it in a beaker of water to cool for 10min.
13)Equalize the pressure in the same manner as befor then open the system
14) take the temperature of the gas in the flask and of the water in the flask.
15) measure the volume of water displaced in the beaker using a graduated
16) Pour the solution left in the test tube of a 250 mL Erlenmeyer flask and
rinse the test tube twice with exactly 15mL of distilled water pouring the
rinse water into the Erlenmeyer flask
17) add 3 drops of phenolphthalein solution.
18) Fill a clean burette with standard 1.00M NaOH solution and write down
the exact concentration.
19) titrate the HCl solution with the NaOH solution until the end point has
been reached and record the volume of NaOH used to reach end point.
20) using the directions in the lab packet, do the calculations to find the
empirical formulate for the balanced chemical equation for the reaction

Data and Calculations: