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## UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education

9702/11

PHYSICS
Paper 1 Multiple Choice

May/June 2011
1 hour

*4675180455*

Soft clean eraser
Soft pencil (type B or HB is recommended)

Write in soft pencil.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Write your name, Centre number and candidate number on the Answer Sheet in the spaces provided
unless this has been done for you.
There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there are four possible
answers A, B, C and D.
Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate Answer Sheet.
Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer.
Any working should be done in this booklet.

## This document consists of 28 printed pages.

IB11 06_9702_11/7RP
UCLES 2011

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2
Data
speed of light in free space,

c = 3.00 108 m s1

0 = 4 107 H m1

## permittivity of free space,

0 = 8.85 1012 F m1

elementary charge,

e = 1.60 1019 C

## the Planck constant,

h = 6.63 1034 J s

u = 1.66 1027 kg

## rest mass of electron,

me = 9.11 1031 kg

## rest mass of proton,

mp = 1.67 1027 kg

## molar gas constant,

R = 8.31 J K1 mol1

## the Boltzmann constant,

k = 1.38 1023 J K1

gravitational constant,

## acceleration of free fall,

g = 9.81 m s2

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Formulae
uniformly accelerated motion,

s = ut +

1
at 2
2

v 2 = u 2 + 2as
work done on/by a gas,

W = pV

gravitational potential,

= Gm
r

hydrostatic pressure,

p = gh

p=

a = 2x

## velocity of particle in s.h.m.,

v = v0 cos t

1
3

Nm <c 2>
V

v =
electric potential,
capacitors in series,

V=

x 02 x 2

Q
4 0r

1 / C = 1 / C1 + 1 / C2 + . . .

capacitors in parallel,

C = C1 + C2 + . . .

## energy of charged capacitor,

W=

resistors in series,

R = R1 + R2 + . . .

resistors in parallel,

1
QV
2

1 / R = 1 / R1 + 1 / R2 + . . .

alternating current/voltage,

x = x0 sin t

x = x0 exp(t)

decay constant,

= 0.693
t1
2

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1

Decimal sub-multiples and multiples of units are indicated using a prefix to the unit. For example,
the prefix milli (m) represents 103.
Which row gives the sub-multiples or multiples represented by pico (p) and giga (G)?

pico (p)

giga (G)

109

109

109

1012

1012

109

1012

1012

Which definition is correct and uses only quantities rather than units?
A

## Speed is distance travelled per second.

A force of 5.0 N pushes a ball due north and another force of 3.0 N pushes it due east.
N

5.0 N

3.0 N

A

2.8 N

4.0 N

5.8 N

## Space for working

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8.0 N

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4

## The diagram shows a trace of a wave on a cathode-ray oscilloscope.

The vertical and horizontal gridlines have a spacing of 1.0 cm. The voltage scaling is 4 V cm1 and
the time scaling is 5 ms cm1.

1 cm
1 cm
What are the amplitude and period of the wave?
amplitude / V

period / ms

1.5

5.0

10

6.0

20

12.0

20

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5

The diagram shows an experiment to measure the speed of a small ball falling at constant speed
through a clear liquid in a glass tube.

1.50 s

115 mm

3.50 s

385 mm

There are two marks on the tube. The top mark is positioned at 115 1 mm on the adjacent rule
and the lower mark at 385 1 mm. The ball passes the top mark at 1.50 0.02 s and passes the
lower mark at 3.50 0.02 s.

The constant speed of the ball is calculated by 385 115 = 270 = 135 mm s1.
2.00
3.50 1.50

Which expression calculates the fractional uncertainty in the value of this speed?
A

2 + 0.04
270
2.00

2 0.04
270
2.00

1 0.02
270
2.00

1 0.02
270
2.00

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6

The graph shows how the acceleration of an object moving in a straight line varies with time.

acceleration

0
0

time

Which graph shows the variation with time of the velocity of the object?
A

velocity

velocity

0
0

0
0

time

C
velocity
0
0

time

velocity

time
0
0

time

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7

A ball is released from rest at time zero. After 1.0 s it bounces inelastically from a horizontal
surface and rebounds, reaching the top of its first bounce after 1.5 s.
10
velocity
/ m s1
5

0.5

1.0
.

1.5

time / s

What is the total displacement of the ball from its original position after 1.5 s?
A

1.25 m

3.75 m

5.00 m

## Space for working

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6.25 m

9
8

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A body has a weight of 58.9 N when on the Earth. On the Moon, the acceleration of free fall is
1.64 m s2.
What are the weight and the mass of the body when it is on the Moon?
weight / N

mass / kg

9.85

1.00

9.85

6.00

58.9

1.00

58.9

6.00

A body of mass m, moving at velocity v, collides with a stationary body of the same mass and
sticks to it.
Which row describes the momentum and kinetic energy of the two bodies after the collision?
momentum

kinetic energy

mv

1
4

mv 2

mv

1
8

mv 2

2mv

1
2

mv 2

2mv

mv 2

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10 A molecule of mass m travelling horizontally with velocity u hits a vertical wall at right-angles to its
velocity. It then rebounds horizontally with the same speed.
What is its change in momentum?
A

zero

mu

mu

2mu

## 11 A cable car of weight W hangs in equilibrium from its cable at point P.

The cable has tensions T1 and T2 as shown.
T1
cable
P
T2

weight W

cable car

A

T2

T2

T1

T2

T1

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T2

T1

T1

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12 The diagram shows four forces applied to a circular object.

30 N
20 N

20 N
30 N
Which row describes the resultant force and resultant torque on the object?
resultant force

resultant torque

zero

zero

zero

non-zero

non-zero

zero

non-zero

non-zero

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13 A uniform metre rule of mass 100 g is supported by a pivot at the 40 cm mark and a string at the
100 cm mark. The string passes round a frictionless pulley and carries a mass of 20 g as shown in
the diagram.

20

40

60

80

100

20 g

At which mark on the rule must a 50 g mass be suspended so that the rule balances?
A

4 cm

36 cm

44 cm

64 cm

14 A steel sphere is dropped vertically onto a horizontal metal plate. The sphere hits the plate with a
speed u, leaves it at a speed v, and rebounds vertically to half of its original height.
Which expression gives the value of v ?
u
A

1
22

1
2

1
2

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1 1
2

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15 A block of mass 2.0 kg is released from rest on a slope. It travels 7.0 m down the slope and falls a
vertical distance of 3.0 m. The block experiences a frictional force parallel to the slope of 5.0 N.
2.0 kg
7.0 m
3.0 m

## What is the speed of the block after falling this distance?

A

4.9 m s1

6.6 m s1

8.6 m s1

10.1 m s1

16 A man has a mass of 80 kg. He ties himself to one end of a rope which passes over a single fixed
pulley. He pulls on the other end of the rope to lift himself up at an average speed of 50 cm s1.
What is the average useful power at which he is working?
A

40 W

0.39 kW

4.0 kW

39 kW

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17 A body travelling with a speed of 10 m s1 has kinetic energy 1500 J.

If the speed of the body is increased to 40 m s1, what is its new kinetic energy?
A

4500 J

6000 J

24 000 J

1 350 000 J

## 18 Which process does not require energy to be supplied?

A

boiling

evaporation

freezing

melting

19 1.5 m3 of water is mixed with 0.50 m3 of alcohol. The density of water is 1000 kg m3 and the
density of alcohol is 800 kg m3.
What is the density of the mixture with volume 2.0 m3?
A

850 kg m3

900 kg m3

940 kg m3

## Space for working

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950 kg m3

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20 A long, thin metal wire is suspended from a fixed support and hangs vertically. Masses are
suspended from its lower end.
The load on the lower end is increased from zero and then decreased again back to zero.
The diagram shows the force-extension graph produced.

force

R
0

extension

A

## beyond point S but before point T

exactly at point S

exactly at point T

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21 The Young modulus E can be determined from measurements made when a wire is stretched.
Which quantities would be measured in order to determine E ?
A

mass of

original length
of wire

diameter of wire

extension of wire

mass of

new length
of wire

cross-sectional
area of wire

diameter of wire

mass of wire

original length
of wire

cross-sectional
area of wire

new length
of wire

mass of wire

new length
of wire

diameter of wire

extension of wire

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22 The four graphs represent a progressive wave on a stretched string. Graphs A and B show how
the displacement d varies with distance x along the string at one instant. Graphs C and D show
how the displacement d varies with time t at a particular value of x.
The labels on the graphs are intended to show the wavelength , the period T and the amplitude
a of the wave, but only one graph is correctly labelled.
Which graph is correctly labelled?

T
d

a
0
0

0
0

D
T
d

a
0
0

a
0
0

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A

## Wavelength is proportional to amplitude.

24 A source of sound of constant power P is situated in an open space. The intensity I of sound at
distance r from this source is given by
I=

P .
4r 2

How does the amplitude a of the vibrating air molecules vary with the distance r from the source?
A

a 1
r

a 12
r

ar

## Space for working

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a r2

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25 The basic principle of note production in a horn is to set up a stationary wave in an air column.
mouthpiece

bell

horn

For the lowest note produced by a horn, a node is formed at the mouthpiece and the antinode is
formed at the bell. The frequency of this note is 75 Hz.
What are the frequencies of the next two higher notes for this air column?
first higher note
/ Hz

## second higher note

/ Hz

113

150

150

225

150

300

225

375

26 Which electromagnetic wave phenomenon is needed to explain the spectrum produced when
white light falls on a diffraction grating?
A

coherence

interference

polarisation

refraction

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27 A diffraction grating with 500 lines per mm is used to observe diffraction of monochromatic light of
wavelength 600 nm.
The light is passed through a narrow slit and the grating is placed so that its lines are parallel to
the slit. Light passes through the slit and then the grating.
grating
X
slit
light

An observer views the slit through the grating at different angles, moving his head from X parallel
to the grating, through Y, opposite the slit, to Z parallel to the grating on the opposite side.
How many images of the slit does he see?
A

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28 A potential difference is applied between two metal plates that are not parallel.
Which diagram shows the electric field between the plates?

## Space for working

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29 The diagram shows a charged particle as it approaches a pair of charged parallel plates in a
vacuum.

Which row describes the horizontal and vertical components of its motion as it travels between
the plates?
horizontal component

vertical component

constant acceleration

constant acceleration

constant acceleration

constant velocity

constant velocity

constant acceleration

constant velocity

constant velocity

30 Two parallel plates, a distance 25 mm apart, have a potential difference between them of
12 kV.
What is the force on an electron when it is in the uniform electric field between the plates?
A

4.8 1020 N

7.7 1020 N

4.8 1017 N

7.7 1014 N

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31 A copper wire of cross-sectional area 2.0 mm2 carries a current of 10 A.

How many electrons pass through a given cross-section of the wire in one second?
A

1.0 101

5.0 106

6.3 1019

3.1 1025

## 32 A battery is marked 9.0 V.

What does this mean?
A

Each coulomb of charge from the battery supplies 9.0 J of electrical energy to the whole
circuit.

The battery supplies 9.0 J to an external circuit for each coulomb of charge.

The potential difference across any component connected to the battery will be 9.0 V.

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33 The graphs show possible current-voltage (I-V ) relationships for a filament lamp and for a
semiconductor diode.
P

0
0

0
0

0
0

Which row best specifies the correct I-V graphs for the lamp and the diode?
filament lamp

semiconductor
diode

## Space for working

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0
0

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34 The resistance of a metal cube is measured by placing it between two parallel plates, as shown.

The cube has volume V and is made of a material with resistivity . The connections to the cube
have negligible resistance.
Which expression gives the electrical resistance of the metal cube between X and Y?
A

1
3

2
3

1
3

2
3

35 The diagram shows part of a current-carrying circuit. The ammeter has negligible internal
resistance.
1.0

2.0
5.0 A

5.0 A

5.0

A

0.7 A

1.3 A

1.5 A

1.7 A

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36 Four resistors of equal value are connected as shown.

How will the powers to the resistors change when resistor W is removed?
A

## The powers to X, Y and Z will all increase.

The power to X will decrease and the powers to Y and Z will increase.

The power to X will increase and the powers to Y and Z will decrease.

The power to X will increase and the powers to Y and Z will remain unaltered.

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37 In the circuit shown, XY is a length L of uniform resistance wire. R1 and R2 are unknown resistors.
J is a sliding contact that joins the junction of R1 and R2 to points on XY through a small signal
lamp S.
L

S
R1

R2

V1
of the potential differences across R1 and R2, a point is found on XY at
V2
which the lamp is off. This point is at a distance x from X.

A

L
x

x
L

V1
?
V2

Lx
x

x
Lx

## 38 The first artificial radioactive substance was made by bombarding aluminium,

-particles. This produced an unstable isotope of phosphorus,

27
13 Al

, with

30
15 P .

A

an -particle

a -particle

a -ray

a neutron

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39 Uranium-238, 238
92 U , decays by -emission into a daughter product which in turn decays by
-emission into a grand-daughter product.
What is the grand-daughter product?
A

234
90 Th

234
91 Pa

234
92 U

230
90 Th

A

## Different isotopic nuclei have different proton numbers.

For some nuclei, the nucleon number can be less than the proton number.

## Space for working

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every
reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the
publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.
University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of
Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

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## UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education

9702/12

PHYSICS
Paper 1 Multiple Choice

May/June 2011
1 hour

*2977973239*

Soft clean eraser
Soft pencil (type B or HB is recommended)

Write in soft pencil.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Write your name, Centre number and candidate number on the Answer Sheet in the spaces provided
unless this has been done for you.
There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there are four possible
answers A, B, C and D.
Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate Answer Sheet.
Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer.
Any working should be done in this booklet.

## This document consists of 24 printed pages.

IB11 06_9702_12/4RP
UCLES 2011

[Turn over

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2
Data
speed of light in free space,

c = 3.00 108 m s1

0 = 4 107 H m1

## permittivity of free space,

0 = 8.85 1012 F m1

elementary charge,

e = 1.60 1019 C

## the Planck constant,

h = 6.63 1034 J s

u = 1.66 1027 kg

## rest mass of electron,

me = 9.11 1031 kg

## rest mass of proton,

mp = 1.67 1027 kg

## molar gas constant,

R = 8.31 J K1 mol1

## the Boltzmann constant,

k = 1.38 1023 J K1

gravitational constant,

## acceleration of free fall,

g = 9.81 m s2

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3
Formulae
uniformly accelerated motion,

s = ut +

1
at 2
2

v 2 = u 2 + 2as
work done on/by a gas,

W = pV

gravitational potential,

= Gm
r

hydrostatic pressure,

p = gh

p=

a = 2x

## velocity of particle in s.h.m.,

v = v0 cos t

1
3

Nm <c 2>
V

v =
electric potential,
capacitors in series,

V=

x 02 x 2

Q
4 0r

1 / C = 1 / C1 + 1 / C2 + . . .

capacitors in parallel,

C = C1 + C2 + . . .

## energy of charged capacitor,

W=

resistors in series,

R = R1 + R2 + . . .

resistors in parallel,

1
QV
2

1 / R = 1 / R1 + 1 / R2 + . . .

alternating current/voltage,

x = x0 sin t

x = x0 exp(t)

decay constant,

= 0.693
t1
2

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1

## Stress has the same SI base units as

A

force .
mass

force .
length

force .
area

energy.

To check calculations, the units are put into the following equations together with the numbers.
Which equation must be incorrect?
A

force = 300 J / 6 m

power = 6000 J 20 s

time = 6 m / 30 m s1

velocity = 4 m s2 30 s

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3

A

## Beta radiation is associated with one unit of negative charge.

The uncertainty in the value of the momentum of a trolley passing between two points X and Y
varies with the choice of measuring devices.
Measurements for the same trolley made by different instruments were recorded.
1

## distance between X and Y using a metre rule with mm divisions = 0.547 m

timings using a wristwatch measuring to the nearest 0.5 s at X = 0.0 s and at Y = 4.5 s

timings using light gates measuring to the nearest 0.1 s at X = 0.0 s and at Y = 4.3 s

## mass of trolley using a balance measuring to the nearest 10 g = 6 102 kg

Which measurements, one for each quantity measured, lead to the least uncertainty in the value
of the momentum of the trolley?
A

1, 3 and 6

1, 4 and 6

2, 3 and 6

2, 4 and 5

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5

## The time-base on a cathode-ray oscilloscope is set at 6 ms / cm.

A trace consisting of two pulses is recorded as shown in the diagram.

2.5 cm

4.5 cm

## What is the time interval between the two pulses?

A

0.42 ms

0.75 ms

1.33 ms

27 ms

A bullet is fired horizontally with speed v from a rifle. For a short time t after leaving the rifle, the
only force affecting its motion is gravity. The acceleration of free fall is g.
Which expression gives the value of
A

vt
g

v
gt

## the horizontal distance travelled in time t

?
the vertical distance travelled in time t
C

2vt
g

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2v
gt

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7

## A particle moves in the manner shown by the velocity-time graph.

The displacement of the particle has been measured so that it is zero at t = 0. Point Q refers to a
point in its motion.
Q

velocity
2
/ m s1
0

10

15

20

time / s

## Which row of the table is correct?

times for maximum
displacement / s

acceleration at
point Q / m s2

2.5

12.5

15

2.5

12.5

15

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8

A tennis ball falls freely, in air, from the top of a tall building.
Which graph best represents the variation of distance s fallen with time t ?
A

0
0

0
0

t
C

0
0

0
0

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9

A small glider moves along a friction-free horizontal air track as shown below.

elastic buffer
glider
air track

air
At each end of the air track there is a perfectly elastic buffer.
Which graph represents the variation with time t of the velocity v of the glider as it moves
between the two buffers?
A

0
0

0
0

C
v

0
0

0
0

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10 A force F is applied to a freely moving object. At one instant of time, the object has velocity v and
acceleration a.
Which quantities must be in the same direction?
A

a and v only

a and F only

v and F only

v, F and a

## 11 The momentum of an object changes from 160 kg m s1 to 240 kg m s1 in 2 s.

What is the mean resultant force on the object during the change?
A

40 N

80 N

200 N

400 N

## 12 A car accelerates in a straight line.

A graph of the momentum of the car is plotted against time.
What is evaluated by finding the gradient of the graph at a particular time?
A

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13 The diagram shows a particle P, travelling at speed v, about to collide with a stationary particle Q
of the same mass. The collision is perfectly elastic.
v

Which statement describes the motion of P and of Q immediately after the collision?
1
2

1
2

v.

## P comes to a standstill and Q acquires speed v.

1
2

v.

14 A stone is projected horizontally in a vacuum and moves along the path shown.
path of stone

X is a point on this path. XV and XH are vertical and horizontal lines respectively through X. XT is
the tangent to the path at X.
Along which directions do forces act on the stone at X?
A

XV only

XH only

XV and XH

XT only

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15 The diagrams all show a pair of equal forces acting on a metre rule.
Which diagram shows forces that provide a couple and zero resultant force?
A

16 A uniform rod XY of weight 10.0 N is freely hinged to a wall at X. It is held horizontal by a force F
acting from Y at an angle of 30 to the horizontal, as shown.

F
wall
60

30

Y
10.0 N

A

5.0 N

8.7 N

10.0 N

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20.0 N

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17 The diagram shows two fixed pins, Y and Z. A length of elastic is stretched between Y and Z and
around pin X, which is attached to a trolley.
Y
50 mm

80 mm

trolley
Z

30 mm

X is at the centre of the elastic and the trolley is to be propelled in the direction P at right angles
to YZ. The tension in the elastic is 4 N.
What is the force accelerating the trolley in the direction P when the trolley is released?
2.4 N

3.2 N

4.8 N

6.4 N

18 An electric motor produces 120 W of useful mechanical output power. The efficiency of the motor
is 60 %.
Which row is correct?
electrical power
input / W

output / W

72

48

192

72

200

72

200

80

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19 A hammer with 10 J of kinetic energy hits a nail and pushes it 5.0 mm into a plank.
Both the hammer and nail come to rest after the collision.
What is the average force that acts on the nail while it moves the 5.0 mm?
A

0.050 N

2.0 N

50 N

2000 N

20 The diagram shows two vessels, P and Q, both with sides inclined at 45.
vessel P

vessel Q

## Vessel P tapers outwards and vessel Q tapers inwards, as shown.

Both vessels contain a liquid. The depth of the liquid in the vessels is the same. The liquid in
vessel P is twice as dense as the liquid in vessel Q.
What is the ratio
A

2
1

## pressure due to the liquid on the base of P

?
pressure due to the liquid on the base of Q
B

2
1

1
2

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2

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21 Two solid substances P and Q have atoms of mass MP and MQ respectively. They have nP and nQ
atoms per unit volume.
The density of P is greater than the density of Q.
What must be correct?
A

MP > MQ

nP > nQ

MP nP > MQ nQ

MP M Q
>
nP n Q

## 22 The table summarises some descriptions of evaporation.

Which row of the table is correct?

## involves a change in state

from liquid to vapour

occurs at a fixed
temperature

## involves a reduction in the

average kinetic energy
of the remaining atoms

true

true

true

true

false

true

true

false

false

false

true

false

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23 The behaviour of a wire under tensile stress may be described in terms of the Young modulus E
of the material of the wire and of the force per unit extension k of the wire.
For a wire of length L and cross-sectional area A, what is the relation between E and k ?
A

E= A
kL

E = kA
L

E = kL
A

E= L
kA

## 24 The diagram shows the structure of part of a mattress.

spring

layer 1
layer 2

The manufacturer wants to design a softer mattress (one which will compress more for the same
Which change will not have the desired effect?
A

## using springs made from wire with a smaller Young modulus

25 In which order of magnitude are the frequencies of electromagnetic waves in the visible
spectrum?
A

1012 Hz

1013 Hz

1014 Hz

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26 A transverse progressive wave is set up on a string.
The graph shows the variation with time of displacement for a point on this string.
displacement

0
0

time

## The separation XY on the graph represents the 1 of the wave.

X and Y have equal 2 .
Which words correctly complete gaps 1 and 2?
1

time period

amplitudes

time period

displacements

wavelength

amplitudes

wavelength

displacements

## 27 If a wave can be polarised, it must be

A

a longitudinal wave.

an electromagnetic wave.

a sound wave.

a transverse wave.

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28 In which situation does diffraction occur?
A

## Waves from two identical sources are superposed.

29 The diagrams show the arrangement of apparatus for a Youngs slits experiment and also part of
the pattern formed on the screen with a ruler placed next to it.
screen

laser
light

0.90 mm

5.0 m

dark
30 mm

bright

20 mm

A

4.8 107 m

5.4 107 m

3.2 106 m

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30 The diagram shows two parallel metal plates connected to a d.c. power supply through a resistor.

## There is a uniform electric field in the region between the plates.

Which change would cause a decrease in the strength of the electric field?
A

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31 In each electric field diagram, a positively charged particle is moved from X to Y.
In which diagram would the particle experience an increasing repulsive force?
A

B
X

Y
Y

D
X

32 What describes the electric potential difference between two points in a wire that carries a
current?
A

the force required to move a unit positive charge between the points

the ratio of the energy dissipated between the points to the current

the ratio of the power dissipated between the points to the current

the ratio of the power dissipated between the points to the charge moved

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33 A cylindrical piece of a soft, electrically-conducting material has resistance R. It is rolled out so
that its length is doubled but its volume stays constant.
What is its new resistance?
A

R
2

2R

4R

34 A source of electromotive force (e.m.f.) E has a constant internal resistance r and is connected to
an external variable resistor of resistance R.
As R is increased from a value below r to a value above r, which statement is correct?
A

## The largest output power is obtained when R reaches r.

35 Which graph best represents the way in which the current I through a thermistor depends upon
the potential difference V across it?
A

0
V

0
V

0
V

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36 Safety on railways is increased by using several electrical switches.
In the diagram, switches P, Q, R, S and T control the current through a green lamp.

S
R
green lamp
T

P

closed

closed

closed

open

closed

closed

open

closed

closed

open

closed

open

open

closed

closed

open

open

closed

open

closed

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37 The diagram shows a fixed resistor and a light-dependent resistor (LDR) in series with a constant
low-voltage supply.
+

When the LDR is in the dark, the fixed resistor and the LDR have the same value of resistance.
Light is shone on the LDR.
What happens to the potential differences across the two components?
p.d. across resistor

decreased

increased

increased

decreased

no change

increased

no change

decreased

## 38 The diagram shows a d.c. circuit.

6
P

6
6

What is the resistance between the points P and Q due to the resistance network?
A

0.47

2.1

3.0

21

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39 The uranium nucleus

238
92 U

## Nucleus X undergoes -decay, producing nucleus Y.

For nucleus Y, what are the values of the proton number and nucleon number?
proton number

nucleon number

89

234

89

236

91

234

91

236

40 Radon-220 is radioactive and decays to polonium-216 with the emission of an -particle. The
equation for the radioactive decay is shown.
220
86 Rn

216
84 Po

+ 42 He

Rn

Po

86

84

134

132

220

212

220

216

## Space for working

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University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of
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## UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education

9702/13

PHYSICS
Paper 1 Multiple Choice

May/June 2011
1 hour

*1314855051*

Soft clean eraser
Soft pencil (type B or HB is recommended)

Write in soft pencil.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Write your name, Centre number and candidate number on the Answer Sheet in the spaces provided
unless this has been done for you.
There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there are four possible
answers A, B, C and D.
Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate Answer Sheet.
Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer.
Any working should be done in this booklet.

## This document consists of 28 printed pages.

IB11 06_9702_13/FP
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2
Data
speed of light in free space,

c = 3.00 108 m s1

0 = 4 107 H m1

## permittivity of free space,

0 = 8.85 1012 F m1

elementary charge,

e = 1.60 1019 C

## the Planck constant,

h = 6.63 1034 J s

u = 1.66 1027 kg

## rest mass of electron,

me = 9.11 1031 kg

## rest mass of proton,

mp = 1.67 1027 kg

## molar gas constant,

R = 8.31 J K1 mol1

## the Boltzmann constant,

k = 1.38 1023 J K1

gravitational constant,

## acceleration of free fall,

g = 9.81 m s2

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3
Formulae
uniformly accelerated motion,

s = ut +

1
at 2
2

v 2 = u 2 + 2as
work done on/by a gas,

W = pV

gravitational potential,

= Gm
r

hydrostatic pressure,

p = gh

p=

a = 2x

## velocity of particle in s.h.m.,

v = v0 cos t

1
3

Nm <c 2>
V

v =
electric potential,
capacitors in series,

V=

x 02 x 2

Q
4 0r

1 / C = 1 / C1 + 1 / C2 + . . .

capacitors in parallel,

C = C1 + C2 + . . .

## energy of charged capacitor,

W=

resistors in series,

R = R1 + R2 + . . .

resistors in parallel,

1
QV
2

1 / R = 1 / R1 + 1 / R2 + . . .

alternating current/voltage,

x = x0 sin t

x = x0 exp(t)

decay constant,

= 0.693
t1
2

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1

A force of 5.0 N pushes a ball due north and another force of 3.0 N pushes it due east.

5.0 N

3.0 N
What is the magnitude of the net force acting on the ball?
A
2

2.8 N

4.0 N

5.8 N

8.0 N

Decimal sub-multiples and multiples of units are indicated using a prefix to the unit. For example,
the prefix milli (m) represents 103.
Which row gives the sub-multiples or multiples represented by pico (p) and giga (G)?

pico (p)

giga (G)

109

109

109

1012

1012

109

1012

1012

Which definition is correct and uses only quantities rather than units?
A

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4

The diagram shows an experiment to measure the speed of a small ball falling at constant speed
through a clear liquid in a glass tube.

1.50 s

115 mm

3.50 s

385 mm

There are two marks on the tube. The top mark is positioned at 115 1 mm on the adjacent rule
and the lower mark at 385 1 mm. The ball passes the top mark at 1.50 0.02 s and passes the
lower mark at 3.50 0.02 s.

The constant speed of the ball is calculated by 385 115 = 270 = 135 mm s1.
2.00
3.50 1.50

Which expression calculates the fractional uncertainty in the value of this speed?
A

2 + 0.04
270
2.00

2 0.04
270
2.00

1 0.02
270
2.00

1 0.02
270
2.00

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5

## The diagram shows a trace of a wave on a cathode-ray oscilloscope.

The vertical and horizontal gridlines have a spacing of 1.0 cm. The voltage scaling is 4 V cm1 and
the time scaling is 5 ms cm1.

1 cm
1 cm
What are the amplitude and period of the wave?
amplitude / V

period / ms

1.5

5.0

10

6.0

20

12.0

20

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6

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A body has a weight of 58.9 N when on the Earth. On the Moon, the acceleration of free fall is
1.64 m s2.
What are the weight and the mass of the body when it is on the Moon?
weight / N

mass / kg

9.85

1.00

9.85

6.00

58.9

1.00

58.9

6.00

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7

The graph shows how the acceleration of an object moving in a straight line varies with time.

acceleration

0
0

time

Which graph shows the variation with time of the velocity of the object?
A

velocity

velocity

0
0

0
0

time

C
velocity
0
0

velocity

time
0
0

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8

A ball is released from rest at time zero. After 1.0 s it bounces inelastically from a horizontal
surface and rebounds, reaching the top of its first bounce after 1.5 s.
10
velocity
/ m s1
5

0.5

1.0
.

1.5

time / s

What is the total displacement of the ball from its original position after 1.5 s?
A
9

1.25 m

3.75 m

5.00 m

6.25 m

A molecule of mass m travelling horizontally with velocity u hits a vertical wall at right-angles to its
velocity. It then rebounds horizontally with the same speed.
What is its change in momentum?
A

zero

mu

mu

2mu

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10 A body of mass m, moving at velocity v, collides with a stationary body of the same mass and
sticks to it.
Which row describes the momentum and kinetic energy of the two bodies after the collision?
momentum

kinetic energy

mv

1
4

mv 2

mv

1
8

mv 2

2mv

1
2

mv 2

2mv

mv 2

## 11 The diagram shows four forces applied to a circular object.

30 N
20 N

20 N
30 N

Which row describes the resultant force and resultant torque on the object?
resultant force

resultant torque

zero

zero

zero

non-zero

non-zero

zero

non-zero

non-zero

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12 A uniform metre rule of mass 100 g is supported by a pivot at the 40 cm mark and a string at the
100 cm mark. The string passes round a frictionless pulley and carries a mass of 20 g as shown in
the diagram.

20

40

60

80

100

20 g

At which mark on the rule must a 50 g mass be suspended so that the rule balances?
A

4 cm

36 cm

44 cm

64 cm

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13 A cable car of weight W hangs in equilibrium from its cable at point P.
The cable has tensions T1 and T2 as shown.
T1
cable
P
T2

weight W

cable car

A

T2

T2

T1

T2

T1

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T2

T1

T1

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14 A steel sphere is dropped vertically onto a horizontal metal plate. The sphere hits the plate with a
speed u, leaves it at a speed v, and rebounds vertically to half of its original height.
Which expression gives the value of v ?
u
A

1
22

1
2

1
2

1 1
2

15 A block of mass 2.0 kg is released from rest on a slope. It travels 7.0 m down the slope and falls a
vertical distance of 3.0 m. The block experiences a frictional force parallel to the slope of 5.0 N.
2.0 kg
7.0 m
3.0 m

A

4.9 m s1

6.6 m s1

8.6 m s1

10.1 m s1

## 16 A body travelling with a speed of 10 m s1 has kinetic energy 1500 J.

If the speed of the body is increased to 40 m s1, what is its new kinetic energy?
A

4500 J

6000 J

24 000 J

1 350 000 J

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17 A man has a mass of 80 kg. He ties himself to one end of a rope which passes over a single fixed
pulley. He pulls on the other end of the rope to lift himself up at an average speed of 50 cm s1.
What is the average useful power at which he is working?
A

40 W

0.39 kW

4.0 kW

39 kW

## 18 Which process does not require energy to be supplied?

A

boiling

evaporation

freezing

melting

19 1.5 m3 of water is mixed with 0.50 m3 of alcohol. The density of water is 1000 kg m3 and the
density of alcohol is 800 kg m3.
What is the density of the mixture with volume 2.0 m3?
A

850 kg m3

900 kg m3

940 kg m3

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20 The Young modulus E can be determined from measurements made when a wire is stretched.
Which quantities would be measured in order to determine E ?
A

mass of

original length
of wire

diameter of wire

extension of wire

mass of

new length
of wire

cross-sectional
area of wire

diameter of wire

mass of wire

original length
of wire

cross-sectional
area of wire

new length
of wire

mass of wire

new length
of wire

diameter of wire

extension of wire

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21 A long, thin metal wire is suspended from a fixed support and hangs vertically. Masses are
suspended from its lower end.
The load on the lower end is increased from zero and then decreased again back to zero.
The diagram shows the force-extension graph produced.

force

R
0

extension

A

## beyond point S but before point T

exactly at point S

exactly at point T

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22 A source of sound of constant power P is situated in an open space. The intensity I of sound at
distance r from this source is given by
I=

P .
4r 2

How does the amplitude a of the vibrating air molecules vary with the distance r from the source?
a 1
r

a 12
r

ar

a r2

23 The four graphs represent a progressive wave on a stretched string. Graphs A and B show how
the displacement d varies with distance x along the string at one instant. Graphs C and D show
how the displacement d varies with time t at a particular value of x.
The labels on the graphs are intended to show the wavelength , the period T and the amplitude
a of the wave, but only one graph is correctly labelled.
Which graph is correctly labelled?

T
d

a
0
0

0
0

D
T
d

a
0
0

a
0
0

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A

## Wavelength is proportional to amplitude.

25 Which electromagnetic wave phenomenon is needed to explain the spectrum produced when
white light falls on a diffraction grating?
A

coherence

interference

polarisation

refraction

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26 A diffraction grating with 500 lines per mm is used to observe diffraction of monochromatic light of
wavelength 600 nm.
The light is passed through a narrow slit and the grating is placed so that its lines are parallel to
the slit. Light passes through the slit and then the grating.
grating
X
slit
light

An observer views the slit through the grating at different angles, moving his head from X parallel
to the grating, through Y, opposite the slit, to Z parallel to the grating on the opposite side.
How many images of the slit does he see?
A

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27 The basic principle of note production in a horn is to set up a stationary wave in an air column.
mouthpiece

bell

horn

For the lowest note produced by a horn, a node is formed at the mouthpiece and the antinode is
formed at the bell. The frequency of this note is 75 Hz.
What are the frequencies of the next two higher notes for this air column?
first higher note
/ Hz

## second higher note

/ Hz

113

150

150

225

150

300

225

375

28 Two parallel plates, a distance 25 mm apart, have a potential difference between them of
12 kV.
What is the force on an electron when it is in the uniform electric field between the plates?
A

4.8 1020 N

7.7 1020 N

4.8 1017 N

7.7 1014 N

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29 A potential difference is applied between two metal plates that are not parallel.
Which diagram shows the electric field between the plates?

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30 The diagram shows a charged particle as it approaches a pair of charged parallel plates in a
vacuum.

Which row describes the horizontal and vertical components of its motion as it travels between
the plates?
horizontal component

vertical component

constant acceleration

constant acceleration

constant acceleration

constant velocity

constant velocity

constant acceleration

constant velocity

constant velocity

## 31 A battery is marked 9.0 V.

What does this mean?
A

Each coulomb of charge from the battery supplies 9.0 J of electrical energy to the whole
circuit.

The battery supplies 9.0 J to an external circuit for each coulomb of charge.

The potential difference across any component connected to the battery will be 9.0 V.

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32 A copper wire of cross-sectional area 2.0 mm2 carries a current of 10 A.

How many electrons pass through a given cross-section of the wire in one second?
A

1.0 101

5.0 106

6.3 1019

3.1 1025

## 33 Four resistors of equal value are connected as shown.

How will the powers to the resistors change when resistor W is removed?
A

## The powers to X, Y and Z will all increase.

The power to X will decrease and the powers to Y and Z will increase.

The power to X will increase and the powers to Y and Z will decrease.

The power to X will increase and the powers to Y and Z will remain unaltered.

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34 The graphs show possible current-voltage (I-V ) relationships for a filament lamp and for a
semiconductor diode.
P

0
0

0
0

0
0

Which row best specifies the correct I-V graphs for the lamp and the diode?
filament lamp

semiconductor
diode

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35 The resistance of a metal cube is measured by placing it between two parallel plates, as shown.

The cube has volume V and is made of a material with resistivity . The connections to the cube
have negligible resistance.
Which expression gives the electrical resistance of the metal cube between X and Y?
A

1
3

2
3

1
3

2
3

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36 In the circuit shown, XY is a length L of uniform resistance wire. R1 and R2 are unknown resistors.
J is a sliding contact that joins the junction of R1 and R2 to points on XY through a small signal
lamp S.
L

S
R1

R2

V1
of the potential differences across R1 and R2, a point is found on XY at
V2
which the lamp is off. This point is at a distance x from X.

A

L
x

x
L

V1
?
V2

Lx
x

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x
Lx

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37 The diagram shows part of a current-carrying circuit. The ammeter has negligible internal
resistance.
1.0

2.0
5.0 A

5.0 A

5.0

A

0.7 A

1.3 A

1.5 A

1.7 A

A

## Different isotopic nuclei have different proton numbers.

For some nuclei, the nucleon number can be less than the proton number.

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## 39 The first artificial radioactive substance was made by bombarding aluminium,

-particles. This produced an unstable isotope of phosphorus,

27
13 Al

, with

30
15 P .

## What was the by-product of this reaction?

A

an -particle

a -particle

a -ray

a neutron

40 Uranium-238, 238
92 U , decays by -emission into a daughter product which in turn decays by
-emission into a grand-daughter product.
What is the grand-daughter product?
A

234
90 Th

234
91 Pa

234
92 U

230
90 Th

## Space for working

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every
reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the
publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.
University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of
Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

UCLES 2011

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## UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education

* 0 6 5 9 9 2 5 2 3 3 *

9702/22

PHYSICS
Paper 2 AS Structured Questions

May/June 2011
1 hour

## Candidates answer on the Question Paper.

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES.
You may lose marks if you do not show your working or if you do not use appropriate units.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.
For Examiners Use
1
2
3
4
5
6
Total

## This document consists of 15 printed pages and 1 blank page.

DC (NF/DJ) 29959/4
UCLES 2011

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2
Data
speed of light in free space,

c = 3.00 10 8 m s 1

0 = 4 10 7 H m1

## permittivity of free space,

0 = 8.85 10 12 F m1

elementary charge,

e = 1.60 10 19 C

## the Planck constant,

h = 6.63 10 34 J s

## unified atomic mass constant,

u = 1.66 10 27 kg

## rest mass of electron,

me = 9.11 10 31 kg

## rest mass of proton,

mp = 1.67 10 27 kg

## molar gas constant,

R = 8.31 J K 1 mol 1

NA = 6.02 10 23 mol 1

## the Boltzmann constant,

k = 1.38 10 23 J K 1

gravitational constant,

G = 6.67 10 11 N m 2 kg 2

## acceleration of free fall,

g = 9.81 m s 2

UCLES 2011

9702/22/M/J/11

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3
Formulae
uniformly accelerated motion,

s = ut +  at 2
v 2 = u 2 + 2as

## work done on/by a gas,

W = p V
Gm
r

gravitational potential,

hydrostatic pressure,

p = gh

p =

a = 2x

## velocity of particle in s.h.m.,

v = v0 cos t
v = (x 0 2 x 2 )

electric potential,

V =

capacitors in series,



Nm 2
<c >
V

Q
40r

## 1/C = 1/C1 + 1/C2 + . . .

capacitors in parallel,

C = C1 + C2 + . . .

## energy of charged capacitor,

W =  QV

resistors in series,

R = R1 + R 2 + . . .

resistors in parallel,

## 1/R = 1/R1 + 1/R2 + . . .

alternating current/voltage,

x = x0 sin t

x = x0 exp( t )

decay constant,

UCLES 2011

0.693
t 

9702/22/M/J/11

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Answer all the questions in the spaces provided.

For
Examiners
Use

## (a) Distinguish between scalar quantities and vector quantities.

..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................... [2]
(b) In the following list, underline all the scalar quantities.
acceleration

force

kinetic energy

mass

power

weight

[1]

(c) A stone is thrown with a horizontal velocity of 20 m s1 from the top of a cliff 15 m high.
The path of the stone is shown in Fig. 1.1.
20 m s1
cliff

15 m

ground
Fig. 1.1
Air resistance is negligible.
For this stone,
(i)

(ii)

## resultant velocity = ........................................ m s1 [3]

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5
(iii)

describe the difference between the displacement of the stone and the distance
that it travels.

For
Examiners
Use

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................. [2]

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6
2

(a) A sphere of radius R is moving through a fluid with constant speed v. There is a frictional
force F acting on the sphere, which is given by the expression
F = 6DRv
where D depends on the fluid.
(i)

## Show that the SI base units of the quantity D are kg m1 s1.

[3]
(ii)

A raindrop of radius 1.5 mm falls vertically in air at a velocity of 3.7 m s1. The value
of D for air is 6.6 104 kg m1 s1. The density of water is 1000 kg m3.
Calculate
1.

## the magnitude of the frictional force F,

F = ............................................. N [1]
2.

## acceleration = ........................................ m s2 [3]

UCLES 2011

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7
(b) The variation with time t of the speed v of the raindrop in (a) is shown in Fig. 2.1.

For
Examiners
Use

0
0

t
Fig. 2.1

(i)

## State the variation with time of the acceleration of the raindrop.

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................. [3]

(ii)

UCLES 2011

A second raindrop has a radius that is smaller than that given in (a). On Fig. 2.1,
sketch the variation of speed with time for this second raindrop.
[2]

9702/22/M/J/11

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8
3

(a) (i)

## Explain what is meant by work done.

..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................. [1]

(ii)

Define power.
..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................. [1]

(b) Fig. 3.1 shows part of a fairground ride with a carriage on rails.

4.1 m

9.5 m s1
30

Fig. 3.1
The carriage and passengers have a total mass of 600 kg. The carriage is travelling at a
speed of 9.5 m s1 towards a slope inclined at 30 to the horizontal. The carriage comes
to rest after travelling up the slope to a vertical height of 4.1 m.
(i)

Calculate the kinetic energy, in kJ, of the carriage and passengers as they travel
towards the slope.

## kinetic energy = ............................................ kJ [3]

(ii)

Show that the gain in potential energy of the carriage and passengers is 24 kJ.

[2]

UCLES 2011

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9
(iii)

Calculate the work done against the resistive force as the carriage moves up the
slope.

For
Examiners
Use

## work done = ............................................ kJ [1]

(iv)

Use your answer in (iii) to calculate the resistive force acting against the carriage
as it moves up the slope.

## resistive force = ............................................. N [2]

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10
4

## A student measures the Young modulus of a metal in the form of a wire.

(a) Describe, with the aid of a diagram, the apparatus that could be used.

..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................... [2]
(b) Describe the method used to obtain the required measurements.
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................... [4]
UCLES 2011

9702/22/M/J/11

For
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11
(c) Describe how the measurements taken can be used to determine the Young modulus.
..........................................................................................................................................

For
Examiners
Use

..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................... [4]

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5

(i)

For
Examiners
Use

## electromotive force (e.m.f.),

..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................. [1]

(ii)

internal resistance.
..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................. [1]

(b) The circuit of Fig. 5.1 shows two batteries A and B and a resistor R connected in
series.
R

12 V

3.0 V
A

B
0.10

0.20

Fig. 5.1
Battery A has an e.m.f. of 3.0 V and an internal resistance of 0.10 . Battery B has an
e.m.f. of 12 V and an internal resistance of 0.20 . Resistor R has a resistance of 3.3 .
(i)

(ii)

## power = ............................................. W [2]

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13
(iii)

Calculate the total energy lost per second in resistor R and the internal
resistances.

For
Examiners
Use

## energy lost per second = ......................................... J s1 [2]

(c) The circuit of Fig. 5.1 may be used to store energy in battery A. Suggest how your
answers in (b) support this statement.
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................... [1]

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6

(a) Apparatus used to produce interference fringes is shown in Fig. 6.1. The apparatus is
not drawn to scale.

two slits
B bright fringe
P dark fringe
LASER

C bright fringe

screen
Fig. 6.1 (not to scale)
Laser light is incident on two slits. The laser provides light of a single wavelength.
The light from the two slits produces a fringe pattern on the screen. A bright fringe is
produced at C and the next bright fringe is at B. A dark fringe is produced at P.
(i)

Explain why one laser and two slits are used, instead of two lasers, to produce a
visible fringe pattern on the screen.
..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................. [1]

(ii) State the phase difference between the waves that meet at

(iii)

1.

B .............................................

[1]

2.

P .............................................

[1]

1.

## State the principle of superposition.

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................. [2]
2.

## Use the principle of superposition to explain the dark fringe at P.

..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................. [1]

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15
(b) In Fig. 6.1 the distance from the two slits to the screen is 1.8 m. The distance CP is
2.3 mm and the distance between the slits is 0.25 mm.
Calculate the wavelength of the light provided by the laser.

## wavelength = ........................................... nm [3]

UCLES 2011

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16
BLANK PAGE

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every
reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the
publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.
University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of
Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

UCLES 2011

9702/22/M/J/11

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## UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education

* 8 9 5 5 3 1 3 3 5 8 *

9702/23

PHYSICS
Paper 2 AS Structured Questions

May/June 2011
1 hour

## Candidates answer on the Question Paper.

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES.
You may lose marks if you do not show your working or if you do not use appropriate units.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or
part question.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Total

## This document consists of 16 printed pages.

DC (CW/DJ) 29964/5
UCLES 2011

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2
Data
speed of light in free space,

c = 3.00 10 8 m s 1

0 = 4 10 7 H m1

## permittivity of free space,

0 = 8.85 10 12 F m1

elementary charge,

e = 1.60 10 19 C

## the Planck constant,

h = 6.63 10 34 J s

## unified atomic mass constant,

u = 1.66 10 27 kg

## rest mass of electron,

me = 9.11 10 31 kg

## rest mass of proton,

mp = 1.67 10 27 kg

## molar gas constant,

R = 8.31 J K 1 mol 1
NA = 6.02 10 23 mol 1

## the Boltzmann constant,

k = 1.38 10 23 J K1

gravitational constant,

G = 6.67 10 11 N m 2 kg 2

## acceleration of free fall,

g = 9.81 m s 2

UCLES 2011

9702/23/M/J/11

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3
Formulae
uniformly accelerated motion,

s = ut + 12 at 2
v 2 = u 2 + 2as

## work done on/by a gas,

W = pV

gravitational potential,

= Gm
r

hydrostatic pressure,

p = gh

p=

a = 2x

## velocity of particle in s.h.m.,

v = v0 cos t
v = (x02 x 2)

electric potential,

V=

capacitors in series,

1
3

Nm 2
<c >
V

Q
40r

## 1/C = 1/C1 + 1/C2 + . . .

capacitors in parallel,

C = C1 + C2 + . . .

## energy of charged capacitor,

W = 12 QV

resistors in series,

R = R1 + R2 + . . .

resistors in parallel,

## 1/R = 1/R1 + 1/R2 + . . .

alternating current/voltage,

x = x0 sin t

x = x0 exp( t)

decay constant,

= 0.693

UCLES 2011

1
2

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4
1

(a) For each of the following, tick [] one box to indicate whether the experimental technique
would reduce random error, systematic error or neither. The first row has been completed
as an example.
random error

systematic error

in line with the
scale and the
liquid level for a
a thermometer

neither

averaging many
time taken for a
ball to roll down a
slope
using a linear
scale on an
ammeter

correcting for
a non-zero
micrometer screw
gauge is closed
[2]
(b) The measurement of a particular time interval is repeated many times. The readings are
found to vary. The results are shown in Fig. 1.1.

number
8
6
4
2
0
10.0

10.2

10.4

10.6

## reading of time interval / s

Fig. 1.1
The true value of the time interval is 10.1 s.

UCLES 2011

9702/23/M/J/11

10.8

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(i)

## State how the readings on Fig. 1.1 show the presence of

1.

For
Examiners
Use

a systematic error,

..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [1]
2.

a random error.

..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [1]
(ii)

State the expected changes to Fig. 1.1 for experimental measurements that are
1.

more accurate,

..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [1]
2.

more precise.

..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [1]

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2

## A climber is supported by a rope on a vertical wall, as shown in Fig. 2.1.

For
Examiners
Use

P
T
18
R

wall
W
Fig. 2.1

The weight W of the climber is 520 N. The rope, of negligible weight, is attached to the climber
and to a fixed point P where it makes an angle of 18 to the vertical. The reaction force R
acts at right-angles to the wall.
The climber is in equilibrium.
(a) State the conditions necessary for the climber to be in equilibrium.
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................... [2]
(b) Complete Fig. 2.2 by drawing a labelled vector triangle to represent the forces acting on
the climber.

Fig. 2.2
[2]

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(c) Resolve forces or use your vector triangle to calculate
(i)

For
Examiners
Use

## the tension T in the rope,

T = ............................................. N [2]
(ii)

## the reaction force R.

R = ............................................. N [1]
(d) The climber moves up the wall and the angle the rope makes with the vertical increases.
Explain why the magnitude of the tension in the rope increases.
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................... [1]

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3

A helicopter has a cable hanging from it towards the sea below, as shown in Fig. 3.1.

helicopter

cable

sea

Fig. 3.1
A man of mass 80 kg rescues a child of mass 50.5 kg. The two are attached to the cable
and are lifted from the sea to the helicopter. The lifting process consists of an initial uniform
acceleration followed by a period of constant velocity and then completed by a final uniform
deceleration.
(a) Calculate the combined weight of the man and child.

## weight = ............................................. N [1]

(b) Calculate the tension in the cable during
(i)

(ii)

## tension = ............................................. N [1]

UCLES 2011

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(c) During the final deceleration the tension in the cable is 1240 N. Calculate this
deceleration.

For
Examiners
Use

## deceleration = ........................................ m s2 [2]

(d) (i)

Calculate the time over which the man and child are
1.

2.

## time = .............................................. s [1]

(ii)

The time over which the man and child are moving with constant velocity is 20 s.
On Fig. 3.2, sketch a graph to show the variation with time of the velocity of the
man and child for the complete lifting process.

2.0
velocity
/ m s1
1.0

0
0

10

15

20

25

30

35
time / s

Fig. 3.2
[2]

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4

## (a) State Hookes Law.

..........................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................... [1]
(b) A spring is compressed by applying a force. The variation with compression x of the
force F is shown in Fig. 4.1.

60
F/N
40

20

0
0

10

20

30

40

50
x / mm

Fig. 4.1
(i)

(ii)

## Show that the work done in compressing the spring by 36 mm is 0.81 J.

[2]

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11
(c) A childs toy uses the spring in (b) to shoot a small ball vertically upwards. The ball has
a mass of 25 g. The toy is shown in Fig. 4.2.

ball

For
Examiners
Use

spring

Fig. 4.2
(i)

## The spring in the toy is compressed by 36 mm. The spring is released.

Assume all the strain energy in the spring is converted to kinetic energy of the ball.
Using the result in (b)(ii), calculate the speed with which the ball leaves the spring.

## speed = ........................................ m s1 [2]

(ii)

Determine the compression of the spring required for the ball to leave the spring
with twice the speed determined in (i).

(iii)

## Determine the ratio

maximum possible height for compression in (i) .
maximum possible height for compression in (ii)

## ratio = ................................................. [2]

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5

(a) (i)

## On Fig. 5.1, sketch the I V characteristic for a filament lamp.

For
Examiners
Use

I/A

V/V
Fig. 5.1
[2]

(ii)

Explain how the resistance of the lamp may be calculated for any voltage from its
I V characteristic.
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [1]

(b) Two identical filament lamps are connected first in series, and then in parallel, to a 12 V
power supply that has negligible internal resistance. The circuits are shown in Fig. 5.2
and Fig. 5.3 respectively.

UCLES 2011

12 V

12 V

Fig. 5.2

Fig. 5.3

9702/23/M/J/11

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13
(i)

State and explain why the resistance of each lamp when they are connected in
series is different from the resistance of each lamp when they are connected in
parallel.

For
Examiners
Use

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [3]
(ii)

Each lamp is marked with a rating 12 V, 50 W. Calculate the total resistance of the
circuit for the two lamps connected such that each lamp uses this power.

## total resistance = ............................................. [3]

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6

(a) A transverse progressive wave travels along a stretched string from left to right. The
shape of part of the string at a particular instant is shown in Fig. 6.1.
P

8.0
displacement
/ mm

6.0
4.0
2.0
0
0

20

40

60

80

2.0

100

120

## distance along string / cm

4.0
6.0
Q

8.0
Fig. 6.1
The frequency of the wave is 15 Hz.
For this wave, use Fig. 6.1 to determine
(i)

the amplitude,
amplitude = .......................................... mm [1]

(ii)

## the phase difference between the points P and Q on the string,

phase difference = ................................................. [1]

(iii)

## speed = ........................................ m s1 [2]

(b) The period of vibration of the wave is T. The wave moves forward from the position
shown in Fig 6.1 for a time 0.25 T. On Fig. 6.1, sketch the new position of the wave. [2]

UCLES 2011

9702/23/M/J/11

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15
(c) Another stretched string is used to form a stationary wave. Part of this wave, at a
particular instant, is shown in Fig. 6.2.
X

For
Examiners
Use

Fig. 6.2
The points on the string are at their maximum displacement.
(i)

## State the phase difference between the particles labelled X and Y.

phase difference = ................................................. [1]

(ii)

## Explain the following terms used to describe stationary waves on a string:

antinode: ...................................................................................................................
node: ........................................................................................................................
[1]

(iii)

State the number of antinodes shown on Fig. 6.2 for this wave.
number of antinodes = ................................................. [1]

(iv)

UCLES 2011

The period of vibration of this wave is . On Fig. 6.2, sketch the stationary wave
[1]
0.25 after the instant shown in Fig. 6.2.

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7

(a) Explain the difference in densities in solids, liquids and gases using ideas of the spacing
between molecules.

For
Examiners
Use

..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................... [3]
(b) A hydrogen nucleus (proton) may be assumed to be a sphere of radius 1 1015 m.
Calculate the density of a hydrogen nucleus.

## density = ...................................... kg m3 [3]

(c) The density of hydrogen gas in a pressurised cylinder is 4 kg m3. Suggest a reason why
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................... [1]

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every
reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the
publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.
University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of
Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

UCLES 2011

9702/23/M/J/11

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## UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education

* 9 2 7 4 8 8 8 2 1 6 *

9702/31

PHYSICS

May/June 2011
2 hours

## As listed in the Confidential Instructions.

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES.
You will be allowed to work with the apparatus for a maximum of one hour for each question.
You are expected to record all your observations as soon as these observations are made, and to plan the
presentation of the records so that it is not necessary to make a fair copy of them.
You may lose marks if you do not show your working or if you do not use appropriate units.
Additional answer paper and graph paper should be used only if it becomes necessary to do so.
You are reminded of the need for good English and clear presentation in your answers.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

1
2
Total

## This document consists of 9 printed pages and 3 blank pages.

DC (KN/CGW) 34136/3
UCLES 2011

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BLANK PAGE

UCLES 2011

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3
You may not need to use all of the materials provided.

For
Examiners
Use

In this experiment you will investigate how the characteristics of a circuit vary with its
resistance.
(a) Connect the circuit of Fig. 1.1.
You should expect to spend at least 15 minutes setting up your circuit.

V
A

B
D

Fig. 1.1
(b) (i)

(ii)

## Adjust the variable resistor until the current reading is at a maximum.

(iii)

= .....................................................
V = .....................................................
[2]

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(c) Adjust the variable resistor and repeat (b)(iii) until you have six sets of values of
and V. Include values of 1
and 1

V

[10]
Plot a graph of 1
on the x-axis.
on the y-axis against 1
V

[3]

(ii)

[1]

(iii)

## Determine the gradient and the y-intercept of this line.

(d) (i)

y-intercept = .....................................................
[2]
UCLES 2011

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(e) It is suggested that the quantities and V are related by the equation
1
3R + k
=
V

## where R and k are constants.

Give appropriate units.

R = ................................................ [2]

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7
You may not need to use all of the materials provided.

For
Examiners
Use

In this experiment you will investigate how the motion of a metre rule balanced on a cylinder
depends on the diameter of the cylinder.
(a) Measure and record the thickness t of the metre rule.

t = ................................................. [1]
(b) (i)

## Measure and record the diameter d of cylinder A.

d = ................................................. [1]
(ii)

Calculate w, where w = d t.

w = ................................................. [1]

(c) (i)

Use modelling clay to secure cylinder A to the bench and balance the metre rule on
the cylinder, as shown in Fig. 2.1.
metre rule

modelling
clay

cylinder A

bench
Fig. 2.1

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(ii)

## Move one end of the rule downwards.

Release the rule and watch the movement.
The end of the rule will move upwards and then downwards again, completing a
swing as shown in Fig. 2.2.
The time taken for each complete swing is T.

one
complete
swing

Fig. 2.2
By timing several of these complete swings, determine an accurate value for T.

T = ................................................. [2]

## percentage uncertainty = ................................................. [1]

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(e) Repeat (b) and (c) for cylinder B.

For
Examiners
Use

d = .....................................................
w = .....................................................
T = .....................................................
[4]
(f)

## It is suggested that the quantities T and w are related by the equation

k
T 2 =
w
where k is a constant.
(i)

## first value of k = .....................................................

second value of k = .....................................................
[1]
(ii)

## Explain whether your results support the suggested relationship.

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................[1]
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(g) (i)

## Describe four sources of uncertainty or limitations of the procedure for this

experiment.
1. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
2. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
3. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
4. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
[4]

(ii)

Describe four improvements that could be made to this experiment. You may
suggest the use of other apparatus or different procedures.
1. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
2. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
3. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
4. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
[4]

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BLANK PAGE

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12
BLANK PAGE

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every
reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the
publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.
University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of
Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

UCLES 2011

9702/31/M/J/11

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## UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education

* 5 2 3 4 6 9 2 3 0 5 *

9702/32

PHYSICS

May/June 2011
2 hours

## As listed in the Confidential Instructions.

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES.
You will be allowed to work with the apparatus for a maximum of one hour for each question.
You are expected to record all your observations as soon as these observations are made, and to plan the
presentation of the records so that it is not necessary to make a fair copy of them.
You may lose marks if you do not show your working or if you do not use appropriate units.
Additional answer paper and graph paper should be submitted only if it becomes necessary to do so.
You are reminded of the need for good English and clear presentation in your answers.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

1
2
Total

## This document consists of 9 printed pages and 3 blank pages.

DC (NF/SW) 34785/3
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BLANK PAGE

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3
You may not need to use all of the materials provided.
1

In this experiment, you will investigate how the equilibrium position of a pivoted wooden strip
changes when a horizontal force is applied.

For
Examiners
Use

(a) Thread the string over the pulley and suspend the mass hanger from the end loop of the
string, as shown in Fig. 1.1.
nail
wooden strip
string

H
mass
hanger

h
m

bench
Fig. 1.1
(b) Measure and record the height H of the nail above the bench.
H = .......................................... cm [1]
(c) Record the mass m that is suspended from the string.
m = ......................................................
(d) (i)

Adjust the height of the pulley until the string is parallel to the bench. Measure and
record the height h of the string above the bench.
h = .......................................... cm [1]

(ii)

## Calculate the value of (H h ).

(H h ) = ................................................ cm

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(e) By adding masses to the hanger, change the total suspended mass m. Repeat (c) and
(d) until you have six sets of values for m and h.
In your table of results include columns for the values of m 2 and

1
.
(H h)2

[10]
(f)

1
on the y-axis against m 2 on the x-axis.
(H h)2

(i)

Plot a graph of

(ii)

(iii)

## Determine the gradient and y-intercept of this line.

[3]
[1]

y-intercept = ......................................................
[2]

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(g) It is suggested that the quantities h, H and m are related by the equation
1
= abm 2 + b
(H h)2
where a and b are constants.
Using your answers from (f)(iii), determine the values of a and b.
Give appropriate units.

a = ......................................................

b = ......................................................
[2]

UCLES 2011

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BLANK PAGE

## Please turn over for Question 2.

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8
You may not need to use all of the materials provided.
2

In this experiment you will investigate the deflection of a metre rule when two loads are
placed on it.
(a) (i)

Position a metre rule on the two supports as shown in Fig. 2.1, with the supports
15.0 cm from each end of the rule.
y
h

bench
15.0 cm

15.0 cm
Fig. 2.1

(ii)

## Determine the distance y between the two supports.

y = .................................................. [1]

(iii)

Measure the height h of the bottom edge of the mid-point of the rule above the bench.

h = .................................................. [1]
(b) (i)

Position the two 500 g masses on top of the rule, with a mass 5.0 cm from each end
of the rule, as shown in Fig. 2.2.
x

mass

mass
h1

bench
5.0 cm

5.0 cm
Fig. 2.2
(ii)

## Determine the distance x of a mass from its nearest support.

x = .................................................. [1]

(iii)

Measure the height h1 of the bottom edge of the mid-point of the rule above the
bench.

h1 = .................................................. [1]
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(c) (i)

For
Examiners
Use

## Calculate the deflection d of the mid-point of the rule, where d = h1 h.

d = .................................................. [1]
(ii)

## percentage uncertainty = .................................................. [1]

(d) (i)
(ii)

Remove the two 500 g masses and reposition the two supports 25.0 cm from each
end of the rule.
Repeat (a)(ii) and (a)(iii).

y = ......................................................
h = ......................................................
(e) (i)

(ii)

Position the two 500 g masses on top of the rule, with a mass 15.0 cm from each
end of the rule.
Repeat (b)(ii), (b)(iii) and (c)(i).
x = ......................................................

h1 = ......................................................
d = ......................................................
[4]

## Question 2 continues on the next page.

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(f)

(i)

## It is suggested that the quantities d and y are related by the equation

d = ky 2
where k is a constant.
Using your data, calculate two values of k.

## first value of k = ......................................................

second value of k = ......................................................
[1]
(ii)

## Explain whether your results support the suggested relationship.

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [1]

UCLES 2011

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11
(g) (i)

## Describe four sources of uncertainty or limitations of the procedure for this

experiment.
1. ..............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
2. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
3. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
4. ...............................................................................................................................
[4]

(ii)

Describe four improvements that could be made to this experiment. You may
suggest the use of other apparatus or different procedures.
1. ..............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
2. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
3. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
4. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
[4]

UCLES 2011

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Examiners
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12
BLANK PAGE

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every
reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the
publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.
University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of
Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

UCLES 2011

9702/32/M/J/11

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## UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education

* 1 3 2 1 6 9 6 9 1 7 *

9702/33

PHYSICS

May/June 2011
2 hours

## As listed in the Confidential Instructions.

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES.
You will be allowed to work with the apparatus for a maximum of one hour for each question.
You are expected to record all your observations as soon as these observations are made, and to plan the
presentation of the records so that it is not necessary to make a fair copy of them.
You may lose marks if you do not show your working or if you do not use appropriate units.
Additional answer paper and graph paper should be used only if it becomes necessary to do so.
You are reminded of the need for good English and clear presentation in your answers.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

1
2
Total

## This document consists of 11 printed pages and 1 blank page.

DC (SJF/JG) 34142/3
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BLANK PAGE

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3
You may not need to use all of the materials provided.
1

In this experiment you will investigate how the motion of a paper strip depends on its width.
(a) (i)

For
Examiners
Use

Measure and record the width x of the thin paper strip, as shown in Fig. 1.1.

Fig. 1.1

x = .......................................... cm [1]
(ii)

## Connect the clips to the strip, as shown in Fig. 1.2.

26 cm
clip

clip

wooden
rod
Fig. 1.2

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(b) (i)

Set up the apparatus with the top clip supported on the nail, as shown in Fig. 1.3.

nail

nail

clip

clip

paper strip

paper strip

clip

clip

wooden rod

wooden rod

bench
front view

side view
Fig. 1.3

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(ii)

## Twist the wooden rod through an angle of approximately 45 in a horizontal plane,

as shown in Fig. 1.4.

wooden rod

For
Examiners
Use

one
complete
swing
approximately
45

Fig. 1.4
Release the rod and watch its movement.
The wooden rod completes one swing by twisting one way and then back the other
way, as shown in Fig. 1.4.
The time taken for each complete swing is T.
By timing several of these complete swings, determine an accurate value for T.

T = ................................................ [2]

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(c) By cutting new strips from the graph paper, repeat (a) and (b) until you have six sets of
values of x and T. Values of x should be in the range 1 cm x 6 cm.
Include values of

1
x

[9]

(d) (i)

1
on the x-axis.
x

(ii)

(iii)

## Determine the gradient and y-intercept of this line.

[3]
[1]

y-intercept = .....................................................
[2]

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For
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8
(e) It is suggested that the relationship between T and x is
a
T=
+ b
x
where a and b are constants.
Using your answers from (d)(iii), determine the values of a and b.
Give appropriate units.

a = .....................................................
b = .....................................................
[1]
(f)

## State one problem with determining an experimental value of T for x = 15 cm.

..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................... [1]

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You may not need to use all of the materials provided.
2

In this experiment you will investigate the deflection of a metre rule when a mass is suspended
from its centre.
(a) (i)

For
Examiners
Use

Set up the apparatus as shown in Fig. 2.1 with a distance l between the supports
of approximately 95 cm.
l

support
metre
rule
h0
block

bench
Fig. 2.1
(ii) Measure and record l.

l = ................................................ [1]
(iii)

Midway between the supports, measure and record the height h0 of the bottom of
the rule above the bench.

h0 = ................................................ [1]
(b) (i)

Use the small loop of string to suspend the mass from the rule, midway between
the supports.

(ii)

Midway between the supports, measure and record the new height h of the bottom
of the rule above the bench.

h = ................................................ [1]

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(iii)

## Calculate the deflection d of the beam where d = h0 h.

d = ................................................ [1]
(c) Estimate the percentage uncertainty in your value of d.

## percentage uncertainty = ................................................ [1]

(d) Change l to approximately 60 cm. Repeat (a)(ii), (a)(iii) and (b).

l = .....................................................
h0 = .....................................................
h = .....................................................
d = .....................................................
[4]

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(e) It is suggested that the quantities d and l are related by the equation

For
Examiners
Use

d = k l3
where k is a constant.
(i)

## first value of k = ......................................................

second value of k = .....................................................
[1]
(ii)

## Explain whether your results support the suggested relationship.

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................ [1]
(iii)

Justify the number of significant figures that you have given for your values of k.
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................ [1]

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(f)

(i)

## Describe four sources of uncertainty or limitations of the procedure for this

experiment.

For
Examiners
Use

1. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
2. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
3. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
4. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
[4]
(ii)

Describe four improvements that could be made to this experiment. You may
suggest the use of other apparatus or different procedures.
1. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
2. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
3. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
4. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
[4]

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every
reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the
publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.
University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of
Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

UCLES 2011

9702/33/M/J/11

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## UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education

* 2 2 8 5 7 8 0 0 1 9 *

9702/34

PHYSICS

May/June 2011
2 hours

## As listed in the Confidential Instructions.

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES.
You will be allowed to work with the apparatus for a maximum of one hour for each question.
You are expected to record all your observations as soon as these observations are made, and to plan the
presentation of the records so that it is not necessary to make a fair copy of them.
You may lose marks if you do not show your working or if you do not use appropriate units.
Additional answer paper and graph paper should be submitted only if it becomes necessary to do so.
You are reminded of the need for good English and clear presentation in your answers.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

1
2
Total

## This document consists of 10 printed pages and 2 blank pages.

DC (CW/DJ) 34809/5
UCLES 2011

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2
You may not need to use all of the materials provided.

In this experiment, you will investigate the angle through which a loaded beaker rolls as a
turning force is applied.
(a) The apparatus has been assembled as shown in Fig. 1.1.

rails
50 60 70 80 90
40
1

10

30

00
130
120
110

20

0 18
0

## 140 150 160 17

masses
string

loop
Fig. 1.1
(b) Make sure that the beaker is positioned so that the masses do not touch the rails.
(c) Using the set square, measure and record the angle x, as shown in Fig. 1.2.
x

rail

Fig. 1.2
x = .................................................. [1]

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(d) (i)

Hook the mass hanger on the string loop. Record the mass m that is suspended
from the loop.

For
Examiners
Use

m = ......................................................
(ii)

Wait for the beaker to stop moving, making sure that the beaker is positioned so
that the masses do not touch the rails.

(iii)

Using the set square, measure and record the angle y, as shown in Fig. 1.3.

string

Fig. 1.3
y = .................................................. [1]
(iv)

## Calculate , where = yx.

= ......................................................

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(e) Change m by adding masses to the hanger and repeat (d)(ii), (d)(iii) and (d)(iv).
Repeat this procedure until you have six sets of values for m (the total suspended mass)
and angle y.

[9]
(f)

(i)

[3]

(ii)

[1]

(iii)

## Determine the gradient and y-intercept of this line.

y-intercept = .......................................................
[2]

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For
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(g) (i)
(ii)

Unhook the masses from the string loop and remove the beaker from the rails.
Take measurements to determine the radius r of the beaker.

r = .................................................. [1]
(h) It is suggested that the relationship between and m is
sin =

rm
+b
a

## where a and b are constants.

Using your answers from (f)(iii) and (g)(ii), determine the value of a. Give an appropriate
unit.

a = .................................................. [2]

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7
You may not need to use all of the materials provided.

For
Examiners
Use

In this experiment you will investigate the motion of a mass suspended from a rubber band.
(a) (i)

Suspend the rubber band from the retort stand and hang the 100 g mass hanger
from the rubber band, as shown in Fig. 2.1

rubber band

100 g mass
hanger

Fig. 2.1
(ii)

Determine and record the radius R of the suspended mass hanger at its widest
point.

R = .................................................. [2]
(iii)

## percentage uncertainty = .................................................. [1]

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(b) (i)

Twist the mass hanger about half a turn and release it so that it turns between
positions A and B, as shown in Fig. 2.2.

Fig. 2.2
(ii)

Take measurements to determine the time T for the mass hanger to rotate from A
to B and back to A.
(This may be determined accurately by using the time for several turns.)

T = .................................................. [2]
(c) For a mass hanger of mass m and radius R, it is suggested that T is related to a quantity
C, where C = mR 2.
Calculate the value of C for this mass hanger. Give an appropriate unit.

C = .................................................. [1]

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(d) (i)

(ii)

Remove the 100 g mass hanger and suspend the 50 g mass hanger from the rubber
band.

For
Examiners
Use

Repeat (a)(ii), (b) and (c) for this new suspended mass hanger.

R = ......................................................

T = ......................................................

C = ......................................................
[4]
(e) (i)

## It is suggested that the relationship between T and C is

T2 = k C
where k is a constant.
Using your data, calculate two values of k.

## first value of k = ......................................................

second value of k = ......................................................
[1]

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(ii)

## Explain whether your results support the suggested relationship in (e)(i).

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [1]
(f)

(i)

## Describe four sources of uncertainty or limitations of the procedure for this

experiment.
1. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
2. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
3. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
4. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
[4]

(ii)

Describe four improvements that could be made to this experiment. You may
suggest the use of other apparatus or different procedures.
1. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
2. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
3. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
4. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
[4]

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BLANK PAGE

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BLANK PAGE

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every
reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the
publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.
University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of
Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

UCLES 2011

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## UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education

* 5 5 4 1 7 2 3 9 7 7 *

9702/35

PHYSICS

May/June 2011
2 hours

## As listed in the Confidential Instructions.

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES.
You will be allowed to work with the apparatus for a maximum of one hour for each question.
You are expected to record all your observations as soon as these observations are made, and to plan the
presentation of the records so that it is not necessary to make a fair copy of them.
You may lose marks if you do not show your working or if you do not use appropriate units.
Additional answer paper and graph paper should be used only if it becomes necessary to do so.
You are reminded of the need for good English and clear presentation in your answers.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

1
2
Total

## This document consists of 11 printed pages and 1 blank page.

DC (SM/CGW) 34240/3
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You may not need to use all of the materials provided.

For
Examiners
Use

In this experiment you will investigate how the motion of two pendulums depends on the
tension in a spring connecting them.
(a) Measure and record the unstretched length l 0 of the coiled part of the spring as shown
in Fig. 1.1.

l0
Fig. 1.1
l 0 = .................................................. [1]
(b) (i)

## Set up the apparatus as shown in Fig. 1.2.

loop of string
over rod of
clamp
spring

50 cm

bob A

bob B

at least 5 cm

bench
Fig. 1.2
(ii)

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Position the stands so that the coiled part of the spring has approximate length
l 0 + 2 cm (so that the spring is extended by approximately 2 cm).

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(iii)

Measure and record the length l of the coiled part of the spring.
Calculate the extension x of the spring, where x = l l 0.

For
Examiners
Use

l = ......................................................
x = ......................................................
(iv)

Gently pull bob A towards you. Release the bob and watch the movement of the
two bobs.
Bob A will eventually stop and start moving again. It will then stop for a second
time.
Determine and record the time T between these two stops.

T = .................................................. [2]

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(c) By moving the stands further apart, repeat (b)(iii) and (b)(iv) until you have six sets of
readings of l, x and T, with x in the range 2 cm x 10 cm.

[9]
Plot a graph of T on the y-axis against x on the x-axis.

[3]

(ii)

[1]

(iii)

## Determine the gradient and y -intercept of this line.

(d) (i)

y-intercept = ......................................................
[2]

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(e) It is suggested that the quantities T and x are related by the equation
T = px + q
where p and q are constants.
Use your answers in (d)(iii) to determine the values of p and q.
Give appropriate units.

p = ......................................................
q = ......................................................
[1]
(f)

Use your values in (e) to determine the extension x that would be expected to give a
value of T = 75 s.

x = .................................................. [1]

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BLANK PAGE

## Please turn over for Question 2.

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You may not need to use all of the materials provided.

In this experiment you will drop a mass onto a rod standing in sand and investigate the
distance that the rod moves into the sand.
(a) You have been provided with two wooden rods of different diameters.
Measure and record the diameter d of the thicker rod.

d = .................................................. [2]
(b) Flatten the surface of the sand. Stand the rod vertically in the sand up to the mark drawn
on the rod, as shown in Fig. 2.1.

wooden rod
sand
mark on rod
container

Fig. 2.1

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(c) (i)

Hold the mass hanger so that the distance h between its bottom and the top of the
rod is approximately 10 cm.
The centre of the bottom of the mass hanger should be vertically above the wooden
rod, as shown in Fig. 2.2.

For
Examiners
Use

mass hanger

wooden rod

sand
Fig. 2.2
(ii)

## Measure and record the height h.

h = .................................................. [1]
(d) (i)
(ii)

Drop the mass hanger from this height h above the rod.
Without making a further mark on the rod, determine the new length x of the
rod below the surface of the sand, as shown in Fig. 2.3.

Fig. 2.3

x = .................................................. [1]

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(iii)

Calculate and record the change in depth y of the rod in the sand as a result of the
impact of the mass hanger.

y = .................................................. [1]
(e) Estimate the percentage uncertainty in your value of y.

## percentage uncertainty = .................................................. [1]

(f)

Using the thinner rod repeat (a), (b), (c)(i), and (d).
Use the same value of h as in (c)(ii).

d = .......................................................
x = ......................................................
y = ......................................................
[3]

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(g) It is suggested that the quantities y and d are related by the equation

y =

For
Examiners
Use

k
d2

where k is a constant.
(i)

## first value of k = ......................................................

second value of k = ......................................................
[1]
(ii)

## Explain whether your results support the suggested relationship.

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [1]
(iii)

Justify the number of significant figures that you have given for your values of k.
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [1]

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(h) (i)

## Describe four sources of uncertainty or limitations of the procedure for this

experiment.

For
Examiners
Use

1. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
2. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
3. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
4. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
[4]
(ii)

Describe four improvements that could be made to this experiment. You may
suggest the use of other apparatus or different procedures.
1. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
2. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
3. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
4. ...............................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
[4]

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every
reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the
publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.
University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of
Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

UCLES 2011

9702/35/M/J/11

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## UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education Advanced Level

* 5 9 9 0 5 4 1 5 7 1 *

9702/41

PHYSICS
Paper 4 A2 Structured Questions

May/June 2011
2 hours

## Candidates answer on the Question Paper.

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES.
You may lose marks if you do not show your working or if you do not use
appropriate units.

## For Examiners Use

1
2

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part
question.

3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Total

## This document consists of 22 printed pages and 2 blank pages.

DC (SM/DJ) 29943/3
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2
Data
speed of light in free space,

c = 3.00 10 8 m s 1

0 = 4 10 7 H m1

## permittivity of free space,

0 = 8.85 10 12 F m1

elementary charge,

e = 1.60 10 19 C

## the Planck constant,

h = 6.63 10 34 J s

## unified atomic mass constant,

u = 1.66 10 27 kg

## rest mass of electron,

me = 9.11 10 31 kg

## rest mass of proton,

mp = 1.67 10 27 kg

## molar gas constant,

R = 8.31 J K 1 mol 1

NA = 6.02 10 23 mol 1

## the Boltzmann constant,

k = 1.38 10 23 J K 1

gravitational constant,

G = 6.67 10 11 N m 2 kg 2

## acceleration of free fall,

g = 9.81 m s 2

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3
Formulae
uniformly accelerated motion,

s = ut + 12 at 2
v 2 = u 2 + 2as

## work done on/by a gas,

W = pV

gravitational potential,

= Gm

hydrostatic pressure,

p = gh

p=

a = 2x

## velocity of particle in s.h.m.,

v = v0 cos t
v = (x02 x 2)

electric potential,

V=

capacitors in series,

1
3

Nm 2
<c >
V

Q
40r

## 1/C = 1/C1 + 1/C2 + . . .

capacitors in parallel,

C = C1 + C2 + . . .

## energy of charged capacitor,

W = 12 QV

resistors in series,

R = R1 + R2 + . . .

resistors in parallel,

## 1/R = 1/R1 + 1/R2 + . . .

alternating current/voltage,

x = x0 sin t

x = x0 exp( t)

decay constant,

= 0.693

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2

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4
Section A
Answer all the questions in the spaces provided.

(i)

## State Newtons law of gravitation.

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [2]

(ii)

Explain why, although the planets and the Sun are not point masses, the law also
applies to planets orbiting the Sun.
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [1]

(b) Gravitational fields and electric fields show certain similarities and certain differences.
State one aspect of gravitational and electric fields where there is
(i)

a similarity,
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [1]

(ii)

a difference.
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [2]

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2

## (a) State what is meant by the Avogadro constant NA.

..........................................................................................................................................

For
Examiners
Use

..........................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................... [2]
(b) A balloon is filled with helium gas at a pressure of 1.1 105 Pa and a temperature of
25 C.
The balloon has a volume of 6.5 104 cm3.
Helium may be assumed to be an ideal gas.
Determine the number of gas atoms in the balloon.

## number = ................................................ [4]

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3

## (a) Define simple harmonic motion.

..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................... [2]
(b) A tube, sealed at one end, has a total mass m and a uniform area of cross-section A.
The tube floats upright in a liquid of density with length L submerged, as shown in
Fig. 3.1a.
tube

liquid
density

L+x
x

Fig. 3.1a

Fig. 3.1b

The tube is displaced vertically and then released. The tube oscillates vertically in the
liquid.
At one time, the displacement is x, as shown in Fig. 3.1b.
Theory shows that the acceleration a of the tube is given by the expression
a=

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A g
x.
m

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(i)

Explain how it can be deduced from the expression that the tube is moving with
simple harmonic motion.

For
Examiners
Use

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [2]
(ii)

## The tube, of area of cross-section 4.5 cm2, is floating in water of density

1.0 103 kg m3.
Calculate the mass of the tube that would give rise to oscillations of frequency 1.5 Hz.

## mass = ............................................. g [4]

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4

## (a) Define electric potential at a point.

..........................................................................................................................................

For
Examiners
Use

..........................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................... [2]
(b) Two small spherical charged particles P and Q may be assumed to be point charges
located at their centres. The particles are in a vacuum.
Particle P is fixed in position. Particle Q is moved along the line joining the two charges,
as illustrated in Fig. 4.1.
particle P

particle Q

x
Fig. 4.1
The variation with separation x of the electric potential energy EP of particle Q is shown
in Fig. 4.2.
0
0

10

12

14

x / 1010 m
1

2
E P / eV
3

4
Fig. 4.2
(i)

State how the magnitude of the electric field strength is related to potential
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [1]

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16

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9
(ii)

Use your answer in (i) to show that the force on particle Q is proportional to the
gradient of the curve of Fig. 4.2.

For
Examiners
Use

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [2]
(c) The magnitude of the charge on each of the particles P and Q is 1.6 1019 C.
Calculate the separation of the particles at the point where particle Q has electric
potential energy equal to 5.1 eV.

## separation = ............................................ m [4]

(d) By reference to Fig. 4.2, state and explain
(i)

## whether the two charges have the same, or opposite, sign,

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [2]

(ii)

the effect, if any, on the shape of the graph of doubling the charge on particle P.
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [2]

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5

## (a) State what is meant by a magnetic field.

..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................... [2]
(b) A charged particle of mass m and charge +q is travelling with velocity v in a vacuum.
It enters a region of uniform magnetic field of flux density B, as shown in Fig. 5.1.
region of
magnetic field

path of
charged particle

Fig. 5.1
The magnetic field is normal to the direction of motion of the particle. The path of the
particle in the field is the arc of a circle of radius r.
(i)

Explain why the path of the particle in the field is the arc of a circle.
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [2]

(ii)

## Show that the radius r is given by the expression

r=

mv
.
Bq

[2]
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(c) A thin metal foil is placed in the magnetic field in (b).
A second charged particle enters the region of the magnetic field. It loses kinetic energy
as it passes through the foil. The particle follows the path shown in Fig. 5.2.

For
Examiners
Use

region of
uniform
magnetic field

foil

Fig. 5.2
(i)

On Fig. 5.2, mark with an arrow the direction of travel of the particle.

(ii)

The path of the particle has different radii on each side of the foil.
The radii are 7.4 cm and 5.7 cm.
Determine the ratio

[1]

## final momentum of particle

initial momentum of particle
for the particle as it passes through the foil.

## ratio = ................................................ [2]

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6

For
Examiners
Use

laminated iron
core

primary
coil

secondary
coil
Fig. 6.1

(a) (i)

## Explain why the coils are wound on a core made of iron.

..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [1]

(ii)

## Suggest why thermal energy is generated in the core.

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [2]

(b) (i)

## State Faradays law of electromagnetic induction.

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [2]

(ii)

Use Faradays law to explain why the potential difference across the load and the
e.m.f. of the supply are not in phase.
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [2]

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(c) Electrical energy is usually transmitted using alternating current. Suggest why the
transmission is achieved using
(i)

For
Examiners
Use

high voltages,
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [2]

(ii)

alternating current.
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [1]

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7

## Experiments are conducted to investigate the photoelectric effect.

(a) It is found that, on exposure of a metal surface to light, either electrons are emitted
immediately or they are not emitted at all.
Suggest why this observation does not support a wave theory of light.
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................... [3]
(b) Data for the wavelength of the radiation incident on the metal surface and the maximum
kinetic energy EK of the emitted electrons are shown in Fig. 7.1.

/ nm

EK / 1019 J

650
240

4.44
Fig. 7.1

(i)

Without any calculation, suggest why no value is given for EK for radiation of
wavelength 650 nm.
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [1]

(ii)

Use data from Fig. 7.1 to determine the work function energy of the surface.

## work function energy = ............................................. J [3]

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(c) Radiation of wavelength 240 nm gives rise to a maximum photoelectric current I.
The intensity of the incident radiation is maintained constant and the wavelength is now
reduced.

For
Examiners
Use

(i)

## the maximum kinetic energy of the photoelectrons,

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [2]

(ii)

## the maximum photoelectric current I.

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [2]

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8

(a) The variation with nucleon number A of the binding energy per nucleon BE of nuclei is
shown in Fig. 8.1.

BE

0
A
Fig. 8.1
On Fig. 8.1, mark the approximate positions of
(i)

[1]

(ii)

[1]

(iii)

[1]

(b) (i)

## State what is meant by nuclear fission.

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [2]

(ii)

## By reference to Fig. 8.1, explain how fission is energetically possible.

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [2]

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BLANK PAGE

## Please turn over for Section B.

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Section B

For
Examiners
Use

## (a) An operational amplifier (op-amp) may be used as a comparator.

State the function of a comparator.
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................... [2]
(b) The variation with temperature of the resistance R of a thermistor is shown in Fig. 9.1.
4.0

3.0
R / k
2.0

1.0

0
0

10

15

20

25

30
/ C

Fig. 9.1

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The thermistor is connected into the circuit of Fig. 9.2.

For
Examiners
Use

+5 V
X

2.0k
+9 V

+
9V
V OUT

2.0k

Fig. 9.2
The op-amp may be considered to be ideal.
(i)

## The temperature of the thermistor is 10 C.

Determine the resistance of the variable resistor X such that the output potential
VOUT is zero.

## resistance = ............................................ [2]

(ii)

The resistance of the resistor X is now held constant at the value calculated in (i).
Describe the change in the output potential VOUT as the temperature of the
thermistor is changed from 5 C to 20 C.
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................. [4]

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10 (a) State what is meant by the acoustic impedance Z of a medium.
..........................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................... [1]
(b) Two media have acoustic impedances Z1 and Z2.
The intensity reflection coefficient for the boundary between the two media is given
by

(Z2 Z1)2
(Z2 + Z1)2

Describe the effect on the transmission of ultrasound through a boundary where there is
a large difference between the acoustic impedances of the two media.
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................... [3]
(c) Data for the acoustic impedance Z and the absorption coefficient for fat and for muscle
are shown in Fig. 10.1.

fat
muscle

Z / kg m2 s1

/ m1

1.3 106
1.7 106

48
23

Fig. 10.1
The thickness x of the layer of fat on an animal, as illustrated in Fig. 10.2, is to be
investigated using ultrasound.
surface S
fat
incident
ultrasound

x
Fig. 10.2

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muscle

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The intensity of the parallel ultrasound beam entering the surface S of the layer of fat is I.
The beam is reflected from the boundary between fat and muscle.
The intensity of the reflected ultrasound detected at the surface S of the fat is 0.012 I.
Calculate
(i)

For
Examiners
Use

the intensity reflection coefficient at the boundary between the fat and the muscle,

(ii)

## the thickness x of the layer of fat.

x = .......................................... cm [3]

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11 (a) Describe what is meant by frequency modulation (FM ).
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................... [2]
(b) A sinusoidal carrier wave has a frequency of 600 kHz and an amplitude of 5.0 V.
The carrier wave is frequency modulated by a sinusoidal wave of frequency 7.0 kHz and
amplitude 2.0 V.
The frequency deviation of the carrier wave is 20 kHz V1.
Determine, for the modulated carrier wave,
(i)

the amplitude,
amplitude = .............................................. V [1]

(ii)

## the maximum frequency,

maximum frequency = ............................................ Hz [1]

(iii)

## the minimum frequency,

minimum frequency = ............................................ Hz [1]

(iv)

the number of times per second that the frequency changes from maximum to
minimum and then back to maximum.
number = ................................................... [1]

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12 Many television receivers are connected to an aerial using a coaxial cable. Such a cable is
illustrated in Fig. 12.1.
copper
wire
polythene
insulator

plastic
covering

copper
braid

Fig. 12.1
(a) State two functions of the copper braid.
1. ......................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
2. ......................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
[2]
(b) Suggest two reasons why a coaxial cable is used, rather than a wire pair, to connect the
1. ......................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
2. ......................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
[2]
(c) A coaxial cable has an attenuation per unit length of 200 dB km1.
The length of the co-axial cable between an aerial and the receiver is 12 m.
Calculate the ratio
input signal power to coaxial cable .
output signal power from coaxial cable

## ratio = ................................................... [3]

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24
BLANK PAGE

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every
reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the
publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.
University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of
Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

UCLES 2011

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## UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education Advanced Level

* 0 2 0 1 9 1 0 5 9 2 *

9702/42

PHYSICS
Paper 4 A2 Structured Questions

May/June 2011
2 hours

## Candidates answer on the Question Paper.

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES.
You may lose marks if you do not show your working or if you do not use
appropriate units.

## For Examiners Use

1
2

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part
question.

3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Total

## This document consists of 23 printed pages and 1 blank page.

DC (NF/SW) 29944/5
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2
Data
speed of light in free space,

c = 3.00 10 8 m s 1

0 = 4 10 7 H m1

## permittivity of free space,

0 = 8.85 10 12 F m1

elementary charge,

e = 1.60 10 19 C

## the Planck constant,

h = 6.63 10 34 J s

## unified atomic mass constant,

u = 1.66 10 27 kg

## rest mass of electron,

me = 9.11 10 31 kg

## rest mass of proton,

mp = 1.67 10 27 kg

## molar gas constant,

R = 8.31 J K 1 mol 1

NA = 6.02 10 23 mol 1

## the Boltzmann constant,

k = 1.38 10 23 J K 1

gravitational constant,

G = 6.67 10 11 N m 2 kg 2

## acceleration of free fall,

g = 9.81 m s 2

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3
Formulae
uniformly accelerated motion,

s = ut +  at 2
v 2 = u 2 + 2as

## work done on/by a gas,

W = p V
Gm
r

gravitational potential,

hydrostatic pressure,

p = gh

p =

a = 2x

## velocity of particle in s.h.m.,

v = v0 cos t
v = (x 0 2 x 2 )

electric potential,

V =

capacitors in series,



Nm 2
<c >
V

Q
40r

## 1/C = 1/C1 + 1/C2 + . . .

capacitors in parallel,

C = C1 + C2 + . . .

## energy of charged capacitor,

W =  QV

resistors in series,

R = R1 + R 2 + . . .

resistors in parallel,

## 1/R = 1/R1 + 1/R2 + . . .

alternating current/voltage,

x = x0 sin t

x = x0 exp( t )

decay constant,

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t 

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4
Section A
Answer all the questions in the spaces provided.

## (a) State what is meant by a field of force.

..........................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................... [1]
(b) Gravitational fields and electric fields are two examples of fields of force.
State one similarity and one difference between these two fields of force.
similarity: ..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
difference: ........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
[3]
(c) Two protons are isolated in space. Their centres are separated by a distance R.
Each proton may be considered to be a point mass with point charge.
Determine the magnitude of the ratio
force between protons due to electric field
.
force between protons due to gravitational field

## ratio = ............................................... [3]

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5
2

## (a) State what is meant by a mole.

..........................................................................................................................................

For
Examiners
Use

..........................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................... [2]
(b) Two containers A and B are joined by a tube of negligible volume, as illustrated in
Fig. 2.1.

container A
3.1 103 cm3
17 C

container B
4.6 103 cm3
30 C

Fig. 2.1
The containers are filled with an ideal gas at a pressure of 2.3 105 Pa.
The gas in container A has volume 3.1 103 cm3 and is at a temperature of 17 C.
The gas in container B has volume 4.6 103 cm3 and is at a temperature of 30 C.
Calculate the total amount of gas, in mol, in the containers.

## amount = ........................................ mol [4]

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6
3

A capacitor consists of two metal plates separated by an insulator, as shown in Fig. 3.1.

metal plate

insulator

metal plate

Fig. 3.1
The potential difference between the plates is V. The variation with V of the magnitude of the
charge Q on one plate is shown in Fig. 3.2.
20

15
Q / mC
10

10

15
V/V

Fig. 3.2
(a) Explain why the capacitor stores energy but not charge.
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................... [3]

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7
(b) Use Fig. 3.2 to determine
(i)

For
Examiners
Use

## capacitance = .......................................... F [2]

(ii)

the loss in energy stored in the capacitor when the potential difference V is reduced
from 10.0 V to 7.5 V.

## energy = ......................................... mJ [2]

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(c) Three capacitors X, Y and Z, each of capacitance 10 F, are connected as shown in
Fig. 3.3.
Y

X
A

B
Z

Fig. 3.3
Initially, the capacitors are uncharged.
A potential difference of 12 V is applied between points A and B.
Determine the magnitude of the charge on one plate of capacitor X.

## charge = ......................................... C [3]

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9
4

## (a) The first law of thermodynamics may be expressed in the form

For
Examiners
Use

U = q + w.
Explain the symbols in this expression.
+ U .................................................................................................................................
+ q ....................................................................................................................................
+ w ...................................................................................................................................
[3]
(b) (i)

## State what is meant by specific latent heat.

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................ [3]

(ii)

Use the first law of thermodynamics to explain why the specific latent heat of
vaporisation is greater than the specific latent heat of fusion for a particular
substance.
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................ [3]

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10
5

A bar magnet is suspended vertically from the free end of a helical spring, as shown in
Fig. 5.1.

helical
spring

magnet

coil

Fig. 5.1
One pole of the magnet is situated in a coil. The coil is connected in series with a
high-resistance voltmeter.
The magnet is displaced vertically and then released.
The variation with time t of the reading V of the voltmeter is shown in Fig. 5.2.

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5 t / s

Fig. 5.2
(a) (i)

## State Faradays law of electromagnetic induction.

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................ [2]

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11
(ii)

1.

For
Examiners
Use

## there is a reading on the voltmeter,

..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................ [1]
2.

## this reading varies in magnitude,

..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................ [1]
3.

## the reading has both positive and negative values.

..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................ [1]
(b) Use Fig. 5.2 to determine the frequency f0 of the oscillations of the magnet.

f0 = .......................................... Hz [2]
(c) The magnet is now brought to rest and the voltmeter is replaced by a variable frequency
alternating current supply that produces a constant r.m.s. current in the coil.
The frequency of the supply is gradually increased from 0.7 f0 to 1.3 f0, where f0 is the
frequency calculated in (b).
On the axes of Fig. 5.3, sketch a graph to show the variation with frequency f of the
amplitude A of the new oscillations of the bar magnet.

0.7 f0

f0

1.3 f0
f
[2]

Fig. 5.3
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(d) (i)

## Name the phenomenon illustrated on your completed graph of Fig. 5.3.

............................................................................................................................ [1]

(ii)

## State one situation where the phenomenon named in (i) is useful.

..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................ [1]

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BLANK PAGE

## Please turn over for Question 6.

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6

An alternating current supply is connected in series with a resistor R, as shown in Fig. 6.1.

Fig. 6.1
The variation with time t (measured in seconds) of the current I (measured in amps) in the
resistor is given by the expression
I = 9.9 sin(380t).
(a) For the current in the resistor R, determine
(i)

the frequency,

(ii)

## r.m.s. current = ............................................ A [2]

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15
(b) To prevent over-heating, the mean power dissipated in resistor R must not exceed
400 W.
Calculate the minimum resistance of R.

For
Examiners
Use

## resistance = ........................................... [2]

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16
7

## (a) State what is meant by the de Broglie wavelength.

..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................... [2]
(b) An electron is accelerated in a vacuum from rest through a potential difference of 850 V.
(i)

[2]
(ii)

## wavelength = ........................................... m [2]

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17
(c) Describe an experiment to demonstrate the wave nature of electrons.
You may draw a diagram if you wish.

For
Examiners
Use

..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................... [5]

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18
8

## (a) State what is meant by the binding energy of a nucleus.

..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................... [2]
(b) Show that the energy equivalence of 1.0 u is 930 MeV.

[3]
(c) Data for the masses of some particles and nuclei are given in Fig. 8.1.
mass / u
proton
neutron
deuterium ( 21H)
zirconium ( 97
40Zr)

1.0073
1.0087
2.0141
97.0980

Fig. 8.1
Use data from Fig. 8.1 and information from (b) to determine, in MeV,
(i)

## binding energy = ....................................... MeV [2]

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19
(ii)

For
Examiners
Use

## binding energy per nucleon = ....................................... MeV [3]

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20
Section B

For
Examiners
Use

## Answer all the questions in the spaces provided.

9

(a) Describe the structure of a metal wire strain gauge. You may draw a diagram if you
wish.

..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................... [3]
(b) A strain gauge S is connected into the circuit of Fig. 9.1.
+4.5 V
RF
strain
gauge S
+9 V

+
9 V

V1
1.0 k

RF

V2

VOUT

Fig. 9.1
The operational amplifier (op-amp) is ideal.
The output potential VOUT of the circuit is given by the expression
VOUT =
(i)

RF
(V2 V1).
R

## State the name given to the ratio

RF
R.

............................................................................................................................ [1]
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21
(ii)

The strain gauge S has resistance 125 when not under strain.
Calculate the magnitude of V1 such that, when the strain gauge S is not strained,
the output VOUT is zero.

For
Examiners
Use

V1 = ........................................... V [3]
(iii)

## In a particular test, the resistance of S increases to 128 . V1 is unchanged.

R
The ratio F is 12.
R
Calculate the magnitude of VOUT .

## VOUT = ........................................... V [2]

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22
10 Explain briefly the main principles of the use of magnetic resonance to obtain diagnostic
.................................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................... [8]

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23
11 The use of ionospheric reflection of radio waves for long-distance communication has, to a
great extent, been replaced by satellite communication.

For
Examiners
Use

(a) State and explain two reasons why this change has occurred.
1. ......................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
2. ......................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
[4]
(b) The radio link between a geostationary satellite and Earth may be attenuated by as
much as 190 dB.
Suggest why, as a result of this attenuation, the uplink and downlink frequencies must
be different.
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................... [2]

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12 (a) The signal-to-noise ratio in an optic fibre must not fall below 24 dB. The average noise
power in the fibre is 5.6 1019 W.
(i)

For
Examiners
Use

(ii)

## The fibre has an attenuation per unit length of 1.9 dB km1.

Calculate the maximum uninterrupted length of fibre for an input signal of power
3.5 mW.

## length = ......................................... km [3]

(b) Suggest why infra-red radiation, rather than ultraviolet radiation, is used for long-distance
communication using optic fibres.
..........................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................... [1]

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every
reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the
publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.
University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of
Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

UCLES 2011

9702/42/M/J/11

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## UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education Advanced Level

* 8 3 5 8 8 8 3 0 1 8 *

9702/43

PHYSICS
Paper 4 A2 Structured Questions

May/June 2011
2 hours

## Candidates answer on the Question Paper.

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES.
You may lose marks if you do not show your working or if you do not use
appropriate units.

## For Examiners Use

1
2

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part
question.

3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Total

## This document consists of 23 printed pages and 1 blank page.

DC (SLM/SW) 42899
UCLES 2011

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2
Data
speed of light in free space,

c = 3.00 10 8 m s 1

0 = 4 10 7 H m1

## permittivity of free space,

0 = 8.85 10 12 F m1

elementary charge,

e = 1.60 10 19 C

## the Planck constant,

h = 6.63 10 34 J s

## unified atomic mass constant,

u = 1.66 10 27 kg

## rest mass of electron,

me = 9.11 10 31 kg

## rest mass of proton,

mp = 1.67 10 27 kg

## molar gas constant,

R = 8.31 J K 1 mol 1

NA = 6.02 10 23 mol 1

## the Boltzmann constant,

k = 1.38 10 23 J K 1

gravitational constant,

G = 6.67 10 11 N m 2 kg 2

## acceleration of free fall,

g = 9.81 m s 2

UCLES 2011

9702/43/M/J/11

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3
Formulae
uniformly accelerated motion,

s = ut +  at 2
v 2 = u 2 + 2as

## work done on/by a gas,

W = p V
Gm
r

gravitational potential,

hydrostatic pressure,

p = gh

p =

a = 2x

## velocity of particle in s.h.m.,

v = v0 cos t
v = (x02 x 2)

electric potential,

V =

capacitors in series,



Nm 2
<c >
V

Q
40r

## 1/C = 1/C1 + 1/C2 + . . .

capacitors in parallel,

C = C1 + C2 + . . .

## energy of charged capacitor,

W =  QV

resistors in series,

R = R1 + R 2 + . . .

resistors in parallel,

## 1/R = 1/R1 + 1/R2 + . . .

alternating current/voltage,

x = x0 sin t

x = x0 exp( t )

decay constant,

UCLES 2011

0.693
t 

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4
Section A
Answer all the questions in the spaces provided.

## (a) State what is meant by a field of force.

..........................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................... [1]
(b) Gravitational fields and electric fields are two examples of fields of force.
State one similarity and one difference between these two fields of force.
similarity: ..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
difference: ........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
[3]
(c) Two protons are isolated in space. Their centres are separated by a distance R.
Each proton may be considered to be a point mass with point charge.
Determine the magnitude of the ratio
force between protons due to electric field
.
force between protons due to gravitational field

## ratio = ............................................... [3]

UCLES 2011

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5
2

## (a) State what is meant by a mole.

..........................................................................................................................................

For
Examiners
Use

..........................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................... [2]
(b) Two containers A and B are joined by a tube of negligible volume, as illustrated in
Fig. 2.1.

container A
3.1 103 cm3
17 C

container B
4.6 103 cm3
30 C

Fig. 2.1
The containers are filled with an ideal gas at a pressure of 2.3 105 Pa.
The gas in container A has volume 3.1 103 cm3 and is at a temperature of 17 C.
The gas in container B has volume 4.6 103 cm3 and is at a temperature of 30 C.
Calculate the total amount of gas, in mol, in the containers.

## amount = ........................................ mol [4]

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6
3

A capacitor consists of two metal plates separated by an insulator, as shown in Fig. 3.1.

metal plate

insulator

metal plate

Fig. 3.1
The potential difference between the plates is V. The variation with V of the magnitude of the
charge Q on one plate is shown in Fig. 3.2.
20

15
Q / mC
10

10

15
V/V

Fig. 3.2
(a) Explain why the capacitor stores energy but not charge.
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................... [3]

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7
(b) Use Fig. 3.2 to determine
(i)

For
Examiners
Use

## capacitance = .......................................... F [2]

(ii)

the loss in energy stored in the capacitor when the potential difference V is reduced
from 10.0 V to 7.5 V.

## energy = ......................................... mJ [2]

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(c) Three capacitors X, Y and Z, each of capacitance 10 F, are connected as shown in
Fig. 3.3.
Y

X
A

B
Z

Fig. 3.3
Initially, the capacitors are uncharged.
A potential difference of 12 V is applied between points A and B.
Determine the magnitude of the charge on one plate of capacitor X.

## charge = ......................................... C [3]

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9
4

## (a) The first law of thermodynamics may be expressed in the form

For
Examiners
Use

U = q + w.
Explain the symbols in this expression.
+ U .................................................................................................................................
+ q ....................................................................................................................................
+ w ...................................................................................................................................
[3]
(b) (i)

## State what is meant by specific latent heat.

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................ [3]

(ii)

Use the first law of thermodynamics to explain why the specific latent heat of
vaporisation is greater than the specific latent heat of fusion for a particular
substance.
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................ [3]

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5

A bar magnet is suspended vertically from the free end of a helical spring, as shown in
Fig. 5.1.

helical
spring

magnet

coil

Fig. 5.1
One pole of the magnet is situated in a coil. The coil is connected in series with a
high-resistance voltmeter.
The magnet is displaced vertically and then released.
The variation with time t of the reading V of the voltmeter is shown in Fig. 5.2.

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5 t / s

Fig. 5.2
(a) (i)

## State Faradays law of electromagnetic induction.

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................ [2]

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11
(ii)

1.

For
Examiners
Use

## there is a reading on the voltmeter,

..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................ [1]
2.

## this reading varies in magnitude,

..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................ [1]
3.

## the reading has both positive and negative values.

..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................ [1]
(b) Use Fig. 5.2 to determine the frequency f0 of the oscillations of the magnet.

f0 = .......................................... Hz [2]
(c) The magnet is now brought to rest and the voltmeter is replaced by a variable frequency
alternating current supply that produces a constant r.m.s. current in the coil.
The frequency of the supply is gradually increased from 0.7 f0 to 1.3 f0, where f0 is the
frequency calculated in (b).
On the axes of Fig. 5.3, sketch a graph to show the variation with frequency f of the
amplitude A of the new oscillations of the bar magnet.

0.7 f0

f0

1.3 f0
f
[2]

Fig. 5.3
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(d) (i)

## Name the phenomenon illustrated on your completed graph of Fig. 5.3.

............................................................................................................................ [1]

(ii)

## State one situation where the phenomenon named in (i) is useful.

..................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................ [1]

UCLES 2011

9702/43/M/J/11

For
Examiners
Use

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13
BLANK PAGE

## Please turn over for Question 6.

UCLES 2011

9702/43/M/J/11

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14
6

An alternating current supply is connected in series with a resistor R, as shown in Fig. 6.1.

Fig. 6.1
The variation with time t (measured in seconds) of the current I (measured in amps) in the
resistor is given by the expression
I = 9.9 sin(380t).
(a) For the current in the resistor R, determine
(i)

the frequency,

(ii)

## r.m.s. current = ............................................ A [2]

UCLES 2011

9702/43/M/J/11

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15
(b) To prevent over-heating, the mean power dissipated in resistor R must not exceed
400 W.
Calculate the minimum resistance of R.

For
Examiners
Use

## resistance = ........................................... [2]

UCLES 2011

9702/43/M/J/11

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16
7

## (a) State what is meant by the de Broglie wavelength.

..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................... [2]
(b) An electron is accelerated in a vacuum from rest through a potential difference of 850 V.
(i)

[2]
(ii)

## wavelength = ........................................... m [2]

UCLES 2011

9702/43/M/J/11

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17
(c) Describe an experiment to demonstrate the wave nature of electrons.
You may draw a diagram if you wish.

For
Examiners
Use

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UCLES 2011

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18
8

## (a) State what is meant by the binding energy of a nucleus.

..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................... [2]
(b) Show that the energy equivalence of 1.0 u is 930 MeV.

[3]
(c) Data for the masses of some particles and nuclei are given in Fig. 8.1.
mass / u
proton
neutron
deuterium ( 21H)
zirconium ( 97
40Zr)

1.0073
1.0087
2.0141
97.0980

Fig. 8.1
Use data from Fig. 8.1 and information from (b) to determine, in MeV,
(i)

## binding energy = ....................................... MeV [2]

UCLES 2011

9702/43/M/J/11

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Use

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19
(ii)

For
Examiners
Use

## binding energy per nucleon = ....................................... MeV [3]

UCLES 2011

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20
Section B

For
Examiners
Use

## Answer all the questions in the spaces provided.

9

(a) Describe the structure of a metal wire strain gauge. You may draw a diagram if you
wish.

..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................... [3]
(b) A strain gauge S is connected into the circuit of Fig. 9.1.
+4.5 V
RF
strain
gauge S
+9 V

+
9 V

V1
1.0 k

RF

V2

VOUT

Fig. 9.1
The operational amplifier (op-amp) is ideal.
The output potential VOUT of the circuit is given by the expression
VOUT =
(i)

RF
(V2 V1).
R

## State the name given to the ratio

RF
R.

............................................................................................................................ [1]
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21
(ii)

The strain gauge S has resistance 125 when not under strain.
Calculate the magnitude of V1 such that, when the strain gauge S is not strained,
the output VOUT is zero.

For
Examiners
Use

V1 = ........................................... V [3]
(iii)

## In a particular test, the resistance of S increases to 128 . V1 is unchanged.

R
The ratio F is 12.
R
Calculate the magnitude of VOUT .

## VOUT = ........................................... V [2]

UCLES 2011

9702/43/M/J/11

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22
10 Explain briefly the main principles of the use of magnetic resonance to obtain diagnostic
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.................................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................... [8]

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Examiners
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23
11 The use of ionospheric reflection of radio waves for long-distance communication has, to a
great extent, been replaced by satellite communication.

For
Examiners
Use

(a) State and explain two reasons why this change has occurred.
1. ......................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
2. ......................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
[4]
(b) The radio link between a geostationary satellite and Earth may be attenuated by as
much as 190 dB.
Suggest why, as a result of this attenuation, the uplink and downlink frequencies must
be different.
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................... [2]

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24
12 (a) The signal-to-noise ratio in an optic fibre must not fall below 24 dB. The average noise
power in the fibre is 5.6 1019 W.
(i)

For
Examiners
Use

(ii)

## The fibre has an attenuation per unit length of 1.9 dB km1.

Calculate the maximum uninterrupted length of fibre for an input signal of power
3.5 mW.

## length = ......................................... km [3]

(b) Suggest why infra-red radiation, rather than ultraviolet radiation, is used for long-distance
communication using optic fibres.
..........................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................... [1]

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every
reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the
publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.
University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of
Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

UCLES 2011

9702/43/M/J/11

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## UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education Advanced Level

* 6 2 2 6 7 6 1 8 3 7 *

9702/51

PHYSICS
Paper 5 Planning, Analysis and Evaluation

May/June 2011
1 hour 15 minutes

## Candidates answer on the Question Paper.

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES.
You may lose marks if you do not show your working or if you do not use appropriate units.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

1
2
Total

## This document consists of 8 printed pages.

DC (LEO/SW) 29952/3
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2
1

When light is incident on the front of a photocell, an e.m.f. is generated in the photocell.
A student wishes to investigate the effect of adding various thicknesses of glass in front of
a photocell. This may be carried out in the laboratory by varying the number of identical thin
glass sheets between a light source and the front of the photocell.
It is suggested that the e.m.f. V is related to the number n of glass sheets by the equation
V = V0e nt
where t is the thickness of one sheet, is the absorption coefficient of glass and V0 is the
e.m.f. for n = 0.
Design a laboratory experiment to determine the absorption coefficient of glass. You should
draw a diagram, on page 3, showing the arrangement of your equipment. In your account
you should pay particular attention to
(a) the procedure to be followed,
(b) the measurements to be taken,
(c) the control of variables,
(d) the analysis of the data,
(e) the safety precautions to be taken.
[15]

UCLES 2011

9702/51/M/J/11

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Use

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3
Diagram

For
Examiners
Use

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For
Examiners
Use

UCLES 2011

Defining the
problem

Methods of
data collection

Method of
analysis

9702/51/M/J/11

Safety
considerations

detail

For
Examiners
Use

www.maxpapers.com
5
2

A student is investigating how a volume of nitrogen gas is affected by the pressure exerted
on it.

For
Examiners
Use

## A sample of nitrogen gas is trapped in a vertical tube of uniform cross-sectional area by a

small volume of oil. Pressure is applied by a pump. The applied pressure is measured on a
gauge, as shown in Fig. 2.1.

nitrogen

pressure gauge
oil

pump
air
Fig. 2.1
The temperature T of the nitrogen is 290 K.
An experiment is carried out to investigate how the height h of nitrogen trapped in the tube
varies with the pressure p.

## Question 2 continues on the next page.

UCLES 2011

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6
It is suggested that p and h are related by the equation

For
Examiners
Use

pAh = NkT
where A is the cross-sectional area of the tube, k is the Boltzmann constant and N is the
number of molecules of nitrogen gas.
1
on the x-axis. Express the gradient in
(a) A graph is plotted of p on the y-axis against
h
terms of N.

(b) Values of p and h are given in Fig. 2.2.
p / 105 Pa

h / 103 m

1.10

400 5

1.22

360 5

1.38

320 5

1.57

280 5

1.83

240 5

2.09

210 5
Fig. 2.2

## Calculate and record values of

1
1
in Fig. 2.2. Include the absolute uncertainties in .
h
h
[3]

(c) (i)

## Plot a graph of p / 105 Pa against

1 1
1
/ m . Include error bars for .
h
h

[2]

(ii)

Draw the straight line of best fit and a worst acceptable straight line on your graph.
Both lines should be clearly labelled.
[2]

(iii)

Determine the gradient of the line of best fit. Include the uncertainty in your

UCLES 2011

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7
2.1

For
Examiners
Use

2.0

1.9
p / 105 Pa
1.8

1.7

1.6

1.5

1.4

1.3

1.2

1.1

1.0
2.0

UCLES 2011

2.5

3.0

3.5

9702/51/M/J/11

4.0

4.5

5.0
1
/ m1
h

5.5

[Turn over

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8
(d) In this experiment, A = 3.14 106 m2 and k = 1.38 1023 J K1. Using your answer in
(c)(iii), determine the value of N. Include the absolute uncertainty in your value.

For
Examiners
Use

N = ............................................................[2]
(e) (i)

The pressure is reduced so that p = 1.10 105 Pa and the temperature decreases
by 12 1 K.

h = ............................................................[2]
(ii)

## percentage uncertainty = ........................................................ % [1]

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every
reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the
publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.
University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of
Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

UCLES 2011

9702/51/M/J/11

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## UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education Advanced Level

* 6 6 5 5 0 6 9 1 7 1 *

9702/52

PHYSICS
Paper 5 Planning, Analysis and Evaluation

May/June 2011
1 hour 15 minutes

## Candidates answer on the Question Paper.

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES.
You may lose marks if you do not show your working or if you do not use appropriate units.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

1
2
Total

## This document consists of 8 printed pages.

DC (LEO/SW) 29954/2
UCLES 2011

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2
1

## A student wishes to investigate projectile motion.

A small ball is rolled with velocity v along a horizontal surface. When the ball reaches the
end of the horizontal surface, it falls and lands on a lower horizontal surface. The vertical
displacement of the ball is p and the horizontal displacement of the ball is q, as shown in
Fig 1.1.
v

Fig. 1.1
It is suggested that
gq 2 = 2pv 2
where g is the acceleration of free fall.
Design a laboratory experiment to investigate how q is related to p and how v may be
determined from the results. You should draw a diagram, on page 3, showing the arrangement
of your equipment. In your account you should pay particular attention to
(a) the procedure to be followed,
(b) the measurements to be taken,
(c) the control of variables,
(d) the analysis of the data,
(e) the safety precautions to be taken.
[15]

UCLES 2011

9702/52/M/J/11

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Examiners
Use

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3
Diagram

For
Examiners
Use

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........................................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................................
UCLES 2011

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.........................................................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................................................

For
Examiners
Use

UCLES 2011

Defining the
problem

Methods of
data collection

Method of
analysis

9702/52/M/J/11

Safety
considerations

detail

For
Examiners
Use

www.maxpapers.com
5
2

For
Examiners
Use

## The circuit is set up as shown in Fig. 2.1.

+18 V
+
E

F
18 V

V
R

Fig. 2.1
The op-amp is connected to a +18 V and 18 V power supply.
E is the e.m.f. of the cell, which has a value of 1.6 0.1 V.
An experiment is carried out to investigate how the reading V on the voltmeter varies with
resistance R.

## Question 2 continues on the next page.

UCLES 2011

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6
It is suggested that V and R are related by the equation

For
Examiners
Use

V= F E+E
R
where F is the resistance of the fixed resistor in the circuit.
(a) A graph is plotted of V on the y-axis against 1 on the x-axis. Express the gradient in
E
R
terms of F.

(b) Values of R and V are given in Fig. 2.2.
R/

V /V

150

14.4 0.1

220

10.4 0.1

330

7.4 0.1

470

5.6 0.1

680

4.4 0.1

860

3.8 0.1

1
/ 103 1
R

V
E

Fig. 2.2
V
1
in Fig. 2.2. Include the absolute
/ 103 1 and
Calculate and record values of
E
R
V
uncertainties in .
[3]
E
1
V
V
(c) (i) Plot a graph of
against / 103 1. Include error bars for .
[2]
R
E
E
(ii)

Draw the straight line of best fit and a worst acceptable straight line on your graph.
Both lines should be clearly labelled.
[2]

(iii)

Determine the gradient of the line of best fit. Include the uncertainty in your

UCLES 2011

9702/52/M/J/11

www.maxpapers.com
7
11

For
Examiners
Use

10
V
E
9

0
0

1
/ 103 1
R

UCLES 2011

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8
(d) Using your answer in (c)(iii), determine the value of F. Include the absolute uncertainty
in your value and an appropriate unit.

For
Examiners
Use

F = ............................................................[2]
(e) For one measurement, R has a value of 120 5%.
(i)

## Determine the value of

V
E

V
= ...........................................................[2]
E
(ii)

## voltmeter reading = ............................... V [1]

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every
reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the
publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.
University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of
Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

UCLES 2011

9702/52/M/J/11

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## UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education Advanced Level

* 8 8 7 7 3 7 3 3 3 1 *

9702/53

PHYSICS
Paper 5 Planning, Analysis and Evaluation

May/June 2011
1 hour 15 minutes

## Candidates answer on the Question Paper.

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES.
You may lose marks if you do not show your working or if you do not use appropriate units.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

1
2
Total

## This document consists of 8 printed pages.

DC (LEO/SW) 41845
UCLES 2011

[Turn over

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2
1

## A student wishes to investigate projectile motion.

A small ball is rolled with velocity v along a horizontal surface. When the ball reaches the
end of the horizontal surface, it falls and lands on a lower horizontal surface. The vertical
displacement of the ball is p and the horizontal displacement of the ball is q, as shown in
Fig 1.1.
v

Fig. 1.1
It is suggested that
gq 2 = 2pv 2
where g is the acceleration of free fall.
Design a laboratory experiment to investigate how q is related to p and how v may be
determined from the results. You should draw a diagram, on page 3, showing the arrangement
of your equipment. In your account you should pay particular attention to
(a) the procedure to be followed,
(b) the measurements to be taken,
(c) the control of variables,
(d) the analysis of the data,
(e) the safety precautions to be taken.
[15]

UCLES 2011

9702/53/M/J/11

For
Examiners
Use

www.maxpapers.com
3
Diagram

For
Examiners
Use

........................................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................................
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UCLES 2011

9702/53/M/J/11

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4

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.........................................................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................................................

For
Examiners
Use

UCLES 2011

Defining the
problem

Methods of
data collection

Method of
analysis

9702/53/M/J/11

Safety
considerations

detail

For
Examiners
Use

www.maxpapers.com
5
2

For
Examiners
Use

## The circuit is set up as shown in Fig. 2.1.

+18 V
+
E

F
18 V

V
R

Fig. 2.1
The op-amp is connected to a +18 V and 18 V power supply.
E is the e.m.f. of the cell, which has a value of 1.6 0.1 V.
An experiment is carried out to investigate how the reading V on the voltmeter varies with
resistance R.

## Question 2 continues on the next page.

UCLES 2011

9702/53/M/J/11

[Turn over

www.maxpapers.com
6
It is suggested that V and R are related by the equation

For
Examiners
Use

V= F E+E
R
where F is the resistance of the fixed resistor in the circuit.
(a) A graph is plotted of V on the y-axis against 1 on the x-axis. Express the gradient in
E
R
terms of F.

(b) Values of R and V are given in Fig. 2.2.
R/

V /V

150

14.4 0.1

220

10.4 0.1

330

7.4 0.1

470

5.6 0.1

680

4.4 0.1

860

3.8 0.1

1
/ 103 1
R

V
E

Fig. 2.2
V
1
in Fig. 2.2. Include the absolute
/ 103 1 and
Calculate and record values of
E
R
V
uncertainties in .
[3]
E
1
V
V
(c) (i) Plot a graph of
against / 103 1. Include error bars for .
[2]
R
E
E
(ii)

Draw the straight line of best fit and a worst acceptable straight line on your graph.
Both lines should be clearly labelled.
[2]

(iii)

Determine the gradient of the line of best fit. Include the uncertainty in your

UCLES 2011

9702/53/M/J/11

www.maxpapers.com
7
11

For
Examiners
Use

10
V
E
9

0
0

1
/ 103 1
R

UCLES 2011

9702/53/M/J/11

[Turn over

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8
(d) Using your answer in (c)(iii), determine the value of F. Include the absolute uncertainty
in your value and an appropriate unit.

For
Examiners
Use

F = ............................................................[2]
(e) For one measurement, R has a value of 120 5%.
(i)

## Determine the value of

V
E

V
= ...........................................................[2]
E
(ii)

## voltmeter reading = ............................... V [1]

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every
reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the
publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.
University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of
Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

UCLES 2011

9702/53/M/J/11