Investing in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Services for Children

In East Asia and the Pacific
19 April 2010
The views expressed in this presentation are the views of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Directors or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the source, originality, accuracy, completeness or reliability of any statement, information, data, finding, interpretation, advice, opinion, or view presented, nor does it make any representation concerning the same.

Drinking water coverage – East Asia and Pacific, 2008

Total Rural


Source: UNICEF/WHO JMP, 2010

Sanitation coverage – East Asia and Pacific, 2008

Total Rural


Source: UNICEF/WHO JMP, 2010

East Asia and the Pacific: On-track for water Off-track for sanitation
WHO-UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme, 2010

236 million (12%) do not use improved drinking water source and 7/8 of those live in rural areas China – 158 m Indonesia – 46 m Myanmar – 10 m 802 million (40%) do not use improved sanitation and 2/3 of those live in rural areas China – 607 m Indonesia – 109 m Viet Nam – 22 m Philippines – 21 m

Sanitation disparities urban-rural and by income
90 80 70
64 52 54

81 75 67 60 76 69 67 56 38 40 42 34 33 51

Sanitation coverage by wealth quintiles (5 countries)

Coverage (%)

60 50 40 30 20 1 0 0


1 5 1 0 5 6 1 8



2000 Sanitation urban



2015 Water urban

Sanitation rural

Water rural


Timor Leste
80 69 68




75 70 69


Coverage (%)


63 55 57 55 47

50 40 35 30 25 20






Source: DHS and MICS (Cambodia, Lao PDR, Mongolia, Thailand, Viet Nam

Who are the Non-State Providers?
URBAN Network water operators Non-network water providers

International Corporate International NGOs

Formal Private Local NGOs

Informal Private Community Groups

Toilet providers RURAL

Waste management services

Important providers to the poor Needed for scaling up Leveraging capacities and resources Partners in emergency response Scaling up of WASH programmes means to reach more people, more quickly, more sustainably and more equitably with water supply and sanitation services and positive health outcomes

WASH case studies – small-scale providers
Examples Urban water supply in metro Manila Rural sanitation marketing in Viet Nam Rural water providers in Cambodia Urban septage management in Philippines Provider Various small-scale water providers International Development Enterprises (IDE) GRET French INGO with private operators Various desludging operators

Sanitation marketing in Indonesia
Promotion of demand, through STBM (community led total sanitation)

D e m a n d

Latrine slabs Bio sand filters Rain water tanks



Sanitation marketing in Indonesia
Costs, selling price, profit margin, sales techniques, credit Latrine slabs, bowls, bio slow sand filters, rainwater tanks

D e m a n d

Training on business issues

Training on technical issues

Local masons, entrepreneurs, artisans
Individual incentives
Provision of moulds & training certificate

Promotional incentives
Provision of brochures and participation of media

Highlighting NSP contributions
Low-cost, locally viable Appropriate solutions Service level choice Safe products and services Sustainable

Thank you!

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful