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Whereas the Parliament of India has set out to provide a practical regime of right to
information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities,
in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority,
and whereas the attached publication of the Bureau of Indian Standards is of particular interest
to the public, particularly disadvantaged communities and those engaged in the pursuit of
education and knowledge, the attached public safety standard is made available to promote the
timely dissemination of this information in an accurate manner to the public.
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Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan

Jawaharlal Nehru

IS 4014-2 (1967): Code of Practice for Steel Tubular


Scaffolding, Part II: Safety Regulations for Scaffolding
[CED 29: Construction Management including safety in
Construction]

! $ ' +-
Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda

Invent a New India Using Knowledge

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Knowledge is such a treasure which cannot be stolen

IS : 4014 ( Part II ) - 1967

Iizdian Standard

( Reaffirmed 2005 )

CODE OF PRACTICE FOR


STEEL TUBULAR SCAFFOLDING
PART

II

SAFETY

REGULATIONS

FOR SCAFFOLDING

(Third Reprint APRIL 1996 )

UDC 69.057.6:614.8

(b Copyright 1967

BUREAU

OF

INDIAN

STANDARDS

MANAK BHAVAN, 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARC


NEW DELHI 110002
Gr

Juti

1967

IS : 4Q14 ( Part

II ) - 1967

Indian Standard
CODE OF PRACTICE FOR
STEEL TUBULAR SCAFFOLDING
PART

II

SAFETY

Structural

REGULATlONS

Engineering

Sectional

Committee,

SMRDC

Represclrtirrg

Chairman
DIRRCTOR STAN~AIXZ

FOR SCAFFOLDING

( CIVIL )

Ministry

of Railways

Members
lndustrial F;lsteners Association of Indie Calcutta
SJ~RI L. N. AGRAWAL
SHRI M. M. MU~~AR~A ( Alternate )
National Buildings Organisation,
New Delhi
SHRI B. D. AI~UJA
SHRI D. NYTEKCHANDANI ( Alternate )
Ministry
of
Transport
and
Communication,
SHRI P. c. BH.4SIN
Department
of Transport
(Road
Wing ),
New Delhi
Stewarts & Lloyds of India Private Ltd, Calcutta
&RI
K. E. BISHOP
SHRI P. K. RAY ( Alternate)
Bureau,
Central
and
Engineering
Design
SHRI DAVID BOLTON
Hindustan
Steel Ltd, Ranchi
SHRI S. R. CHAKRAVARTY ( Alternute )
Inspection Wing, Directorate General of Supplies
SHRI D. P. CHATTERJEE
& Disposals
(Ministry
of Supply, Technical
Planning )
Development
8;
Materials
New Delhi
Government of West Bengal
DR P. N. CHATTERJEE
Bridge & Roof Co ( India ) Ltd, Howrah
DR P. K. CHOUDHURI
SIIRI A. SEN GU~TA ( Alternate )
Central Public Works Department, New Delhi
SHRI P. L. DATTA
Indian Institute of Technology,
Kanpur
DR P. DAY ARATNAM
M. N. Dastur & Co Private Ltd, Calcutta
SHRI D. S. DESAI
Braithwaite
& Co ( India ) Ltd, Calcutta
SWRI M. DHAR
Bombay Municipal Corporation, Bombay
SRRI M. A. DSOUZA
SHM J. S. PINTO ( Alternate )
Richardson & Cruddas Ltd, Bombay
SHRI W. FERNANDES
SHRI P. V. NAIK ( Alternate )
Public Works Department,
Government
of Wast
SHRI SAILAPATI GUPTA
Bengal
( Continued an page 2 )

BUREAU
MANAK

OF
BHAVAN,

INDIAN

STANDARDS

9 BAHADUR
SHAH
NEW DELHI 110002

ZAFAR

MARG

IS : 4014 ( Part II ) - 1967


( Continued from page 1 )
Representing

Members
SHRI G.S.

IYER

The Hindustan Construction Co Ltd, Bombay


SNATDARDS Ministry of Railways

JOINT DIRECTOR
(B&S)
DEPUTY DIRECTORSTANDARDS
II ( AIternate )
(B&S)Electrical Manufacturing Co Ltd, Calcutta
SERI OM KXXOSLA
SHRI S. N. SIN~H ( Alternate )
Burn & Co Ltd, Howrah
SHRI P. K. MALLICK
SHRI A. I. KAYAL ( Alternate )
Hindu&n Steel Limited, Durgapur
SHRI A. K. MITJXA
SHRI B. N. SEX (Alternate )
Central Water
& Power Commission (Water
SERI Y. K. MUHTHY
Wing ), New Delhi
SHRI B. T. A. SAGAR ( AIterrrare )
Irrigation & Power Department, Government of
SHRI M. G. PADHY~
Mahai-ashtra
SHRI P. V. PAWAR ( Alternate )
Structural Engineering Research Centre ( CSIR ),
PROF G. S. RAMASWAMY
Roorkee
SHRI M. RAMAIAH ( Afternute )
Engineer-in-Chiefs Bmnch, Ministry of Defence
PROF B. N. SANYAL
SHRI B. S. PARAKASH RAO (Alternate )
Institution of Engineers ( India ), Calcutta
SERI D. C. SHARMA
Research
Mechanical
Engineering
Central
SHRI K. V. SHETTY
Institute ( CSIR ), Durgapur
SHRI S. K. GHOSH ( Alternate )
Jadavpur University, Calcutta
PBO~ P. K. SOM
ENGINEER Government of Madras
SUPERINTENDIN@
DESIGN
( PLANN~NQ AND
CIRCLE)
EXECUTIVE ENOINEEX ( BUILDING
CENTRE DIVISION ) ( Alternate )
Bombay Port Trust, Bombay
MAJ R. P. E. VAZIFDAR
Central Water and Power Commission ( Power
SHRI M. N. VEN~ATESAN
Wing ), New Delhi
SHRI P. V. N. IYENQAR ( Alternate )
Director General, IS1 ( Ex-officio Member )
DB A. Ii. CEATTEBJEE,
Director ( Strut & Met )

Secretary
H. N. K~IS~NAMUXTHY
Deputy Director ( Strut & Met ), IS1

IS : 4014 ( Part II) - 1967

Indian Standard
CODE OF PRACTICE FOR
STEEL TUBULAR SCAFFOLDING
PART II

SAFETY

0.

REGULATIONS

FOR SCAFFOLDING

FOREWORD

0.1 This Indian Standard ( Part II ) was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution
on 31 March 1967, after the draft finalized by the
Structural Engineering
Sectional Committee had been approved by the
Structural
and Metals Division
Council and the Civil Engineering
Division Council.
0.2 With the heavy construction
programme envisaged, the importance
of the use of modern scaffolding cannot be over-emphasized.
Steel
tubular scaffolding is one of the modern types of scaffolding which can
be assembled quickly, and transported and handled easily.
It can be
dismantled rapidly and re-used,.and
relied upon for long service and
life.
The Sectional Committee, therefore, felt that a code of practice
for steel tubular scaffolding should be formulated.
0.3 In the preparation
view the manufacturing
this field.

of this standard, the Sectional Committee kept in


and trade practices followed in the country in

0.4 This code is being published in four parts and is intended to act
as a guide for the construction and use of scaffolds and other structures
of tubular scaffolding material normally used in construction,
maintenance, repair and demolition work, and which enables persons to obtain
access LO, and to perform work, or which enables materials to be taken
to any place at which such work is performed.
0.5 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this
standard is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated,
expressing the result of a test, shall be rounded off in accordance with
The number of significant places retained in the rounded
IS : 2-1960*.
off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this
standard.
*Rules

for rounding

off numerical

vslue~

revised 1.

IS : 4014 ( Part

II ) - 1967

1. SCOPE
1.1 This code ( Part II ) coverssafety
regulations
in the design and construction
of scaffolding.

that shall be observed

2. PROVISION

OF

OF

SCAFFOLD

AND

MEANS

ACCESS

2.1 Suitable
and sufficient scaffold shall be provided
for all work that
cannot safely be done from the ground or from part of the building,
or
from part of a permanent
structure
or from a ladder or other available
means of support, and sufficient
safe means
of access shall as far as
reasonably
practicable,
be provided to every place at which any person
has at any time to work.
3. SUPERVISION

OF

WORK

AND

INSPECTION

OF

MATERIEL

3.1 No scaf?old shall be erected or be substantially


added to or altered
or dismantled
except under the immcdiatc
supervision
of a competent
person ( that is a qualified and authorised
safety engineer ) and as far as
experience
of such
possible by competent
workmen
possessin g adequate
work.
All material
for any scaffold shall be inspected
by a competent
person on each occasion before using.
4. MAINTENANCE
4.1 All scaffolds shall
kept so fixed, secured
practicable,
accidental

be properly maintained
or placed in a position
displacement.

and every part shall be


as to prevent, as far as is

4.2 No scaffold
or part of a scaffold
shall be partly dismantled
and
remain in such a condition
that it is capable of being used unless either:
scaffold continues
a>the
these regulations;
or

b)

and would,

if used,

comply

,with

if the scaffold or part thereof


would, if used, not comply with
these regulations,
a prominent
warning notice indicating
that the
scaffold or part thereof
is not to be used, is affixed ne$r any
point at which the scaffold or part, as the case may be, is liable
to be approached
for the purpose of use.

5. INSPECTION
5.1 Subject
unless:
a)

to comply

OF

SCAFFOLDS

to provisions

of this

it has been
inspected
engineer
before using;

by

regulation
a

qualified

no

scaffold
and

shall

authorised

be used
safety

IS : 4014 ( Part II ) - 1967


b) it has been inspected by a qualified and authorised
within the immediately preceding seven days;

safety engineer

c) it -has been inspected by a qualified and authorised safety engineer


since exposure to weather conditions likely to have affected its
stability or to have displaced any part; and
d) a report of the results of any such inspection certifying that
the scaffold is suitable for use signed by the person making
the inspection
has been entered into a register to be kept at
the worksite.

5.2 The requirement


of 5.1 ( a } and ( b ) shall not apply in the case
of a scaffold no part of which has been ~erected for more than seven
I days, and 5.1 (d ) shall not apply to a ladder scaffold, a trestle scaffold
or a scaffold from no part of which a person is liable to fall more than
2.0 m.
5.3 The requirements
of 5.1 shall not require a scaffold to be inspected
~by reason only that it has been added to, altered or partly dismantled.
6. SCAFFOLDS
EMPLOYER

USED BY WORKMEN

OF MORE THAN ONE

6.1 Where a scaffold or part of a scaffold is to be used by or on behalf


of any employer other than the employer for whose workmen it was first
erected, the first mentioned employer shall, before such use, and without
prejudice to any other obligations imposed upon him by these regulations,
take express steps, either personally or by a competent agent, to satisfy
himself that the scaffold. or part thereof is stable, that the materials
used in its construction are sound and that the safeguards required by
these regulations are in position.
7. SUPPORT

AND STABILITY

OF SCAFFOLDS

7.1 The displacement


of the foot of any standard or upright shall, unless
prevented in some other sufficient way, be prevented either
a) by sinking the standard
ground; or

or upright

a sufficient

distance

into

b) by placing the standard or upright on an adequate base plate on


top of timber sole plate in some chases in a manner to prevent
slipping or sinking.
7.2 Every scaffold shall be securely supported or suspended and shall
where necessary
be sufficiently and properly strutted or braced to
ensure stability and, unless it is properly designed and constructed
as an independent scaffold, shall be rigidly connected with the building.
5

IS : 4014 ( Part II ) - 1967


7.3 All structures

and appliances used as supports for scaffolds, working


platforms, gangways or ramps shall be of sound construction, have a firm
footing or be firmly supported, and shall where necessary be sufficiently
and properly strutted or braced to ensure stability.
7.4 Any travelling scaffold which may be moved on wheels or skids shall,
unless it is a suspended or slung scaffolds, shall be:
a) constructed with due regard to stability,
stability, adequately weighted at the base;

and,

if necessary

for

b) used only on a firm and even surface, not so sloping as to involve


risk of instability of the scaffold or any load thereon;
c) adequately
secured to prevent
working upon it; and
d) moved only by the application
without overturning.

movement
of a force

when any person


at or near

is

the base

7.5 Loose bricks, drain pipes, chimney pots or other unsuitable material
shall not be used for the construction or support of scaffolds save that
bricks or small blocks may, if they provide a firm support, be used to
support a platform not more than O-5 m above the ground or floor.
7.6 No part of a building shall be used as support for part of a scaffold
unless it is of sound material and sufficiently stable and of sufficient
strength to afford safe support. Overhanging eaves, gutters shall not be
used as such supports unless they have been specially designed as walkways and are of adequate strength.
8. CANTILEVER,

JIB, FIGURE AND BRACKET SCAFFOLDS, ETC

8.1 No cantilever or jib scaffold shall be used


supported, fixed and anchored on the opposite
outriggers of adequate length and cross-section
sufficiently and properly strutted or braced
stability.

unless it is adequately
side of the support, has
and is where necessary
to ensure rigidity and

8.2 No working platform resting on bearers let into a wall at one end
and without other support shall be used unless the bearers are of adequate strength, pass through the wall and are securely fastened on the
other side.
9. TRESTLE SCAFFOLDS
9.1 No trestle scaffold shall be used:
a) if,constructed

with more than three tiers; or

b) if it has working platform more than 4.50 m above the ground


or floor or other surface upon which the scaffold is erected.
6

IS : 4014 ( Part II) - 1967


9.2 No trestle scaffold shall be erected

on a scaffold platform

unless:

a) the width of the platform is such as to leave sufficient clear space


for the transport of materials; and
b) the trestles or uprights are firmly attached
adequately braced to prevent displacement.

to the platform

and

9.3 No trestle scaffold shall be erected on a suspended scaffold.


9.4 No figure or bracket scaffold supported or held by dogs, spikes
or similar fixings liable to pull out of the stonework or brickwork in
which they are gripped or fixed shall be used.
10. WORKING

PLATFORMS

-10.1 Every working platform


than 2-O m shall be:
a) closely boarded,

( INCLUDING

WORKING

STAGES )

from which a person is liable to fall

planked,

more

or plated;

b) at least 700 mm wide if the platform is used as a footing


and not for the deposit of any material;
c) at least 900 mm wide if the platform
material;
d) at least 1 100 mm wide if the platform
of any higher platform;
e) at least 1300 mm~wide if the platform
dressed or roughly shaped; and

only

is used for the deposit

of

is used for the support


is one upon which stone is

f) at least 15QO mm wide if the platform is used for the support of


any higher platform and is one upon which stone is dressed or
roughly shaped.
lo-2 Requirement
of 10.1 ( a ) shall not apply to a platform consisting of
open metalzork having interstices none of which exceeds 40 cm2 in area,
if there is no risk of persons below such platform being struck by tools
or other object falling through the platform.
10.3 Requirement
of 10.1 (a) shall not apply to a platform which is~part
of the permanent fixed equipment of a building and the boards, planks
or plates of which are so secured as to prevent their moving and so placed
that the space between adjacent boards, planks or plates does not exceed
25 mm, if there is no risk of persons below such platform being struck by
tools or other objects falling through the platform.
10.4 Requirements
of 10.1 ( b ) to ( f ) shall not apply to a working platEonfr which 1s at least 500 mm wide, and is on the outside of any sloping
7

IS : 4014 (Part

II ) - 1967

10.5 Requirements
of 10.1 (b ) and (c) shall not apply in the case of the
platform
of a suspended scaffold, or in the case of a platfoi-m
not less
than 500 mm wide being the platform
of a ladder scaffold or of a trestle
scaffold or being a platform
under a roof which is supported k,y or suspended from roof members or the roof and which is used only by painters
for the purpose of painting work in the vicinity of the roof, where in any
such case the work is of such a light nature and the material
required
for the work is such that a~platform less than 700 or 900 mm wide, as
the case may be, can be used with safety, and the platform
is not used
for the support of any higher platform.
10.6 Requirements
of 10.1 ( b ) and ( c ) shall not apply in the case
temporary
platform not less than 500 mm wide passing
between
adjacent
glazing bars of a sloping roof if the space between
those
does not admit of the platform
being at least 700 mm wide and if
platform
is used only for work in the vicinity of those bars.

11. BOARDS AND PLANKS


WAYS AND RAMPS
11.1 Every
board
a)

shall

board
be:

or plank

IN WORKING

forming

part

PLATFORMS,

of a platform

GANGas a toe

of a thickness
(minimum
32 mm ) which is such as to afford
adequate
security
having
regard
to the distance
between
the
transoms,
putlogs, board bearers or standards;
and
-.

b) not less than 200 ~rnm wide or in the case


exceeding
50 mm in thickness,
not less than

or used

of a
two
bars
the

of boards
or planks
150 mm wide.

11.2 The distance


between
two consecutive
transoms,
putlogs,
board
bearerers
or other supports on which a platform rests shall be fixed with
due regard to the a.nticipated
load and the nature of platform
flooring.
As a general rule the distance
with single planking
shall not exceed
1000 mm with planks 32 mm in thickness,
1500 mm with planks 38 mm
in thickness,
or 2600 mm with planks 50 mm in thickness.
11.3 NO board or plank which forms part of a working platform,
gangway or ramp shall project beyond its end support to a distance exceeding
four times the thickness
of the board
or plank unless it is effectively
secured to prevent tipping, or to a distance which, having regard to the
thickness and strength of the plank renders
the projecting
part of the
plank an unsafe support for any weight liable to be upon it.
11.4 At the joints, boards generally
should be butted,
but lapping
is
permissible
if bevelled
pieces of wood are fitted,
or other suitable
measures taken to minimise the risk -of tripping.
11.4.1 Suitable
measures such as the provision
of adequate
bevelled
pieces shall be taken to reduce to a minimum the risk of tripping and to
8

IS : 4014 ( Part II ) - 1961


facilitate
the movement
of barrows where boards or planks which form
part of a working platform,
gangway or run overlap each other or are
not of reasonably
uniform
thickness
where they meet each other
or
owing to warping
or for some other
reason
do not provide
an even
surface.
11.5

Every

board

or plank

a) rest securely

which

and evenly

forms part of a working


on its supports,

platform

shall:

and

b) rest on at least three supports unless,


taking
into account
the
distance between the supports and the thickness of the board or
plank, the conditions
are such as to prevent undue sagging.
11.6 Where work has to be done
form at such wall shall, wherever
beyond the end of the wall.
12.

GUARD-RAILS

at the end of a wall the working


platpracticable,
extend at least 600 mm

AND TOE-BOARD

AT WORKING

PLACES

12.1 Every

side of a working
platform
or working
place, being a side
thereof from which a person is liable to f?,ll, a distance of more than 2 m
shall be provided
one or more suitable guard-rail
on guard-rails
of adequate strength,
to a height of at least 900 mm (but maximum
1200 mm)
above the platform
or place and above any raised standing place on the
platform,
and with toe-boards
up to a sufficient height being in no case
less than 150 mm and so placed as to prevent so far as possible
the fall
of persons, materials
and tools from such platform or place.
12.2 The guard-rails
and toe-boards
used on a working platform or working place shall be placed on the inside of the uprights,
and the space
between any toe-board
and the lowest guard-rail
above it shall not
exceed 750 mm.
12.3 Guard-rails
and toe-boards
required
by 12.1 and 12.2 may be
removed
or remain
unerected
for the time being and to the extent
necessary
for the access of persons or the movement
of materials.
12.4 The
provided
roof.

requirements
with suitable

of 12.1 and 12.2, shall not apply to a platform


guard-rails
which is on the outside of a sloping

12.5 The requirements


of 12.1 and 12.2 shall not apply to a temporary
platform
which is used only by erectors
of structural
steelwork
for the
purposes of bolting up, riveting or welding work of such short duration
as to make the provision
of a platform
with guard-rails
and toe-boards
unreasonable
if:
a) the platform
b) there

is at least

is adequate

900 mm wide,

handhold,

and

IS : 4014 ( Part, II ) - 1967


c) the

platform
is not used for the deposit of tools or materials
otherwise
than in boxes or receptacles
suitable
to prevent
the
fall of the tools or materials
from the platform.

12.6 The requirements


of 12.1 and 12.2 shall not apply to. a temporary
platform
passing between two adjacent
glazing bars of a sloping roof if
those bars or the roof framework
afford
secure
handhold
for the
and the requirements
of toe-boards
as
full length of the platform,
specified in clauses under 12 shall not apply as respects
such platform
where and is so far as the provision
of a toe-board
is impracticable
on
account
of the nature or circumstances
of the work.
12.7 The requirements
of 12.1 and 12.2 shall not apply to a platform
under a roof which is supported
by or suspended from roof members
or the roof and which is used only by painters for the purpose of painting work in the immediate
vicinity of the roof, being work of such short
duration
as to make the provision
of a platform
with guard-rails
and
toe-boards
unreasonable,
if:
a)

there

is adequate

handhold

b) the material
required
be used with safety.
13.

WORKING
ANCE OF

at every

working

position,

for the work is such that

PLATFORM
AT
PASSAGE
WAYS

BUILDING

FACE

the

and

platform

AND

can

CLEAR-

13.1 Where work at t.he face of a building is done from a working platform the space between the face of the building and the working
platform shall be as small as practicable
so that where workmen
sit at the
edge of the platform
to work the space shall not exceed 300 mm.
13.2 A clear passage w:iy of at least 500 mm wide shall be left between
one side of any w!~rki~l;; platform
and any fixed obstruction
or deposited
material.

14. CONSTRUCTION
14.1 Every
to fall,

gangwav
a distance

b) be at least
The

or ramp from any part


than 2 m shall:

ofmore

a) be closely

14.2

AND USE OF GANGWAYS

boarded,

planked

or plated;

of which

AND RAMPS
a person

is liable

and

500 mm wide.

requirement

of 14.1 ( a ) shall

not apply:

a) to a gangway
or ramp consisting
of open metalwork
having
interstices
none of which exceeds 40 cm2 in area, if there is no
risk of persons below such gangway
or ramp being struck by
tools or other objects fallin g through the gangway
or ramp; or
10

IS : 4014 ( Part II ) - 196?


b) to a gangway or ramp which is part of the permanent fixed
equipment of a building and the boards, plates or planks of
which are so secured as to prevent their moving and so placed
that the space between adjacent boards, planks or plates does
not exceed 25 mm, if there is no risk of persons below such
gangway or ramp being struck by tools or other objects falling
through the gangway or ramp.
14.3 No gangway, ramp or working platform shall be used for the passage
of materials unless it affords a clear passage way which is adequate in
width for the passage of the materials
without
removal
of the guardrails and toe-boards
and in any case is not less than 700 mm wide.
14.4 All planks forming
a gangway
or ramp shall
supported as to prevent undue or unequal sagging.
14.5 No gangway or ramp
1 vertical to 1.5 horizontal.

sha!l

be used,

the

slope

be so fixed
of which

and

exceeds

14.6 Where the slope of gangway or ramp renders additional


footholes
necessary and in every case where the slope is more than 1 vertical
to
4 horizontal,
there shall be provided proper stepping laths which shall:
a) be placed

at suitable

intervals,

maximum

500 mm apart;

and

~b) be the full width of the gangway or ramps, except that they may
be interrupted
over a width of not more than 100 mm to facilitate
the movement
of barrows,
14.7 Ramps
landing.

may

15. GUARD-RAILS,

GANGWAYS,

have

continuous

length

maximum

TOE-BOARDS,
HAND-RAILS,
RAMPS AND STAIRS

7 m without

ETC, FOR

15.1 Stairs shall be provided throughout their length with hand-rails or


other efficient means to prevent the fall of persons except for the time
and to the extent necessary for the access of persons or the movement of
materials.
If necessary to prevent danger to any person the band-rails
shall be extended minimum 1-O m beyond the ends of the stairs.
15.2 All gangways, ramps and stairs from which a person is liable to fall
a distance of more than 2 m shall be provided with:
a) suitable guard-rails of adequate strength to a height of at least
900 mm (but maximum 1200 mm ) above the gangway, ramp or
stair; and
b) except in the case of stairs, toe-boards up to a sufficient height
being in no case less than 200 mm and so placed as to prevent as
far as possible the fall of persons, materials and tools.
The
11

IS ; 4014 ( Part II ) - 1967


space
above

between
any such toe-board
it shall not exceed 700 mm.

and

the

lowest

guard-rail

15.3 The requirements


of 15.2 shall not apply to a temporary
gangway
which is used only by erectors of structural
steelwork for the purposes of
bolting up, riveting or welding work of such short duration as ttr make
and toe-boards
unthe provision
of a gangway
with guard-rails
reasonable.
16. PLATFORMS,
GANGWAYS,
ETC, TO
AND TO AFFORD
SAFE
FOOTHOLD
16.1 Every
unnecessary
nails.

BE

UNOBSTRUCTED

platform,
gangway,
ramp or stair shall be kept free from any
obstruction,
material
or rubbish and from any prqjecting

16.2 If a platform,
gangway, ramp or stair becomes slippery, appropriate
steps shall as soon as reasonably
practicable
be taken by way of sending,
cleaning
or otherwise
to remedy the defect.
17.

SCAFFOLDS

NOT

TO

BE

OVERLOADED

17.1 Scaffolds shall not be overloaded


and materials
upon them unless needed for work within a rcasonablc
18.

AVOIDANCE

OF

SHOCK

ON

18.1 When any material


is transferred
moved or deposited
without imposing
19 PROJECTING

NAILS

AND

shall not
time.

be kept

SCAFFOLDS
on or to a sca!&,ld
any violent shock.

LOOSE

it shall

be

MATERL4LS

19.1 No timber or material with projecting


nails shall be used in any
work in which they are a source of danger
to persons employed
or be
allowed to remain in any place where they are a source of danger
to
such persons.
19.2 Loose materials
where not required
for use shall not be placed
or
left so as to impede the passage of persons upon platforms,
gangways,
floors, or other places on the site used for such passage,
but shall be
removed,
stacked or stored so as to leave such places free from obstruction.
Materials
shall not be insecurely
stacked in a place where they
may be dangerous
to persons employed,
or so stacked as to overload and
render unsafe any floor, roof or other part of a building.
20.

LIGHTING

OF

WORKING

20.1 Every working place


ing or lowering operations

PLACES

and approach
thereto, every place where raiswith the use of a lifting
appliance
are in
12

IS : 4014 ( Part
progress,
adequately

and all openings


dangerous
and suitably lighted.

21. ELECTRICAL

to

persons

II-) - 1967

employed,

shall

be

WIRING

21.1 The setting up of a scaffold near unprotected


current carrying wires
or equipment,
or insulated
wires and equipment
shall be started only
when the~lines have been disconnected,
The wiring shall be disconnected by skilled persons or protected
against accidental
contact.
After the
erection
of scaffold the wires may be made to carry the current
only
when sufficient safety measures
have been adopted
to avoid accidental
contact.
22.

SCAFFOLDS

AND

TRAFFIC

22.1 During the setting up and dismantling


of scaffolds,
warning
safety cardons and other safety measures
shall be provided
to
safety for the traffic.

signs,
ensure

22.2 Scaffolds shall be protected


against accidental
collisions
with the
traffic.
A clear height
of 2.5 m shall be maintained
over pedestrain
traffic areas.
Up to a height of 4.5 m, all parts of the scaffolds
shall
remain at least 0.8 m behind the front edge of the curb.
22.3 Scaffolds built over street pavement
shall preferably
have a through
passage for the pedestrians
the clear height of the passage being minimum
2.5 m.
The roof of the passage should be closely boasded
or suitably
covered with roofing-sheets,
tarpaulin
or other materials
as protection
from falling materials.
22.4 Scaffolds on throughfares
light is not sufficient to make

shall be provided
it clearly visible.

with light if the

street

22.5 Access to fire alarms, cable tunnels, hydrants,


etc, shall remain free
Care should be taken for underground
cables and equipat all times.
This is specially important
when parts of scaffolds or other
ment also.
fasteners
have to be driven in the ground.
22.6 Trees
damaged.

and

street

poles

23. PROTECTION
FROM
TION OF WORKERS

shall

be

cordoned,

so that

they

FALLING
MATERIALS
AND
FROM
FALLING
DOWN

are

not

PROTEC-

23.1 Any place on the site of the operations


at which any person is
habitually
employed
shall be covered in such manner as to protect any
person who is working in that place from being struck by falling materials
or article.
13

IS : 4014 ( Part II ) - 1967


23.2 Scaffold materials, tools and other objects and materials (including
waste materials) shall not be thrown, tipped or shot down from a height
where they are liable to cause injury, but shall be properly lowered;
in any place where proper lowering is not practicable and also where
any part of a structure is being demolished or bracken off adequate shall
be taken, where necessary, to protect persons employed from falling or
flying debris.
23.3 When the work is done above an open space at a height of more
than 5-O m, catching scaffold shall be set up to protect these working on
floors or roofs against falling down, and also to stop building materials
and tools from falling.
Depending on the conditions these may be set
up as independent scaffolds, cantilever scaffold, suspended scaffold or
mobile scaffold.
Further, these may be built up by laying scaffolds
boards on beams or rafters of the structure under construction
or by
attaching the boards to room trusses, crane rails or similar structural
members.
23.3.1 When building with precast concrete parts of setting up wooden
or steel structures which are already tied up for assembly and it is not
possible to fix a catching scaffold or a catching net, it is necessary that
only such workers are employed who have experiece in this kind of work.
23.3.2 The width of the catching scaffold shall depend on the height
from the scaffold covering to the place of work and generally be as
follows:
Height up to
Minimum width

2-O m
1.0 m

3-O m
l-3 m

4-O m
1% m

23.4 For the purpose of only preventing workers falling down, instead of
catching
scaffold a catching net or strong fabric or individual person
safety belt may he used if it can be fixed and secured perfectly.
The
traffic below the catching nets! etc, shall be stopped as safety measure
against building materials falling through.
23.5 When working on pavement, street or driveway, to avoid disturbance of traffic unnecessarily
by dust or mortar, scaffolds should be
covered at the sides by protection coverings, for example, timber plank,
tarpaulin, cloth or roofing sheets. For working on gables which are not
directly above traffic and on the courtyard side, it is sufficient to block
the ways.

14

BUREAU
Headquarters

OF

INDIAlp

STANDARDS

Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafsr Marg, NEW DELHI 110002


Telegrams
Telephones : 331 01 31

Regionel

: Manaksafiaths

(Common to all Offiid


Telephone

331 13 75
Offices :

Central

: Martak Bhavan, 9. Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg.

Eastern

: 1114 C.I.T. Scheme VII M,

K:

NEW DELHI 110002


l

V.I.P. Road,.Maniktola, CALCUTTA 700054


Northern
* SC0 445446. Sector 35-C, CHANDtGARH 160035
Southern
I C.I.T. Campus, IV Cross Road, MADRAS 600113
Western
: Manakalaya. ES MIDC. Marol. Andheri (East),
BOMBAY 400093
Brmch Offices :.

Pushpak, Nurmohamed Shaikh Marg, Khanpur, AHMADABAD


3BOOOl
t Peerlya Industrial Area, 1 st Stage, Bangalore-Tumkuri Road.
BANGALORE 560058
Gangotri Complex, 5th Floor, Bhadbhada Road, T.T. bagar,
BHOPAL 462003
Plot No. 82/83, Lewis ,Rcvad, BHUBANESHWAR
75102
Kalai Kathir Building; 6/4B-A Avanasi Road, COIMBATORE
641037
Quality Marking Centre! N.H. IV, N.I.T., FARlDeBAD
121001
Savitri Complex, 116 G. T. Road, GHAZIABAD
201001
53/5 Ward NO. 29, R.G. Barua Road, 5th By-lane,
GUWAHATI
781003
i S-B-56C L. N. Gupta Marg, ( Nampally Station Road )
HYDERABAD
500001
R14 Yudhister Marg, C Scheme, JAIPUR 302005
fl7/418

B SaNodaya

Nagar. KANPUR

Plot No. A-S, House No. 561163,


LUCKNOW 226005

208005

Sindhu Nagar, Kanpur RoaQ.


800013

District lndustries Cantre Complex,


SRINABAR- 190011

Bagh-e-Ali

(With Sale Point)

21843
41 29 16
6 32 92 95

28348
39 49 56
55 40 21
5 36 27
2 67 05
B-71 19 96
3 31 77
231083
63471
21 66 76
55507

Meidan.
621

T. C. No. 14/1421, University P. 0.. Palayam,


THIRWVANANTHAPURAM
695034
Offices

82

62305

Patliputra industrial Estate, PATNA

fnspection

9:
37 86

04

,Pushpanjali. First Floor, 205-A West High Court Road.


Shankar Nagar Square, NAGPUR 440010
Institution of Engineers (India) Building, 1332 Shivaji Nagar.
PUNE 411005

52 51 71

Sales Off ice Calcutta is at 5 Chowringhee


P. 0. Princep Street, CALCUTTA

276806

5 24 35

Sales Office is at NoveltyChambers.

%A~~;L~;E~

is at Unitv Building,

Approach.
Grant Road, BOMBAY

Narasimharaja

ssuare.

89 65 26
22 39 71

Reprography Unit, BIS. New Delhi, India