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Project Unit

135355

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CALCULATION NOTE

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PRESSURE RELIEF SIZING

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SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION PSV-414


1. PSV Size

Scenario

Relief Load

7
8

Vapour release

Rated Flow Req. orifice Back pres.

(kg/h)

MMSCFD

mm2

kPag

3758

0.72

275.8

178.7

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11
12

PSV orifice size is designated as "1 1/2G 3"

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S Inlet and Outlet


O
i Size
Si
2. PSV
Line

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Line

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Material

Size (in)

Flange Rating

Inlet line to PSV

CS

#150

Outlet line from PSV

CS

#150

Type

01

REP

Serial Number

Rev.

009

00

Page
Rev.

Date

Code
Discipline

Project Unit

Code

135355

Discipline

Type

01

REP

Revision

CALCULATION NOTE

Serial Number

Rev.

009

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Page
Rev.

Date
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PRESSURE RELIEF SIZING

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Approved by

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SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION PSV-414


i. To identify the orifice size of PSV-414 in fire case
ii. To identify the PSV inlet and outlet line size

5
6

CALCULATION METHOD and STANDARD

i. API STD 521, Addendum May 2008 "Guide for Pressure Relieving and Depressuring System"

ii. API STD 526, Errata May 2009 "Flanged Steel Pressure Relief Valve"

iii.Line Sizing Philisophy

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ASSUMPTION AND BASIS

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Blocked outlet contigency

12

Design pressure of LP Separator V-402

700

kPag

13

Set pressure of PSV (=design pressure of pig receiver):

700

kPag

14

Fire contigency

15

This is relevant contigency.

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1. Input process data:

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- Operating conditions

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Op.Temperature: 75 oC

Op. Pressure: 40-80 kPag

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Ambient temperature: 4.0 - 38.0 oC

- LP Separator V-402 geometry

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21

Assume that LP Separator contains liquid with HLSD of Vessel V-401 (refer to Process Equipment sizing calculationreport)

22

- Total astimated LP Separator volume (including 10% of piping) refer sheet 5 of 8

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Liquid volume:

24

2.695

m3

Vapor volume:

0.726

m3

- PSV-402 data

25

Set pressure:

700

kPag

Accumulation: 21% of set pressure

26

Relieving pressure:

847

kPag

Back pressure:

Coefficient of discharge Kd:

27
28

kPa (preliminary estimation)

0.975

2. Vapor relief load

29

In order to define gas relieving rate through PSV under fire exposure, below scenarios to Boiling liquid in case Max oil case
(Case 08)

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31

70

3. Latent heat determination

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Relieving temperature is simulated by HYSYS

33

Vapor and liquid volumetric flowrates are adjusted to their actual volume occupied in LP Separator including 10% of piping inventory.

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Total heat input (Q) from fire will be transfered to fluid, heat accumulated by vessel metal is not considered. Input heat (Q) is used
mainly to increase the fluid temperature (Sensible Heat Qs) and partly to vaporise the liquid (Latent Heat of Vaporization H)

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Relief liquid is flashed fractionally at 1%, 2%, 5% to determine its respective latent heat. Repetition is interupted once the latent
heat tends increasing and the flashing vapour will be relieving flowrate as required.

4. Line sizing criteria

39

Line size will be verified based on gas flow relieved by real orifce area (rated flow) and PSV tailpipe back pressure is atmosphere.

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PSV upstream line:


v < 20 m/s

P < 0.03 x PSV set pressure

PSV downstream line


Mach number < 0.75

P < 0.1 x PSV set pressure

Project Unit

Code

135355

Revision

CALCULATION NOTE

Discipline

Type

01

REP

Serial Number

Rev.

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PRESSURE RELIEF SIZING

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SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION PSV-414

1. PSV Relief Load

4
5

Relieving pressure =

847.0

kPag

Max Oil production (Case 08)

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7
8

Latent heat of vaporization is determined by fractionally flashing liquid portion, Mass Heat of Vaporization and detailed

calculation are as table below. Refer HYSYS MODEL showing this flashing arrangement in page 8 of 8.
1%

2%

218.3

218.3

kJ/h

7909.9

18774.7

Sensible Heat - Qs

kJ/h

4007.8

10713.9

Mass vaporisation

kg/h

17.970

35.940

15

M l l weight
Molecular
i h

105
06
105.06

105
98
105.98

16

Latent heat of vaporization

10

Vaporised fraction

11

Relieving temperature

12

Input Heat - Q

13
14

17
2

Orifice size (mm )

18

kJ/kg

217

224.3

kCal/kg

51.9

53.6

Cal.

275.81

Selected

20

Gas flowrate to be relieved

kg/hr

3193.6

21

Rated flow @ 1.21*Pset

kg/h

3758

MMscfd

0.72

19

22

5%

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24

From above calculation, the orifice size G with the rated flow o

3194

kg/h will be selected for PSV-414

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2. PSV Inlet and Outlet Line Size

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The gas flow released by real orifice area (rated flow) is employed to verify the PSV inlet / outlet line size correspondence

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Rated flow (Case #1, 1% of vaporization)

3,757.6

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i) PSV Inlet Line


Size (inch) Velocity (m/s) P/ P set
3

8.09

1.09

Check
Yes

ii) PSV Outlet line


Size (inch) Mach Number P/ P set
3

0.044

7.58

Check
Yes

Page
Rev.

Date

kg/h

(See detail in note of page 5 of 7)

Project Unit

135355

Code
Discipline

Type

01

REP

Revision

CALCULATION NOTE

Serial Number

Rev.

009

00

Originator

PRESSURE RELIEF SIZING

Checked by
Approved by

1
2

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION PSV-414

LP SEPARATOR INVENTORY CALCULATION

4
5

Dimension of LP Separator are given in the datasheet:

6
7

Assume liquid volume contains LP Separator estimatly equals fluid volume from bottom to HLSD.

Therefore, the liquid level shall be

0.80

(refer to Process Equipment sizing calculation report)

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10

With the dimension of LP Separator as below:

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Length T/T:

2.000

(refer to Process Equipment sizing calculation report)

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ID:

1.500

(refer to Process Equipment sizing calculation report)

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And the volumes and area of HP Separator is flowing:

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Total liquid volume

2.450

m3

(refer to Process Equipment sizing calculation report)

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Total volume

4.418

m3

(refer to Process Equipment sizing calculation report)

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Total wetted area

6.191

m2

(A=2*pi*r*h*1.1; Which in:

21

% liquid volume

55.5

: 1.1 spare for Piping & ends


:h is liquid level;

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:r is Length of HP Separator.)

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Heat input (from equation 6 of API 521)

192.6

kW

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Q is the total heat absorption (input) to the wetted surface, expressed in W (Btu/h);

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C1 = 43200

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F is an environment factor = 1

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Aws is the total wetted surface, =

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6.191

m2

Page
Rev.

Date

Project Unit

Code

135355

Discipline

Type

01

REP

Revision

CALCULATION NOTE

Serial Number

Rev.

009

00

Originator

PRESSURE RELIEF SIZING

Checked by
Approved by

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SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION PSV-414

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE CALCULATION

4
5

Latent heat
Heat input

192.6

1%

kW

693,479.98 kJ/hr

Max Oil & Gas - Y 2015 217.1

2%

5%

224.3

0.0

7
8
9

INPUT DATA

10
11

YEAR

12

Case (% volatile mass)

2015
1%

ENGLISH UNIT
2%

13

Latent heat of vaporization

217.1

224.28

14

Design Mass flow

3193.6

3092.0

700

700

5%
0.00

1%

2%

5%

kJ/kg

#DIV/0! kg/hr

7040.73

700

kPag

116.22

116.22

116.22 psia

116.22

116.22

116.22 psia

10.15

10.15

43.51 psia

6816.6423 ###### lb/hr

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Ves. Design pres.


Set pressure

Ps

700

700

700

kPag

70.0

70.0

300

kPa

0.00

0.00

0.00 psia

10.15

10.15

43.51 psia

0.21

0.21

0.21

137.54

137.54

137.54 psia

884.6

884.6

491.7 R

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Constant Back Pres.

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Built-up Back. Pres.

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Total Back pressure

P2

kPa

70

70

300

kPa

0.21

0.21

0.21
847.0 kPag

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Allow. Over pres.

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Max relief pressure

P1

847.0

847.0

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Temp. @ max relief pres.T1

218.3

218.3

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Molecular Weight

MW

105.06

105.98

29.297

105.06

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Z factor

0.8016

0.799

0.7107

0.801626

0.7991377 0.7107

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k (Cp/Cp-R)

1.031

1.031

1.0863

1.031497

1.0311369 1.0863

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Coef. Of discharge

Kd

0.975

0.975

0.975

0.975

0.975

0.975

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Back pres. Factor

Kb

31

Comb. Cor. Factor

Kc

32

105.97784 29.297

DETAIL CALCULATION RESULTS

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Critical pressure

35

Downstream flow regime

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Coefficient

319.1

319.031

325.243

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Coef. Of subcritical flow F

0.131

0.131

0.440

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Area calculated

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Req. eff. discharge area A

0.428

0.412

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Selected area

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Recommended orifice

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Pc

82.45
CRITICAL

82.46

80.82 psia

CRITICALCRITICAL

#DIV/0! in2

Recommended area
0.503
43
324.5
44
8284.15
Rated relieving capacity Q
3758
45
46 Note: (*) PSV size will be confirmed by Vendor

in2
mm2
lb/hr
kg/hr

Page
Rev.

Date

0.72

MMSCFD

Project Unit

Code

135355

Discipline

Type

01

REP

Revision

CALCULATION NOTE

Serial Number

Rev.

009

00

Page
Rev.

Date
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PRESSURE RELIEF SIZING

Checked by
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SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION PSV-414

PSV INLET / OUTLET LINE CHECKING

Max Oil Case (Case 07)

Inlet

Outlet

FROM

Pig Receiver

PSV

TO

PSV

FLARE

3758

3758

7
8

Outlet pipe size of PSV: DN 80

I. GENERAL
Mass flow

qm

Molecular Weight

MW

kg/h

105.06

105.06

218.31

206.25

11

884.63

862.92

12

491.46

479.40
0.984

9
10

Temperature

13

Compressibility average

0.802

14

Secific heat ratio

k = Cp/Cv

1.077

1.036

15

Act. Volume flow

m /h

138.86

2004.77

16

Viscosity

cP

0.0102

0.0090

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Outlet vapor density

kg/m

27.061

1.874

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Pressure Relief

Prelief

kPaa

948.3

948.3

mm

80

80

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II. PIPE & FITTINGS DATA

20

Pipe DN

21

Pipe Schedule

22

Pipe I.D.

mm

23

Roughness

40

40

77.9

77.82
0.05

mm

0.05

24

Pipe length

19.00

2.75

25

Velocity

m/s

8.09

117.08

26

Momentum

1772.3

25693.8

27

Reynolds number

Re

1.67E+06

1.9E+06

28

Sonic velocity

183.28

196.71

29

Critical Pressure at (Mach =1) Pc

37.31

41.73

30

Friction factor

fm

0.018

0.018

31

Mach Number

0.039

0.044

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Fittings

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44
45
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Ball Valve
Tee-equal
Elbow

kg/m.s 2

kPaa

Qty

Qty

Full bore 40 mm and smaller

65

Full bore 50 mm and larger

45

Flow straight through

20

Flow through side outlet

65

90, R= 1 D

20

45, R= 1 D

16

55

Reducer

0.17 m

56

Expander

0.12 m

57

Equivalent Length of Fittings, Reducer, Expander, Pipe

30.85

14.87
2.974

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III. CALCULATIONS

59

Pipe Pressure drop

kPa/1m

0.205

60

Pipe and Fittings Pressure drop

kPa

6.3

44.2

61

Other P

kPa

0.000

0.000

62

Design Margin

20%

1.27

8.84

63

Total Pressure drop

kPa

7.60

53.06

kPag

700

700

64
65
66
69

Conclusion:
Inlet pipe size of PSV: DN 80

PSV Set Pressure


Pressure Drop as % of Set Pressure
Allowable Pressure Drop as API 521 (%)

1.09

7.58

3.00

10.00

Project Unit

135355

CALCULATION NOTE

Revision
Originator

PRESSURE RELIEF SIZING

Checked by
Approved by

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2

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION PSV-414

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Discipline

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