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# Antennas 116

Antenna Synthesis
Given a radiation pattern, find the required current
distribution to realize it.

Synthesis Principles
For a line source, the pattern is

where
Let

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We have

## This is Fourier Transform. The inverse gives

Usually, the
derived from the inverse Fourier
Transform of a given
is infinite in extent. To
approximate, truncate the current as follows
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Example 8-1
Given
The current is
The generated pattern is

## Woodward-Lawson Sampling Method

Let

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where

Then

where
Note that
Provide better match than Fourier transform.

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## Linear Array Shaped Beam Synthesis Methods

Fourier Series Method
Expand

in interval

by Fourier series

Then

## Compare to a equal space linear array with current

amplitude and spacing

We can make
to approximate the pattern.

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## Woodward-Lawson Sampling Method

The synthesized array factor is the superposition of
array factors from uniform amplitude, linear phase
arrays:

where

Comparison

Ripple R:

in main beam.

Transition width T:
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## Dolph-Chebyshev Linear Array Method

Chebyshev Polynomials

which is a polynomial of
A few examples,

with order n.

Properties:
1.
2.
3.

122

: n1.

Antennas 123

4.
5.

## Number of roots: n. Roots are all in

.
All curves pass through (1,1), and (-1, 1) for even
order, (-1,-1) for odd order.

## Suppose a linear array with spacing , total number of

element . Then, array factor is
where
If the current distribution is symmetric, that is,
or rewrite it this way using the mid-point as the phase
reference,
for
for
Rewrite it again,

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In both cases,

is a polynomial of

with order

.
Let
then

maximum

, or

. Then the

Visible regions:

, or
.

To compute
or

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, or

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## For narrowest mainbeam width for a given side lobe

level,

where

Half-power beamwidth:

where

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or

Directivity:

Example 8-5
Five-element, broadside, -20 dB side-lobe, halfwavelength spaced Dolph-Chebyshev Array (P=5, N=2)

where
From 8-48
then

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Example 8-6
Optimum 10-element, -30 dB SLL, Dolph-Chebyshev
endfire array

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## The Taylor Line Source Method

Let
where

is a constant and

## At the pattern maximum,

which is the main beam-to-side lobe ratio.
In side lobe region,
The zeros of this function are

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As

## This is the ideal Taylor line source where

Zeros are at
Taylor line source:

where
The pattern becomes

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