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II PUC PHYSICS

IMPORTANT QUESTIONS
ONE Mark Questions
1.

Is the speed of light same in all media?

2.

Lateral shift is minimum and maximum for what colour.

3.

At what angle of incidence lateral shift is minimum and maximum.

4.

Define Critical angle and for what colour it is maximum and minimum.

5.

What is the principal of optical fibre.

6.

A properly cut diamond sparkles but a properly cut glass doesn’t sparkle. Give reasons.

7.

What is a thin Prism and give the expression for its deviation.

8.

What is meant by Dispersion of light?

9.

What is the phenomenon involved in Rainbow.
(or) Rainbow in a sky is due to

10. Define – 1) Dispersive Power

2) Angular dispersion.

11. Define – 1)Prism2) Refracting Surface 3) BAYS.
12. Define – 1)Pole of Spherical Surface

2) Principal Axis

3)Aperture

4)Focal length.

13. What is a lens? Define Optic Centre and Principal focus.
14. Write the expression for focal length when two lenses are separated by a distance ‘d’.
15. What is Power of lens and Power of Spherical Surface.
16. Who gave –
1) Corpuscalar Theory. 2) Electromagnetic Theory

3) Quantum Theory 4) Wave theory.

17. Which Scientist Confirmed the Electromagnetic Waves.
18. Which Scientist confirmed the Ether.
19. What is the Speed of light in Vacuum/air.
20. What is the angle between Electric and Magnetic Vectors.
21. Does longitudinal wave exhibit the phenomenon of interference.
22. What is interference and give example.
23. How does intensity of light vary with amplitude.
24. Give an example for interference in a thin film.
25. Why do we observe Colours from Soap bubble.
26. Conditions for – 1) Constructive interference 2) Destructive interference.
27. What is fringe Width and give its expression.
28. If Red light is replaced by an Yellow light, what happens to fringe width.
29. What are Co-herent Sources?
30. Give Expression for radius of Bright Ring and Dark ring in Newton’s Rings.

What is the dimensional formula for resistance? . 56. What is the relation between E0 and Er . Why Sound waves diffract more than light waves. 48. 55. Define – 1) Uniaxial Crystal 2) Biaxial Crystal 3) Dictroism 4) Double Refraction and give example for the same. What is Optic Axis. Define – Relaxation time. Define – 1) Electric field 2) Equipotential surface. Order of Relaxation time. What is the value of ‘C’ obtained by Michelson’s Rotating Mirror. A polythene piece rubbed with wool has –ve charge of 1. 62.. Write down the formula for ‘C’ obtained by Michelson’s Rotating Mirror. Is dielectric strength same as Relative Permittivity. Give the formula for ‘C’ in Michelson’s experiment. Name the Scientist who determined the Speed of light. 58. 63. 64. What is the Potential of the Earth. 47. 59.6 C. 39. What is Optical Activity? 41.2 II PUC Physics Important Questions 31. What happens to force between the two charge bodies when a glass plate is introduced. 38. How many reflecting faces are their in Michelson’s Rotating Mirror. When rotating mirror with 10 faces are used. What form of energy is stored in a Capacitor. What is the force between any two Point charges – each of charge 1 C separated by 1 m in air. Who discovered diffraction and what in a wavefront? 32. What is the number of electrons. 33. 44. 43. What is a dielectric Constant/Relative Permittivity. 60. Mention any one factor for which – Resolving power of Microscope and Telescope depend. Is electric flux a Scalar/Vector. Name the device used to detect charge on the body. 34. 61. Drift Velocity. Define Capacitance of the Spherical Conductor. Define Surface density. 53. What is Electric flux and give SI Unit. 46. 35. Define Capacitance of a Capacitor. 50. Define Specific Rotation for Solids and Solutions. How many electrons make 1 coloumb. 65. 49. 42. Why? 51. 40. 45. 57. 37. 52. What is the aim of Michelson’s Rotating Mirror Experiment. Electrostatic Experiment doesn’t give good result in Rainy day. Define Lateral Shift and Resolving power of a – 1) Microscope 2) Telescope. Can two electric lines of force intersect. Define – 1) Polarizing angle 2) Brewster’s law. What is Polarization? How light exhibits transverse native? 36. 54.

KVL. Why metal strips in meter Bridge are made thick? 82.11kΩ and 120 Ω . State – 1) Maxwell’s Right Hand Screw Rule. Give Principle on which Meter Bridge works. Magnanin are used to make standard Resistance coils? 71. Alloys. At what point on the axis of a Current Carrying Solenoid maximum. What are SQUIDS? 76. What is the resistance of a resistor RED BLACK GOLD Colour. What is the expression for magnetic field at the centre and at the ends of the Solenoid? 97. What is the Resistance of 60 W. What is the used for magnetic flux density? 87. Find the Colour Code of Resistor of resistance 0. 91. What is the Relation between B. Tesla. Define Solenoid. . Why Alloys like Constantin. Write an expression for Electric Intensity at a point due to a point charge in Vector form. 99. Define – 1) Terrestrial Magnetism 2) Declination 3) Magnetic dip 4) BH 89. What is a Dipole? 92. Write the Significance of KVL & KCL. 68. Define Electric Intensity and give the relation between Electric field and Electric Potential. 85. 80. 93. Define-Magnetic field. 88. What is Meter Bridge? 81. What is Super Conductivity and Critical temperature? 74. 96. 95. 67. Give the expression for electric field at a point on – 1) Axial line 2) Equitorial line due to a short dipole. 77. 90. MESH. 79. 83. Define terminal potential difference of the Cell. Why terminal potential difference of the Cell is lesser than the emf of the Cell? 78. Define Reduction factor (k). How does resistance vary absolute temperature for NTC? 75. Define – 1) Electric Network. B4 and Bv ? 94. 220 V bulb? 73. metals. 98. What is the magnetic field due to a current carrying Conductor? 86. At which point on the Axis of the Circular Coil Carrying Current the Magnetic field is maximum. What is the unit for resistivity? Does it depend upon dimensions of the object? 70. Write of Order of Resistivity of –semi Conductor. 2) Maxwell’s Right Hand Cark Rule. Which of them has a Smaller value of Resistance – Metal or oil? 69. Who discovered Magnetic effect of electric Current? 84. NODE. In a Tg when is the accuracy of measurement of current is maximum. 72.II PUC Physics Important Questions 3 66. KCL.

114. 111. Lenz law. Why inductance Coil is made up of Constantin and Magnanin? 115. In what form the energy is stored in a Current Coil. Why AC is preffered over DC? 128. 119. 106. What is Motional Emf? 118. What is the principle involved in Transformer? 126. 105. What is the Relation between Average Value and RMS Value? 120. What is a Spectrum? 129. What is shunt Resistance? 110. 113. What is the relation between Inductive Reactance and Capacitive reactance? 122. 127. 116. When is Line Emission. Why Phosphor Bronze wire and Soft iron Core is introduced in Moving Coil Galvanometer? 109.4 II PUC Physics Important Questions 100. Define – 1) AC 2) Period 3) Frequency 4) Average Value. What is the Self Induction. Give their SI UNIT. 125. What is the Principle in Moving Coil Galvanometer? 107. Where is Thermoinic Emission employed? 132. Quality factor. What is the expression for charged particle moving in the region of external magnetic field in the vector form? 101. Give Newmann’s Relation. 112. What is the magnitude of a force experienced by a charge particle moving along the direction of magnetic field? 103. What is the nature of magnetic field in Moving Coil Galvanometer? 108. BAND Spectrum produced and give example? 130. Where is field Emission employed? 133. Expression for mechanical force acting on Current Carrying Conductor. 131. Continuous absorption and BAND absorpation Spectra. Give examples for line Absorption. Expression for energy stored in the Coil. Where is Secondary emission employed? . What is the path traversed by a charge particle when it generates an angle of 30° with the magnetic field? 104. Mutual induction. Define-Wattless Current. Eddy Currents. What is the phase relation between Current and Voltage in an AC Circuit for both Inductor and Capacitors? 123. State – Fleming’s Right Hand Rule and Fleming’s left Hand Rule. 117. What is the relation between RMS and Peak Value? 121. Continuous emission. Define EMI. Will neutron experience a force? 102. Write the Significance of Lenz law. Why Capacitor blocks DC? 124. Define Power factors.

What is Ionization energy and what is its value for H 2 atom? 156. visible light. 143. Define – Threshold frequency. 166. What are Stoke and Antistroke lines? 164. What is Services limit? 158. Stimulated emission? . What is electron Microscope? 154. What is the Rest mass of a Photon? 142. 148. X-Ray. 152. What are Coherent and incoherent Scattering. 137. 155. MW. Among these two which is more energetic – 1) Photon of Violet 2) Photon of Red. Give examples. 153. Define Photo Current. Why Red light is used in traffic Signals? 163. 151. Another name for field emission. Give the uses of different Emagnetic waves γ − Ray. Define Magnetic lens. What is a Semi-Conductor? 140. What is the Specific charge of an electron? 141. 160. Photo electric effect. Does De-Broglie ' λ ' depend on charge. Write De-Broglie ' λ ' in terms of – 1) Momentum 2) Kinetic Energy 3) Potential. Why metals are preferred for electron emission? 139. Define Stopping Potential. 138. What is flash Spectrum? 144. UV Ray. What is Scattering of light? Is it Polarized? 161. Who discovered Photo electric effect? 145. What is electromagnetic wave? 136. Spontaneous emission. How does work function vary with frequency or intensity. Does the De-Broglie Wavelength of an electron change with its potential. 135. IR. 165. 159. Threshold Wavelength. Which Scientist discovered Matter waves and who proved dual Nature experimentally? 150. Define work function. According to Somerfield’s atomic model. RW. What is stimulated/Induced absorption. 147.II PUC Physics Important Questions 5 134. To which Region of Electromagentic Spectrum belongs to – 1) Lyman 2) Balmer 3) Pascher 4) Bracket 5) Pfond. Give any two Applications of Raman Scattering. What is Excitation energy and what is its value for H 2 atom? 157. 149. 146. Why Sun appears Red at dawn and dust? 167. how many Circles and Ellipses are possible for Principal Quantum Number. What is the colour of the sky in the absence of atmosphere? 162.

What are elementary particles? Name the types. 181. What is a Binding energy and Specific Binding energy? 184.6 II PUC Physics Important Questions 168. Example for Pulsed laser. Among Fission/fusion which yields more energy per nucleon. Life time of meta-stable state. What is a thermal nucleon? 182. 192. Chain Reaction is not possible in natural 92 U 235 183. 179. Who developed Ruby laser? What is its colour? 172. What is the magnetic state of Ruby? 174. Define half life and mean life. . Holography and Photonics. When the temperature of the radioactive sample increases. Define decay Constant and state decay law. 171. 170. 201. Curie and Rutherford. Give Quark Model for – Proton. Sigma. Why it is difficult to detect neutrino? 198. 177. 169. 189. Define Radioactivity. Nuclear waste. Lambda. 185. Define mass defect. Baryons and Mesons. Define Becquerel. What is the spin of Baryons and Mesons? 202. and which are the 3 basic Quarks? 203. What is the Order of Nuclear density? 180. What is percentage of initial amount disintegrate in one mean life? 191. What is the Order of radius and diameter of the nucleus? 176. 175. 194. Define amu. what happens to Activity? 197. What is the process responsible for release of energy in stars? 187. What are Hadrons. What is Activity? SI unit. Why fusion is a thermal nuclear reaction? 186. What is the order of average life time of an atom in the meta-stable state? 173. Define LIDAR. 200. 193. 190. Calculate the number of neutrons in 92 U 235 178. Define Population inversion. If mass number is 125 then what is the radius. Packing fraction? 188. What is the time interval in which number of Radioactive sample tends to become Zero? 196. What are Radio Isotopes? 195. What is Critical Size. electronvolt. 199. What are Quarks. Leptons. Name the Scientist who explained neutrino hypothesis. Xi. neutron. Omega.

thermotrophic Liquid Crystals. 212. What are logic gates. 224. 225. 222. 8. Write Einstein’s Photoelectric Equation. Define power and what is its unit. Resistance of an ideal diode in forward and reverse biasing. charm. 215. . Truth tables for OR. 218. Draw a neat diagram to obtain a Pure-Spectrum. Name the region of a transistor in the order of decreasing doping and size. Give the types of Nematic liquid Crystals. Explain how light exhibits dual nature. 214. What are the conditions for total internal reflection? 3. 219. Show that for a thin prism d = A ( n − 1 ) . 210. strange. 6. What is Soft Condensed matter physics? 216. What are values of – up. top. What is Artificial Radioactivity? TWO Marks Questions 1 sin C 1. Show that m = v− f f and m = . bottom quarks charges? 205. 5. What is the order of thickness of depletion region? 207. 217. Give example for — Oil in H 2O emulsion & H 2O in Oil Emulsion. Which type of liquid Crystals have helical structure? 221. 211. 206. Define Synerisis. Prove that n = 2. f v− f 10. down. Define linear magnification and give its expression. What is a Rectifier? 209. Explain why diamond sparkles. Lyotrophic liquid Crystals. Define half adder and full adder. 9. Define hyperons. AND & XOR Gate. 4. Define Liquid Crystals. 208.II PUC Physics Important Questions 7 204. Which type of liquid Crystals are used for displaying? 220. Define – 1) Amplification 2) Amplifier 3) Photodiode 4) LED 5) Doping. Examples for Universal gates? 213. Write the Circuit Symbols for – 1) Diode 2) Light Emitting diode 3) Photo diode 4) Rectification. Give the circuit symbols for following gates – 1) AND 2) OR 3) NAND 4) NOR 5) XOR. Write a note on Achromatic Combination of Prisms. What are flash lines and hence define flash spectrum? 223. 7.

Define Optical Activity and hence define Dextro & Laevo Rotatory substances. 28. 24. 13. Write the importance of speed of light (minimum 2 points) 25. Write any two difference between Fresnel & Fraunhoffer diffraction. 27. Write the expression for Lateral shift and Normal Shift. Write any two Properties of charges. 44. What is the intensity of the plane-Polarized light? 18. Define — 1) Circularly Polarized light. What is a Torque on a Dipole? 36. 45. 21. Write the diagrams & expression for Spherical Plate Capacitor. 43. 12. 34. Write the expressions for Resolving Power and limit of Resolution for Microscope. 38. What are Polar and Non-Polar molecules? 32. Give examples for — Dichroic Crystals and hence define Selective absorption. State Coloumb’s Law & explain. List any two uses of Capacitors. Write the expressions for Resolving Power and limit of Resolution for telescope. State Gauss Theorem and explain. 15. 31. Define Electric field and electric intensity. Define – 1) Ordinary 2) Extraordinary rays. 37. 17. How can Capacitance of a Spherical Capacitor can be increased. What is a dipole? Define – 1) Axial line 2) Equitorial line. What are the factors on which drift Velocity depends? 46. 40. Write the diagrams & expression for Cylindrical Plate Capacitor. Write the diagrams & expression for parallel Plate Capacitor. 2) Elliptically polarized light. 30.8 II PUC Physics Important Questions 11. 35. 42. Define — 1) Plane of Polarization 2) Plane of Vibration. Write any two differences between – 1) Polar Molecules 2) Non-polar Molecules. What are the limitations of Ohm’s law? . 39. 14. Define Relaxation time and how does Relaxation time vary with temperature. What are Coherent Sources? Give examples. What is Electrification? Mention any two methods. What is Dipole moment? Give its SI UNIT. 29. Define Mobility and give its SI UNIT. 22. When the dielectric is introduced between the plates of the parallel plate Capacitor Connected to a cell what happens to – 1) Capacitance 2) Charge 3) Potential. 20. 41. What are positive and negative Crystals? 19. 16. 23. 26. What are Polaroids? Mention any 2 uses. What is electric Potential and write its expression. Write the differences between Induction and Conduction. 33.

What is the power factors for a Circuit Containing – 1) Pure Resistance 3) Pure Capacitor. Define Conductance and give its UNIT. 56. When is the torque on a Current loop in the magnetic field is maximum and minimum? 67. When is the Magnetic force. 58. Give the expression for a Torque on a Current loop in the magnetic field. Account on this. 69. 74. 71.C Circuit and write its expression? 73. Define Resistivity and give its UNIT. Define – 1) Retentivity 2) Coercivity. 78. Thicker is the wire. When the Cell is said to be closed and open? 54. 72. Define impedance and give its unit. 53. Write a note on turns ratio of a transformer. Define — Coefficient of self Induction & Coefficient of Mutual induction. Distinguish between Inductive Reactance and Capacitive Reactance. 57. Define Magnetic dipole moment. When is the Mechanical force. What are Super Conductors and give any two uses? 55. On what factors Self Induction of a coil depend. Give the expression of temperature Coefficient for a thermistor and a Conductor. 81. What is tangent law in magnetism? 61.Maximum and Minimum? 64. 76.Give its direction and unit. 51. 48. Assuming the expression for the magnetic field at a point along the Axis of a Circular Coil carrying Current obtain an expression for Magnetic field at the Centre. 49. 60. What are Eddy Currents? Write any two applications. 52. lesser is the Resistance. 75. What is the average Power in an A. What are initial adjustments that should be made in TG ? 63. What is an ideal transformer and what is its efficiency. 50. 80. 2) Pure inductor . Define Hysterisis. 59. 79. State. State and explain Laplace law. 68. 70.II PUC Physics Important Questions 9 47. What are Ohmic & Non Ohmic Devices? Give examples.C Circuits? 77. Mention the expression for ‘Magnetic field’ at a point due to a straight Conductor carrying current. What is Magnetic flux and give its expression? 66. Define – 1) Geographic Axis 2) Magnetic Axis.1) Faraday’s 1st law 2) Faraday’s 2nd law. Why Chokes are preferred in A.Maximum and Minimum? 65. Write any two uses of Meter Bridge. Define the Temperature Coefficient. Define – Watless Current. 62.

What are Majority charge carriers in n type and p type Semi Conductors? 113.10 II PUC Physics Important Questions 82. 87. 94. Write a note on Artificial Radioactivity with an example. Write a note on Photo Voltaic Cell. 110. 93. What is Chain Reaction? 107. During total Solar Eclipse the Solar Spectrum appears as line emission Spectrum.693 λ 109. Prove that T1 2 = 0. What are the properties of Neutrons? 112.693 × τ where τ − mean life. 105. Write a note on Photo Emissive Cell. 84. 92. 99 What is Raman Effect and explain. Explain Neutrino Hypothesis. 102. 116. Write the principle and application of Atomic force Microscope. 91. 108. Write the differences between Emission and absorption Spectrum. 95. Write a note on Packing fraction. Give Reasons. Write the properties of Laser. 88. What is Population inversion and how can it be achieved? 101. 106. What is Nuclear waste and explain its disposal. Write a note on Fraunhoffer lines. Write the principle and application of Scanning Microscope. 111. Write the applications of Laser. 114. 96. Write a note on Planck’s Quantum Theory. 85. Prove that T1 2 = 0. What are Binding and Specific Binding Energies? 104. Write the principle and application of Transmission Microscope. Why AC is preferred over DC? 83. 103. . Draw the Circuit Symbols for npn and pnp transister. What are the Properties of Electromagnetic Waves? 86. Write a note on Photo Conductive Cell. Write a note on Photo diode and LED. State and Explain Bohr’s Postulates. 115. 100. Write the principle and application of Electron Microscope. What are merits and demerits of Bohr’s postulates? 98 Write a note on Sommerfield’s Model. What are Photo cells and list their types? 89. Define α and β of a transistor. 90. 97. List the uses of Photo diode and LED.

120. 17. Write the truth table for AND and OR GATE. 4.Write the path difference for reflected and transmitted ray through thin films. Write a note on Young’s Double Slit Experiment with a neat diagram. Mention any two Liquid Crystals. Write 5 differences between Interference and diffraction. 10. Write a note on Grating. Prove that β = 118. 125.Maker’s formula? 7. Write the Truth table for XOR GATE with circuit symbol. Show that n = tan θ p and hence define Polarizing Angle. 123. 14. 3.e. 2. FIVE Marks Questions 1. What is Interference of light and hence deduce the Conditions for Constructive and destructive interference. Write a note on Optical fibers. What is Fringe Width and obtain an expression for the same? 11. What are the uses of Liquid Crystals. Show that Angle between Reflected and Refracted ray is 90° for the Polarizing Angle of incidence. Write the Truth table for Full Adder. What is Lateral shift and derive the expression for Lateral shift. Explain Newton’s rings experiment. Write the different types of liquid Crystals. . Prove that α = 11 α 1−α β 1+ β 119. 122. What is Normal shift and derive the expression for Normal shift. 124. 13. Derive the Gauss formula for refraction through a single spherical surface. 12. 15. Write the Truth table for Half Adder. 16. 121. What are thin lenses and derive lens. 9.  A+ D  sin    2  Prove that n =  A sin    2  5. With a neat diagram explain the interference at the thin films . Give an experimental arrangement for Fraunhoffer diffraction. Derive the expression for equivalent focal length when 2 lenses are in Contact. i. 8.II PUC Physics Important Questions 117. n1 n2  n1 ~ n2  + =  v v  R  6.

39. Q S 34. Explain Superconductivity. Explain Suspended Coil Galvanometer. 22. Explain Moving Coil Galvanometer. Deduce Ohm’s law. 45. How to Convert a Galvanometer into an Voltmeter? 41. What is a Wheat Stone Network and hence Show P R = . 20. 32. Derive the Expression for the Magnetic field at a point along the Axis of a Circular Coil. Write a note on Colour Code. Write a note on AC Circuit Containing a pure Capacitor. Write a note on Self Induction. 37. Derive the expression for electric intensity at a point due to charged Conductor of irregular shape . Write a note on hysteresis and explain hysteresis Cycle. Derive an Expression for Motional emf. Obtain an Expression for equivalent Capacitance when a number of Capacitors are Connected in Series. 27. 24. Write a note on Mutual Induction. 28. Write a theory of TG and show that I = k tan θ . . Derive the Expression for force between 2 long straight Conductor carrying current and define Ampere. Derive the expression for electric intensity at a point due to charged Spherical Conductor. 19. 35. 46.(BCS theory). 31. Obtain an Expression for equivalent Capacitance when a number of Capacitors are Connected in Parallel. Obtain an Expression for equivalent resistance when a number of resistors are Connected in Series. 33. Write a note on AC Circuit Containing a pure resistance. Expression for impedance of a series LCR Circuit. Write a note on AC Circuit Containing a pure inductor. 48. Prove that Energy stored in the Capacitor is 1 CV 2 . 26. 2 25.12 II PUC Physics Important Questions 18. 23. 44. 29. 36. 21. 30. Explain Laurentz’s half shaded Polarimeter. 38. Write a note on Electric lines of force. Obtain an Expression for equivalent resistance when a number of resistors are Connected in Parallel. Write a note on Thermistors. 43. 47. 42. State and explain Gauss Theorem. How to Convert a Galvanometer into an Ammeter? 40. Write a note on Dielectric Polarization.

Explain the working of n-p-n transistor. Briefly explain about transformers. Obtain an expression for Velocity. Obtain an expression for Total Energy. Explain the properties of Nucleus. 73. Derive the expression for radius of a Hydrogen atom. Obtain an expression for Wave Number. Write Einstein’s Photo Electric Equation and give Einstein’s explanation based on the equation . 77. 60. 62. 75. 72. 68. Explain the working of P-N Junction diode. 57. 71.II PUC Physics Important Questions 13 49. 76. 61. .P Thompson’s Experiment. Show that N = N 0 e − λ t . Explain MRI. Explain the working of Transistor as an amplifier in Common emitter mode. Conductors and Insulators depending on Valence Bond Theory. 53. Explain Nuclear Reactor. 63. 58. 50. Show that 1 amu=931 MeV. Write Soddy’s Group Displacement law. Explain liquid Drop Model. Give the properties of α . 55. 56. β . 54. Write the Energy level diagram for different Series of Electromagnetic Waves. Explain Dunnington’s method to find e/m ratio. 70. 64. 69. What are the results of Photo electric Experiment? 52. 67. Explain full wave rectifier. Explain FULL ADDER and HALF ADDER with logic Gates and truth table. 59. 74. Write a note on Semiconductor. γ radiations. Write a note on Ruby Laser. Explain Carbon-Nitrogen Cycle. 66. with merits and demerits. Explain Bohr’s Postulates and write its merits and demerits. 51. Write a note on NMR. What is Specific Binding Energy and write its significance with the graph? 65. Explain G.