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# MIDAS

Technical
Material

Tutorial
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

00
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge
Overview
- A two span of 23m long composite bridge consisting of five precast, post tensioned girder beams sp
aced at 3m centers are generated using beam elements with defined construction stages.
- The behavior of the bridge under Static loads, Prestress loads and Moving loads are examined

## In this tutorial we will learn the following things;

- How to generate composite sections in midas Civil.
- How to assign static and prestress load in midas Civil.
- How to define moving load as per Eurocode in midas Civil.
- How to define composite section for construction stages in midas Civil.
- How to interpret the tendon losses, forces, stresses represented by midas Civil.
- How to formulate load combinations in midas Civil.
Program Version

## Civil 2016 (v1.1)

Revision Date

December, 2015

- How to carry out PSC composite design as per Eurocode in midas Civil.

Step

00

## Specifications of the Bridge

Bridge Type:
Span Length:
Width:
Time Dependent Material:

23-m, 2-Span
15 m
Eurocode
Eurocode

Step

00

## 3D View of the Model generated in midas Civil

3m
0.25m
0.15m

0.15m
0.50m

0.50m

0.10m
1.20m

0.30m

0.025m
1.525m

0.10m
0.15m
0.45m

0.45m

Mid Section

End Section
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Step

00

## General Arrangement Detail of the Bridge

Structural sections
Expansion Gap between the 2 spans is 40mm.
Girders are spaced 3m c/c.

Support
Section

CL of Girder

Tapered
Section

Mid Section

0.3m

0.45
m

0.5m
2m

3m

6.5m

## Half Girder Elevation

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Step

01

Modeling >

Generating Model

Units

1

.
2

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Step

01

Modeling >

Material Properties
4

## Model Generation Material

Properties
1
2
3
4

1
2

Go to Properties
Click on Material Properties
Click on Add to define materials
Define Material data:
Name > C35/45
Type of design> Concrete
Concrete Standard > EN04(RC)
DB: C35/45
Click on Apply
Name > C25/30
Type of design> Concrete
Concrete Standard > EN04(RC)
DB: C25/30
Click on Apply
Name > Diaph
Type of design> Concrete
Concrete Standard > EN04(RC)
DB: C35/45
Click on Apply
Name > Substructure
Type of design> Concrete
Concrete Standard > EN04(RC)
DB: C25/30
Click on Apply

Name> Tendon
Type of Design: Steel
Steel Standard: EN05(S)
DB: S235
Click on Apply
5

Click on OK

Step

01

Modeling >

## Model Generation Time

Dependent Material Properties
1

## Change unit system [ N, mm ]

Go to Properties

(Creep/Shrinkage)

## Define Creep / Shrinkage data:

Name > C35/45 C&S
Code > European
Compressive strength of concrete at
the age of 28 days > 35 N/mm2
Relative Humidity of ambient
environment (4099) > 70
Notational size of member > 1000mm
Age of concrete at the beginning of
shrinkage > 3 days
Click on Apply

2
3

## Name > C25/30 C&S

Code > European
Compressive strength of concrete at
the age of 28 days > 25 N/mm2
Other data are same as above
Click on Apply
7

## Click on Show Result to see the

graph
Note: To get the creep & shrinkage strains, the value of relative humidity is to be considered as 70%, Notational size of member, h as
1000mm and Age of concrete at the beginning of shrinkage as 3 days. Later, the h value would be automatically updated for
composite sections

Step

01

Modeling >

## Model Generation Time

Dependent Material Properties
1

Go to Properties

## Define Compressive Strength data:

Name > C35/45 Comp
Type > Code
Development of Strength > Code >
European)
Mean compressive strength of
concrete at age of 28 days
(fck+delta_f) > 43N/mm2
Click on Redraw Graph
Click on OK

Name > C25/30 Comp
Type > Code
Development of Strength > Code >
European
Mean compressive strength of
concrete at age of 28 days
(fck+delta_f) > 33N/mm2
Click on Redraw Graph
Click on OK

Step

01

Modeling >

3

1

Go to Properties

4

1
2
4

Materials list
7

## Repeat steps 4 to 7 with following

input:
Creep/Shrinkage > C25/30 C&S
Comp. Strength > C25/30 Comp

## Double click on C25/30 under

Materials to shift it to the Selected
Materials list
Click on Add / Modify
8

Click on Close

## Any time during the modeling, analysis

and design stage, invoking F1 key
takes you to web help.

10

Step

01

Modeling >

Defining Section
1
4

## Model Generation Defining

Girder Support Section

7
2

Properties
3

General
6

## Import mid section sec file

created using SPC.

33

10

## for PSC Design & Enter Web

Thick. For Shear (total) as
0.4m
9

## Click Change Offset

Select Offset : Center- Top
Click OK

10

Click Apply

Note: For getting the correct transformed properties of the composite section, the
material properties for slab and girder should be defined accordingly in SPC (Section
property Calculator) for creating the section.

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Step

01

Modeling >

Defining Section

3

General
2

## Import support section sec file

created using SPC.

## Check option Composite Section

for PSC Design & Enter Web
Thick. For Shear (total) as
0.9m

Click OK
6

Click Apply

## Note: Invoke the section data window by

following Steps 1 to 4 in Page 11.

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Step

01

Modeling >

1

2

## Note: Invoke the section data window by

following Steps 1 to 4 in Page 11.

2

file

sec file

sec file

file

## 0.4m as shown for i and j

ends respectively

ends respectively

## Click Change Offset

Select Offset : Center- Top
Click OK

## Click Change Offset

Select Offset : Center- Top
Click OK

Click on Apply

Click on Apply

7
8

## Note: The internal Process of calculation of sectional property as per dimensional

variation is explained in the help file. Path: Help > Contents > Start > Model >
Properties > Section > Tapered tab, under Note, click on Details

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Step

01

Modeling >

Defining Section

## Model Generation Defining

Cross Girder Section
1

Go to Properties

## Define End Diaphragm:

Name > End Diaphragm
Section Type > Solid Rectangle
Select User
H > 1.4m, B > 0.45m
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top
Select Vertical Offset: User
User offset Reference: Extreme fiber(s)
Enter value of I: > -0.25
Click on Apply

4
5
1
2

## Define Internal Diaphragm:

Name > Internal Diaphragm
Section Type > Solid Rectangle
Select User
H > 1.4m, B > 0.3m
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top
Select Vertical Offset: User
User offset Reference: Extreme fiber(s)
Enter value of I: > -0.25
6

## Click Show Calculation Results

Click on OK

Note: To define prismatic sections in midas Civil, go to Models > Properties > Section > Value and here enter the section properties directly
instead of section dimensions. To know how sectional properties are calculated go to Help > Contents > Start > Model > Properties >
Section > Section Properties

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Step

01

Modeling >

Defining Section

## Model Generation Defining

Pier Cap & Pier Sections
1

Go to Properties

## Define Pier Cap :

Name> Mid Pier Cap
Section Type > Solid Rectangle
Select User
H > 1.5m, B > 1.5m
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top
Click on Apply

4
5
1
2

Define Pier:
Name > Pier
Section Type > Solid Track
Select User
H > 1.5m, B > 3m
6

## Click Show Calculation Results

Click on OK

Note: To define prismatic sections in midas Civil, go to Models > Properties > Section > Value and here enter the section properties directly
instead of section dimensions. To know how sectional properties are calculated go to Help > Contents > Start > Model > Properties >
Section > Section Properties

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

## Model Generation Creating

Elements (Girder Mid)
1

Click on Structure

1
2

Bridge wizard
3

2@23.02 m

## Enter Spacing(a) as 0.04 m

& Spacing(b) as 0.5 m

## Enter Elastic link Stiffness for bearings

of Abutment & Pier as

Kx = 1e+8 kN/m
5

Ky = 1000 kN/m
Kz = 1000 kN/m
7

## Select Material for Pier and Pier-cap as

Substructure , select Section as

7

13.5m
9

Height as 10m

8
9

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

## Model Generation Creating

Elements (Girder Mid)
1

1
2

3

## Select Girder material as C35/45

Select Diaphragm material as Diaph

## Enter Number of Girders as 5 and

click Apply and enter girder

offsets as -6, -3 , 0, 3, 6
respectively for girders 1 to 5
5

## Pier support locations as End

Diaphragm and for
intermediate diaphragm as
Internal Diaphragm
6

## For Transverse deck element, select

Divisions per span and

8
7
9

number of divisions as 21
7

## Enter No. of Divisions as 5 and click

Apply. Select sections and

8

## Uncheck Generate 10th points.. option

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

## Model Generation Creating

Elements (Girder Mid)
1

## Click to define Tendon property

Enter Tendon Name Tendon
Select Tendon Type Internal(PostTension
Select Material Tendon
Click in the dialog box for Total
Tendon Area
Select Strand Diameter
15.2mm(0.6)
Enter Number of Strands 12
Click OK
Enter Duct Diameter 0.09m
Select Relaxation Coefficient
European Low

Click OK

Click Close

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

## Model Generation Creating

Elements (Girder Mid)
1

3
4

## Enter Tendon Data in the table

as Shown
Change Jacking Stress to

1395000 kN/m^2
Change Segments to Span2 &
repeat Step3

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

## Model Generation Creating

Elements (Girder Mid)
1
2

## Click on Load tab

Enter widths
b1= b5 = 0.5m
b2= b4 = 7m
b3= 0m
Enter wet Conc density as
25kN/m^3 & Thickness
as 0.25m
Enter Crash Barrier load intensity
as 9kN/m. Also uncheck
the option of Median
Enter Wearing Surface load
Density as 22kN/m^3 &

5
4

Thickness as 0.1m.

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

## Model Generation Creating

Elements (Girder Mid)
1
2

## Click on Construction Stage

tab
Check Reinforcement option

Reinforcement
3

6

click OK

Click Apply

7
5

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

## Model Generation Creating

Elements (Girder Mid)
1
2

## Click on Construction Stage

tab
Check Reinforcement option

Reinforcement
3

## shown in the tables

6

click OK

Click Apply

7
5

Note:
In case the diameter of rebars is not in terms
of P(dia), then change the rebar material code
from Tools Preferences Design
Concrete Rebar Material Code Select
IS(RC) & Click OK
6

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

## Model Generation Creating

Elements (Girder Mid)
1
2

## Click on Shear Reinforcement

Enter Shear Reinforcement data
under Diagonal

Reinforcement as
Pitch: 0.15m
Angle: 90 [deg]
Aw: 0.0004022 m^2 (2Legs
5

of P16)
3

Click Apply

## Click Copy Reinforcements to..

Select Sup Section and
Click ->
Click OK
Click Close

6
7
8

6
4
3

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements
1

## Model Generation Creating

Elements (Girder Mid)
1

option.
3

## Type 1to22by3 in element

selection box, press Enter

## Select Move option for

translation

Enter distance
dx,dy,dz: 0.5,0,0 m

Click Apply

## selection box, press Enter

similar to Step3
8

Change distance to
dx,dy,dz: -0.5,0,0 m
similar to Step5

Click Close
6

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

## Model Generation Creating

Elements (Girder Mid)
1

## Switch to Front View by clicking

the button as shown

## Goto Tree Menu Works

SectionDouble click on
Sup section to select
relevant elements

## Click on select by window button

and select elements

as shown.
5

## section from Tree Menu in

the Model Window.

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

## Model Generation Creating

Elements (Girder Mid)
1

## Switch to Front View by clicking

the button as shown

## Goto Tree Menu Works

Section Double click on
Sup section to select
relevant elements

## Click on select by window button

and select elements

as shown.
5

## Drag and Drop Mid-Sup

section from Tree Menu in

5
X

6

## Click on Activate All button to

view the whole structure.

26

Step

01

Modeling >

## Model Generation Defining

Tapered Section Groups
1

## Check the Tree Menu 2 Option

and another Tree menu will
appear on the right hand side.

3
4

1
2

Click on Properties

Go to Tree Menu
6

## Set Group Name as Mid-Sup

Go to Tree Menu 2, Double Click on
Mid-Sup Section & the element list
will be updated as 95to98 125to128
153to156 183to186 211to214
241to244 269to272 299to302
327to330 357to360

3
4

## Set Group Name as Sup-Mid

Go to Tree Menu 2, Double Click on
Sup-Mid Section & the element list
will be updated as 77to80 107to110
135to138 165to168 193to196
223to226 251to254 281to284
309to312 339to342
8

Click on Close
7

27

Step

01

Modeling >

Editing Geometry
1

## Model Generation Creating

Elements (Girder Mid)
1

option.
3

## Type 244to252 in node

selection box, press Enter

## Unselect Only Free Nodes

option for translation

28

Step

01

## Moving Loads Creating Cross

Element Structure Group
1

3

2
3

& click New

as LL-Cross Beam

## Change Selection of y direction

elements only from
bottom ribbon.

Use

## button to select the

whole superstructure in
front view as shown.

## Drag and drop LL-Cross Beam

structure group over the

model window.
8

none.

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Step

02

4
1

Go to Load tab

## Click Traffic Line Lanes

5
6

Enter Lane Name Lane1
View the figure provided
Enter Lane Width 3m
Enter Eccentricity -4.5m
Enter Wheel Spacing 2m
Select Vehicular load distribution Cross
beam
Select cross beam group LL-Cross Beam
Select Moving direction as Both
Select Selection by 2 Points
Click in the Box
Click on node no. 5
Click on Node no. 6
Click OK

## For other lanes, similarly change

names, wheel spacing and
eccentricities as below by reapeating
Steps 5 to 7:

3
2

Node no. 5

## Enter Lane Name Lane3

Enter Lane Width 3m
Enter Eccentricity 1.5m
Enter Wheel Spacing 2m
Enter Lane Name Lane4
Enter Lane Width 3m
Enter Eccentricity 4.5m
Enter Wheel Spacing 2m
Enter Lane Name RA1
Enter Lane Width 1.5m
Enter Eccentricity 6.75m
Enter Wheel Spacing 0.9m
Enter Lane Name RA2
Enter Lane Width 1.5m
Enter Eccentricity -6.75m
Enter Wheel Spacing 0.9m

## Enter Lane Name Lane2

Enter Lane Width 3m
Enter Eccentricity -1.5m
Enter Wheel Spacing 2m

Node no. 6
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

02

Defining Vehicles

1

Go to Load tab

Click Vehicles

1
3

31

Step

02

1
3

Go to Load tab

LM1_1.0TS+1.0UDL
6

10

8

## Select Lanes RA1 & RA2 from

selected lanes list and
click -> to move them under

9

Click OK

10

Click Close

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

02

Construction Stage>

## Construction Stage Comp.

Section Definition for Girder
Elements
1

Go to Load tab

Click OK

Click Modify

1
3
2

4
5

Part2 to 7days
9

Click OK

10

## Repeat Step5 to Step7 by selecting

Sup Section definition
8

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

02

Construction Stage>

## Construction Stage Comp.

Section Definition for Girder
Elements
1

Select Stage2

For Part1 :

0.439m

For Part2 :

## Select Material Type Material

Select Material C25/35
Select Composite Stage Stage3-2
Enter Age as 7 days and h as 0.23
5

Click OK

7

Click Close
5

34

Step

03

Analysis >

1

## Moving Load Analysis Control

1

Go to Analysis tab

## Normal + Concurrent Force

Check Combined Stress Calculation
5

Click OK

35

Step

03

Analysis >

## Construction Stage Analysis

Control
1

Go to Analysis tab

## Change Beam Section Property

1
2

Changes to Constant
4

Click OK

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

03

Analysis >

Perform Analysis

Run Analysis
1
2
1

Go to Analysis tab

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

04

Result>

Combination
1

2
1

Go to Results tab

Select ST+CS

Click OK

Click Close

4
9

38

Step

04

Result>

1

## Service Stage Stresses

1

Go to Results tab

Diagram
3

3

combination
4
4

## Select point 4(-y,-z) for viewing

stresses at bottom left corner of the I

girder.
6

Click Apply

39

Step

04

Result>

Design
1

2
1

Go to PSC tab

Parameters

Click OK

40

Step

04

Result>

Design

1
1

Code: EN04(RC)
2

4

Code: EN04(RC)
3

## Grade of Main Rebar: Class B

Grade of Main Rebar: Class B
5

Code: EN04(RC)
5
6

## Select for Slab Rebar Material

Code: EN04(RC)
Grade of Main Rebar: Class B

7

7

41

Step

04

Result>

Design

1

Design Position

4
2

## Type 318 331 elements nos in the

element selection box and press enter

Output Position

Repeat Step2

42

Step

04

Result>

Design

1

7
6
1

## element selection box and press enter

Enter Interface Shear Input as:
3

Angle: 0 [deg]

Fy: 500 N/mm^2

perform design
7

## Click Excel Report button after

performing design to get design
output in excel sheet format for
elements 318 & 331

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

04

Result>

Stresses
1

Result Verification
2
1

Click Stresses

## Select Load Cases/Combinations

Select Components

Click Apply

4
3
5

## Note: To view the results in tables,

click Results Tables and browse
to required quantity
Note: The significance of various stress components are clearly explained in detail in the help file .
Path: Help > Contents > Start > Result > Stresses > Beam Stresses

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

04

Result>

Tendon Loss
1
2

Result Verification
1

Go to Results tab

Click Tendon

## By grouping the tendons, the average

prestress force at the CG of the cables
along the length of the bridge can be
seen in Tendon Arrangement (Path:
Results > Result Tables > Tendon >
Tendon Arrangement.)

3
5

## Note: Similarly the tables of tendon

Coordinates,
Elongation
,
Weight can be checked.

45

Step

04

Result>

## Elastic Link Forces (Bearing Forces)

1

Result Verification
1

Go to Results tab

## Click Elastic Link

Check LM1_1.0TS+1.0UDL(Mv:max)

Click OK

## Note: Similarly, forces for all the cases

could be viewed, which could
be used for design of bearings.

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

05

(1) DXF Import
Important considerations:
Polyline in dxf file will be imported as a plate elements.
Surface in dxf file will be imported as a plate element.
Solid cannot be imported.
Unit system must be consistent.

import
Line
Beam Elements

import
Polyline Rectangle

import

Plate Element

3-D Face

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

05

(2) Integral Bridge
Using the formulation proposed by B.M. Lehane, soil springs can be assigned.
To account for this characteristic of the soil, lateral springs are modeled as compression-only
springs and vertical springs are modeled as linear elastic springs.

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

05

Self weight
Specified Displacement of Supports
System Temperature - for applying the change in temperature to whole structure.
Nodal Temperate for applying change in temperature to certain nodes.
Element Temperature for applying change in temperature to certain elements.
Temperature Gradient for applying change in temperature to beam and plate sections.
Beam Section Temperature for applying temperature gradient to beam sections (General
Sections and PSC sections).

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

05

(4) Section Property Calculator

## The Import function permits the use of AutoCAD

DXF files.
Simple data entry using various modeling functions
The section property calculations are provided for
the input section configuration by generating fully
automated optimum meshes.
The properties of hybrid sections composed of
different material properties can be calculated

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

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Step

TechSupport@midasit.com

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