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# Project Unit

135355

Revision

CALCULATION NOTE

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1. PSV Size

Scenario

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Vapour release

(kg/h)

MMSCFD

mm2

kPag

3758

0.72

275.8

178.7

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O
i Size
Si
2. PSV
Line

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Line

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Material

Size (in)

Flange Rating

CS

#150

CS

#150

Type

01

REP

Serial Number

Rev.

009

00

Page
Rev.

Date

Code
Discipline

Project Unit

Code

135355

Discipline

Type

01

REP

Revision

CALCULATION NOTE

Serial Number

Rev.

009

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## SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION PSV-414

i. To identify the orifice size of PSV-414 in fire case
ii. To identify the PSV inlet and outlet line size

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## CALCULATION METHOD and STANDARD

i. API STD 521, Addendum May 2008 "Guide for Pressure Relieving and Depressuring System"

ii. API STD 526, Errata May 2009 "Flanged Steel Pressure Relief Valve"

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700

kPag

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700

kPag

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Fire contigency

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## 1. Input process data:

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- Operating conditions

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Op.Temperature: 75 oC

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## - LP Separator V-402 geometry

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Assume that LP Separator contains liquid with HLSD of Vessel V-401 (refer to Process Equipment sizing calculationreport)

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Liquid volume:

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2.695

m3

Vapor volume:

0.726

m3

- PSV-402 data

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Set pressure:

700

kPag

## Accumulation: 21% of set pressure

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Relieving pressure:

847

kPag

Back pressure:

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## kPa (preliminary estimation)

0.975

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In order to define gas relieving rate through PSV under fire exposure, below scenarios to Boiling liquid in case Max oil case
(Case 08)

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70

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## Relieving temperature is simulated by HYSYS

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Vapor and liquid volumetric flowrates are adjusted to their actual volume occupied in LP Separator including 10% of piping inventory.

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Total heat input (Q) from fire will be transfered to fluid, heat accumulated by vessel metal is not considered. Input heat (Q) is used
mainly to increase the fluid temperature (Sensible Heat Qs) and partly to vaporise the liquid (Latent Heat of Vaporization H)

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Relief liquid is flashed fractionally at 1%, 2%, 5% to determine its respective latent heat. Repetition is interupted once the latent
heat tends increasing and the flashing vapour will be relieving flowrate as required.

## 4. Line sizing criteria

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Line size will be verified based on gas flow relieved by real orifce area (rated flow) and PSV tailpipe back pressure is atmosphere.

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v < 20 m/s

## PSV downstream line

Mach number < 0.75

Project Unit

Code

135355

Revision

CALCULATION NOTE

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## SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION PSV-414

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Relieving pressure =

847.0

kPag

## Max Oil production (Case 08)

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Latent heat of vaporization is determined by fractionally flashing liquid portion, Mass Heat of Vaporization and detailed

calculation are as table below. Refer HYSYS MODEL showing this flashing arrangement in page 8 of 8.
1%

2%

218.3

218.3

kJ/h

7909.9

18774.7

Sensible Heat - Qs

kJ/h

4007.8

10713.9

Mass vaporisation

kg/h

17.970

35.940

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M l l weight
Molecular
i h

105
06
105.06

105
98
105.98

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## Latent heat of vaporization

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Vaporised fraction

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Relieving temperature

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Input Heat - Q

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2

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kJ/kg

217

224.3

kCal/kg

51.9

53.6

Cal.

275.81

Selected

20

kg/hr

3193.6

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## Rated flow @ 1.21*Pset

kg/h

3758

MMscfd

0.72

19

22

5%

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From above calculation, the orifice size G with the rated flow o

3194

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## 2. PSV Inlet and Outlet Line Size

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The gas flow released by real orifice area (rated flow) is employed to verify the PSV inlet / outlet line size correspondence

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3,757.6

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## i) PSV Inlet Line

Size (inch) Velocity (m/s) P/ P set
3

8.09

1.09

Check
Yes

## ii) PSV Outlet line

Size (inch) Mach Number P/ P set
3

0.044

7.58

Check
Yes

Page
Rev.

Date

kg/h

Project Unit

135355

Code
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## Dimension of LP Separator are given in the datasheet:

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Assume liquid volume contains LP Separator estimatly equals fluid volume from bottom to HLSD.

0.80

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Length T/T:

2.000

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ID:

1.500

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2.450

m3

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Total volume

4.418

m3

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6.191

m2

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% liquid volume

55.5

## : 1.1 spare for Piping & ends

:h is liquid level;

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:r is Length of HP Separator.)

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## Heat input (from equation 6 of API 521)

192.6

kW

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Q is the total heat absorption (input) to the wetted surface, expressed in W (Btu/h);

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C1 = 43200

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F is an environment factor = 1

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6.191

m2

Page
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135355

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Latent heat
Heat input

192.6

1%

kW

693,479.98 kJ/hr

2%

5%

224.3

0.0

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INPUT DATA

10
11

YEAR

12

2015
1%

ENGLISH UNIT
2%

13

217.1

224.28

14

3193.6

3092.0

700

700

5%
0.00

1%

2%

5%

kJ/kg

#DIV/0! kg/hr

7040.73

700

kPag

116.22

116.22

116.22 psia

116.22

116.22

116.22 psia

10.15

10.15

43.51 psia

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Set pressure

Ps

700

700

700

kPag

70.0

70.0

300

kPa

0.00

0.00

0.00 psia

10.15

10.15

43.51 psia

0.21

0.21

0.21

137.54

137.54

137.54 psia

884.6

884.6

491.7 R

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P2

kPa

70

70

300

kPa

0.21

0.21

0.21
847.0 kPag

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P1

847.0

847.0

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## Temp. @ max relief pres.T1

218.3

218.3

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Molecular Weight

MW

105.06

105.98

29.297

105.06

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Z factor

0.8016

0.799

0.7107

0.801626

0.7991377 0.7107

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k (Cp/Cp-R)

1.031

1.031

1.0863

1.031497

1.0311369 1.0863

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Coef. Of discharge

Kd

0.975

0.975

0.975

0.975

0.975

0.975

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Kb

31

Kc

32

105.97784 29.297

## DETAIL CALCULATION RESULTS

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Critical pressure

35

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Coefficient

319.1

319.031

325.243

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0.131

0.131

0.440

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Area calculated

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## Req. eff. discharge area A

0.428

0.412

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Selected area

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Recommended orifice

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Pc

82.45
CRITICAL

82.46

80.82 psia

CRITICALCRITICAL

#DIV/0! in2

Recommended area
0.503
43
324.5
44
8284.15
Rated relieving capacity Q
3758
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46 Note: (*) PSV size will be confirmed by Vendor

in2
mm2
lb/hr
kg/hr

Page
Rev.

Date

0.72

MMSCFD

Project Unit

Code

135355

Discipline

Type

01

REP

Revision

CALCULATION NOTE

Serial Number

Rev.

009

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Inlet

Outlet

FROM

PSV

TO

PSV

FLARE

3758

3758

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## Outlet pipe size of PSV: DN 80

I. GENERAL
Mass flow

qm

Molecular Weight

MW

kg/h

105.06

105.06

218.31

206.25

11

884.63

862.92

12

491.46

479.40
0.984

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Temperature

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Compressibility average

0.802

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k = Cp/Cv

1.077

1.036

15

m /h

138.86

2004.77

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Viscosity

cP

0.0102

0.0090

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kg/m

27.061

1.874

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Pressure Relief

Prelief

kPaa

948.3

948.3

mm

80

80

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20

Pipe DN

21

Pipe Schedule

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Pipe I.D.

mm

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Roughness

40

40

77.9

77.82
0.05

mm

0.05

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Pipe length

19.00

2.75

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Velocity

m/s

8.09

117.08

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Momentum

1772.3

25693.8

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Reynolds number

Re

1.67E+06

1.9E+06

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Sonic velocity

183.28

196.71

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37.31

41.73

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Friction factor

fm

0.018

0.018

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Mach Number

0.039

0.044

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Fittings

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Ball Valve
Tee-equal
Elbow

kg/m.s 2

kPaa

Qty

Qty

65

45

20

65

90, R= 1 D

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45, R= 1 D

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Reducer

0.17 m

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Expander

0.12 m

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## Equivalent Length of Fittings, Reducer, Expander, Pipe

30.85

14.87
2.974

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III. CALCULATIONS

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kPa/1m

0.205

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kPa

6.3

44.2

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Other P

kPa

0.000

0.000

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Design Margin

20%

1.27

8.84

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## Total Pressure drop

kPa

7.60

53.06

kPag

700

700

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Conclusion:
Inlet pipe size of PSV: DN 80

## PSV Set Pressure

Pressure Drop as % of Set Pressure
Allowable Pressure Drop as API 521 (%)

1.09

7.58

3.00

10.00

Project Unit

135355

CALCULATION NOTE

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