Tdt G Circleinvestigations

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Tdt G Circleinvestigations

© All Rights Reserved

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You are on page 1of 17

http://topdrawer.aamt.edu.au/Geometric-reasoning/Good-teaching/Exploringcircles/Explore-predict-confirm/Circle-geometry-investigations

In each of these activities you will learn something about circle geometry.

Start by drawing the required items in the given circle. Repeat this a few times, either

in the same circle or other circles, as appropriate. You will then be asked if you can

form a hypothesis. You can write simply, perhaps by annotating a diagram.

Then you will investigate in GeoGebra, using your diagrams as a basis for what you will

create within the software. Using length or angle measurements, as appropriate, you

can then see whether your hypothesis is true.

When asked to write a conclusion, you should create a diagram that demonstrates what

you have found, and write words that explain your theorem clearly. Try to write

formally, being specific. Do not just write the angle. Explain clearly which angle you

are referring to. After all these are completed, you may be asked to explain one of your

conclusions to the class.

The activities proceed more or less in order of difficulty, but do not let yourself get

stuck. If you cannot form a hypothesis, you can still investigate in GeoGebra. If you

cannot work out how to do something in GeoGebra and timely help is not available,

move on to the next activity and come back later.

The most important aspect of all this is the drawing and investigations. Even if you

never form a hypothesis or reach a conclusion, you will gain a lot of benefit from the

investigations.

2013 Education Services Australia Ltd, except where indicated otherwise. This document may

be used, reproduced, published, communicated and adapted free of charge for non-commercial

educational purposes provided all acknowledgements associated with the material are retained.

page 1 of 17

Introduction

Use the three circles below to display the following parts of a circle:

radius

diameter

tangent

chord

arc

sector

major segment

minor segment.

Describe this diagram in a similar way.

page 2 of 17

Activity 1

In the first circle, draw a chord.

The chord subtends three angles at the circumference (on the same side of the chord);

draw them.

Conclusion:

page 3 of 17

Activity 2

For a given chord, there is a relationship between:

the angle at the circumference on one side; and

the angle at the circumference on the other side.

Investigate with different chords in the circles below.

Conclusion:

page 4 of 17

Activity 3

Draw a diameter in each of these circles.

Draw some triangles inside each semicircle (the diameter is the base; a point on the

circle completes the triangle.)

Conclusion:

page 5 of 17

Activity 4

For a given chord, there is a relationship between:

the angle subtended at the centre; and

the angle subtended at the circumference.

Investigate in the circles below.

Conclusion:

page 6 of 17

Question 1

Find the values of all pronumerals.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

page 7 of 17

Activity 5

Draw a chord. Join the midpoint of the chord to the centre. Do this a few times.

Conclusion:

Activity 6

Draw two 2.5 cm chords in the first circle and two 1.5 cm chords in the second circle.

Conclusion:

page 8 of 17

Activity 7

In each circle, draw two chords AB and CD that intersect at E.

There is a relationship between the four shorter lengths created (called the intercepts).

It would be very difficult to observe this in a static diagram, so you may skip the

hypothesis and

investigate in GeoGebra. Name your file Activity7.ggb.

Conclusion:

Activity 8

In triangle ABC below, draw the perpendicular bisectors of AB, AC and BC.

What is significant about this point? (It is called the circumcentre of the triangle.)

Conclusion:

page 9 of 17

Activity 9

Draw a cyclic quadrilateral in each of the circles below. (A cyclic quadrilateral is a

quadrilateral all of whose vertices lie on the same circle.)

Conclusion:

page 10 of 17

Question 2

Find the values of all pronumerals.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

page 11 of 17

Activity 10

Draw some radii. For each radius, draw a tangent at the point of contact.

Conclusion:

page 12 of 17

Activity 11

Draw two tangents from an external point of your choice. Do this a few times.

Conclusion:

page 13 of 17

Activity 12

For each circle below:

draw a tangent

draw a chord that touches the tangent

draw a triangle using this chord as the base (of course, the third point must be on

the circle).

Conclusion:

page 14 of 17

Activity 13

For each circle below:

draw a tangent (call the point of contact P)

choose a point on the tangent (call it Q)

join Q to a point S on the far side of the circle; call the other point of intersection R.

Investigate in GeoGebra (Activity13.ggb) and see if you can find a relationship between

three of the lengths.

Conclusion:

Activity 14

Given a circle and an external point, GeoGebra can create the two tangents from the

point to the circle. In this activity, you will construct the tangents from first principles.

Create a circle (centre O) and an external point P.

Create a circle whose diameter is OP.

This cannot be done directly; you need to think about it.

You now have two circles. Place a point at their two points of intersection.

These are the points of contact for the tangents. Use the ray tool to create the two

tangents.

Move the various points around to confirm that you really have constructed the

tangents.

Name your file Activity14.ggb.

page 15 of 17

Question 3

Find the values of all pronumerals.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

(g)

page 16 of 17

Answers

Question 1

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

= 76

= 11

= 19

= 105, = 35

= 9

= 101

Question 2

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

y = 16

x = 0.8

y = 6 2

d = 8

x = 98, y = 122

x = 56, y = 28

Question 3

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

(g)

(h)

= 61

= 15.4

= 31.5, = 31.5

m = 36, p = 54

a = 92, b = 23

x = 7.2, y = 5.4

= 77, = 154

Proof:

In ABC and BCD

1.

C is common

2.

BAC = BCD (angle in the alternate segment)

ABC and BDC (AAA)

page 17 of 17

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