Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

1.4K views

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- IB-08Planes(36-40)
- IB-06three_di_geometry(25-28)
- IB-05pair-straightlines(17-24)
- IB 03change Axes(8 10)
- IA 17complex Numbers(86 95)
- IB 04 Straight Lines(11 16)
- IA 15propeties of Triangles(69 78)
- IA-06Triple Product and Product of Four Vectors(31-36)
- IB-02Locus(6-7)
- IA-05Vector Product of Two Vectors(28-30)
- Ia-18demoivre_s Theorem & Trigonometric Expansions(96-98)
- IA-09multiple and Sub Multiple Angles(45-47)
- IA 14 Hyperbolic Functions(65 68)
- IA-04Scalar (Dot) Product of Two Vectors(23-27)
- IIA-1. Quadratic Expressions Final
- IA Compound Angles(41 44)
- IA Trigonometric Equations(57 59)
- IA Addition of Vectors(15 22)
- IA-13inverse Trigonometric Functions (60-64)
- IIB-1.Circles 1-10

You are on page 1of 3

com

Synopsis :

1. If a directed line (ray) makes angle a, b, g with positive directions of the axes of x,y and z

respectively the cosa, cosa, cosg are called the direction cosines (d.c’s) of the line and these are

usually denoted by l,m,n.

2. A line in a space can be extended in two directions, it has two sets of direction cosines. If

( l , m, n ) is one set then other set is . Here ( −l , −m, −n )

i) l 2 + m2 + n2 = 1

ii) cos 2 α + cos 2 β + cos 2 γ = 1

iii) sin 2 α + sin 2 β + sin 2 γ = 2

3. Direction cosines of

i) x – axis are (1,0,0)

ii) y – axis are (0,1,0)

iii) z – axis are (0,0,1)

4. If (l, m, n) are direction cosines of a line OP where 'O' is the origin and OP = r then the

coordinates P are (lr, mr, nr).

5. If the coordinates of a point P are (x,y, z) and OP=r then the direction Cosines of OP are

(x/r, y/r/ z/r).

x1 − x2 y1 − y2 z1 − z2

6. If A = ( x1 , y1 , z1 ) and B = ( x2 , y2 , z2 ) then AB d.cs , , are

AB AB AB

7. If θ is the angle between the two lines whose d.cs are l1 , m1 , n1 and l2 , m2 , n2 then

i) cos θ = l1l2 + m1m2 + n1n2

sin θ = Σ [l1m2 − l2 m1 ]

2

ii)

l1 m1 n1

iv) If the lines are parallel then = = .

l2 m2 n2

l m n

8. If are the d.cs of the line AB and a,b,c are three numbers such that = = then are called

a b c

the direction ratios (d.rs) of the line AB.

9. If a,b,c are the d.rs of the line AB then the d.cs of the line AB are

a b c

, ,

a +b +c

2 2 2

a +b +c

2 2 2

a + b2 + c2

2

(or)

−a −b −c

, ,

a +b +c

2 2 2

a +b +c

2 2 2

a + b2 + c2

2

Powered by www.myengg.com

Powered by www.myengg.com

10. If A = ( x1 , y1 , z1 ) and B = ( x2 , y2 , z2 ) then the d.rs of AB are x1 − x2 , y1 − y2 , z1 − z2

11. If θ is the angle between the two lines whose d.rs are a1 , b1 , c1 and a2 , b2 , c2 then

a1a2 + b1b2 + c1c2

i) cos θ =

a12 + b12 + c12 a22 + b22 + c22

Σ ( a1b2 − a2b1 )

2

ii) sin θ =

a12 + b12 + c12 a22 + b22 + c22

iii) if the lines are perpendicular a1a2 + b1b2 + c1c2 = 0 then

a1 b1 c1

iv) if the lines are parallel then = = (or) ( a1 , b1 , c1 ) = k ( a2 , b2 , c2 ) where k is a

a2 b2 c2

constant. Where k ∈ R − {0}

12. If a1 , b1 , c1 and a2 , b2 , c2 are the d.rs of the lines AB and AC then the d.rs of the line

perpendicular to both AB and AC are b1c2 − b2 c1 , c1a2 − c2 a1 , a1b2 − a2b1 .

13. If l1 , m1 , n1 and l2 , m2 , n2 are the d.cs of the lines AB and AC then the d.rs of the bisectors

of the angles between AB and AC are l1 + l2 , m1 + m2 , n1 + n2 and l1 − l2 , m1 − m2 , n1 − n2

14. If θ is the angle between two lines whose d.cs are l1 , m1 , n1 and l2 , m2 , n2 then the d.cs of their

l1 + l2 m1 + m2 n1 + n2

angular bisectors are , ,

⎛θ ⎞ ⎛θ ⎞ ⎛θ ⎞

2 cos ⎜ ⎟ 2 cos ⎜ ⎟ 2 cos ⎜ ⎟

⎝2⎠ ⎝2⎠ ⎝2⎠

l1 − l2 m − m2 n −n

And , 1 , 1 2

⎛θ ⎞ ⎛θ ⎞ ⎛θ ⎞

2sin ⎜ ⎟ 2sin ⎜ ⎟ 2sin ⎜ ⎟

⎝2⎠ ⎝2⎠ ⎝2⎠

15. The projection of a point on a line is the foot of the perpendicular from that point to the line.

16. If A = ( x1 , y1 , z1 ) and B = ( x2 , y2 , z2 ) then the projection of AB on the line whose d.cs are l , m, n

is l ( x1 − x2 ) + m ( y1 − y2 ) + n ( z1 − z2 )

( y1 − y2 ) + ( z1 − z2 )

2 2

i) the projection of AB on the yoz plane is

( z1 − z2 ) + ( x1 − x2 )

2 2

ii) the projection of AB on the zox plane is

Powered by www.myengg.com

Powered by www.myengg.com

( x1 − x2 ) + ( y1 − y2 )

2 2

iii) the projection of AB on the xoy plane is

19. i) If the projections of a line of length ‘d’ on the coordinate axes are d1 , d 2 & d3

respectively, then d12 + d 22 + d32 = d 2

ii) If the projections of a line of length ‘d’ on the coordinate planes are d1 , d 2 & d3

respectively, then d12 + d 22 + d32 = 2d 2

20. The d.rs of two lines are given by the equations al + bm + cn = 0 and fmn + gnl + hlm = 0 . If the

f g h

two lines are perpendicular then + + = 0 . If the two lines are parallel then

a b c

af + bg + ch = 0

21. The d.rs of two lines are given by the equations al + bm + cn = 0 and ul 2 + vm 2 + wn 2 = 0 . If the

two lines are perpendicular then Σ ( a 2 ( v + w ) ) = 0 . If the two lines are parallel then

a2 b2 c2

+ + =0

u v w

22. The equation of the line joining the points ( x1 , y1 , z1 ) and ( x2 , y2 , z2 ) is

x − x1 y − y1 z − z1

= = = t where t is a parameter. Here any point on the line is

x2 − x1 y2 − y1 z2 − z1

⎡⎣ x1 + t ( x2 − x1 ) , y1 + t ( y2 − y1 ) , z1 + t ( z2 − z1 ) ⎤⎦

23. If a, b, c are the d.rs of the line passing through the point ( x1 , y1 , z1 ) then the equation of that

x − x1 y − y1 z − z1

line is = =

a b c

24. Lagrange’s identity: If l1, m1 , n1 , l2 , m2 , n2 are real numbers then ( l12 + m12 + n12 ) ( l22 + m22 + n22 )

2

2 2 2

⎛1⎞

25. Angle between any two diagonals of a cube is cos −1 ⎜ ⎟

⎝ 3⎠

26. Angle between diagonal of a cube and diagonal of a face of a cube is

27. If α , β , γ , δ

are angles made by a ray with four diagonals of a cube, then

4

cos 2 α + cos 2 β + cos 2 γ + cos 2 δ =

3

⎛ 1 ⎞

28. If a line makes equal angles with the coordinate axes, then the line make an angle cos −1 ⎜ ⎟

⎝ 3⎠

⎛ 2⎞

( )

or tan −1 2 or sin −1 ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟

⎝ 3⎠

Powered by www.myengg.com

- IB-08Planes(36-40)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IB-06three_di_geometry(25-28)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IB-05pair-straightlines(17-24)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IB 03change Axes(8 10)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IA 17complex Numbers(86 95)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IB 04 Straight Lines(11 16)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IA 15propeties of Triangles(69 78)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IA-06Triple Product and Product of Four Vectors(31-36)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IB-02Locus(6-7)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IA-05Vector Product of Two Vectors(28-30)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- Ia-18demoivre_s Theorem & Trigonometric Expansions(96-98)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IA-09multiple and Sub Multiple Angles(45-47)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IA 14 Hyperbolic Functions(65 68)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IA-04Scalar (Dot) Product of Two Vectors(23-27)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IIA-1. Quadratic Expressions FinalUploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IA Compound Angles(41 44)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IA Trigonometric Equations(57 59)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IA Addition of Vectors(15 22)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IA-13inverse Trigonometric Functions (60-64)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IIB-1.Circles 1-10Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- Iia-2. Theory of EquationsUploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 04_2random Variable and DistributionsUploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IB 14tanget Normal(66 70)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- Iia 3. MatricesUploaded byeamcetmaterials
- Iib-2.System of Circles _11-17Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IA 16heights Distances(79 85)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- Iia-4. Permutations and CombinationsUploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IA Mathematical Induction(12 14)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IA-09multiple and Sub Multiple Angles(45-47)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- IIB-4. ELLIPSE_30-36_Uploaded byeamcetmaterials

- EAMCET QR Chemistry Jr Chem 1.Atomic Structure 1 24Uploaded bypvnchem
- 17.Organic Chemistry Alkyl HalidesUploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 13.OC Alkanes and CycloalkanesUploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 13. Transition Elements 204-223Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 12.VIIA Group Elements 192-203Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 12.Environmental Chemistry 211-221Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- EAMCET QR Chemistry Sr Chem 11.via Group Elements 176-191Uploaded byJagadeesh Goli
- 11.Group 18th Elements _zero Groups Elements__201-210Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 10.VA Group Elements 171-175Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 10.Group 14 Elements _IV A__187-200_Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 09.METALLURGY_154-170_Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 08.Thermodynamics 133-153Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 07.Surface Chemistry 117-132Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 7.Alkalimetals _IA__153-164_Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 6.Hydrogen Its Comopunds 119-152Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 06.Acids and Bases 93-116Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 05.Chemical Equilibrium 83-92Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 5. Stoichiometry_96-118_Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 4.State of Matter _Gases and Liquids__72-95Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 04.Chemical Kinetics 66-82Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 03.Electrochemistry_38-65_Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 30620449-3-Chemical-Bonding-and-Molecular-Structure-42-71.pdfUploaded bysarthak cheema
- 02.Solid State_26-37_Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 2.Classification of Elements and Periodicity in PropertiesUploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 01. Solutions_01-25_Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- Semiconductor Device 275-292Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 12Nuclear Physics 258-274Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 11Atomic Physics 227-257Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 10A.C. Circuits_221-226_Uploaded byeamcetmaterials

- Symmetry and the Organization of Form a Review ArticleUploaded bysandipkluis
- Sleep DeprivationUploaded byJulie Ann Gamboa Ewican
- Explanation of Financial Ratios Based on Balance SheetUploaded byangelcloudd
- film theoryUploaded byTanisha Vella
- Business ModelsUploaded byFemi Makinde
- case study- mentalUploaded byapi-353370932
- The Radio Chemistry of Zinc.us AECUploaded bylondonbluetopaz
- Malleus MaleficarumUploaded byKarsten Sonstein
- HindalcoUploaded byMitesh Barde
- "Animals and the Limits of Postmodernism," by Gary SteinerUploaded byColumbia University Press
- GD&T Self Evaluation Test_Level 9____9a1994-T09-T01A-RevAUploaded bypops100
- FOCUS Our Lady to Gianna Talone SullivanUploaded bypgmessage
- The New Church and the Phenomenon of Jakob LorberUploaded byThomas Noack
- Barnard 1935Uploaded byRicardo Oliveira
- Activity ClassUploaded byLuis Santos
- yetsa sweater one whole book leassonUploaded byapi-339152783
- FOUNDER'S REFLECTIONS (Little Bloomsbury Foundation)Uploaded byBrenda Sun
- Thyroid Test Interpretation 2001_Dayan LANCETUploaded bybhar
- Objectives of the StudyUploaded byNeeraj Garg
- the outsiders - lesson 3 chapter 6Uploaded byapi-349862611
- NATO Cyberspace Capability: A Strategic and Operational EvolutionUploaded bySSI-Strategic Studies Institute-US Army War College
- INI wkehwl.pdfUploaded byVitha
- Ppt Hortatory ExpositionUploaded byFaizzatin Yusraning Wulandari
- Chapte14 Dist Static DesignUploaded byjaved shaikh chaand
- Target PopulationUploaded byDonald Shipman Jr
- Extemporaneous SpeechUploaded byAries Roy Saplagio Aungon
- Daniel DefoeUploaded byIonicuta
- Plan AnemiaUploaded byKatherine Maria Castro Huamani
- Autopsy, CausesUploaded byianmaranon2
- David vs MalayUploaded byAllen Olayvar