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• •
•
• • •
∂ ^{2} ρ ^{} ∂t ^{2}
− a ^{2}
s
∂ ^{2} ρ ^{}
∂x
2
i
=
∂ ^{2} τ ij
∂x _{i} ∂x _{j}
ρ ^{} τ _{i}_{j} a _{s}
∂ρ _{+} ∂ρv _{i}
∂t
∂x _{i}
= 0
ρ v i − th v
∂v _{i}
ρ
∂t
+ ρv _{j}
∂v
_{i}
∂x
_{j}
= −
∂p
∂x _{i}
−
∂τ ij
∂x _{j}
=
∂
∂x _{j}
(pδ _{i}_{j} + τ _{i}_{j} )
p τ _{i}_{j} δ
[τ ]
τ _{i}_{j} = −µ
∂v
_{i}
∂x
_{j}
_{+} ∂v _{j}
∂x
i ^{+}
2
_{3}
µδ ij
∂v
_{k}
∂x
_{k}
µ
v p p − p _{0}
∂v _{i}
ρ
∂t
+ v _{i}
∂ρ _{i}
∂t
+ ρv _{j}
∂v
_{i}
∂x
_{j}
+ v _{i}
∂ρv _{j}
∂x _{j}
=
∂
∂x _{j}
((p − p _{0} )δ _{i}_{j} − τ _{i}_{j} )
^{} τ ^{I} ^{}
I
τ _{i}_{j} = ρv _{i} v _{j} + (p − p _{0} )δ _{i}_{j} − τ _{i}_{j}
∂ρv _{i}
∂t
=
I
∂τ
ij
∂x _{j}
τ _{i}_{j} = (p − p _{0} )δ _{i}_{j}
u
∂ρv _{i}
+ _{∂}_{t} ∂ (p − p _{0} ) = 0
∂t


p 
= 
p − p _{0} 



ρ 
= ρ − ρ _{0} 
p
_{ρ} _{} = c ^{2}
p _{0} ρ _{0} c
p − p _{0} c ^{2} ρ ^{} ∂/∂x _{i}
∂
∂
∂t ∂x _{i}
(ρv _{i} ) +
∂ ^{2}
∂x
2
i
(c ^{2} ρ ^{} ) = 0
∂ ^{2} ρ ^{}
∂t ^{2}
−
∂ ^{2}
∂x
2
i
(c ^{2} ρ ^{} ) =
1
∂ ^{2}
∂ ^{2}
−
c ^{2} ∂t ^{2}
∂x
2
i
(c ^{2} ρ ^{} ) = 0
ρ ^{} = ρ − ρ _{0} = 0
L _{i}_{j} = τ ij − τ
ij
I
0
L _{i}_{j} = ρv _{i} v _{j} + ((p − p _{0} ) − c ^{2} (ρ − ρ _{0} ))δ _{i}_{j} − τ _{i}_{j}
L _{i}_{j}
∂ρv _{i}
∂t
_{+} ∂τ ij
∂x _{i}
=
∂(τ ij ^{−} ^{τ}
ij ^{)}
I
0
∂x _{i}
∂ρv _{i}
∂
∂t
∂x _{i}
+
(c ^{2} (ρ − ρ _{0} )) = −
∂L ij
∂x _{i}
ρv _{i}
1
∂ ^{2}
∂ ^{2}
−
c ^{2} ∂t ^{2}
∂x
2
i
(c ^{2} (ρ − ρ _{0} )) = −
∂ ^{2} L ij
∂x _{i} ∂x _{j}
v _{i}
ρv _{i} v _{j}
e _{i}_{j}



((p − p _{0} ) − c ^{2} (ρ − ρ _{0} )) 
L _{i}_{j} ≈ ρv _{i} v _{j}
•
•
ρ
p
L _{o} Π = Γ


L _{o} ≡ ^{D}^{o} Dt 

Do 
^{=} ∂ ∂t ^{+} ^{U} ∂ 
Dt 

Π ≡ ^{1} ln ^{p}


κ p 0 
−
_{∂}_{x} _{1}
c ^{2} = κRT _{o}
∂Q
∂t
+
∂E
∂x ^{+}
∂F
∂y
^{+}
∂G
∂z
=
∂E _{υ}
∂x
_{+} ∂F _{υ}
∂y
_{+} ∂G _{υ}
∂z
Q =
ρ
ρu
ρυ
ρω
ρE
E =
ρu
ρu ^{2} + p
ρuυ
ρuω
(ρE + p)u
F =
ρυ
ρυu
ρυ ^{2} +
p
ρυω
(ρE + p)υ
G =
ρω
ρωu
ρωυ
ρω ^{2} +
p
(ρE + p)ω
E _{υ} =
0
τ xx
τ xy
τ xz
uτ _{x}_{x} + υτ _{x}_{y} + ωτ _{x}_{z} − q _{x}
F =
0
τ yx
τ yy
τ yz
uτ _{y}_{x} + υτ _{y}_{y} + ωτ _{y}_{z} − q _{y}
G =
0
τ zx
τ zy
τ zz
uτ _{z}_{x} + υτ _{z}_{y} + ωτ _{z}_{z} − q _{z}
q _{x} q _{y} q _{z}
p _{2} = p _{1} ^{2}^{γ}^{M}
s
2
− γ + 1
γ + 1
ρ _{2} = ρ _{1}
(γ + 1)M
s
_{+} _{2}
2
2
(γ − 1)M
s
u _{2} = c _{s} ^{2}^{(}^{M}
s
2
− 1)
2
(γ + 1)M
s
c _{s} ρ _{1} p _{1} a _{0}
ρ _{2} p _{2} u _{2}
M _{s} = c s /a _{0}
x > a _{0} t t = 0
ρ(x, 0) = f(x)
^{∂}^{ρ} (x, 0) = g(x)
∂t
f = ρ _{1} g = 0
ρ(x, t) =
ρ _{2} , a _{0} t < x < _{c} _{s} _{t}
ρ _{1} , x > c t
_{s}
ρ _{2} = ρ _{1} +
1
^{} 2γp _{1} (M
s
γ + 1
2
− 1)
2a _{0} p _{1} (M
s
2
2
− 1)
2
4ρ _{1} (M
s
− 1)
1
−
−
2
a _{0} − c ^{2}
s
2
(γ − 1)M
s
+ 2
2
(γ − 1)M
s
2
+ 2 (γ − 1)M
s