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A Lesson on Melody
What is melody? Melody is the shape direction and pitch of the music; the tune of the song.  Melody is a logical succession of musical pitches arranged in a rhythmic pattern. An important part of melody is rhythm. The notes vary in pitch and duration. Form also applies to melody. Melodies include repetition as well as contrast. Pitch characteristics of melodies include:  Direction - up, down, stay the same  Range - wide or narrow spectrum of notes ranging from low to high

 Position - Maybe use notes of high pitches or transposed to low pitches, but as long as the intervals between notes is consistent, the melody can be placed with the total pitch continuum.  Intervals - The distance between the pitches of the melody may be steps from one note to an adjacent note, or skips where pitches leap from one to another skipping a tone or tones.

Just a Few Instruments Capable of Playing a Melody Flute Piano Recorder Bells Guitar Violin Saxophone Xylophone Kazoo

The Musical Alphabet – ABCDEFG  Lines: E every G good B boy D does F fine  Spaces: F A C E

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5 Lines and 4 Spaces Musical notes on the staff sit either on a line or in a space. The placement on the staff indicates pitch. Reading music involves understanding rhythmic notation as well as melodic notation.

The staff is a musical timeline reading from left to right.

The Treble Clef

The treble clef tells us which line is going to be which note or pitch. The treble clef is also known as G Clef. The bottom of the sign encircles the 2nd line from the bottom of the staff - G

Treble Clef

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The Musical Alphabet is: A B C D E F G

The lines of the staff are: E G B D F

The spaces of the staff are: F A C E

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1. BoomWhackers Activity Have students gather in groups, where each child in the group gets a different boomwhacker. Have students “guess” which order the scale is in and play that order. Then help correct them. Have them play the scale up then down. Then have them play the scale adding in steps, skips, and repeats as well as ups and downs. Have the children then pick out a simple song like „Twinkle Twinkle” and play it adding in the various elements.

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2. Staff Cards Activity  Create laminated staff cards for the class ahead of time.  Give each student a card along with several plastic chips.  Have students create melodies in up, down, skip, step, and repeat patterns.

3. Kazoo Activity Every student takes out their kazoo and that class “plays” the following songs: ABC, Twinkle Twinkle, Ba Ba Black Sheep Have the class note that all three songs have the same tune, and how it was easy to notice it while playing the kazoos.

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4. Singing and Solfege Handout/ Activity  This last activity is to teach students about melodies and how to read music by using their voice. Use the Handout that follows.  Teach them these hand motions using the „Do Ray Me‟ song using the clip from the The Sound of Music. (5 min clip) o

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Singing the Scale in Solfege

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