You are on page 1of 4

1 of 4

All variable speed drives are rated in terms of KVA similar to transformers. for sizing purposes we will use the motor nameplate rating of 82. As an example. 2 of 4 . In order to select a drive.KVA Size for A Variable Speed Drive for an ESP Application Selecting the proper VSD for an ESP application is important to make sure we have enough VSD for the application. The following will give us a quick guide on how to know what KVA is required by a VSD for an ESP application after we have properly selected and sized the down hole ESP system. we can select a VSD. Once we have sized the pump and motor. The following process requires that you have properly selected the down hole equipment and matched the pump and motor for proper operations. Determine the actual nameplate current at operating conditions or use nameplate current. Determine the actual motor voltage at the operating frequency for the application. say the motor we select has a 60 Hz (nameplate) rating of 2306 volts and 82. An example will best illustrate this evaluation.5 amps. We need to determine the surface KVA requirement for the ESP application and not just the down-hole requirements. So at 70 Hz the motor voltage will be 2690 volts at 70 HZ. We do not know what the actual amperage will be at 70 Hz (although we could calculate it). Volts Hz = Volts 60 x Hz 60 Step 2. the voltage at any other frequency will be: Step 1. we will need to determine how much KVA we need. Since the motor requires a constant volts-to-hertz ratio.5 amps and we want to operate it up to 70 Hz.

which is a total of 115 volts lost in the 5. Next we need to determine the losses for the down-hole cable and the transformer used in the ESP application. Determine the voltage drop in the down-hole cable. because the VSD is a low voltage device and we need 2805 volts at the surface. KVA = Volts x Amps x 1. For the sake of illustration. To be on the safe side we will use 5%. From the cable voltage drop chart for #2 AWG and 82. we will assume that we have 5000 feet of #2 AWG cable between the transformer and the motor. Step 4. Consider next the transformation losses. the cable kva and the transformer kva losses. we will have a loss of 23 volts per thousand feet. Determine the actual drive KVA requirements.5 amps. Next we determine the actual surface KVA requirement for the VSD by taking into account the motor kva. Transformers are not going to be 100% efficient and we can typically expect about a 2% to 4% KVA loss in the transformer for a well made transformer.000 foot length of cable. we will need a step-up transformer between the VSD and the motor to transform the VSD output voltage to the voltage required by the ESP system. Step 5.732 1000 Therefore drive KVA is: 3 of 4 .Step 3. Determine the transformer losses or 5%.

The base frequency is the frequency at which the drive will output the 480 volt maximum.Drive Output KVA = ((Motor Voltage @ Freq + Cable Voltage Drop) x Amps) x 1. 4 of 4 .7321 x (1/0. we need to determine what the "base frequency" of the drive will be. Since the VSD provides a constant volts-tohertz ratio.5 Amps) x 1.95) 1000 Drive Output KVA = 422 KVA Now that we have selected a down-hole unit and a VSD. When setting up the VSD at the well site.7321 + 5% 1000 Drive Output KVA = ((2690+ 115) x 82. we need to decide how we want to set up the VSD.7321 + KVA transformer 1000 Therefore for our example: Drive Output KVA = ((2690 volts motor + 115 Cable Voltage Drop) x 82. At lower frequencies the drive will output a lower voltage. the output voltage will vary linearly with the frequency.5) x 1.