afyon_kış_okulu

© All Rights Reserved

8 views

afyon_kış_okulu

© All Rights Reserved

- Wind Power
- !!!bat algo
- Livro Time Series Analysis With R
- Artificial Intelligence Heuristics in Solving Vehicle Routing Problems With Time Window Constraints
- HOUSE HEARING, 110TH CONGRESS - BLOWING IN THE WIND: RENEWABLE ENERGY AS THE ANSWER TO AN ECONOMY ADRIFT
- City of Luverne - Electric Rates
- Petri Nets Manufacturing
- Riadi Thesis 2014 Jan (1)
- The windfarCrown Capital Management Environmental Scam: The windfarm delusionm delusion...pdf
- Grasp Approach to RCPSP With MinMax Robustness Objective
- Abstract Jeremy Grosman
- Hybrid Solar Wind Power Generation System
- Nss
- [2-A] 2 Toru Suzuki
- Hybrid Power Generation and Automatic Railway Gate Control
- Untitled
- 10.1.1.10
- Modern Trends in Non Conventional Energy
- Phy
- presentation on power grid inertia

You are on page 1of 33

OPTIMIZATION in RENEWABLE

ENERGY SYSTEMS

Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

Pamukkale University, Dept. of Electrical and Electronics Eng., Knkl Campus, 20040, Denizli

e-mail: iplikci@pau.edu.tr

web: www.pau.edu.tr/iplikci

phone: +90 (258) 2963197

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

1/33

CONTENTS

1. Introduction

2. Optimization Techniques

1.

Introduction

2.

Heuristic Optimization

3.

Gradient-Based Optimization

Sustainable Energy Systems

1.

Wind Power

2.

Solar Energy

3.

Geothermal Energy

4.

Bioenergy

5.

Hybrid Systems

5. Conclusions

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

2/33

1) Introduction

1.1) Why Optimization?

Due to the increasing demand and limited sources worldwide, sustainability is of great

importance

the energy very effectively.

The extension of energy sources and the information structure allow a fine screening

of energy resources, but also require the development of tools for the analysis and

understanding of huge datasets about the energy grid.

Key technologies in future ecological, economical and reliable energy systems are

taken over a key role for planning, optimizing and forecasting sustainable systems.

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

3/33

1) Introduction

1.2) Optimization in the Literature

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

4/33

2) Optimization Techniques

2.1) Introduction

2.1.1) General Format and Short Notation

Objective Function

min

Design Variables

= 1,2, ,

(1 , 2 , , )

1 ,2 ,,

s. t:

(1 , 2 , , ) = 0

(1 , 2 , , ) 0

1

2

=

min

()

s. t. : () = 0

() 0

16/01/2015

()

Local minimum

Global minimum

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

5/33

2) Optimization Techniques

2.2) Heuristic Optimization

2.2.1) Introduction

Heuristic methods are the methods that produce sufficient (even if not optimum)

solutions to the large scale problems very rapidly.

Meta-heuristics are generalizations of heuristics in the sense that they can be applied

to a wide set of problems.

16/01/2015

Trajectory vs population

memory-based vs memoryless

nature-inspired vs non-nature-inspired

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

6/33

2) Optimization Techniques

2.2) Heuristic Optimization

2.2.2) Trajectory Methods

Trajectory methods start the search process with a single solution. During the search

process, the solution is updated iteratively and the thus the outcome is also a single

optimized solution. Most of them are extensions of simple iterative improvement

procedures that incorporate techniques that enable the algorithm to escape from local

optima. Some of the trajectory methods are:

Simulated Annealing (SA)

Tabu Search (TS)

Greedy Randomized Adaptive Search Procedures (GRASP)

Variable Neighborhood Search (VNS)

Iterated Local Search (ILS)

Pareto Archived Evolution Strategy (PAES)

Multi-Objective Simulated Annealing (MOSA)

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

7/33

2) Optimization Techniques

2.2) Heuristic Optimization

2.2.3) Population-based Meta-Heuristics Methods

Population-based heuristics use a population of solutions which evolve during a given number of

iterations, also returning a population of solutions when the stop condition is fulfilled. The

main population-based heuristics include:

Genetic Algorithms (GA)

Evolutionary Algorithms (EA)

Scatter Search (SS)

Path Relinking (PR)

Memetic Algorithms (MA)

Ant Colony Optimization (ACO)

Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO)

Estimation of Distribution Algorithm (EDA)

Differential Evolution (DE)

Artificial Bee Colony Optimization (ABCO)

Population-based meta-heuristics are:

The Multiobjective Tabu Search (MOTS)

Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA/NSGA-II)

Pareto Simulated Annealing (PSA)

Single Front Genetic Algorithm (SFGA)

Strength Pareto Evolutionary Algorithm (SPEA/SPEA-II)

Pareto Envelope-based Selection Algorithm (PESA/PESA-II).

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

8/33

2) Optimization Techniques

2.2) Heuristic Optimization

2.2.4) Genetic Algorithm Cycle

GENETIC ALGORITHM CYCLE

(1 , 2 , , )

Population

fitness function

X1

N

number of population

X3

= 2

ith

roulette wheel

calculate F1 , F2 ,, FN

Sort from smallest to highest

XN

mutation

individual (solution)

original

1 0

0 1 1 1

0 1 0 0

1 0 1 1

0 1

mutated

1 0

0 0 1 1

0 0 0 1

1 1 1 1

0 0

= (1 , 2 , , )

crossover

= decimal2binary

binary counterpart of the

ith solution

16/01/2015

selection

X2

Parent 1

1 0

0 1 1 1

0 1 0 0

1 0 1 1

0 1

Parent 2

1 1

0 0 1 0

1 1 0 1

1 1 0 1

0 0

Offspring1

1 0

0 1 1 1

0 1 0 1

1 1 0 1

0 0

Offspring2

1 1

0 0 1 0

1 1 0 0

1 0 1 1

0 1

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

9/33

2) Optimization Techniques

2.3) Gradient-Based Optimization

2.3.1) Mathematical Basics

Gradient Vector

Hessian Matrix

Jacobian Matrix

16/01/2015

1 , 2 , ,

2 1 , 2 , ,

1 , 2 , ,

1 , 2 , ,

1

1 , 2 , ,

=

2

1 , 2 , ,

2 1 , 2 , ,

12

2 1 , 2 , ,

=

2 1

2

1 , 2 , ,

1

2 1 , 2 , ,

1 2

2 1 , 2 , ,

22

2

1 , 2 , ,

2

1 1 , 2 , ,

1

2 1 , 2 , ,

=

1

1 , 2 , ,

1

1 1 , 2 , ,

2

2 1 , 2 , ,

2

1 , 2 , ,

2

2 1 , 2 , ,

1

2 1 , 2 , ,

2

2

1 , 2 , ,

2

1 1 , 2 , ,

2 1 , 2 , ,

1 , 2 , ,

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

10/33

2) Optimization Techniques

2.3) Gradient-Based Optimization

2.3.2) Taylor Expansion, Descent Direction and Optimality Conditions

Taylor Expansion

+ = +

1

+ 2 + . .

2

Descent Direction

+ +

<

<0

Optimality Conditions

First-order Optimality Conditions: =

Second-order Optimality Conditions : 2 positive definite

Update Rule

If one can find a search direction that satisfies + <

+1 + kural ile gncelleme yaplr.

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

11/33

2) Optimization Techniques

2.3) Gradient-Based Optimization

2.3.3) First- and Second-order Methods

First-order Methods

Steepest Descent:

Conjugate Gradient:

= + 1

1 1

Second-order Methods

Newton:

= 2

Modified Newton:

= 2 +

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

12/33

2) Optimization Techniques

2.3) Gradient-Based Optimization

2.3.4) Quasi-Newton Methods and Second-order Approximate Methods

Quasi-Newton Methods

Davidon-Fletcher-Powell (DFP) :

= + ,

+1 = +

Broydon-Fletcher-Goldfarb-Shanno (BFGS) :

= +

, +1 = + +

= +1

= +1

Gauss-Newton (GN):

Levenberg-Marquardt (LM):

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

13/33

PROBLEM

ZM

important problem consisting of justifying the allocation

patterns of energy resources and services, formulation of local

policies

regarding

energy

consumption,

economic

development and energy structure, and analysis of

interactions among economic cost, system reliability and

energy-supply security.

distribution network expansion along with distributed energy

options

under carbon emission trading programs

with the aim of minimizing the error associated with the

estimated model parameters

and congestion management so that electricity supply and

demand are always evenly balanced

Honey Bee Mating Optimization (HBMO)

Ant Colony Optimization (ACO), ANN, GA

Destek Vektr Makineleri (SVM)

16/01/2015

Chance-Constrained Programming

Mixed Integer-Linear Programming (MILP)

Genetic Algorithms (GA)

Simulated Annealing (SA )

Tabu Search (TS)

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

14/33

3.1) Wind Power

3.3.1) Introduction

the increasing sizes of turbines and the lower prices per installed production

capacity of electricity.

Wind energy systems may not be technically viable in all locations because of

low wind speeds and the fact that it is more unpredictable than solar energy

Areas where winds are stronger and more constant, such as offshore and high

An accurate estimation of wind speed distributionthe site selection of wind

farms

Bayesian modelmodeling long-term wind speed distributions

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

15/33

3.1) Wind Power

3.3.1) Optimization in Wind Turbine Design

In particular, two important problems are often considered: wind turbine and wind farm layout

The power output of a turbine is a function of the:

density of the air

area swept out by the turbine blades

cube of the wind speed

Numerous metrics are used to measure the power quality of a wind turbine, such as

the power factor, reactive power,

Harmonic distortion

the optimization of the geometrical parameters of the rotor

configuration of stall-regulated horizontal-axis wind turbines with

the aim of achieving the best trade-off performance between the

total energy production per square meter of wind park and cost

(MOEA)

of multihybrid permanent-magnet wind generator systems

arising from wind speed distribution and powerspeed

characteristics

(MINLP)

collected at the neighbouring locations

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

16/33

3.1) Wind Power

3.3.2) Optimization in Wind Farm Layout

Wind farm layout consists of determining the optimum positions of wind turbines

within the farm in order to maximize energy production.

optimal placement of wind turbines for maximum production capacity while

limiting the number of turbines installed and the acreage of land occupied by

each wind farm

wind farm cost model based on the cumulative net cash flow value

throughout the wind farms lifespan

wind turbine placement based on wind distribution with the aim of both

maximizing the wind energy capture and minimizing an index that

determines constraint violations

Multi-Objective Evolutionary

Algorithm (MOEA)

considering the given wind conditions and wind park area

Mixed-Integer Nonlinear

Programming (MINLP)

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

17/33

3.2) Solar Energy

3.2.1) Introduction

Solar energy is radiant energy that is produced by the sun. In many parts of the world,

direct solar radiation is considered to be one of the best prospective sources of energy.

The main ways to convert solar radiation into energy are active and passive solar

design.

Passive solar design is often based on the optimal design of buildings that capture the

suns energy in order to reduce the need for artificial light and heating. Regarding

passive solar systems, a primary interest for researchers in solar energy is related to

the design and optimization of solar energy homes.

Active solar design is based on water heating converting solar radiation into heat using

photovoltaic panels and solar cells to convert the solar radiation into energy.

In order to design both active and passive solar energy systems, radiation data are

needed for the studied location.

calculating solar radiation levels over complex mountain terrains using data from only

one radiometric station

16/01/2015

ANN, Neuro-Fuzzy

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

18/33

3.2) Solar Energy

3.2.2) Active Solar Design

identifying the electrical parameters of photovoltaic solar cells and modules to

determine the corresponding maximum power point from the illuminated current

voltage characteristic

Genetic Algorithms

(GA)

maximizing the thermal performance of flat plate solar air heaters by considering

the different system and operating parameters

Genetic Algorithms

(GA)

determining the tilt angle of photovoltaic modules with the aim of maximizing the

electrical energy output of the modules

Particle Swarm

Optimization (PSO)

their size. The sizing optimization of a stand-alone photovoltaic system is a complex

optimization problem which aims to obtain acceptable energy and economic cost for

the consumer, and a relatively correct energy supply quality.

Optimal sizing of photovoltaic systems

16/01/2015

ANN ve GA

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

19/33

3.3) Bioenergy

3.3.1) Introduction

Bioenergy is renewable energy made available from materials derived from biological

sources. Biomass, a renewable energy source, is biological material from living, or

recently living organisms, including plants and animals.

Biomass is one of the most promising renewable energy sources, but more research is

required to prove that power generation from biomass is both technically and

economically viable

Biomass can be burned to produce steam for making electricity, or to provide heat to

industries and homes.

In addition biomass can be converted to other usable forms like methane gas, ethanol

fuel and biodiesel fuel.

Biomass power plants exist in over 50 countries around the world and supply a

growing share of electricity.

The sustainability of electricity generation from biomass must be assessed according

to the key indicators of price, efficiency, greenhouse gas emissions, availability,

limitations, land use, water use and social impacts.

Finding optimal location of biomass-fuelled systems for distributed power generation

with forest residues as biomass source

16/01/2015

binary PSO-based

method

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

20/33

3.4) Geothermal Energy

3.4.1) Introduction

Geothermal energy is the energy contained as heat inside the Earth. Geothermal heat

pumps are a highly efficient, renewable energy technology for heating and cooling.

This technology relies on the fact that, at depth, the Earth has a relatively constant

temperature, warmer than the air in winter and cooler than the air in summer.

The main advantage of using geothermal energy is that this renewable energy source

can provide power 24 h a day due to it is constant, without intermittence problems

compared to other renewable resources such as wind or solar energy.

It is expensive to build a power station but operating costs are low, resulting in low

energy costs for suitable sites.

Geothermal power plants now exist in 19 countries, and new plants are commissioned

annually. However, only a small fraction of the geothermal potential has been

developed so far, and there is ample space for an accelerated use of geothermal energy

both for electricity generation and direct applications.

optimization of the exploitation system of a low enthalpy geothermal aquifer, with

the aim of determining the annual pumping cost of the required flow and the

amortization cost of the pipe network, which carries the hot water from the wells

to a central water tank, situated on the border of the geothermal field

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

21/33

3.5) Hybrid Systems

3.5.1) Introduction

In the last decade, there has been a spectacular increase the interest in optimizing the design and

control of stand-alone hybrid power generation systems in order to manage energy between the

maximum energy captured and consumed energy.

The aim of optimizing the mix of the renewable system is maximizing its contribution to the peak

load, while minimizing the combined intermittence at a minimum cost.

the economic environmental dispatching of a hybrid power system

including wind and solar thermal energies.

Multi-Objective Evolutionary

Algorithm (MOEA) and GA

objectives to minimize are the total cost throughout the useful life of

the installation and the pollutant emissions

Multi-Objective Evolutionary

Algorithm (MOEA) and Strength Pareto

Evolutionary Algorithm (SPEA)

minimizing the annualized cost system and the loss of power supply

probability

rate industrial user with the aim of maximizing the economic benefits

of investing in a wind generation system and a photovoltaic

generation system

which selects the optimal number and type of units to minimize the

cost subject to the constraint that the load energy requirements are

completely covered

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

22/33

4.1) Introduction

4.1.1) The Concept of Modeling

analytically or mathematically. Here, the process can be all sorts of biological,

physical, chemical, electrical, mechanical, meteorological, social and financial

dynamical systems.

There are many such systems in the real world. For instance, dynamics of weather

conditions is so complex that it cannot be described mathematically, and thus it should

be modeled.similarly, stock market is a very complex system that incorporates many

variables and parameters. There some problems in the energy systems that need

modeling:

Electrical load prediction

Energy demand prediction

Therefore, when needed, we have to collect sufficient data from such energy systems

and then try to obtain a reliable model.

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

23/33

4.1) Introduction

4.1.2) Data Types Input-Output Data

1

MIMO

1

2

Input Data

Output Data

...

...

11

12

...

11

12

...

21

22

...

21

22

...

...

16/01/2015

unknown system

...

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

24/33

4.1) Introduction

4.1.2) Data Types Time Series

TS

1

2

16/01/2015

Input Data

+1

Output Data

1

1

2

2

2

3

...

...

...

+1

+1

...

+1

+2

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

25/33

4.2) Modeling and Model Selection

4.2.1) Generalization, Approximation and Prediction Errors

MIMO

1

2

1

11

21

1

Input Data

2

...

12

...

22

...

2

...

1

2

MIMO = ,

Output Data

1 2 ...

11 12 ... 1

21 22 ... 2

1 2 ...

=1

Model Output

1 2 ...

11 12 ... 1

21 22 ... 2

1 2 ...

real model

predicted model

optimum model

HYPOTHESIS SPACE

TARGET SPACE

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

26/33

4.2) Modeling and Model Selection

4.2.1) Emprical Error, Overfitting and Splitting Data

Under-learning

Over-learning

model complexity

Emprical error

= + +

training

test

validation

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

27/33

4.2) Modeling and Model Selection

4.2.2) Objective Function

min

, ,

=1 TRA

, ,

=1 VAL

=

=1 TRA

Complexity

best model

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

28/33

4.3) Example: Chaotic Time Series Predictyion by Artificial Neural Nets

4.3.1) Architecture of an Artificial Neural Network

Neural network

Single neuron

input signals

input weight

summing block

output weight

activation

function

1 bias weight

=

+

1,1

1

output signal

1,1

input weight

1,1

,1

1,1

1,

1,2

1,2

,2

1,

=

,

1

1,1

1,

+1 +

=

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

29/33

4.3) Example: Chaotic Time Series Predictyion by Artificial Neural Nets

4.3.2) Data

+1 = 3.9 1 ,

0 = 0.2

0.9

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

16/01/2015

20

40

60

80

100

k

120

140

160

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

180

200

30/33

4.3) Example: Chaotic Time Series Predictyion by Artificial Neural Nets

4.3.3) Model Output

LM VERI:logistic EGITIM VERISI SAYISI=119 TEST VERISI SAYISI=80 NORON SAYISI=10 GURULTU GENLIGI=0.01

1

gercek yorunge

en iyi model cikisi

tahmin cikisi

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0

50

100

150

200

250

0.8

egitim hatasi

0.2

0.6

0.4

0.15

hata

0.2

0

0.1

190

192

194

196

198

0.05

200

202

204

206

training error

test error

0

50

100

150

200

250

iterasyon

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

31/33

5) Conclusions

The optimization methods that have beenn used for solving optimization problems in

renewable energy systems have been developed day-by-day. They are especially used

in hybrid systems.

Some of these methods are based on the traditional methods like mixed-integer,

interval linear-programming, Lagrangian relaxation, quadratic programming, and

NelderMead Simplex, while others are based on some heuristics methods such as GA

and PSO.

On the other hand, the multi-objective function problems in the energy systems have

been solved by Pareto-optimization techniques.

The problems in the renewable energy systems that can be solved by optimization

techniques are

16/01/2015

Planning

Management of supply-demand balance

Optimization of design parameters

Prediction of power curve

Configuration

Optimization of economical load distribution

Wind-photovoltaic capacity coordination

Modeling and prediction

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

32/33

THANKS...

16/01/2015

The 4th Renewable Energy Systems Winter School Prof. Dr. Serdar PLK

33/33

- Wind PowerUploaded bytusharmali99
- !!!bat algoUploaded bychoopo
- Livro Time Series Analysis With RUploaded byedwardeduardo10
- Artificial Intelligence Heuristics in Solving Vehicle Routing Problems With Time Window ConstraintsUploaded byAlexander Dukas
- City of Luverne - Electric RatesUploaded byGenability
- HOUSE HEARING, 110TH CONGRESS - BLOWING IN THE WIND: RENEWABLE ENERGY AS THE ANSWER TO AN ECONOMY ADRIFTUploaded byScribd Government Docs
- Petri Nets ManufacturingUploaded byBentchikou Moh
- Riadi Thesis 2014 Jan (1)Uploaded byAmit Pratap Singh
- The windfarCrown Capital Management Environmental Scam: The windfarm delusionm delusion...pdfUploaded byscarlettwilliams01
- Grasp Approach to RCPSP With MinMax Robustness ObjectiveUploaded byCS & IT
- Abstract Jeremy GrosmanUploaded byChou Fleur
- Hybrid Solar Wind Power Generation SystemUploaded bysareer Vadakkan
- NssUploaded byVarun Kumar
- [2-A] 2 Toru SuzukiUploaded by環境エネルギー政策研究所
- Hybrid Power Generation and Automatic Railway Gate ControlUploaded byiaetsdiaetsd
- UntitledUploaded byeurolex
- 10.1.1.10Uploaded byPrathamesh Malgundkar
- Modern Trends in Non Conventional EnergyUploaded byViraj Sukale
- PhyUploaded byHi
- presentation on power grid inertiaUploaded byjorjijon
- A New Algorithm Improves the Efficiency of Small Wind TurbinesUploaded bySandeep Bunty
- Ebulletin4 01 Enero SwotUploaded bymajordome71
- Characteristics of Wind Turbines Under Normal and Fault ConditionsUploaded byEr Sandeep
- Brown Stefan Et Al APSC 479 2011Uploaded byFadjar Maulana
- NE0610-01-64Uploaded byLeandro Demari
- apch11_2Uploaded byAlok Nath
- Value of Storage_UMIST_250504.pdfUploaded bymuhannad11061975
- ChenGooi 2012 Sizingofenergystoragesystemformicrogrids AnnotatedUploaded byRa Luca
- Biomass ReportUploaded byRajat Negi
- As Solar Sales Plummet in Spain, Ríos Renovables Heads Overseas.pdfUploaded byhjkl22

- The Minimum Cost Optimal Power Flow Problem Solved (TEZ)Uploaded byangarali26
- YUKSEL OĞUZhibrit Energy SystemsUploaded byangarali26
- TANSU FİLİK Spatial Short-Term Wind Speed Estimation_finalUploaded byangarali26
- Selami̇ Kesler Afyonreswinter2015_selamikeslerUploaded byangarali26
- Rifat Edi̇zkan Resw-2015 Redizkan 18 Ocak_2Uploaded byangarali26
- Paul Nicolae BORZA Smart Grids and ICT2014Uploaded byangarali26
- Paul Nicolae BORZA Domotics2014FinalUploaded byangarali26
- Paul Nicolae BORZA Bionic Approach -Borza FinalUploaded byangarali26
- Ömer Nezi̇h Gerek Presentation1Uploaded byangarali26
- Mutlu BOZTEPEAfyon_sunum2015Uploaded byangarali26
- Mehmet Kurban Waste Aku Res MkurbanUploaded byangarali26
- m. Stoev Vipv Afyon 2015Uploaded byangarali26
- M. STOEV Small Energy Save PV SystemsUploaded byangarali26
- H.hÜseYİN ERKAYA Technology for Solar Cells 2015Uploaded byangarali26
- Fati̇h Onur Hocaoğlu Res_2015Uploaded byangarali26
- ENGİN KARATEPE Presentation Afyon Winter School 2015Uploaded byangarali26
- ENGİN ÇETİN Maintenance and Fault Detection in the Photovoltaic PowerUploaded byangarali26
- ARİF HEBBAŞLI Arif Hepbasli_afyon 17-1-2014Uploaded byangarali26
- Anna 6 Afyon 2015Uploaded byangarali26
- ANDREA TORTELLA Wind Energy TortellaUploaded byangarali26

- Review Thal BetaUploaded byKunthi Rahmawati
- Step by Step Approach for Configuration of Warehouse ManagementUploaded byKiran Pereira
- peer observation 1Uploaded byapi-299695683
- exam_prepUploaded byStarLink1
- IT366 Advanced Database Management SystemsUploaded byYasyr
- Research PaperUploaded by李默然
- English IOPUploaded byNicholas El Bizri
- Drug AbuseUploaded byC Sylvester Nworu
- Unit 1Uploaded bySumit Soni
- 23. People v Salomon G.R. No. 96848January 21, 1994Uploaded byJohn Yeung
- Myasthenia GravisUploaded byjinlaksic
- Gennadios Limouris, The Integrity of Creation in a World of Change Today, 1990Uploaded byConstantin Balasoiu
- 17ELE15Uploaded bydivya1587
- Guardiola Wrongful Death LawsuitUploaded byNews10NBC
- CA Mock Board 2018Uploaded byDen Mark G. Orquia
- Masculinity versus Femininity: An Analysis of Woman at Point Zero written by Nawal El SaadawiUploaded byEditor IJTSRD
- samplecscrmUploaded byperezrav
- United States v. Stefon Wilson, 3rd Cir. (2010)Uploaded byScribd Government Docs
- A Prayer From the WombUploaded byMaikah Richport
- a look into zodiac signsUploaded byapi-276808031
- 2012 Pumpkin Patch Case StudyUploaded byDisting
- SmoothiesUploaded byAlice Aishi
- 33_Design (1)Uploaded byDasaka Brahmendra
- adsorption (2)Uploaded byaleena'
- Newbooksinbrief.com-50 a Summary of Smarter the New Science of Building Brain Power by Dan HurleyUploaded byrrwu18
- New Microsoft Office Word Document (11)Uploaded byసురేంద్ర కారంపూడి
- conflict-management-styles-quizUploaded byapi-312460838
- Chapter 1- ni pampam.docxUploaded byPamela Magbanua Cabangon
- Transit Astrology.pdfUploaded byJim Letterman
- Burk-Math-Autobiography.pdfUploaded byJustin Ong