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November 2013, Oeiras

Ing. Henk J. M. Bodt IWE


Bodt Welding Consultancy

Program!

The program for this afternoon:


1. Brief repetition of this mornings discussion.
2. How to qualify a Welding Coordinator?
3. Requirements for the Welding Coordinator in EA-6/02
4. How to practically comply with the requirements?
5. Checklist
6. Professional Interview
7. Questions for discussion

Involvement of the (R)WC, table A3 in EN 1090-2


EXC 1

EXC 2

EXC 3

EXC 4

7.1 General
EN-ISO 3834-4
EN-ISO 3834-3
7.4 Qualification of welding procedures and welding personnel
7.4.1 Qualification of welding
Nr
See Table 12 and
procedures
Table 13
7.4.2 Qualification of welders and EN 287-1 /
EN 287-1 /
operators
EN 1418
EN 1418
7.4.3 Welding coordination
Nr
Technical knowledge
according Tables 14
or 15

EN-ISO 3834-2

EN-ISO 3834-2

See Table 12 and


Table 13
EN 287-1 /
EN 1418
Technical knowledge
according Tables 14
or 15

See Table 12 and


Table 13
EN 287-1 /
EN 1418
Technical knowledge
according Tables 14
or 15

7.5.1 Joint preparation

Nr

Nr

Prefabrication
primers not allowed

Prefabrication
primers not allowed

7.5.6 Temporary attachments

Nr

Nr

Use to be specified
Use to be specified
Cutting and chipping Cutting and chipping
not permitted
not permitted

7.5.7 Tack welds

Nr

7.5.9 Butt welds


7.5.9.1 General
7.5.9.2 Single side welds

Nr

Qualified welding
procedure
Run on/run off
pieces if specified

Qualified welding
procedure
Run on/run off
pieces. Permanent
backing continuous

Qualified welding
procedure
Run on/run off
pieces. Permanent
backing continuous

Removal of spatter

Removal of spatter

EN-ISO 5817 Quality


level B

EN-ISO 5817 Quality


level B and
Additional B+

7.5.17 Execution of welding


7.6 Acceptance criteria

EN-ISO 5817 Quality


level D

EN-ISO 5817 Quality


level C generally

Tasks of the Welding Coordinator (EN-ISO 14731 Annex B)


B.1 Review of requirements (2 sub-items)
B.2 Technical review (6 sub-items)
B.3 Sub-contracting
B.4 Welding personnel
B.5 Equipment (5 sub-items)
B.6 Production planning (6 sub-items)
B.7 Qualification of the welding procedures
B.8 Welding procedure specifications
B.9 Work instructions
B.10 Welding consumables (4 sub-items)
B.11 Materials (3 sub-items)
B.12 Inspection and testing before welding (8 sub-items)
B.13 Inspection and testing during welding (8 sub-items)
B.14 Inspection and testing after welding (5 sub-items)
B.15 Post-weld heat treatment
B.16 Non-conformance and corrective actions
B.17 Calibration and validation of measuring, inspection and testing equipment
B.18 Identification and traceability (11 sub-items)
B.19 Quality records

Additional Tasks of the Welding Coordinator 1 (EN 1090-2)

Structural steel products (5.3)


Welding consumables (5.5)
(Suitability for welding)
List of handling and storage preventive measures (Table 8)
Thermal cutting (6.4.3) (hardness)
Flame straightening (6.5.3)
Cold forming (6.5.4) (heat treatment)
Specific requirements for the Welding Plan (7.2)
Welding processes (7.3)
Qualification of welding procedures and welding personnel (7.4)
Etc.

Additional Tasks of the Welding Coordinator 2 (EN 1090-2)

More from EN 1090-2:


Inspection and testing to be under supervision of the
(R)WC.
Weld repairs require approval of the Welding Coordinator.
The Welding Coordinator shall indicate what and how to
be calibrated!
Extra welding procedure tests are sometimes required;
the Welding Coordinator shall take care about that
Etc.

The Welding Coordinator, specifications from EN-ISO 14731

Tasks and responsibilities:


1. Specification of tasks and responsibilities for each
Welding Coordinator (4.2)
2. Knowledge:
a) General knowledge requirements for each Welding
Coordinator (6.1)
b) Specific knowledge requirements for the responsible
Welding Coordinator (RWC) (6.2)

Tasks of the Welding Coordinator (EN-ISO 14731)

4.2 Specification of tasks and responsibilities for each Welding Coordinator


The tasks of the Welding Coordinator shall be selected from the applicable part of ISO
3834, in accordance with the criteria defined in ISO 3834-1 (see Annex B).
Each single activity in Annex B may be associated with a number of tasks and
responsibilities, such as:
specification and preparation,
control,
inspection, check or witnessing.
Where welding coordination is carried out by more than one person, the tasks and
responsibilities shall be clearly allocated, such that responsibility is clearly defined and the
persons are qualified for each specific welding coordination task.
Welding coordination is the sole responsibility of the manufacturer.
The manufacturer shall appoint at least one responsible Welding Coordinator.
Welding coordination may be subcontracted. However, compliance to this International
Standard remains the responsibility of the manufacturer.

Tasks of the Welding Coordinator (EN-ISO 14731 Annex B)


Tasks (67 in total detail !)
B.1 Review of requirements
B.2 Technical review
B.3 Sub-contracting
B.4 Welding personnel
B.5 Equipment
B.6 Production planning
B.7 Qualification of the welding procedures
B.8 Welding procedure specifications
B.9 Work instructions
B.10 Welding consumables
B.11 Materials
B.12 Inspection and testing before welding
B.13 Inspection and testing during welding
B.14 Inspection and testing after welding
B.15 Post-weld heat treatment
B.16 Non-conformance and corrective actions
B.17 Calibration and validation of measuring, inspection and
testing equipment
B.18 Identification and traceability
B.19 Quality records

Specification &
preparation

Control

Inspection, check or
witnessing

Tasks of the Welding Coordinator (EN-ISO 14731)

5 Job description
5.1 General
A job description is required for the welding coordination personnel, which shall include their tasks
and responsibilities.
5.2 Tasks
For identification of the tasks assigned to the welding coordination personnel, see 4.2 and Annex B.
5.3 Responsibilities
The responsibilities assigned to the welding coordination personnel are identified as follows:
their position in the manufacturing organization and their responsibilities;
the extent of authorization accorded to them to accept by signature on behalf of the
manufacturing organization, as needed in order to fulfil the assigned tasks, e.g. for procedure
specification and supervision reports;
the extent of authorization accorded to them to carry out the assigned tasks.

The Welding Coordinator, specifications from EN-ISO 14731

Tasks and responsibilities:


1. Specification of tasks and responsibilities for each
Welding Coordinator (4.2)
2. Knowledge:
a) General knowledge requirements for each Welding
Coordinator (6.1)
b) Specific knowledge requirements for the responsible
Welding Coordinator (RWC) (6.2)

The Welding Coordinator (EN-ISO 14731)

2.a. General knowledge requirements of all welding coordination personnel (WC).


general technical knowledge;
specialized technical knowledge in welding and allied processes relevant to the assigned
tasks, which shall be attained by a combination of theoretical knowledge, training
and/or experience.

2.b. Specific requirements for the responsible Welding Coordinator (RWC).


Grouping of responsible Welding Coordinators:
a) personnel with comprehensive technical knowledge, where full technical knowledge is
required, in accordance with 6.1, for the planning, executing, supervising and testing of all
tasks and responsibilities in welding fabrication;
b) personnel with specific technical knowledge, where the level of technical knowledge
needs to be sufficient for the planning, executing, supervising and testing of the tasks and
responsibilities in welding fabrication within a selective or limited technical field;
c) personnel with basic technical knowledge, where the level of technical knowledge needs
to be sufficient for the planning, executing, supervising and testing of the tasks and
responsibilities within a limited technical field, involving only simple welded
constructions.

The Welding Coordinator (EN-ISO 14731)


Annex A
(informative)

Recommendations for technical knowledge in welding


The International Institute of Welding (IIW) has, on a voluntary basis, prepared recommendations
for minimum requirements for education, examination and qualification of welding coordination
personnel.

The recommendations are stated in the following documents:


International Welding Engineer (IWE),
Doc. IAB-252;

International Welding Technologist (IWT),


Doc. IAB-252;

International Welding Specialist (IWS),


Doc. IAB-252.

Welding coordination personnel fulfilling the requirements of these documents, or holding


acceptable national qualifications, may be considered to satisfy the relevant requirements of 6.2.

EWF addition to the system

European addition to the


education for Welding
Coordinator is here!
EWF introduced a
supplementary European
education scheme, meant
especially for the SME in
steel construction work.
B and S levels; EXC 2 and 3,
up to and including S355.

The Welding Coordinator (EN-ISO 14731)

So: the Welding Coordinator in three levels:


comprehensive technical knowledge
specific technical knowledge

basic technical knowledge

Sometimes there might be a requirement


for a certified Welding Coordinator.
Can/may be more than one person.
Always ONE responsible: the RWC!

EN 1090-2 par. 7.4.3 Welding Coordinators (table 14)

EXC

Thickness (mm)

Steels
(Steel group)

Reference standards

S235 to S355
(1.1, 1.2, 1.4)

EN 10025-2 EN 10025-3 EN 10025-4


EN 10025-5, EN 10149-2, EN 10149-3
EN10210-1, EN 10219-1

S420 to- S700


(1.3, 2, 3)

EN 10025-3 EN 10025-4 EN 10025-6


EN 10149-2, EN 10149-3
EN10210-1, EN 10219-1

S235 to S355
(1.1, 1.2, 1.4)

EN 10025-2 EN 10025-3 EN 10025-4


EN 10025-5, EN 10149-2, EN 10149-3
EN10210-1, EN 10219-1

S420 to S700
(1.3, 2, 3)

EN 10025-3 EN 10025-4 EN 10025-6


EN 10149-2, EN 10149-3
EN10210-1, EN 10219-1

All

All

t25

25 < t 50

t>50

EXC2
C

EXC3

EXC4
a

Column base plates and endplates 50mm


Column base plates and endplates 75mm
c
For steels up to and including S275 level S is sufficient
d
For steels N, NL, M and ML level S is sufficient
b

B:
S:
C:

Basic technical knowledge


Specific technical knowledge
Comprehensive technical knowledge

EN 1090-2 par. 7.4.3 Welding Coordinators (table 15)

EXC

Thickness (mm)

Steels
(Steel group)

Reference standards

t25

25 < t 50

t>50

Austenitic
(8)

EN
EN
EN
EN

10088-2:2005,
10088-3:2005,
10296-2:2005,
10297-2:2005,

Tabel
Tabel
Tabel
Tabel

3
4
1
2

Austenitic-ferritic
(10)

EN
EN
EN
EN

10088-2:2005,
10088-3:2005,
10296-2:2005,
10297-2:2005,

Tabel
Tabel
Tabel
Tabel

4
5
1
3

Austenitic
(8)

EN
EN
EN
EN

10088-2:2005,
10088-3:2005,
10296-2:2005,
10297-2:2005,

Tabel
Tabel
Tabel
Tabel

3
4
1
2

Austenitic-ferritic
(10)

EN
EN
EN
EN

10088-2:2005,
10088-3:2005,
10296-2:2005,
10297-2:2005,

Tabel
Tabel
Tabel
Tabel

4
5
1
3

EXC2

EXC3

EXC4

B:
S:
C:

All

All

Basic technical knowledge


Specific technical knowledge
Comprehensive technical knowledge

Qualification of a Welding Coordinator

Lots of questions:
Does the RWC have sufficient experience in the welding operations he supervise
as specified in EN-ISO 14731?
Does the RWC have a suitable role, with given responsibilities to coordinate the
welding operations, defined by the manufacturer? (See EN-ISO 14731, Annex B.)
Does the technical discussion with the RWC demonstrate that he has sufficient
knowledge about relevant standards, regulations and specifications as per
EN 1090-2, clause 7.4.3 and EN-ISO 14731, Annex B?
Does the RWC have the ability to detect and assess defects, to give instructions
on welding repairs and know how to avoid defects?
Does the RWC have relevant technical knowledge complying with one of the IIW
qualifications?
Etc.

But how to implement??

Qualification of a Welding Coordinator (EWF/IIW)

European Accreditation is quite clear in EA-6/02:2013


Special attention for the Audit Team in evaluating the competence of the
manufacturers Welding Coordinators in accordance with
EN ISO 14731 (reference 6).
The EN ISO 3834 Audit Team shall:
i.
contain persons with direct product/process/materials competence in the
products/processes/materials being audited, and
ii. contain at least one individual who is qualified and experienced in welding to
a level that is sufficient to demonstrate that he/she is competent to Audit the
companys Authorised Welding Coordinator(s) in accordance with
EN ISO 14731, Welding Coordination tasks and responsibilities
(reference 6).

Qualification of a Welding Coordinator (EWF/IIW)

Situation

Additional requirement

EWF/IIW qualification is None


available (E/IWE, E/IWT,
E/IWS)
Type 1
EWF/IIW Personnel
Certification is available
(CE/IWE, CE/IWT,
CE/IWS)
Type 1
If none of the above
EWF/IIW certifications or
qualifications are
available
Type 2

Schedule should
support the scope of
work allocated to the
Welding Coordinator
None

Activity required towards the (R)WC

Check on adequate experience and


competence in the products being
manufactured by means of a professional
interview and examination of the Welding
Coordinators curriculum vitae.
Check on adequate experience and
competence in the products being
manufactured by means of a professional
interview.
Verify compliance by means of a professional
interview covering knowledge, skills,
experience and competence with particular
emphasis on welding technology, materials
and their behaviour during welding, design
fundamentals of welded construction, as well
as fabrication and inspection aspects
(including knowledge of standards) in the

Qualification of a Welding Coordinator (EWF/IIW)

The professional interview process shall involve the


examination of specific contract(s) to Audit
compliance with the customers specification
E.g. in the following areas:

selection/development of welding procedures


welding sequences
NDT and heat treatment
approval of personnel
traceability
quality control and acceptance
sub-contracting

Qualification of a Welding Coordinator (EWF/IIW)

This means that technical discussions must take place


between each Welding Coordinator and the relevant
Auditor regarding the detailed technical scope of the
Welding Coordinator's responsibilities and the interview
should take the form of a peer review and challenge
process. This process will require the Auditor to examine
evidence of completed work done by each Welding
Coordinator and to investigate his/her knowledge and
understanding of it. The certification body shall maintain
full records of the process of evaluation of the
manufacturers Welding Coordinators.

Qualification of a Welding Coordinator (EWF/IIW)

Basically we can see two essentially different professional


interviews (see table in sheet 21):
1. Checking the actual knowledge related to the
manufactured products to be covered by the Welding
Coordinator.
2. As specified in 1, but additionally covering knowledge,
skills, experience and competence in the fields that are
supposed to be covered by EWF/IIW qualifications and
certifications.

Qualification of a Welding Coordinator (EWF/IIW)

That means:
General knowledge and skill check for the (R)WC:
Challenge the (R)WC by asking questions of the what-if type;
Try to cover his/hers whole scope of work.
Additional knowledge and skill check for the (R)WC:
Type 1:
Select a running (just delivered) contract and follow every single step as related
to the (Responsible) Welding Coordinator;

Type 2:
As under 1, but in addition select random questions out of the questions
database for EWF Guideline 652 or IAB 252 and use them as a guidance for the
Professional Interview Type 2. All relevant modules shall be covered!

Program!

The program for this afternoon:


Brief repetition of this mornings discussion.
How to qualify a Welding Coordinator?
Requirements for the Welding Coordinator in EA-6/02
How to practically comply with the requirements?
Checklist
Professional Interview
7. Questions for discussion

Questions for discussion for the professional interview (EWF/IIW)

Questions for discussion:


1. The system looks quite subjective; is there another way?
2. Should a minimum time be allocated to the professional Interview?
3. Should a technical shop-tour be an essential element in the
interview? (Note: thats not always possible!)
4. Should EWF/IIW make a detailed check list for the professional
interview as specified in the Rules EWF 639r2-12 and
IAB 340r2-12?
5. Shall the evaluation be carried out on the RWC only or should it also
involve the other WCs as mentioned in the companys WC matrix?
The group will be divided in 4 sub-groups; two groups will deal with
questions 1 and 2, the other two groups with questions 3, 4 and 5.