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Where,

= yield stress=250 MPa

2. Area required =

, increase 30% of above area for rivet connection and 10% of above area

3. Choose a section for above area from steel table.

4. Calculated tensile stress

5. Check for slenderness ratio

= for

or . =180 for only tension and =350 for reversible of

tension and compression.

6. Design of end connection:

for welding- assume size of the weld and equate with the strength of weld i.e.

108

(0.7 s) l=Load

for rivet- rivet value minimum of below twoa. Bearing=

b. Shearing=n

No. of rivet = Load/ rivet value.

Calculation:1. In case of single angle connected through one leg the net effective sectional area shall be taken as

below -

For riveting of

ISA one side

(

Where,

for welding of

ISA one side

)

2. In case of a pair of angles back to back (or a single Tee) connected by one leg of each

angle (or by flange of the Tee) to the same side of a gusset the net area shall be taken as

below-

With tack rivet

For rivet:

(

For welding:

A single T section

For rivet:

For welding:

Where,

3. For double angles or Tees placed back to back and connected to each side of the gusset

plate, net effective area shall be taken as below-

4. a. Where the angles are back to back but are not tack riveted or welded, then 2 and 3 shall not apply

and each angle shall be designed as a single angle connected through one leg only i.e. 1.

b. When two tees are placed back to back but are not tack riveted or welded, then 3 shall not apply

and each Tee shall be designed as a single tee connected to one side of the gusset only i.e. 2.

of each angle is calculated separately.

Note- The area of the leg of an angle shall be taken as the product of the thickness and the length from

the outer corner minus half the thickness and the area of the leg of a tee as the product of the thickness

and the depth minus the thickness of the flange.

DESIGN OF COMPRESSION MEMBER AS PER IS: 800-19841. Assume allowable permissible compressive stress

2. Area required =

3. Choose a section for above area from the steel stable.

4. Calculated compressive stress

5.

calculation-

a. Slenderness ratio

=180 for only tension and =350 for reversible of tension and compression and =250 for

compression due to earthquake.

b. Elastic critical stress in compression,

Where, E= 200x103MPa.

,then ok.

If

1. End connectionfor welding- assume size of the weld and equate with the strength of weld i.e.

108x(0.7xs)xl=Load

for rivet- rivet value minimum of below twoa. Bearing=

b. Shearing=n x

No. of rivet = Load/ rivet value.

Note- when a section choose, we can use plate along with the section, if the section is not sufficient

then following procedure is adopted

1. Assume allowable permissible compressive stress

2. Area required =

3. Choose a section below the above area from the steel stable.

5. Calculated compressive stress

6.

calculation-

a. Slenderness ratio

c. permissible stress in axial compression

Where, E= 200x103MPa.

, If

,then ok. Find the shear stress at the junction per unit length and find the size of weld.

1. Calculate the maximum bending moment M

2. Assume

3. Section modulus required

4. Choose a section by a single I and

5. Assume a thickness and width of plate.

6. Calculate

and of whole section.

7.

For restrained8.

For unrestrained8.

9.

Where, = reduction coefficient=1,

=coefficient for the inequality of flanges=

c2, c1 are the greater and lesser distances from N.A.

T= thickness of flanges of the section and D= overall depth of section.

11. Permissible bending stress

>

Hence, ok.

b. For single I

For plate with I

<

<

13. Check for Deflectiona. Calculate maximum deflection according to load condition and it should be less than

14. Check for web cripplingBearing stress for point load =

Bearing stress for reaction=

Where a= width of point load or reaction.

15. Check for bucklingand

then ok.

1. Factor Load P =1.5x Load

2. Gross area of cross-section

Where, =yield stress= 250 MPa. And

=1.1

3. Choose a section for above area, by increasing area 10%

4. End connection- by equating strength of weld to factor load, i.e.

l and for double angle length for each angle=l/2.

Where, =ultimate stress, for Fe250,

, for Fe300,

S=size of weld, minimum is 3mm,

5. Calculate design strength, least of following-

and calculate

,

a. Design strength due to yielding of gross areab. Design strength due to rupture of critical sectionNet area of the total cross-section,

= Gross area of connected leg,

=length of the end connection that is the distance between the outermost bolts in the end joint

measured along the load direction or length of the weld along the load direction.

For, double angle Anc=2xAnc for each.

minimum gross and net area in shear along line parallel to external forces,

Minimum gross and net area in tension from the bolt hole to the toe of the angle

perpendicular to external forces.

1. Area=

2. If one angle or two angle back to back on one side of gusset plate.

Effective slenderness ratio

and

l and for double angle length for each angle=l/2.

Where, =ultimate stress, for Fe250,

, for Fe300,

S=size of weld, minimum is 3mm,

and calculate

,

Members subjected to axial compression and bending shall be proportional to satisfy the following

requirement-

a. Slenderness ratio

, for I section

or

.

Where, E= 200x103MPa.

, and

and

For unrestrainedand

(

Where,

= reduction coefficient=1,

c2, c1 are the greater and lesser distances from N.A.

T= thickness of flanges of the section and D= overall depth of section.

Permissible bending stress

1. Area A=

where,

(assume)

3.

4.

and

FIND c/c distance b/w the I section by equating

5. Calculate a, l, L

L=2a for single lacing, L=a for double lacing.

6. Dia. of rivet 20mm. and width of lacing 60mm.

7. Thickness of lacing

t=l/40 for single lacing, and l/60 for double lacing

8.

9.

and

=l for single lacing with rivet

=0.7xl for double lacing with rivet

=0.7xl for both single and double lacing with weld.

11. Force in lacing F =

F=

for double lacing

12. Check for axial compression and tension as belowCalculationa. Slenderness ratio for lacing

as calculated in 8.

c. permissible stress in axial compression

d. Calculated compressive stress

Where, E= 200x103MPa.

13. Determine the rivet value and find out the no. of rivet=

DESIGN OF BATTEN AS PER IS: 800-1984

1.A=

where,

(assume)

3.

4.

and

FIND c/c distance b/w the I section by equating

i.e.s

5.Calculate

6. D is calculated by adding gauge distance.

7. Thickness of batten =

And find C

8.

9. Transverse force

10. Longitudinal force

spacing of batten.

11. Moment M

12. Longitudinal shear stress =

13 .Bending stress =

14. Rivet connectionRivet value, then assume no. rivet.

15. Find the Load carried by riveta. Force due to shear

b. Force due to bending

Resultant =

Rivet Value a. Bearing=

b. Shearing=n

No. of rivet = Load/ rivet value.

DESIGN OF PURLIN AS PER IS: 800-1984

1.

2.

3.

4.

Calculate Mx and My

Zx required = Mx/165

Choose a suitable section.

Mx/Zx + My/Zy 165 Mpa

For angle, length =l/45 for max load side and l/60 for other side. Mx=My=(WL)/10.

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