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A General Self-Organized Tree-Based Energy-Balance

Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Network

ABSTRACT:
Wireless sensor network (WSN) is a system composed of a large number of lowcost micro-sensors. This network is used to collect and send various kinds of
messages to a base station (BS). WSN consists of low-cost nodes with limited
battery power, and the battery replacement is not easy for WSN with thousands of
physically embedded nodes, which means energy efficient routing protocol should
be employed to offer a long-life work time. To achieve the aim, we need not only
to minimize total energy consumption but also to balance WSN load. Researchers
have proposed many protocols such as LEACH, HEED, PEGASIS, TBC and
PEDAP. In this paper, we propose a General Self-Organized Tree-Based EnergyBalance routing protocol (GSTEB) which builds a routing tree using a process
where, for each round, BS assigns a root node and broadcasts this selection to all
sensor nodes. Subsequently, each node selects its parent by considering only itself
and its neighbors information, thus making GSTEB a dynamic protocol.
Simulation results show that GSTEB has a better performance than other protocols
in balancing energy consumption, thus prolonging the lifetime of WSN.

EXISTING SYSTEM:
Generally, wireless sensor nodes are deployed randomly and densely in a target
region, especially where the physical environment is so harsh that the macrosensor counterparts cannot be deployed. After deployment, the network cannot
work properly unless there is sufficient battery power.

DISADVANTAGES OF EXISTING SYSTEM:


The network consumes more energy than other nodes when BS is located far
away.
Information exchanging will cause a lot of energy to be wasted or will cause
a long delay.

PROPOSED SYSTEM:
In this paper, we propose a General Self-Organized Tree based Energy Balance
routing protocol (GSTEB). We consider a situation in which the network collects
information periodically from a terrain where each node continually senses the
environment and sends the data back to BS.

We develop, General Self-Organized Tree-Based Energy-Balance routing protocol


(GSTEB) which builds a routing tree using a process where, for each round, BS
assigns a root node and broadcasts this selection to all sensor nodes. Subsequently,
each node selects its parent by considering only itself and its neighbors
information, thus making GSTEB a dynamic protocol.

ADVANTAGES OF PROPOSED SYSTEM:

A longer network lifetime for different applications.

All the leaf nodes can transmit data in the same TDMA time slot so that the
transmitting delay is short.
When lifetime is defined as the time from the start of the network operation
to the death of the first node in the network, GSTEB prolongs the lifetime by
100% to 300% compared with PEGASIS.

OUR PROPOSED ARCHITECTURE:

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS:
HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS:
System

Pentium IV 2.4 GHz.

Hard Disk

40 GB.

Floppy Drive

1.44 Mb.

Monitor

15 VGA Colour.

Mouse

Logitech.

Ram

512 Mb.

SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS:
Operating system :

Windows XP/7.

Coding Language :

JAVA

IDE

Netbeans 7.4

Database

MYSQL

REFERENCE:
Zhao Han, Jie Wu, Member, IEEE, Jie Zhang, Liefeng Liu, and Kaiyun Tian, A
General Self-Organized Tree-Based Energy-Balance Routing Protocol for Wireless
Sensor Network, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL.
61, NO. 2, APRIL 2014.