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INDUCTION REGULATOR

A Seminar Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Award of the Degree of
BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY
IN
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

Submitted By
GYANCHAND SINGH (ROLL NO. 213527)

Department of Electrical Engineering


Uma Nath Singh Institute of Engineering & Technology
VEER BAHADUR SINGH PURVANCHAL UNIVERSITY
JAUNPUR, INDIA
[2013-2017]

INDUCTION REGULATOR

CONTENTS
Introduction
Type of induction regulator
Methods and Materials
Advantages
Disadvantages
Applications
References

INTRODUCTION
An induction regulator is a device where neither stator nor rotor rotates.
The magnetic flux density produced by the primary winding induces a
voltage in the secondary winding.
The phase of the induced voltage can be controlled by shifting the
secondary winding relatively the primary winding.
The magnetic coupling in the induction regulator is controlled with a
thermal magnetic material such as gadolinium.

TYPE OF INDUCTION REGULATOR


SINGLE PHASE INDUCTION REGULATOR
THEE PHASE INDUCTION REGULATOR

1- INDUCTION REGULATOR
CONSTRUCTION

A single phase induction regulator is illustrated in Figure1, In


construction, it is similar to a single phase induction motor except that
the rotor is not allowed to rotate continuously but can be adjusted in
any position either manually or by a small motor.

The primary winding AB is wound on the stator and is connected


across the supply line.

The secondary winding CD is wound on the rotor and is connected in


series with the line whose voltage is to be controlled.

Fig.i: Single phase induction regulator

Fig(ii).Single phase induction regulator

1.2 WORKING OF 1 - INDUCTION REGULATOR


The primary exciting current produces an alternating flux that induces an alternating
voltage in the secondary winding CD.
The magnitude of voltage induced in the secondary depends upon its position w.r.t. the
primary winding.
By adjusting the rotor to a suitable position, the secondary voltage can be varied from a
maximum positive to a maximum negative value.
In this way, the regulator can add or subtract from the circuit voltage according to the
relative positions of the two windings.
Owing to their greater flexibility, single phase regulators are frequently used for voltage
control of distribution primary feeders.

2. 3- INDUCTION REGULATOR:CONSTRUCTION
In construction, a 3-phase induction regulator is similar to a 3-phase
induction motor with wound rotor except that the rotor is not allowed
to rotate continuously but can be held in any position by means of a
worm gear.
The primary windings either in star or delta are wound on the stator
and are connected across the supply.

The secondary windings are wound on the rotor and the six terminals
are brought out since these windings are to be connected in series
with the line whose voltage is to be controlled.

Figure3: 3-phase induction regulator

WORKING OF 3- INDUCTION REGULATOR


When polyphase currents flow through the primary windings, a
rotating field is set up which induces an EMF in each phase of rotor
winding.
As the rotor is turned, the magnitude of the rotating flux is not
changed; hence the rotor EMF per phase remains constant.
However, the variation of the position of the rotor will affect the
phase of the rotor EMF w.r.t. the applied voltage as shown in Figure3.

Figure ( c ) vector sum of Vp and Vr

WORKING CONTI
The input primary voltage per phase is Vp and the boost introduced
by the regulator is Vr (as shown in figure c).
The output voltage V is the vector sum of Vp and Vr.

ADVANTAGES
Induction regulator has the following advantage over a variable
autotransformer
A continuous stepless variation of output voltage is possible.
No sliding connections are required.
The output voltage can be continuously regulated within the
nominal range. This is a clear benefit against tap transformers
where output voltage takes discrete values. Also, the voltage can
be easily regulated under working conditions.

DISADVANTAGES
In comparison to tap transformers,
Induction regulators are expensive.
Induction regulators have lower efficiency.
Induction regulators have high open circuit currents (due to the air
gap).
Induction regulators are limited in voltage to less than 20kV.

APPLICATIONS
Three phase induction regulators are used to regulate the voltage
of feeders and in connection with high voltage oil testing
transformers.
Nowadays, its main uses are in electrical laboratories.
Induction regulators are used in arc welding.

REFERENCES
1.Fraile-Mora, J. Jess (2003). Electrical Machines. McGraw-Hill.
pp. 358359. ISBN 84-481-3913-5.
2. Serrano-Iribarnegaray, Luis (1989). Fundamentals of Rotating
Electrical Machines Marcombo Boixareu pp. 208
210. ISBN8426707637.
3. Ras, Enrique (1991). Power transformers and protective
measures. Marcombo Boixareu p. 160. ISBN 84-267-0690-8

4. Field and Wave Electromagnetics, David K Cheng, Addison-Wesley


publishing company, Reading, 1989, ISBN 0-201-52820-7.
5. Electric machinery fundamentals, Stephen J Chapman, McGrawHill, Hightstown, 1991, ISBN 0-07-010914-1.
6. Future development of Transmission and Distribution Systems and
Equipment a Vision21 for Elforsk, Lars Paulsson, Lars Gertmar, ABB,
1995.

THANK YOU!