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10126

00863112

U448.21

930

2008

2012 5 8

930

930
, Y

930 The fabricated prestressed concrete simply supported box beam


bridge
AuthorHanzhidong
TutorTangbaoli

Abstract:930prefabricated

box beam bridge design in the "safe, economy, beautiful,

practical" eight-character principle, according to the requirements of the design task and" the
bridge" provisions, on the Y River Bridge for scheme selection and design. This paper
presents three different bridge type scheme comparison and selection: scheme for the
prestressed concrete continuous box girder bridge, scheme for partially prestressed concrete
cable-stayed bridge, the scheme three is deck-type concrete arch bridge. Based on the
character and the principle of design construction and other aspects to consider, the
comparison to determine the prestressed concrete continuous box girder bridge as the
recommended scheme.
In the design, the bridge upper structure calculation analyzes bridge in use of dead load
and live load force, the overall volume and weight coefficient, load collection degree of
constant load internal force calculation. Using the lever principle method, modified excentral
pressure method for live load transverse distribution coefficient, and the maximum load live
load.
According to the internal force of the beam, the prestressed steel strand estimation,
estimation of loss of prestress, and prestressed phase and use phase of the main beam section
of the strength and deformation calculation, the calculation of deflection. The substructure
adopts to bored pile based on double column pier, and briefly introduces the construction
scheme.

Keywords: prestressed continuous box beam bridge internal forceconversionbored pile


double column pierprestressed concrete

.............................................................................................................................. 1
1 ................................................................................................................................. 1
1.1 ....................................................................................... 1
1.2 ........................................................................... 2
...................................................................................................................... 3
1 .................................................................................................................. 3
1.1 ............................................................................... 3
1.2 ........................................................................... 3
1.3 ........................................................................................... 3
2 ......................................................................................................................... 4
Y .................................................................................. 5
1 ................................................................................................................. 5
2 ................................................................................................................. 5
2.1 ............................................................................................... 5
2.2 ....................................................................................................... 5
2.3 ................................................................................................... 5
3 ......................................................................................... 5
3.1 ............................... 5
4 ................................................................................................................. 7
5 ......................................................................................................... 9
5.1 Z ' ........................................................................................ 9
6 ....................................................................................................................... 10
6.1 ............................................................................................................. 10
6.2 ..................................................................................................... 10
.................................................................................................................... 12
1 ............................................................................................................... 12
1.1 ................................................................................................. 12
1.2 ............................................................................................................. 12

1.3 ......................................................................................................... 12
1.4 ......................................................................................... 13
2 ............................................................................... 13
3 ....................................................................................................... 13
3.1 ............................................................. 16
3.2 ............................................................................................. 18
3.3 ................................................................................................. 26
4 ....................................................................................... 27
4.1 ..................................................................................... 27
4.2 ................................................................................................. 28
5 ................................................................................................ 32
5.1 ..................................................................................... 33
5.2 ..................................................................................................... 35
5.3 ............................................................................................. 39
6 ................................................................................................... 40
6.1 ................................................................. 40
6.2 ..................................................... 41
6.3 ................................................................. 41
6.4 ................................................................. 42
6.5 ............................................................. 44
6.6 ......................... 45
6.7 ......................................................................... 47
7 ............................................................................................... 50
7.1 ......................................................................... 50
7.2 ......................................................................... 52
7.3 ..................................................................................... 53
8 ................................................................... 56
8.1 ............................................................................................. 56
8.2 ............................................................................................. 58

9 ........................................................................................... 64
9.1 ......................................................................... 64
9.2 ......................................................................................... 66
9.3 ............................................................................. 66
10 ......................................................................................... 73
10.1 ............................................................................... 73
10.2 ............................................................................................... 75
11 ......................................................................................... 75
11.1 ........................................................................... 75
11.2 ....................................................................................... 78
12 ............................................................................................................. 79
12.1 ................................................................... 79
12.2 ........................................................................... 81
12.3 ................................................................................................... 84
12.4 ................................................................................................... 84
13 ............................................................................................................. 84
13.1 ....................................................................................... 84
13.2 ....................................................................................... 86
14 ..................................................................................................................... 90
14.1 ....................................................................................... 91
14.2 ............................................................................................... 91
14.3 ............................................................................................... 92
14.4 ................................................................................... 93
........................................................................................................ 95
1 ....................................................................................................................... 95
1.1 ......................................................................................... 95
1.2 ..................................................................................................... 95
1.3 ..................................................................................................................... 95
1.4 ............................................................................................................. 95

1.5 .............................................................................................................. 95
2 ....................................................................................................................... 95
2.1 ............................................................................................................. 95
2.2 ........................................................................................................... 103
2.3 ........................................................................... 106
3 .................................................................................. 110
4 .............................................................................. 116
........................................................................................................ 126
1 ...................................................................................................................... 126
1.1 .................................................................................... 126
1.2 ............................................................................... 126
2 ...................................................................................................... 126
3 .................................................................................................................. 127
3.1 ............................................................................................................ 127
3.2 ....................................................................................................... 127
3.3 ....................................................................................................... 127
4 ................................................................................................................. 127
.................................................................................................................................... 128
................................................................................................................................ 129
A .................................................................................................................................... 130
B .................................................................................................................................... 136


1
1.1

50 100 80 440
400

T
80

60

40200

1.2
1
1

80 1860MPa
C50 C60

1.1

9 30 m

2.1

2.1

1.2
30+40+100+40+30m , 240m

2.2

2.2

1.3
2.3

2.3

1.1
2
2.1

Y
1
(1). i=4 m 35
(2). m 2630m3 / s 4.5m / s 98.35m

5kg / m 3 D 500m d 95 300m


(3). W0 180 Pa
(4). 1.4m
(5).
(6). 7 9
2
2.1
12
2.2
123
2.3
1 2

3
3.1
3.1 3.2 3-1

3.1

K2+138

K2+140

K2+150

K2+155

K2+165

K2+168

K2+180

K2+185

K2+200

98.57

96.08

95.21

95.17

95.41

95.61

96.2

95.76

95.62

K2+210

K2+220

K2+227

K2+240

K2+250

K2+260

K2+270

K2+280

K2+294

95.76

95.56

95.7

95.96

95.45

95.62

95.52

95.07

95.75

K2+300

K2+310

K2+320

K2+330

K2+340

K2+350

K2+351

K2+400

95.39

95.5

95.53

95.76

95.73

97.17

98.11

98.45

3.2

K2+

138

98.35

98.57

-0.22

138.03

98.35

98.35

140

98.35

96.08

2.27

1.135

1.97

3.01

2.2

29.3

150

98.35

95.21

3.14

2.705

10

10.04

27.1

45.1

155

98.35

95.17

3.18

3.16

5.00

15.8

75.6

165

98.35

95.41

2.94

3.06

10

10.00

30.6

84.2

168

98.35

95.61

2.74

2.84

3.01

8.5

113.5

180

98.35

96.2

2.15

2.445

12

12.01

29.3

125.4

185

98.35

95.76

2.59

2.37

5.02

11.9

165.3

200

98.35

95.62

2.73

2.66

15

15.00

39.9

192.2

210

98.35

95.7

2.65

2.69

10

10.00

26.9

219.4

220

98.35

95.56

2.79

2.72

10

10.00

27.2

238.4

227

98.35

95.7

2.65

2.72

7.00

19.0

271.2

240

98.35

95.96

2.39

2.52

13

13.00

32.8

297.6

250

98.35

95.45

2.9

2.645

10

10.01

26.5

325.8

260

98.35

95.62

2.73

2.815

10

10.00

28.1

353.6

270

98.35

95.52

2.83

2.78

10

10.00

27.8

384.1

280

98.35

95.07

3.28

3.055

10

10.01

30.6

425.3

2.2

3.2
294

98.35

95.75

2.6

2.94

14

14.02

41.2

441.9

300

98.35

95.39

2.96

2.78

6.01

16.7

471.0

310

98.35

95.5

2.85

2.905

10

10.00

29.0

499.3

320

98.35

95.53

2.82

2.835

10

10.00

28.3

526.4

330

98.35

95.76

2.59

2.705

10

10.00

27.0

552.4

340

98.35

95.73

2.62

2.605

10

10.00

26.0

571.4

Bc=247.56m

350

98.35

97.17

1.18

1.9

10

10.10

19.0

572.2

=576.3

351

98.35

98.11

0.24

0.71

1.37

0.7

576.3

=249.21m

385.59

98.35

98.35

0.12

34.59

34.59

4.2

400

98.35

98.45

-0.1

4
,
c 576.3m 2

Rc c 576.3 / 249.21 2.31m

Bc 247.56m
2
3
c

1
2

2
3

mc 40

1
2

Vc mc R i 40 2.31 0.004 4.42m / s


Qc c Vc 576.3 4.42 2547.69m3 / s

Vs Vc 4.42m / s

Qs Qc 2547.69m 3 / sQS 2630m3 / s


Y
JTGC30-2002

Kq 0.95

n 3 0.87

Q
L j K q P
QC

Qp Qc 2630m3 / s

Bc 247.56m

n3

BC 0.95 10.87 247.56 235.18m

Y 9 30m A
l j 9 (30 1.5) 256.5 230.19

98.35

K2+385.59

98.11

K2+351

97.17

K2+350
K2+340

95.73
95.76

K2+330

95.53

K2+320

95.5

K2+310

95.39

K2+300
K2+294

95.75

95.07
95.52

K2+270

95.62

K2+260

95.45

K2+250

K2+240

95.96

95.7

K2+227

95.56

K2+220

95.7

K2+210

95.62

K2+200

95.76
96.2

K2+185
K2+180

95.61
95.41

K2+168
K2+165

95.17

K2+155

95.21
96.08
98.35

K2+280

K2+150
K2+140
95.07 K2+183.03

3-1

H min H s h h j h0
H min --

h --
h j --

h0 --
5.1 Z '

Z =

K N Ky
vM 2 - v 0 M 2
2g

1
Z ' Z
2

Z '

1
Z 0
2

2
0.45

0.0018 g D

0.7
2

v
g h

w
2.42 1.3 th 0.7 2 th
0.7

v w
g h
0.13 th 0.7 2

v w

hL
g
vw

vw vw 16m / s
D D 500m

H H 2.58m
H L 0.48m

10

H min H s h h j h0 98.35 0.48 0.5 2 101.33m


6
6.1

Q
hp 1.04 Ad 2
Qc

0.90

Bc

1 B
cq

0.66

hcm

hcq --- m

Q2 --- m3 / s

Qc --- m3 / s
Bcq ---

hcm --- m

Ad ---
BZ

Ad
HZ

0.15

247.56

3
.
28

0.95

Q
h p 1.04 Ad 2
Qc

0.90

0.15

1.27

Q2 Qc 2630m3 / s

Bcq 247.56m

Bc

1 B
cq

0.66

hcm 4.47m

6.2

v0 0.28 d 0.7

A Q2

1.04 Qc
0.1
d

0.1

0 hb K K 2 B h
0.6
1

K 2 0.57

0.5

Bc

1 Bcq
n2

0.15
p

0.73m3 / s

0.34

2
3

hcm

c 3.75m3 / s
hc

v v0'


v0

v0' 0.12 d 0.7

0.55

11

0.34m3 / s

0 n2
v
n2 0
v

0.230.19lg d

0.463

1.5m K 1.00

B1 d 1.6m
n2

hb K K 2 B h
0.6
1

0.15
p

v v0'
3.75 0.34

1.00 0.57 1.6 0.6 4.47 0.15

0.73

v0

0.533

3.63m

12


1
1.1
(1) 30m
(2) 29.96m
(3) 29.16m
(4) 11m 2 0.5m
1.2
(1)
(2)
(3)
1.3
1
C50
2 GB/T 5224-2003
f pk 1860Mpa d 15.2mm
3 R235,HRB335 12
HRB335(20MnSi)<12 R235
4 GB7001988 Q235B
5 26kN / m 3 23kN / m 3

78.5kN / m 3
6GVM15-3GVM15-4 GVM15-5

(JTG D62-2004)

13

1.4
(1)JTG B012003
(2)JIG D602004
(3)JIG D622004
(4)JTJ 0412000
(5)JTG D812006
2
(1)
(2) 2%
(3) 1.6m
1.25m 0.5m 4
0.5m 0.18m 2.4m 0.18m
0.18m 0.25m 0.18m 0.25m
1.78 0.1m
0.25m 0.25m 4-1
(4) 60mm 70mm
0.25 0.0015 6mm
(5) 25KN / m 3 26.0KN / m 3
25KN / m 3 7.0KN / m
(6) 4-2
4-1
3

14

12000
500

11000

500

500

1600

180

100mm

80mmC50
180mm

180

180

180

1650

32900

1650

12000
500

11000

500

1600

500

1650

32900

1650

4-1 mm
4-1

cm

cm3

d i y s yi

I Ii I x

cm2

cm4

cm

cm4

cm4

5220

46980

140940

50

13060744

13201684

546.7

21.2

11590

2482

38

781998

784480

4186.8

85

355878

4719113

-26

2825798

7544911

1881

151.12

284031

69947

-92

15913662

15983609

11834.5

698479

4932482

32582203

37514685

15

4-1

d i y s yi

I Ii I x

cm

cm3

cm2

cm4

cm

cm4

cm4

4320

38880

116640

54.14

12661441

12778081

546.7

21.2

11590

2482

41.94

961519

964001

4186.8

85

355878

4719113

-21.86

2001126

6720239

1881

151.12

284031

69947

-87.86

14520918

14590865

10934.5

690379

4908182

30145004

35053186

ys1 59.02cm
ys 2 63.14cm

(0.5)

31.39cm
53.71cm
=0.530.5

150

150

200

200

1163

1200

250

250

250

180

200

1
158

342

500

500

342

1
158

77180

150

1200

1343

1200

180

1200

4
180

1600

77

180

500

500

4-2 mm

3.1
1
1
12.8m

q1 1.09345 26 12.8kN 363.9kN


1.68m
A 1.26166m 2

q 2 (1.26166 0.97843) 26 1.9 / 2kN 55.3kN


0.5m

q3 1.26166 0.5 26kN 16.4kN

0.957 0.5 0.4785m 3

q4 0.4785 25kN 11.963kN

q (363.9 55.3 16.4 11.963) / 14.92kN / m 29.998kN / m


2

q5 0.5 0.18 25kN / m 2.25kN / m

0.5 (0.3 0.25 0.22 0.25) 0.065m3


q6 0.065 2 25 29.96 0.108kN / m

10cm

16

17

0.112 24kN / m 28.8kN / m


6cm C50

0.08 12 25kN / m 24kN / m

q7 (28.8 24)kN / 4m 13.2kN / m


7 kN / m

q8 7 2kN / 4m 3.5kN / m

q 2.25 0.108 13.2 3.5kN / m 19.05kN / m


2
4-3 c a / l

29.16m

(1-c)l

a=cl

c(1-c)l

(1-c)
c

4-3

M V

18

1
M c c(1 c)l 2 q
2
1
Vc (1 2c)ql
2

4-2
4-2 1

C=0.50

C=0.25

C=0.00

/KNm

3188.43

2391.33

0.00

/KN

0.00

218.69

437.37

/KNm

2025.64

1519.23

0.00

/KN

0.00

138.93

277.87

/KNm

5214.07

3910.56

0.00

/KN

0.00

357.62

715.24

3.2
1 f

2l 2

EI c
3.14
3.45 1010 0.37514685

3.8249z
mc
3015.928
2 29.16 2

G 1.18345 25 10 3
kg / m 3015.928kg / m
mc
g
9.81
1.5Hz f 14Hz

0.1767 ln f 0.0157 0.2213


22%

19

2
1 mc

mc
I I T I 4-1

I 0.37515m 4
IT

4 2 m
ci bi t t3
ds
t i1

bi t i
ci t / b
m
4-4

(86.523 158.845) 142 / 2 11364.518cm 2

ds 158.847 86.523 146.532 2

29.913
t
18
18
18

4 11364.518 2
2 0.2284 35.8 183 )cm 4
29.913
17365759.9665cm 4
IT (

c 0.2284
t / b 18 / 35.8 0.5028

180

1200

1200
1588,45

101

150

150

200

1163

1420

200
3193
1465.

1600

20

180

4
1

180

865,23
158

342

500

500

342

158

4-4

5.8

I b1 2
( )
IT l

390

Id13
l 4 h13

I T
b1 b1 290cm

l l 2916cm
d1 d1 (35.8 25)cm 60.8cm
h1
d1 / 3 h1 18cm

5.8

I b1 2
37514685
290 2
( ) 5.5
(
) 0.1175
IT l
17365759.9665 2916

390

21

Id13
37514685 60.83

390

0.0078
l 4 h13
2916 4 183

A
4-3
4-3

0.006

0.01

0.100

0.415

0.293

0.187

0.104

0.422

0.292

0.182

0.105

0.150

0.457

0.306

0.173

0.064

0.461

0.303

0.167

0.066

0.1175

0.430

0.298

0.182

0.090

0.436

0.296

0.177

0.091

0.100

0.293

0.281

0.238

0.187

0.292

0.288

0.238

0.182

0.150

0.306

0.287

0.234

0.173

0.303

0.294

0.236

0.167

0.1175

0.298

0.283

0.237

0.182

0.296

0.290

0.237

0.177

=0.0078

0.4328

0.2969

0.1795

0.0902

=0.1175

0.2969

0.2863

0.2369

0.1795

1
4-5

1200
1100

130

0.0948
0.0902

180

0.1349

0.3227

0.3836

0.4679

130

0.1937
0.1795

180

0.2463

130

0.2969

180

0.4328

50 50

4-5 1 cm

22

1
mcq (0.4679 0.3836 0.3227 0.2463 0.1937 0.1349 0.0948) 0.78 0.6821
2

1
mcq (0.4679 0.3836 0.3227 0.2463 0.1937) 0.7103
2
2 4-6
1200
1100

180

0.2429

0.2650

0.2863
0.2883

0.2931

0.3034

130

130

0.1795

180

0.2082

130

0.2369

180

0.2969

50 50

4-6 2 cm

1
mcq (0.3034 0.2931 0.2883 0.2650 0.2429 0.2082) 0.78 0.6244
2

1
mcq (0.3034 0.2931 0.2883 0.2650) 0.5749
2
2 m0 4-7

23

500 500

500 500

2900

2900

1800
0.5667

1300

1.00

0.4

1800
0.1833

0.6147

1.00

1.2167

1300

1800

4-7

1800

2900

mm

1
m0 q (1.2167 0.6147 0.1833) 1.0074
2
1
m0 q (0.4 1.0 0.5667) 0.9834
2
3 1

mc 0.7103
m0 1.0074
3
- q k p k

qk 0.75 10.5 7.875kN / m


360 180

pk
29.16 5 180 kN 276.64kN
50 5

pk 276.64 1.2kN 331.97kN

24

mc
mc
l / 4 mc mc

mc
1 4-8
M mc (qk k Pk yk )

M M

M mc (qk k Pk yk ) 0.7103 7.875 106.2882 276.64 7.29kN m 2027kN m

M M 0.2163 2027kN m 438.44kN m


V mc (qk k Pk yk )

V V

V 0.7103 (3.645 7.875 331.97 0.5)kN 138.288kN

V 0.2163 138.288kN 29.91kN


2 l / 4 4-9

25

29.16m

29.16m

qk

pk
M
5.4672
w=12l/4=29.1629.16/8=106.2882m2

w=123l/16l=329.1629.16/32=79.71615m2

pk

pk

0.5
0.5
14.58

0.25

V
w=l/8=29.16/8=3.645m
14.58

4-8

pk

7.29

0.75

V
c

7.29

w=9l/32=929.16/32=8.20
21.87

4-9 l/4

M mc (qk k Pk yk )
M M

M 0.7103 (7.875 79.71615 276.64 5.4675)kN m 1520.25kN m

M M 0.2163 1520.25kN m 328.83kN m

V mc (qk k Pk yk )

V V

V 0.7103 (8.20125 7.875 331.97 0.75)kN 222.723kN

V 0.2163 222.723kN 48.175kN


3 4-10

26

29.16m

1.000

pk

14.58

7.29

1.0074

0.6022

1.0074

0.6022

7.29

4-10 m

29.16 1
29.16

0.7103 7.875
1.0074 0.7103
7.875

V
kN 368.77kN
2
2
4

(0.9167 0.0833) 276.64 1.0074

V 0.2163 433.038kN 93.666kN


3.3

4-4.
4-4

Mmax

Vmax

Mmax

Vmax

Vmax

KN.m

KN

KN.m

KN

KN

3188.43

0.00

2391.33

218.69

437.37

2025.64

0.00

1519.23

138.93

277.87

=+

5214.07

0.00

3910.56

357.62

715.24

2027.00

138.29

1520.25

222.72

368.77

438.44

29.91

328.83

48.18

93.67

=++

7679.51

168.20

5759.64

628.52

1177.67

=+0.7

6632.97

96.80

4974.73

513.52

973.38

=1.2+1.4[+]

9708.50

235.48

7281.38

808.40

1505.69

27

4
4.1

(1):

Mk
C1Ap f pk (k s e p )

M k 4-4
C1 C1 0.565
Ap 6s15.2 1.4 cm2 Ap =8.4cm2

k s h, k s
ks

A(h y )
s

e p e p y a p h y s a p a p

h 160cm

y s 4-1

I 4-1
15.20mm 140mm2
f pk 1860Mpa f pd 1260Mpa E p 1.95 105 Mpa

M k 7679.51kN m 7679.51103 N m

ks

A(h y )
s

28

37514685
cm 31.392cm
11834.5 (160 59.021)

a p 18cm
e p y a p (160 59.04 18)cm 82.96cm

n
n

Mk
7679.51103

8.31
C1Ap f pk (k s e p ) 0.565 8.4 10 4 1860 10 4 0.3143 0.8296

(2):
f cd f pd n

Md
ahAp f pd

M d 4-4
a 0.75-0.77 a 0.76
n
Md
9708.5 10 3
n

7.45
ahAp f pd 0.76 1.6 8.4 10 4 1260 10 6

n=8
4.2
(1)
1)
60mm 67mm
30mm 40mm
0.6
4-12 Nl,N2,N3

ap

29

9 2 21 33 2 cm 18cm
8

1200

2400

1200

4
4

1
2
3

4
4

200

200

125

1
2
3

250

180

560
880
1200

1600

180

250

4-11 mm

2):

4-11
ap

12.2 65 88 120
cm 71.375cm
4

4-11
4-5
4-5

cm2

cm

cm3

5220

654.5

di=ys-yi

I=Ii+Ix

cm4

cm

cm4

cm4

46980

140940

55

15658532

15799472

22.33

14615

3051

41

1123939

1126990

5465

80.35

439113

5440631

-17

1502365

6942996

2656.25

147.5

391797

138187

-84

18622345

18760532

13995.75

892505

5722808

36907181

42629989

y s

S
A

i
i

892505
cm 63.77cm
13995.75

y x h ys (160 63.77)cm 96.23cm

30

ks

I
Ay

42629989
cm 31.65cm
13995.75 96.23

42629989
cm 47.76cm
13995.75 63.77

kx

I
Ay

47.76cm y x k x a p y x k s 127.88cm

(2) :(N4)
1.5 6 7.5

(3)
1)
a xi ( 4-12)

a x 4 (13 12.5 tan1.5)cm 12.67cm


a x3 (25.8 16 tan 7.5)cm 23.69cm
a x 2 (25.8 48 tan 7.5)cm 19.48cm
a x 4 (25.8 80 tan 7.5)cm 15.27cm
3-13 x 3-6
4-6

y1/cm

Y2/cm

L1/cm

x3/cm

R/cm

x2/cm

x1/cm

2.6177

0.8823

100

99.9657

1.5

2574.7577

67.3993

1303.3050

19.5789

27.4211

150

148.7167

7.5

3205.2165

418.3647

914.6086

26.1052

40.8948

200

198.2890

7.5

4780.1401

623.9335

655.2575

39.1579

47.8421

300

297.4335

7.5

5592.2112

729.9300

445.9065

126.7

4-12

125 275

258

x4

x5

y1

236.9

L1

y2

194.8

320 320

152.7

160

7.
5

31

x2

x3

mm

4-13

x1

:
L1 y 4-13
:

y1 L1 sin

y2 y y1

x3 L1 cos
x2 R sin

R y2 /(1 c o
s)

x1 L / 2 x2 x3 a xi

L cm

a xi (cm)
2)
: 4-13

ai a0 R(1 cos ), sin

ai a0 y x5 tan
ai

a 0

x4
R

32


a p 4-7() 4-14
4-7

x4(cm)

Rcm)

sin

cos

a0(cm)

ai(cm)

2574.7577

9.00

3205.2165

9.00

73.74

4780.1401

0.01543

0.99988

21

21.5688

283.09

5592.2112

0.05062

0.99872

33

40.1699

x5

x5*tan

a0

ai

3.5

1.50

12.67

0.3318

12.1682

47

7.50

23.69

3.1188

52.8812

67

7.50

19.48

2.5646

21

85.4354

87

7.50

15.27

2.0103

33

117.9897

ap(cm)

19.9347

67.1186

14580

400
9 N1
N2
N3
N4

6552,6

4459,1

10651,11
13033,1

4-14 ( cm)

3)
270cm

4-8
5
60mm

33

4-8

X1

L1

4.00

2574.76

1.50

67.41

1303.30

100.00

2941.42

140.00

3081.42

3.00

3205.22

7.50

419.56

914.61

150.00

2968.34

140.00

3108.34

2.00

4780.14

7.50

625.72

655.26

200.00

2961.95

140.00

3101.95

1.00

5592.21

7.50

732.02

445.91

300.00

2955.85

140.00

3095.85

()

5.1
(1)
4-9
An A nA
I n I nA( y js yi ) 2
2
4-9
A0 A n(aEP 1)A
I 0 I n(aEP 1)Ap ( y0 s yi ) 2
A I
A

A p

34

4-9

=35.257

1/4

10934.50

63.16

690605

-282.05

142.00

-40051

10687.70

11834.50

312.63

12147.13

10934.50

-282.05

10687.70

11834.50

312.63

12147.13

13095.75

-282.05

12813.70

13995.75

312.63

14308.38

Iy

Iy

ny=5.65
60.87

35092873

-2.29

57292

35150165

-81.13

-1856520

-1856520

-1799223

33293650

35092873

59.04

698705

37556231

2.14

53950

37610181

142.00

44393

-80.83

2042298

2042298

2096248

39652479

61.17

743098

37556231

63.16

690605

35092873

-2.24

54764

35147637

140.07

-39506

-79.14

-1766753

-1766753

-1711988

33380885

60.92

651099

35092873

59.04

698705

37556231

2.09

51463

37607694

140.07

43788

-78.94

1948154

1948154

1999617

39555848

61.12

742493

37556231

67.53

884405

38930077

-0.56

4077

38934154

92.88

-26197

-25.91

-189286

-189286

-185209

38744868

66.98

858207

38930077

63.77

892505

42629989

0.64

5662

42635652

92.88

29037

-28.48

253497

253497

259159

42889148

64.41

921542
2

di

650553

n 8, A 6.7 / 4cm 35.26cm , a EP


2

n=8

1.95 105
5.65, Ap 8 8.4cm 2 67.2cm 2
4
3.45 10

42629989

35

y js y 0 s

y i
n ()
a EP

1.95 10 5
5.65
3.45 10 4

5.2

4-15
2900

2400

2400

180

0
n

250

1
1000

0
n

1600

0
n

250

1600

0
n

180

180

2900

1
1000

4-15 mm

(1)()

(2)()

1) a-a ()()
2) b-b ()()
3)((n-n)()()
4)((0-0)()()
4-10 4-12

36

4-10
rs=61.17

Ai(cm2)

yi(cm)

Si(cm3)

Ai(cm2)

yi(cm)

Si(cm3)

4320

52.17

225395.01

5220.00

51.87

270757.88

546.7

39.97

21854.21

546.70

39.67

21687.22

1881

89.95

169186.97

-176.28

89.83

-15834.39

4320.00

52.17

225395.01

546.70

39.97

21854.21

1881.00

90.25

169761.52

195.30

90.13

17602.52
187364.04

5220.00

51.87

270761.40

546.70

39.67

21687.59

1276.92

18.247

23299.96

1276.92

19.152

24455.57
271704.79

4320.00

52.17

225395.01

546.70

39.97

21854.21

292445.10

153352.58

247249.22

rs=60.87

315748.95
5220.00

51.87

270761.40

546.70

39.67

21687.59

1266.12

18.367

23254.83

1266.12

19.272

24400.66
271649.89

315703.82

37

4-11
rs=61.12

Ai(cm2)

yi(cm)

Si(cm3)

Ai(cm2)

yi(cm)

Si(cm3)

4320.00

52.12

225179.91

5220.00

51.92

271024.39

546.70

39.92

21826.99

546.70

39.72

21715.13

1881.00

90.00

169280.63

-141.03

89.88

-12674.71

4320.00

52.12

225179.91

546.70

39.92

21826.99

1881.00

90.20

169665.48

-141.03

90.08

-12703.57
156961.91

5220.00

51.92

271024.39

546.70

39.72

21715.13

1275.12

18.17

23169.44

1275.12

19.17

24445.07
271451.97

4320.00

52.12

225179.91

546.70

39.92

21826.99

292739.53

156605.92

247006.90

rs=60.92

315908.97
5220.00

51.92

271024.39

546.70

39.72

21715.13

1267.92

18.34

23253.65

1267.92

19.34

24522.59
271529.48

315993.18

38

4-12
rs=66.98

Ai(cm2)

yi(cm)

Si(cm3)

Ai(cm2)

yi(cm)

Si(cm3)

4320.00

57.98

250455.30

5220.00

55.41

289218.04

654.50

45.78

29960.24

654.50

43.21

28278.17

2656.25

84.14

223508.12

-70.51

84.02

-5924.55

4320.00

57.98

250455.30

654.50

45.78

29960.24

2656.25

86.71

230334.72

-70.51

86.59

-6105.76
224228.95

5220.00

55.41

289218.04

654.50

43.21

28278.17

2064.00

18.22

37599.89

2064.00

21.60

44580.13
324995.67

4320.00

57.98

250455.30

654.50

45.78

29960.24

317496.20

217583.58

280415.54

rs=64.41

355096.09
5220.00

55.41

289218.04

654.50

43.21

28278.17

1935.50

19.81

38337.22

1935.50

23.19

44882.12
325297.66

355833.43

39

5.3
4-13

An

cm2

10688

10688

12814

In

cm4

33293650.37

33380884.76

38744868.04

yns

cm

60.8693

60.9204

66.9758

ynx

cm

99.1307

99.0796

93.0242

Wns

cm3

546969

547943

578491

Wnx

cm3

335856

336910

416503

Sa-n

cm3

247249

247007

280416

Sn-n

cm3

271705

271452

324996

So-n

cm3

271650

271529

325298

Sb-n

cm3

153353

156606

217584

En

cm

81.33

78.94

25.91

A0

cm2

12147

12147

14308

Io

cm4

39652479

39555848

42889148

yos

cm

61.17

61.12

64.41

yox

cm

98.83

98.88

95.59

Wos

cm3

648184

647131

665921

Wox

cm3

401238

400059

448658

Sa-b

cm3

292445

292740

317496

Sa-o

cm3

315749

315909

355096

So-o

cm3

315704

315993

355833

Sb-o

cm3

187364

224229

224229

e0

cm

81.63

79.14

28.48

40

(
)(
)

4-14 4-21
4-14 l1
=-

x(m)

*+k*x

1-e-(+kx)

k[1-e-(+kx)](Mpa)

4.598322

0.080256

7.4427

0.0272152

0.0268482

34.9564

6.616102

0.115473

7.4848

0.0343218

0.0337394

43.9288

7.5

0.130900

7.5269

0.0374703

0.0367770

47.8836

1.5

0.026180

7.4167

0.0163610

0.0162279

21.1288

1/4

6.1

l1 con 1 e kx

con con 0.75 f pk


con 0.70 f pk 0.70 1860MPa 1302MPa
0.20

(rad)
k k=0.0015

x (m)
x a xi l / 4 a xi 4-12 l

41

6.2

l f
lf

lE

l (mm) l 6mm
d
d

0 l
l

0 0 1302MPa

l l

l (mm) 3-8

l 2 2 d l f
x

l 2 2 d (l f x)
: l 2 0
4-15
6.3

42

l 4 EP pc

pc

(MPa)

pc

p0

An

p 0 pi

In

N p 0 M p 0
e pi e pi ynx ai ynx ai 4-13
4-15
4-15 l 2

l2

l2

l2

0.00415217

16786.31

139.3993

7442.7

77.5926

152.7

138.1312

14732.7

17.0539

0.00414891

16792.92

139.3445

7484.8

77.2370

194.8

137.7281

14774.8

16.7459

0.00414526

16800.31

139.2832

7526.9

76.8813

236.9

137.3191

14816.9

16.4435

0.00238380

22154.32

105.6228

7416.7

70.2630

126.7

105.0187

14706.7

35.5072

1-2-3-4
3-16
6.4

l 5 (0.52

pe
f pk

0.26) pe

43

4-16 l4

An/cm2

Ap/cm2

In/cm4

ynx/cm

EP

10687.70

8.4

33380885

99.0796

5.65
peMPa

/0.1KN Np0=App0cos

Np0/0.1K

p0=con-l1

App0

cos

Np0

epi=ynx

Mp0=Np0epi/N

Mp0/N
m

i/cm

l4=EPpc/M
Np0/A

Mp0epi/

ln

pa

-l2- l4
4

1210.6082

10169.1

1.0000

10169.1

10169.11

90.68

922134.83

922134.83

1158.4460

9730.94

1.0000

9730.95

19900.06

90.68

882402.22

1804537.0

0.9105

2.4154

3.325

18.7912

1147.7674

9641.24

0.9999

9640.28

29540.34

78.11

753002.43

2557539.4

1.7809

4.0716

5.852

33.0666

1149.6748

9657.26

0.9987

9644.71

39185.05

59.51

573956.92

3131496.4

2.6436

4.3964

7.040

39.7760

44

1.0

0.3

pe pe con l1 l 2 l 4
4-17
4-17 l 5
pe/Mpa

l5/MPa

1149.6750

21.1820

1147.7676

20.9633

1158.4439

22.1956

1210.6082

28.4915

pk/Mpa

1
2
1

0.3

1860

6.5

l6

0.9 E p cs t , t 0 EP pc t , t 0
1 15 ps

l 6
pc ()
;

ps

Ap As
A

, ps 1

e 2p
i2

A An 4-13

e p en 4-13
i i 2

In
I n An 4-13
An

t ,t 0 t 0 t

45

cs t ,t0 t 0 t
1 t ,t 0 cs t ,t0

2A
u

u
A u

A 10934.5cm 2

u 240 2 18 15.8 21.5 138.586 50 2 51.2 16.86 120.012 36.58

1177.08cm
h

2 A 2 10934.5

18.58cm
u
1177.08

80% 28d
B

t , t 0 1.656 cs t , t 0 0.22 10 3
B C40 C50
32.4 / f ck ( f ck ) C50
f ck 32.4MPa 32.4 / f ck 1.0

t , t 0 1.656 cs t , t 0 0.22 10 3
(2) l 6 4-18
6.6

4-19

46

4-18 l 6

N po 78370.1

I n 33380884.76

M po 6262992.8 M gl 2391.33

An 10687.7

en e p 78.94

N po
A

Ep 5.65

Ep 1.95 105 Mpa


M po M gl

(Mpa)

In

pc

en (Mpa)

(2)

3=1+2

7.3327

14.8053

22.138

l 6

0.9[ E p cs (t.to ) E pc (t.to )


1 15 p

Ep pc (t.to )

207.1323

E p cs (t.to )

42.9

p 1 ep 2 / i 2

2.9952

0.9[(4) (5)]

225.0291

5Ap / An

0.0039

1 15 p

1.1766

l6

i 2 I n / An

225.0291
191.2609( MPa )
1.1766

3123.2979

47

4-19

An/cm2

Ap/cm2

In/cm4

ynx/cm

EP

12147.13

8.4

39555848

98.875

5.65

Np0=App0cos

/0.1KN

Np0/0.1K

epi=ynx-

i/cm

p0=con-l1

App0

cos

Np0

Mp0=Np0epi/

Mp0/Nm

Nm
-l2-

l4-

l5-l6
4

990.8558

8323.19

1.0000

8323.19

8323.19

90.68

754746.73

754746.73

944.9874

7937.89

1.0000

7937.89

16261.08

90.68

719808.21

1474554.94

934.3111

7848.21

0.9999

7847.43

24108.51

78.11

612962.64

2087517.58

937.2320

7872.75

0.9987

7862.51

31971.03

59.51

467898.24

2555415.82

6.7
4-20
p 0 p 0

p 0 con l
l l1 l 2 l 4
p 0
N p 0 p 0 Ap cos
M p 0 N p 0 e pi
V p 0 p 0 Ap sin

cos sin 4-7

48

4-20

lII l 5 l 6

pc po lII

po con l'

l' l1 l 2 l 4
l1 (MPa)

l 2 (MPa )

l 4 (MPa)

MPa

l 5 (MPa)

34.9564

77.5926

39.7760

1149.6750

21.1820

43.9288

33.0666

1147.7676

20.9633

77.2370

MPa)

937.2320
935.5434
191.2609

47.8836

76.8813

18.7912

1158.4439

22.1956

944.9874

21.1288

70.2630

0.0000

1210.6082

28.4915

990.8558

61.3660

17.0539

45.4733

1178.1068

24.5152

1010.8478

61.4443

16.7459

34.8364

1188.9734

25.8249

l 6 (MPa)

1020.4047
142.7438

61.5227

16.4435

19.4593

1204.5745

27.7399

1034.0908

35.0588

35.5072

0.0000

1231.4340

33.6139

1055.0763

0.2982

138.1312

16.9197

1146.6509

20.8355

1023.2742

0.3804

137.7281

9.9798

1153.9117

21.6701

1029.7004
102.5412

0.4626

137.3191

9.1260

1155.0923

21.8066

1030.7445

0.2474

105.0187

0.0000

1196.7339

26.7724

1067.4203

A p Ap 8.4cm 2
N p V p M p p 0
pe l l1 l 2 l 4 l 5 l 6 4-21

49

4-21

cos

sin

pe Ap
0.1KN

N p pe
A p cos

N p pe
A p sin

Mp

KN

KN

KN m

0.0506222

0.9987179

9657.27

964.49

48.89

573.96

0.0154263

0.999881

9641.25

964.01

14.87

752.99

9730.95

973.09

0.00

882.39

10169.11

1016.91

0.00

922.13

3918.50

63.76

3131.47

9896.10

989.61

0.00

680.14

9987.38

998.74

0.00

796.27

10118.43

1011.84

0.00

918.02

10504.18

1050.42

0.00

953.02

4050.61

0.00

3347.46

0.130526

0.991445

9631.87

954.95

125.72

-225.64

0.130526

0.991445

9692.86

960.99

126.52

85.78

0.160526

0.991445

9702.77

961.98

155.75

399.03

0.026177

0.999657

10052.56

1004.91

26.31

825.97

3882.83

434.31

1085.13

50

4-21

cos

sin

pe Ap

N p pe
A p cos

0.1KN

N p pe
A p sin

Mp

KN

KN

KN m

0.0506222

0.9987179

7872.75

786.27

39.85

500.70

0.0154263

0.999881

7848.21

784.73

12.11

654.25

7937.89

793.79

0.00

765.56

8323.19

832.32

0.00

800.89

3197.10

51.96

2721.40

8285.27

828.53

0.00

594.77

8271.09

827.11

0.00

695.20

8350.43

835.04

0.00

800.58

8735.71

873.57

0.00

831.40

3364.25

0.00

2921.95

0.130526

0.991445

8358.67

828.72

109.10

-173.81

0.130526

0.991445

8412.65

834.07

109.81

106.31

0.160526

0.991445

8421.42

834.94

135.19

387.91

0.026177

0.999657

8729.5

872.65

22.85

772.43

3370.37

376.95

1092.84

7
7.1
4-11 a p 180mm

h0 (1600 180)mm 1420mm


h/ f

5220 546.7
cm 19.885cm 198.85mm
290

51

bmi

bmi f bi

bmi i 1,2,3..., n
bi i 1,2,3..., n

i li 29.16m

bi 60.8

0.0229 0.05 f 1.0


li 2916

bm1 f b1 bm1 b1 60.8cm


b2 66.2

0.0224 0.05 f 1.0


li 2916

bm 2 f b2 bm2 b2 66.2cm
b3
37

0.0127 0.05 f 1.0


li 2916

bm3 f b3 bm3 b3 37cm


b / f
b / f 2(bm1 b bm2 ) 2 (60.8 18 66.2)cm 290cm

f pd Ap f cd b /f h /f

f pd Ap 1260 6720 10 3 KN 8467.2KN


f cd b /f h /f 22.4 2900 198.85 10 3 KN 12917.296KN

52

f pd Ap f cd b /f h /f
b1=60.8b=18 b2=60.2

60.2

18

18

60.8

18

4
13

4-16

b3=37

37

13

cm

f pd Ap
f cd b f

1260 6720
mm 126mm
22.4 2900

x h /f 198.85mm x b h0 0.4 1420mm 568mm b 0.4


x 126mm

x
126
M ud f cd b /f x(h0 ) 22.4 2900 126 (1420
) 10 6 KN m 11489.99 KN m
2
2
0 M d 1.0 9708.5KN m 9708.5KN m M ud 0 M d

7.2
9.1.12

M ud
1.0
M cr

M ud M ud 11489.99KN m
M cr
M cr ( pc f tk )W0

53

pc

2S 0
W0

Np
An

Mp
Wnx

S 0
4-13

W0 4-13
N pM p 4-21

AnWnx 4-13
pc

pc

Np
An

Mp
Wnx

33642.5 2 2914595.6 2

) MPa 23.54MPa
10688
335856

2S 0 2 345704

1.624
W0
401238

M cr ( pc f tk )W0 (23.54 1.624 2.65) 401238 10 3 KN m 11499.87 KN m

M ud 11489.99

1.0
M cr 11499.87

7.3
5.2.6
1) h/2
2)
3)
4)

54

5)
h/2
4-6 12mm R235 S v 200mm
S v 100mm

oVd 0.5 10 3 a2 f td bho


f td C50 1.83 MPa

2 1.25
Vd h/2
M d

0.8
9708.5KN m 1052.37 KN m
7.29

7.29 0.8

Vd
(1595.67 808.4) 808.4 KN 1534.72 KN
7.29

h0 h0
h0 1420mm

0.5 10 3 a2 f td bho 0.5 10 3 1.25 1.83 442 1420KN 717.87 KN oVd 1534.72KN

oVd 0.5110 3 f cu ,k bh0

f cu ,k C50 f cu ,k 50MPa
0.5110 3 f cu ,k bh0 0.5110 3 50 442 1420KN 2263.42KN oVd 1534.72

55

oVd Vcs V pb

Vd

Vcs KN

Vc s 1 2 30 . 4 5 13 0b h 0

(2

0P . 6 cf u) ,k

s v

s v

1 1.0
2 1.25
2 1.1
bT b=360mm
ho ho =1420mm

P p 100
( Ap Apb As ) /(bh0 ) p 2.5 p 2.5 p 100 1.315

f cu ,k
sv sv Asv /( S v b) 0.6283% sv min 0.12%

V pd KN
V pd 0.75 10 3 f pd Apd sin p
Apb mm2
f pb f pb 1260MPa

p
4-22.

56

4-22

x4(cm)

Rcm)

sin

cos

a0(cm)

ai(cm)

2574.7600

h/2

318.55

3202.2200

0.099385

0.995049

24.8688

24.8688

577.90

4780.1400

0.120896

0.99267

56.0615

56.0615

729.93

5592.2100

0.130526

0.99145

80.8421

80.8451

ap(cm)

42.6939

Vcs 1 23 0.45 103 bh0 (2 0.6 P) f cu ,k sv f sv


1 1.25 1.1 0.45 10 3 360 1420

2 0.6 1.315

50 0.006283 195KN

1554.8KN

V pd 0.75 10 3 f pd Apd sin p


0.75 10 3 1260 840 2 0.099385 0.120896 0.130526KN
556.94 KN
Vcs V pb (1554.8 556.94) KN 2111.74KN 0Vd 1534.72KN

h/2

8.1
6.3.1 ()
st 0.85 pc 0

st ()
;

57

pc

st pc

st

M gl
Wnx

pc

Np
An

M s M gl
Wox

M pep
Wnx

An Wnx W0 x
e p

M s
M gl
N p

4-23
4-23

N p / 0.1KN

67285.00

63942.03

67407.44

M p /( N m)

5843900.00

5442800.00

2185680.00

10687.70

10687.70

12813.70

335856.19

336909.70

416502.95

401238.42

400059.06

448658.26

M gl /( N m)

3188433.42

2391325.07

0.00

M s /( N m)

6632973.94

4974730.45

0.00

N p / An / MPa

(8)=(1)/(3)

6.2956

5.9828

5.2606

M p / Wnx / MPa

(9)=(2)/(4)

17.4000

16.1551

5.2477

pc / MPa

(10)=(8)+(9)

23.6956

22.1378

10.5083

M gl / Wnx / MPa

(11)=(6)/(4)

9.4934

7.0978

0.0000

( M s M gl ) / W0 x / MPa

(12)= [(7)-(6)]/(5)

8.5848

6.4576

0.0000

st / MPa

(13)=(11)+(12)

18.0782

13.5554

0.0000

st 0.85 pc / MPa

(14)=(13)-0.85(10)

-2.0630

-5.2618

-8.9320

An / cm

Wnx / cm

W0 x / cm

st 0.85 pc 0

58

8.2

a-an-no-ob-b
4-24 4-26

tp 0.6 f tk 0.6 2.65MPa 1.59MPa


tp
tp

cx

Np
An

Mp
In

Vgl S n
I nb

cx
2

yn

cx2
4

M gl
In

yn

(Vs Vgl ) S 0
I 0b

M s M gl

I0

y0

Vp Sn
I nb

cx

4-24 cx 4-25
4-26

4-24

59

cx

a-a

o-o

n-n

b-b

Np/0.1kN

67285.00

67285.00

67285.00

67285.00

Mp/Nm

5843900.00

5843900.00

5843900.00

5843900.00

10687.70

10687.70

10687.70

10687.70

In

33293650.37

33293650.37

33293650.37

33293650.37

yn

33.272

0.9050

-79.7280

I0

39652478.88

39652478.88

39652478.88

39652478.88

y0

32.367

-0.905

-80.633

mgl

3188433.42

3188433.42

3188433.42

3188433.42

ms

6632973.93

6632973.93

6632973.93

6632973.93

Np/An

10=1/3

6.2956

6.2956

6.2956

6.2956

Mpyn/In

11=2*5/4

5.8401

0.1589

0.0000

-13.9943

pc

12=10-11

0.4555

6.1367

6.2956

20.2899

13=8*5/4

3.1864

0.0867

0.0000

-7.6353

14=9-8*7/6

2.8117

0.0000

-0.0786

-7.0044

15=13+14

5.9980

0.0867

-0.0786

-14.6398

cx

16=12+15

6.4535

6.2234

6.2169

5.6501

An/cm2

mglyn/ In
(ms-mgl)/
y0/I0

4-24

60

cx

a-a

o-o

n-n

b-b

63942.03

63942.03

63942.03

63942.03

5442800.00

5442800.00

5442800.00

5442800.00

An/cm2

10687.70

10687.70

10687.70

10687.70

In

39652478.88

39652478.88

39652478.88

39652478.88

yn

33.3208

1.0004

0.0000

-79.6792

I0

39555847.67

39555847.67

39555847.67

39555847.67

y0

32.3670

-1.0004

-80.6796

mgl

2391.33

2391.33

2391.33

2391.33

ms

4974730.45

4974730.45

4974730.45

4974730.45

Np/An

10=1/3

5.9828

5.9828

5.9828

5.9828

Mpyn/In

11=2*5/4

4.5737

0.1373

0.0000

-10.9370

pc

12=10-11

1.4091

5.8454

5.9828

16.9197

mglyn/ In

13=8*5/4

0.0020

0.0001

0.0000

-0.0048

14=9-8*7/6

4.0687

0.0000

-0.1258

-10.1418

15=13+14

4.0707

0.0001

-0.1258

-10.1466

cx

16=12+15

5.4797

5.8455

5.8570

6.7732

Np/0.1kN
Mp/Nm

(ms-mgl)/
y0/I0

4-24

61

cx

a-a

o-o

n-n

b-b

67407.44

67407.44

67407.44

67407.44

2185680.00

2185680.00

2185680.00

2185680.00

An/cm2

12813.70

12813.70

12813.70

12813.70

In

38744868.04

38744868.04

38744868.04

38744868.04

yn

38.6389

3.3815

0.0000

-69.3611

I0

42889148

42889148

42889148

42889148

y0

35.2574

-3.3815

-72.7426

mgl

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

ms

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Np/An

10=1/3

5.2606

5.2606

5.2606

5.2606

Mpyn/In

11=2*5/4

2.1797

0.1908

0.0000

-3.9128

pc

12=10-11

3.0809

5.0698

5.2606

9.1734

mglyn/ In

13=8*5/4

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

14=9-8*7/6

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

15=13+14

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

cx

16=12+15

3.0809

5.0698

5.2606

9.1734

Np/0.1kN
Mp/Nm

(ms-mgl)/
y0/I0

4-25

a-n
V/0.1

Vgl

Vs

968.01
6

Vp

In

I0

Sn-n

Sn-o

24724
9.2211
3329
3650

39652
478.88

36

29244
5.0968
24724
9.2211

Vgl

2186.8
542

Vs

5135.2
434

Vp

519.60
47748

24700
6.8978

Sn-n

27170
4.793

0.1
807

3965
2478

39555
847.67

36

0.5
163
29273
9.5263

24700
6.8978

Sn-o

31574
8.9482
27170
4.793

Vgl

4373.7
084

Vs

10183.
6308

Vp

3769.4
62303

28041
5.5423
3874
4868

42889
148

0.7
193
31749
6.2036

50
28041
5.5423

27145
1.968

1.0

Sn-n

27164
9.8857

0.3
354

0.5
607
31590
8.9668

27145
1.968

Sn-o

31570
3.815
27164
9.886

32499
5.6719

0.8
215
35509
6.0916

32499
5.672

27152
9.4849

1.1

Sn-n

15335
2.5833

0.3
353

0.5
615
31599
3.1791

27152
9.485

Sn-o

18736
4.0404
15335
2.5833

32529
7.6582

0.8
199
35583
3.4263

32529
7.658

15660
5.9189

0.3
482
22422
8.9549

15660
5.9189

1.1

0.3
535
0.0
769
0.6
249

21758
3.5758

1.1
679
0.6
028

0.1
196

0.1
196

0.8
13
0.1
24

b
0

1.2
506

1.1
68
0.6
04

0.3
353

0.8
131
0.1
238

b-b

1.2
499

0.8
26
0.5
288

0.9
446

o-o

0.3
354

0.5
423
0.1
14

0.1
807

n-n

62

0.5
191
22422
8.9549

21758
3.5758

0.5
711
0.3
816
0.7

165

63
295

288

086

4-26

64

tp

cx

tp

Mpa

Mpa

Mpa

a-a

6.4535

0.1807

-0.0050

o-o

6.2234

0.1930

-0.0060

n-n

6.2169

0.1930

-0.0060

b-b

5.6501

0.1196

-0.0026

a-a

5.4797

0.9446

-0.1676

o-o

5.8455

1.0167

-0.1692

n-n

5.8570

1.0161

-0.1683

b-b

6.7732

0.6249

-0.0491

a-a

3.0809

1.0165

-0.2953

o-o

5.0698

1.1288

-0.2378

n-n

5.2606

1.1295

-0.2305

b-b

9.1734

0.7086

-0.2771

0.2953MPa, tp 0.6 f tk 1.59MPa


9

9.1
7.1.5

kc pt 0.5 f ck 0.5 32.4MPa 16.2MPa

kc

kc

M gl
Wns

65

M k M gl
Wos

pt

pt

Np
An

Mp
Wns

M k
4-27
4-27

N p / 0.1KN

67285.00

67285.00

67285.00

63942.03

67407.44

67407.44

M p /( N m)

5843900.00

5843900.00

5843900.00

5442800.00

2185680.00

2185680.00

An / cm 2

10687.70

10687.70

10687.70

10687.70

12813.70

12813.70

Wn / cm 3

546969.27

335856.19

547942.80

336909.70

578490.86

416502.95

W0 / cm 3

648183.52

401238.42

647130.65

400059.06

665921.06

448658.26

M gl /( N m)

3188433.42

3188433.42

2391325.07

2391325.07

M k /( N m)

7679513.94

5214073.94

4974730.45

3910555.45

=/

6.2956

6.2956

6.2956

5.9828

5.2606

5.2606

M p / Wn / MPa

=/

-10.6841

17.4000

-10.6652

16.1551

-3.7782

5.2477

pt / MPa

=+

-4.3886

23.6956

-4.3696

22.1378

1.4823

10.5083

=/

5.8293

-9.4934

4.3642

-7.0978

1.4086

-0.6353

1.0803

-0.6353

N p / An / MPa

M gl / Wn / MPa
( M k M gl ) /
W0 / MPa

=[-
]/

kc / MPa

=+

7.2378

-10.1288

5.4445

-7.7331

kc pt / MPa

=+

2.8492

13.5668

1.0749

14.4047

1.4823

10.5083

14.4047MPa 16.2MPa kc pt 0.5 f ck

66

9.2
7.1.5

pe p 0.65 f pk 1209MPa

pe
p

p EP kt
kt

M gl en
In

( M k M gl )e0
I0

en e0
en ynx ai
e0 y0 x ai

kt
EP
4-11 4 4
4-28 4
4-28 4 1122.6411MPa
1209MPa pe p 0.65 f pk
9.3

a-an-no-ob-b

67

4-28 N4

In/cm4

33293650.37

33380884.76

38744868.04

I0/cm4

39652478.88

39555847.67

42889148.03

en/cm

81.33

78.94

25.91

e0/cm

81.63

79.14

28.48

Mgl/Nm

3188433.42

2391325.07

Mk/ Nm

5214073.94

3910555.45

=/

7.7883

5.6551

=[-]/

4.1701

3.0397

=+

11.9584

8.6948

=5.65

67.5648

49.1258

1055.0763

990.8558

1067.4203

=+

1122.6411

1039.9816

1067.4203

Mglen/In/MPa
(Mk-Mgl)e0/I0/MPa
kt/MPa
p=aEPkt/MPa
pc/MPa
pc+p/MPa

cp 0.6 f ck 19.44MPa
cp

cp

cx

Np
An

Mp
In

Vgl S n
I nb

cx
2

yn

cx2

M gl
In

yn

(Vk Vgl ) So
I ob

M k M gl
Io

yo

Vp Sn
I nb

cx


4-29 cx 4-30
4-31

4-29

68

cx

a-a

o-o

n-n

b-b

Np/0.1kN

67285.00

67285.00

67285.00

67285.00

Mp/Nm

5843900.00

5843900.00

5843900.00

5843900.00

10687.70

10687.70

10687.70

10687.70

In

33293650.37

33293650.37

33293650.37

33293650.37

yn

33.272

0.9050

-79.7280

I0

39652478.88

39652478.88

39652478.88

39652478.88

y0

32.367

-0.905

-80.633

mgl

3188433.42

3188433.42

3188433.42

3188433.42

ms

5214073.9392

5214073.9392

5214073.9392

5214073.9392

Np/An

10=1/3

6.2956

6.2956

6.2956

6.2956

Mpyn/In

11=2*5/4

5.8401

0.1589

0.0000

-13.9943

pc

12=10-11

0.4555

6.1367

6.2956

20.2899

13=8*5/4

3.1864

0.0867

0.0000

-7.6353

14=9-8*7/6

1.6535

0.0000

-0.0462

-4.1191

15=13+14

4.8398

0.0867

-0.0462

-11.7544

cx

16=12+15

5.2953

6.2234

6.2493

8.5354

An/cm2

mglyn/ In
(ms-mgl)/
y0/I0

4-29

69

cx

a-a

o-o

n-n

b-b

Np/0.1kN

63942.03

63942.03

63942.03

63942.03

Mp/Nm

5442800.00

5442800.00

5442800.00

5442800.00

10687.70

10687.70

10687.70

10687.70

In

39652478.88

39652478.88

39652478.88

39652478.88

yn

33.3208

1.0004

0.0000

-79.6792

I0

39555847.67

39555847.67

39555847.67

39555847.67

y0

32.3670

-1.0004

-80.6796

mgl

2391.33

2391.33

2391.33

2391.33

ms

3910555.45

3910555.45

3910555.45

3910555.45

Np/An

10=1/3

5.9828

5.9828

5.9828

5.9828

Mpyn/In

11=2*5/4

4.5737

0.1373

0.0000

-10.9370

pc

12=10-11

1.4091

5.8454

5.9828

16.9197

13=8*5/4

0.0020

0.0001

0.0000

-0.0048

14=9-8*7/6

3.1979

0.0000

-0.0988

-7.9712

15=13+14

3.1999

0.0001

-0.0988

-7.9760

cx

16=12+15

4.6090

5.8455

5.8839

8.9437

An/cm2

mglyn/ In
(ms-mgl)/
y0/I0

4-29

70

cx

a-a

o-o

n-n

b-b

Np/0.1kN

67407.44

67407.44

67407.44

67407.44

Mp/Nm

2185680.00

2185680.00

2185680.00

2185680.00

12813.70

12813.70

12813.70

12813.70

In

38744868.04

38744868.04

38744868.04

38744868.04

yn

38.6389

3.3815

0.0000

-69.3611

I0

42889148

42889148

42889148

42889148

y0

35.2574

-3.3815

-72.7426

mgl

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

ms

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Np/An

10=1/3

5.2606

5.2606

5.2606

5.2606

Mpyn/In

11=2*5/4

2.1797

0.1908

0.0000

-3.9128

pc

12=10-11

3.0809

5.0698

5.2606

9.1734

13=8*5/4

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

14=9-8*7/6

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

15=13+14

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

cx

16=12+15

3.0809

5.0698

5.2606

9.1734

An/cm2

mglyn/ In
(ms-mgl)/
y0/I0

71

4-30
a-n

V/0.1

V
gl

V
s

1681.
98

V
p

In

I0

Sn-n

Sn-o

24724
9.22
332936
50.37

396524
78.88

36.00

29244
5.10
24724
9.22

V
gl

2186.
8542

V
s

6285.
16

V
p

519.6
04774

24700
6.90

27170
4.79

0.31
4

396524
78.88

395558
47.67

36.00

0.51
63
29273
9.53

24700
6.90

Sn-o

31574
8.95
27170
4.79

V
gl

4373.
7084

V
s

12419
.40

V
p

3769.
46230
3

28041
5.54
387448
68.04

428891
48

0.71
93
31749
6.20

50.00
28041
5.54

27145
1.97

1.01

Sn-n

27164
9.89

0.33
54

0.56
07
31590
8.97

27145
1.97

Sn-o

31570
3.82
27164
9.89

32499
5.67

0.82
15
35509
6.09

32499
5.67

27152
9.48

1.38

Sn-n

153352.
5833

0.33
53

0.56
15
31599
3.18

27152
9.48

Sn-o

187364.
0404
153352.
5833

32529
7.66

0.81
99
35583
3.43

32529
7.66

156605.
9189

0.34
82
224228.
9549

156605.
9189

1.38

0.49
63
0.07
69
0.76
76

217583.
5758

1.16
79
0.60
28

0.20
79

0.20
79

0.81
3
0.12
4

b
0

1.25
06

1.16
8
0.60
4

0.33
53

0.81
31
0.12
38

b-b

1.24
99

1.17
32
0.52
88

1.16
35

o-o

0.33
54

0.76
12
0.11
4

Sn-n

0.31
4

n-n

0.51
91
224228.
9549

217583.
5758

0.81
12
0.38
16
0.94

65

72
55

86

73

4-31

cx

cp

Mpa

Mpa

Mpa

a-a

5.2953

0.314

5.3138

o-o

6.2234

0.3353

6.2414

n-n

6.2493

0.3354

6.2673

b-b

8.5354

0.2079

8.5405

a-a

4.6090

1.1635

4.8860

o-o

5.8455

1.2506

6.1018

n-n

5.8839

1.2499

6.1384

b-b

8.9437

0.7676

9.0091

a-a

3.0809

1.3636

3.5977

o-o

5.0698

1.385

5.4235

n-n

5.2606

1.3855

5.6032

b-b

9.1734

0.9486

9.2704

9.2704MPa 19.44MPa

cp 0.6 f ck 19.44MPa
10

10.1

cct ctt

cct 0.7 f ck' 20.72MPa

ctt 0.7 f tk' 1.757 MPa

74

cct , ctt

cct

N po
Wnx

ctt

N po
Wns

M po

M po

Wnx

Wns

M gl
Wnx

M gl
Wns

f ck' , f tk

fcu'
4-32
4-32

N p / 0.1KN

81012.18

81012.18

78370.08

78370.08

77656.56

77656.56

M p /( N m)

6694920.00

6694920.00

6262940.00

6262940.00

2170260.00

2170260.00

An / cm 2

10687.70

10687.70

10687.70

10687.70

12813.70

12813.70

Wn / cm 3

546969.27

335856.19

547942.80

336909.70

578490.86

416502.95

M gl /( N m)

3188433.42

3188433.42

2391325.07

2391325.07

0.00

0.00

N p / An / MPa

=/

7.58

7.58

7.33

7.33

6.06

6.06

M p / Wn / MPa

=/

-12.24

19.93

-11.43

18.59

3.75

-5.21

=+

-4.66

27.51

-4.10

25.92

9.81

0.85

M p / Wn / MPa

=/

5.83

-9.49

4.36

-7.10

0.00

0.00

pt / MPa

=+

1.17

18.02

0.27

18.82

9.81

0.85

pt / MPa

4-32 cct 18.82MPa


cct 0.7 f ck' 20.72MPa

C45

75

10.2
50cm 28.16m
q 29.998kN / m 4.1.10
1.2 0.85 g 40.00kN / m

g 25.50kN / m 4-33
4-33 ct 19.09MPa 0.7 f ck/ 20.72MPa

11

11.1

o Fld 1.3 s f cd Aln


Fld 1.2

f cd C45
f cd =20.5MPa

s C50 s 1

76

4-33

N p / 0.1KN

81012.18

81012.18

78370.08

78370.08

77656.56

77656.56

M p /( N m)

6694920

6694920

6262940

6262940

2170260

2170260

An / cm 2

10687.70

10687.70

10687.70

10687.70

12813.70

12813.70

Wn / cm 3

546969.27

335856.19

547942.80

336909.70

578490.86

416502.95

M g1 / N m

4333640.84

4333640.84

3250230.63

3250230.63

-16512.88

-16512.88

M g1 / N m

3069662.26

3069662.26

2302246.70

2302246.70

-11696.62

-11696.62

N p /An / MPa

=/

7.58

7.58

7.33

7.33

6.06

6.06

M p / Wn / MPa

=/

-12.24

19.93

-11.43

18.59

3.75

5.21

p / MPa

=+

-4.66

27.51

-4.10

25.92

9.81

11.27

M g1 / Wn / MPa

=/

7.92

-12.90

5.93

-9.65

-0.03

0.04

M g1 / Wn / MPa

=/

5.61

-9.14

4.20

-6.83

-0.02

0.03

c / MPa

=+

3.26

14.61

1.83

16.27

9.78

11.31

c / MPa
t

=+

0.95

18.37

0.10

77

19.09

9.79

11.30

78

Ab
Al

Ab

Aln , Al Aln
Al

190mm 190mm 60mm


4
Al n 190 190

60 2 mm2 33273mm2

Al 190 190mm2 36100mm2

Ab / At 100000 / 36100 1.664


1.3 s f cd Aln 1.3 1.0 1.664 20.5 33273 103 1475.51KN

o Fld 1.0 1312.42KN 1312.42KN 1475.51KN

11.2
5.7.2

o Fld 0.9( s f cd k v cor f sd ) Aln


c o r

Ac o r
Al

cor Acor Ab
Acor Ab
K5.3.2
C50 k=2.0

Acor Al

79

4 Ass1
d cor s

Ass1
d c o
r
S
HRB335 f sd 280MPa 12mm s=60mm
240mm
d cor (240 12)mm 228mm

Acor

2
d dcr

228 2
4

mm2 40828mm2 Ab

cor Acor / Al 40828 / 36100 1.063

1
4 12 2
4A
4
v ss1
0.03307
d cor s
228 60
0.9( s f cd k v cor f sd ) Aln 0.9 (1.0 1.664 20.5 2 0.03307 1.063 280) 33273 10 3 KN

1611.02KN 0 Fld 1312.42KN

12

12.1
Ec I 0

MpM

i 1

Ec I 0

f pi

80

dx

f pi
M p
M

I 0
4-17 4-17b Mp
A d 6 Ai d i
4-34
4-34

Ai / cm

A1 (h3 h1 )l 2

d1 l1 / 2

A2 h1 (l1 l 2 )

d 2 (l1 l 2 ) / 2

A3 0.5h2 (l 2 l3 )

d 3 l1 l 2 / 2 2l3 / 3

A4 h2 l3

d 4 l1 l3 / 2

A5 0.5l3 (h3 h2 h1 )

d 5 l1 l3 / 3

A6 0.5R 2 ( sin )

d6

M y

A Ai

i 1

f i

d i / cm

M /cm

2R 3

sin 4 l1
3 A6
2
6

d Ai d i / A
i 1

2 N p A
Ec I 0

1
2

(l1 l 2 d )

3-35

81

a)

l1

l2
l3

d2

A4
A6

h3

A3

h2

A5

Mp

A1

d
d5
d6
d4
d3
l1+l2

d1

(l1+l2)/2

h1

A2

b)

4-17

f p 2 f i 2 (0.3805 0.4789 0.5732 0.5988)cm 4.0628cm


i 1

2.0
f pl 2 f p 2 4.0628cm 8.13cm

12.2
0.95Ec I 0

82

4-35

h1 y nx ai / cm

-20.3208

11.6792

43.6792

87.1792

h3 y nx a0 / cm

68.6792

79.6792

90.6792

90.6792

h2 y1 / cm

39.1579

26.1052

19.5789

2.6177

l1 / cm

445.9065

655.2575

914.6086

1303.3050

l3 / cm

729.9301

623.9335

418.3647

67.3993

l 2 x2 x3 / cm

1027.3635

822.2225

567.0814

167.3650

R / cm

5592.21

4780.14

3205.22

2574.76

/ rad

0.1309

0.1309

0.1309

0.02618

sin

0.130526

0.130526

0.130526

0.026177

sin( / 2)

0.065403

0.065403

0.065403

0.013090

A1 / cm 2

39685.68

44557.51

42986.60

4561.57

d1 / cm

222.95

327.63

457.30

651.65

A1d1 / cm 3

8848050.22

14598322.17

19657957.15

2972556.70

A2 / cm 2

-29938.05

17255.76

64719.01

128211.81

d 2 / cm

736.64

738.74

740.85

735.34

A2 d 2 / cm 3

-22053413.94

12747521.2

47946755.56

94278632.18

83

4-35
3

Mp

f c

A3 / cm 2

5823.43

2588.19

1455.86

130.84

d 3 / cm

1274.98

1345.29

1382.55

1404.03

A3 d 3 / cm 3

7424760.75

3481859.82

2012788.71

183702.63

A4 / cm 2

28582.5

16287.93

8191.13

176.43

d 4 / cm

810.87

967.22

1123.79

1337.00

A4 d 4 / cm 3

23176732.49

15754083.90

9205120.61

235888.81

A5 / cm 2

18190.64

13069.77

5736.00

29.73

d 5 / cm

689.22

863.24

1054.06

1325.77

A5 d 5 / cm 3

12537288.73

11282290.07

6046112.60

39419.66

A6 / cm 2

5840.23

4267.21

1918.57

9.91

d 6 / cm

811.18

967.49

1123.97

1337.01

A6 d 6 / cm 3

4737503.13

4128490.06

2156414.34

13253.05

A / cm 2

68184.42

98026.38

125007.18

133120.30

d / cm

508.49

632.41

696.16

734.10

/ cm

482.39

422.54

392.76

368.29

N p / 0.1KN

8274.65

8270.10

8350.43

8735.71

0.3805

0.4789

0.5732

0.5988

fi

fG

2 N p A
Ec I 0

2
5 ( M g1 M g 2 )l
5 (3188.43 2025.64) 2916 2

cm 3.464cm
48 0.95Ec I 0
48 0.95 3.45 10 4 39652479

5 M sl 2
5
6632.97 2916 2
fQ

cm 4.324cm
48 0.95Ec I 0 48 0.95 3.45 10 4 39652479

84

C50 1.425

f Ql 1.425 f Q 1.425 4.324cm 6.162cm

f Gl 1.425 f G 1.425 3.464cm 4.936cm


12.3

l / 600
f Ql f Gl 1.226cm l / 600 2916cm / 600 4.86cm

12.4

8.13cm
6.162cm
13

13.1
2 0.858m
1.
1
35.8cm 3-18c

85

858

180

p
500

g1

500

658
a)

200
b)
q =3.0KN/m

g1

g1
158

358

200

250

608
d)

c)
4-18

1
1 1
M g1 0.18 1 25 0.3582 0.077 25 0.2 2 0.314 KN m
2
3 2

1
Vg1 0.18 1 25 0.358 0.077 25 0.2 1.8035KN
2
2
0.85m
4-18b g1 0.18 1 25 4.5KN / m
p 1.52KN

1
M g 2 4.5 0.5 (0.858 0.5) 1.52 (0.858 0.125) 2.482KN m
2

Vg 2 4.5 0.5 1.52 3.77 KN

86

M g 0.314 2.482 2.796KN m

Vd 1.8035 3.77 5.5735KN


2.
4-18d

1
M r 3.0 0.6082 0.5545KN m
2

Vr 3.0 0.9 2.7 KN


3.
4.1.6
M d 1.2M g 1.4 0.8 M r (1.2 2.796 1.4 0.8 0.5545) 3.976KN m
Vd 1.2Vg 1.4 0.8 Vr 1.2 5.5735 1.4 0.8 2.7 9.7122KN

13.2

M 0
t h

M c 0.5M 0

t 180
1
1


h 1420 7.8 4

M s 0.7M 0

87

1
35.8cm 3-18c

M g1 0.314KN m

Vg1 1.8035KN

2
4.1.2

l l0 t l l0 b l 1.216 0.18 1.396m


l l 0 l 1.216m
l

l 0

b
4-19
4-19 g1 4.5KN / m

g 2 0.08 1 25 0.11 23 4.3KN / m 8cm


10cm

M g 2 (0.349 0.224) 0.25 4.5 0.2 1.396 0.349 4.3 1.0636KN m


Vg 2 0.25 4.5 0.608 4.3 3.7394KN

88

180

200 158

500

158

200

180
g2

g1

0.224

0.349

0.224

1396

4-19 mm

3
M sg 0.314 0.7 1.0636 1.05852KN m
Vsg 1.8035 3.7394 5.5429KN
M cg 0.5 1.0636 0.5318KN m
2.
4.3.1
4.3.1-2 b1 a1

a1 0.2m, b1 0.6m

b b1 2h 0.6 2 0.18 0.96m


1

l
1.396
2l
a a1 2h 0.2 2 0.18
1.025 0.931m a 1.025m
3
3
3

89

a 1.025 1.4 2.425m a 2.425 / 2 1.2125m


2

a a1 2h t 0.2 2 0.18 0.18 0.74m


3 x

a a1 2h t 2 x 0.74 2 x(m)
a 4-20

M 0 p (1 )

p
b
140
0.96
(l ) 1.3
(1.396
) 17.187 KN m
8a
2
8 1.2125
2

4-20 Vsp
Vsp (1 )( A1 y1 A2 y2 )

A1 pb

p
140

57.732 KN
2a 2 1.2125

1
1
p
140 (1.2125 0.74) 2
/ 2
A2 ( p / p) (a a / )
(
a

a
)

4.536 KN
2
2
8 1.2125 0.74 0.96
8aa / b
y1

1.216 0.96 / 2
0.7913
2.3

y2

1.216 0.455 / 3
0.9341
2.3

Vsp 1.3 (57.732 0.7913 4.536 0.9341) 64.8965KN

M sp 0.7 17.187 12.0309KN m

90

Vsp 64.8965KN
: M cp 0.5 17.187 8.5935KN m

180

200 158

500

158

200

180

960

a=1.213m

a`=0.76m

1396

226.5

763

226.5

A2
A1
960

y2

4-20

y1

mm

3.
4.1.6
1.2M sg 1.4M sp 1.2 1.05852 1.4 12.0309 18.1135KN m
1.2Vsg 1.4Vsp 1.2 5.5429 1.4 64.8965 84.2036KN
: 1.2M cg 1.4M cp 1.2 0.5318 1.4 8.5935 12.6691KN m
14
8.4

91

14.1

N
c
ab

a 20cm b 25cm l0a 20 1 19cm

l0b 25 1 24cm S
S

l0 a l0b
19 24

10.6
2t es l0 a l0b 2 0.5 (19 24)

tes t es 0.5cm

5 S 12
c 10.0MPa Ge 1.0MPa
E e
Ee 5.4Ge S 2 5.4 1.0 8.97 2 434.5MPa

N G 437.37kN N q 368.77kN

N1

N NG N q

403.07kN
2
2

403.07 103

8.06MPa c 10.0MPa
200 250

14.2
T 36
l

92

1
1
l T l 10 5 36 2916 25 0.53cm
2
2

H T 30m 4.3.6
10 7.875 19.5 178.5 332.06kN

332.06 10 0 0 33.2kN
90kN 16 Fbk

Fbk

90
5.625kN
16

8.4 t e
1 t e 2 l 1.06cm
2 t e

3 2.5cm

l
0.7

Fbk
2Ge ab

0.356
0.59cm
9.0 10 3
0.7
2 1.0 10 6 0.25 0.2

a
a
t e 5.0cm
10
5

0.72cm
2.5cm t e 2.5cm,
18cm25cm t e 2cm2.5cm3.0cm3.5cm t e
2.5cm
0.2cm 0.25cm 0.25cm
0.5cm0.8cm1.1cm 5mm 5

te 4 0.5 2 0.25 2.5cm t s 5 0.2 1.0cm


h 2.5 1.0 3.5cm
14.3
c,m

c ,m

93

Net
403.07 0.025

4.20 10 4 m 4.20 10 2 cm
Ee ab 534620 0.25 0.18

0.07te

4.20 102 0.07 2.5 17.5 102 cm



f

5 gl 4
gl 3

384 EI
24 EI

16 f
5l

f 1.49cm

16 1.49
2.445 10 3 rad
5 1950

a
2

c,m 4.20 10 2 2.445 10 3

25
3.06 10 2 cm
2

14.4
8.4.3
Rck 1.4Ge Ag

l
Fbk
te

RGk 1.4Ge Ag

l
te

RGk RGk 218.69kN

Rck 0.5

94

Ge Ge 1.0MPa
Fbk Fbk 9kN

0.3
Ag Ag 25 20 500cm 2
1

Rck 218.69 (

7.875
29.16 178.5) 1.3 382.35KN
2

Rck 0.3 382.35KN 114.705KN


1.4Ge Ag

l
0.53
Fbk 1.4 1.0 10 3 450 10 4
9 20.13kNRck 114.705
te
2.5

RGk 0.3 218.69 65.61kN


1.4Ge Ag

l
9.08kNRGk 65.61kN
te

95


1
1.1

30m29.16m
11m+20.5m

1.2
4.47m

1.3
HRB335 R235
C30 C25
1.4
4-1 2
1.5
JTJ 02485
2
2.1

96

16 8 4-1

5-1

(2)cm
5.1

kN/m

kN/m

14

23

38.484

40.209

kN

8318.149

2 1/2

kN

14

23

403.07

450.15

225,00

1000/2

40,00

97

90,00 175
95,00

170,00

40,00
95
75

180,00

145
245

5-2

255

1/2 cm

5.2 5.2
5.2
kN

kN

kN m

q1 0.25 0.4 2.25 25 1.3


0.95 2.25 25 1 / 2 0.75 / 2
1.3 2.25 25 140.899

q 2 1 / 2 (1.325 1.7) 1.3


2.6 2.25 25 1.3 1 / 2 0.75
2.25 25 104.221

M1 5.625 (1.3 0.25) 122.344


140.899
1.3 / 2 12.938 1.3 / 3 86.407

-140.899

M 2 5.625 (2.6 0.25) 0.95

245.12

245.12

2.6 2.25 25 / 3 2.6 131.252

q3 1.7 1.1 2.25 25


105.188

M 3 5.625 (3.55 0.25 / 2)


130.922 2.325 51.68 (1 / 3 2.6
350.308
1.1) 105.188 1.1 / 2 480.566

382.5

98

5.2

kN
kN m

kN

M 4 (350.308 382.5) 0.9


(105.188 86.063) 2 / 2 5.625
q 4 0.9 1.7 2.25 25
-
(4.45 0.25 / 2) 130.922 3.225 296.437 296.437
86.063
51.68 (2.6 / 3 2) 123.84

M 5 (350.308 382.5) 4 (105.188


86.063 296.438 5.1 / 2 5.625
q5 3.11.7 2.25 25
(7.55 0.25 / 2) 130.922 (3.225
0
296.438
3.1) 51.68 (2.6 / 3 2 3.1)
512.004

ql 2 = q1 + q2 + q3 + q4 + q5 =732.809 kN
3
1

a
5-3

1 4 0

2 3 1/ 2 0.3830 0.1915

P/2
90

P/2
90

0.3830

5-3

1
0.3830

cm

99

5-4

5-4

1 4 0

0.277

0.315

P/2
90

0.277

P/2 P/2
90 130 90

1
0.315

P/2
90

cm

2 3 1/ 2 0.315 0.1575

1
2

2/ 3/ 0.277 0.1385
5-5

P/2
50 90

P/2
90

460
370

5-5

cm

eai / 2 a 2 n =4 e =4.6 2 ai 2 = = 2 (2.9 2 5.82 ) 84.1


1
4

4.6 5.8
0.567
84.1

1
4

4.6 2.9
0.409
84.1

1
4

4.6 2.9
0.091
84.1

1
2

1
4

4.6 5.8
0.067
84.1

5-6
P

305

P/2
P/2
50 180
130

180

5-6

cm

eai / 2 a 2 n =4 e =3.05
1
4

3.05 5.8
0.46
84.1

1
4

3.05 2.9
0.355
84.1

1
4

3.05 2.9
0.145
84.1

1
4

3.05 5.8
0.04
84.1

2
3
4

2
5-7
331.97kN
7.875kN/m

29.16

1.000

29.16

5-7

cm

100

101

29.16 2 7.875
331.97 561.605KN
2

2B 2 561.605 1123.21KN

29.16 7.875
331.97 446.788KN
2

2B 2 446.788 893.575KN
3
Ri Bi 5.3
5.3

kN

R1

R1

1 0
2 0.1915
3 0.1915
4 0

85.560
446.788

107.547
561.605

85.560

107.547

140.738

176.906

1 0

2/ 0.1575
2 0.1385
3 0.1385
3/ 0.1575
4 0

123.760
893.575

155.565
1123.21

123.760

155.565

140.738

176.906

5.3

102

kN

1 0.567
2 0.409
3 0.091
4 0.067

R1

253.329
182.736

446.788

1 0.46
2 0.355
3 0.145
4 0.04

40.658

318.430
561.605

229.696
51.106

29.935

37.628

411.045

516.677

317.219

893.575

R1

129.568

1123.21

35.743

398.740
162.865
44.928

4
5.4

1 1 0.2213 1.2213
5.4
1

R1

R2

R3

R4

1112.188

1162.04

1162.04

1162.04

1399.133

1461.846

1461.846

1461.846

1760.109

1839.003

1839.003

1839.003

2511.321

2623.886

2623.886

2623.886

2872.297

3001.043

3001.043

3001.043

5 Gi 5-8

103

40,00

40,00

145

180,00

245

180,00

255

5-8

255

245

cm

5.5
5.5 Gi

Gi kN

1
(1639.65 11.05 3022.74 8.7 3548.75 6.35 3268.99
8
4 3548.75 1.65 3022.74 0.7 1639.65 3.05)
7845.366

G1 =7845.366

1
(1920.335 14944.625 10465.587 6313.9 2489.08
8
1007.221 4023.237) 3887.884

G1 =3887.884

5.5
4
G1 = G2 =7845.366 kN
2.2
1
1
4-8

104

4-8
- M 11 =- R1 0.725
- M 2- 2 = R1 1.95
- M 3- 3 = R1 3.05- R2 0.7
- M 4- 4 = R1 3.95+ G1 0.9- R2 1.6
- M 5- 5 = R1 7.05+ G1 4 R2 4.7- R3 2.35
5-6
5-6

(kN)

(kN)

(kNm)

G1

9845.63

3887.88

3548.748

-1188.7

-3197.3

-7116.9

-2451.9

5276.55

1648.124

-1259.9

-3388.8

-6502.9

-6113.9

-7647

R1

R2

R3

1639.653

3022.74

1737.861

1717.773

- V = V = R1
- V = V = R1
- V = R1 R2 V = G1 R1 R2
- V = V = G1 R1 R2
- V = G1 R1 R2 R3 V = G1 R1 R2 R3 R4
5-7

105

5-7

(kN)
(kN)

G1
(kN)

R1

R2

1639.65

3022.74

1737.86

1717.77

R4

3548.7

3268.9

-1639.7

-1639.7

-1639.7

-1639.7

-4662.4

5183.24

5183.24

5183.24

1634.49

-1634.5

1648.1

1578.4

-1737.9

-1737.9

-1737.9

-1737.9

-3455.6

432.25

432.25

432.25

-1215.9

-2794.3

R3

9845.6
3

3887.8
8

106

2
5-8 5-6 5-7
5-8

-86.407

-131.252

-480.57

-123.84

512.004

-1259.95

-3388.8

-7116.9

-2451.9

5276.55

-1346.357

-3520.052

-7597.47

-2575.74

5276.55

-140.899

-245.12

-350.308

296.437

-140.899

-245.12

-350.308

296.437

-1737.9

-1737.9

-4662.4

-1737.9

-1737.9

5183.24

5183.24

-1634.5

-1878.799

-1983.02

-5012.708

5479.677

1634.49

-1878.799

-1983.02

5565.74

5479.677

-1634.5

kN m

kN

5183.24

1634.49

V
5-8 -
2.3
C30 HRB335 32 5 cm

f cd =13.8 MPa f sd =280 MPa f td =1.39 MPa min =38 f td / f sd =0.188%


1)

x
2

0 M d f cd bx(h0 )
f sd As fcd bx
As

f cd bx
f sd

-
5-8 - M d =-7597.47 kN m =8464.219 106 N mm 0 =1.0

107

b =2250 mm h0 =1700 50=1650 mm


1.0 7597.47 106 13.8 2250 x 1650

x 2 3300 x 538307 0
x =188 mm

As = f cd bx / f sd =13.8 2250 188/280=20828.78 mm2


n=

As 20828.78
=
=25.9
804.2
As1

28 As =22517.6 mm2
=

22517.6
=0.61% min =0.188%
2250 1650

M u

x
M u = f cd As (h0 )
2
=280 22517.6 1650

796

=7893.77 kN m M d =7597.47 kN m

5-9
2)
5.2.9

0Vd 0 . 51 13 0 fc u, kb h0
1.0 5565.74 kN 0.51 103 30 2250 1650=10370.442 kN

108

5-9

kN m

As mm2

-1346.357

3591.278

-3520.052

32

As mm2

4.59

14

8042

0.217

9650.4

12.0

20

11258.8

0.303

-7597.47

20828.78

25.9

28

22517.6

0.49

-2575.74

7631.858

9.49

20

11258.8

0.303

5788.554

15866.856

19.73

28

22517.6

0.49

5.2.10 0Vd 0.50 103 2 ftd bh0


9.3.13
2 2 =1.0

f td f td =1.39 MPa
-
0.50 103 1.0 1.39 2250 1275=1993.78 kN 1.0 5565.74 kN
-~-
0.50 103 1.0 1.39 2250 1650=2580.19 kN
-~-
9.3.13
100mm sv =100 mm
:
Vcs 1 2 0.45 10 3 bh0 (2 0.6P) f cu ,k sv f sv

Vcs

1 1 =1.0

109

b h0 b =2250mm h0 =165mm;
P P =100 =100 0.61%=0.61

sv sv =
=452.39mm2 sv =

Asv
122
12 Asv = 4
4
bssv

452.39
=0.201% sv min =0.12%
2250 100

Vcs =1.0 1.0 0.45 103 1600 1550 (2 0.6 0.908) 30 0.196% 280
=2575.827 kN
14 HRB33532

0Vs b 0 . 7 5 13 0A s bf

s d

s i n s

Asb Asb =14 804.2=11258.8mm2

s s = 450

Vsb =0.75 103 11258.8 280 sin 450 =1671.847 kN

Vcs + Vsb =2575.827+1671.847=4247.673 kN Vd =3586.81 kN


-
100 mm - 150 mm
200mm
3)
h0 1650 mm s 280 MPa 32 M l =

s As z z 0.92h0 =1518mm M l = 280 804.2 1518 =341.817


kN m 4-9

110

28 32

20 32

7597.47
20 32
14 32

14 32
3520.052

2575.74

1346.36
86.4

131.3 480.6 123.84

512

14 32

5788.554kN

22 32
28 32

5-9

(9570.876kN

m)

3
5-1 180 cm C30 HRB335
R235
3.1
1)

8318.149 kN

732.809 kN

1.8 1.5 6.4 25 =432 kN

0.92 (12 2 1.7) 25 =528.023 kN

1
N 8318.149 400.789 =4559.864 kN
2
2)

B1=0B2= 427.325kN
B1+ B2=427.325kN

111

T 427.325 2 0.1 85.465 kN, 90kN


90 kN

B1151.725kNB2=427.325kN
B=B1B2579.05kN
T 579.05 2 0.1 115.81 kN>90 kN 115.81 kN
,,,
,
3)

5-10

622.5 440
1.278 2 1 1.278 0.278
800

467.5 400
1.084 2 1 1.084 0.084
800

4)
5-10 1 1.258 5-11

5-10

()
(kN)

B1 1

B2 1

1.278

931.078

-0.278

202.535

1.084

1579.482

-0.084

122.395

(kN)

112

5-11 ()

( kN )

kN m

B1 1

B1

B2

5100.063

1499.593

1499.593

45

374.898

51.30

B1 B2 ( kN ) 0.25( B1 B) 1.14H

1709.30.697
2

1.2587

5-11
3.2

N max =5100.063+2031.179=7131.242 kN
( ) 5-11

N min =5100.063+1499.593=6599.656 kN

H 45 kN

M max =374.898+51.30=426.198 kN m

N max =7131.242+528.023=7659.265 kN
N min =6599.565+528.023=7127.588 kN
M max

=426.198+45 (12-2-1.7)=799.698 kN m

113

N
M

I I
24 22

830

5-10

C30 , 24 22 HRB335 5 cm f cd =
13.8MPa f sd f sd' 280 MPa Ag 9122.4 mm2

Ag
9122.4

0.358% l0 (2r ) 2 8.6 (2 0.9) 9.227


2
r
900 2

5.3.1 0.969
a.
.5.3.1

o Nd 0.9 fcd A fcd' As'


N d

0.969
A A = 0.9 2 =2.545 106 mm2

114

As' As' =9122.4 mm2


0.9 f cd A f cd' As' = 0.9 0.969 (13.8 2.545 106 280 9122.4)

=32856.604 kN ro N d =7131.242 kN

b.

N d = 6599.656 kN
M d =799.698 kN m
e0

Md
799.698

0.121 m=121mm
N d 6599.656

0 N d Ar 2 f cd Cr 2 f sd'

0 N d e0 Br 3 f cd Dgr 3 f sd'
r
A B C.0.2

C D C.0.2
g rs g

rs 167.6

=0.931
r
90

Ag
9122.4

0.358%
2
r
900 2

e0 , e0 M d / Nd

1
l0
1
1 2
1400e0 / h0 h

115

1 0.2 2.7e0 h0 0.2 0.2 2.7 121 1738 =0.5881.0

1 1.15 0.01l0 h 1.15 0.01 60 1.8 =0.8171.0


2

1
1
l0
60
1 2 1
0.588 0.817
1400e0 h0 h
1400 121 1738 1.8

=5.476
e0 = e0 =121 5.476=662.596 mm
l0 l0 = 2l =60 m

h h 2r =1.8m
h0 h0 r rs =900+1676/2=1738 mm

1
2

e0

Bf cd D gf sd'
r
Af cd C f sd'

C C.0.2
ABCD
=0.44 A=0.9876B=0.5810C=0.2850D=1.9036

e0 =

0.5810 13.8 1.9036 0.00358 0.931 280


900 =660.6269 mm ( 0.3%)
0.9876 13.8 0.2850 0.00358 280

=0.44

Ar 2 f cd Cr 2 f sd' 0.9876 9002 13.8 0.2850 0.00358 9002 280


= 10807.989kN 0 N d 6599.656 kN

Br 3 f cd Dgr 3 f sd' 0.5810 9003 13.8 1.9036 0.00358 0.931 9003 280
= 7140.048kNm 0 N d e0 =4798.61 kNm

116

4
2.00m C25 22 HRB335 m
Ec 2.80 104 MPa
4.1

1)

1
N1 8318.149 4159.075 kN
2
2)

N 2 =732.809 kN
3)

1
N 3 = 432=216 kN
2
4)

N 4 =528.023 kN

N N1 N 2 N3 N4 =5635.907 kN

5)

2.0 2 (25 10) 47.124 kN/m()

6)

N 5 =2031.179 kN ()

117

N 6 =1499.593 kN ()

T=45kN

1
0.082 +1.7+8.3=10.041 m
2

0.7565=396.5Pa
W1 11.916 0.3965 4.725 kN

1
1.70 8.3 9.15 m
2
W2 1.8 8.3 0.3965 5.924 kN

1
8.3 4.15 m
2

7)

N max =5635.907+2031.179=7667.086 kN
N min =5635.907+1499.593=7135.5 kN
H 45 +4.725+4.15=53.875kN
M N6 0.45 T 10.041 W1 9.15 W2 4.15
= 1499.593 0.45 45 10.041 4.725 9.15 5.924 4.15
=1194.481 kN m
8)

N max =7667.086+ 47.124 2.0 =7751.909 kN


N min =7135.5+ 47.124 2.0 =7220.323 kN
H 0 53.875 kN

M 0 =1194.481+53.875 2.0=1302.231 kN m

118

4.2

z
i 1
4

i i

z
i 1

17.6 1.7 18 1.75 17.2 5.05 20.2 5.875


19.964 kN/m3
1.7 1.75 5.05 5.875 5.625 4.2 4.6 0.75

h h3

N p

1
U li i mo A o K 2 2 h3 3
2

: N (kN)

U , 5cm U 2.05
=6.440m;

i , 60kPa 60kN/m2
li

, 0.70
mo , 0.80
A A R2 =3.142 m 2

o , o =550kPa;
k 2 , k2 1.5

2 , 9.964 kN / m3 ()
h3 (m)
1
[ N ] 6.44 (2 h) 60] 0.7 0.8 3.142 [550 1.5 9.964 (2 h 3)]
2

119

219.497h 1239.853 kN

1
N max =7751.909159+ 47.124 h 7751.909 23.562h
2

h 33.236 m

h =35m

37m

[ N ] 219.497h 1239.853 8922.248 kN N mac 7751.909 23.562h =8576.579kN

4.3 m
1) b

b1 k f (d 1) 0.9 (2 1) 2.7 m
2)

mb1
EI

Ec 2.8 104 MPa = 2.8 107 kN/m2 I 0.0491 d 4 0.7856 m4

hm (2d 1) =5m m m m
hm

m1h12 m2 (2h1 h2 )h2 m3 (2h1 2h2 h3 )h 3


hm2

m1 =5000kN/m4m 2 =6000kN/m4

m3 =4000kN/m4

m1h12 m2 (2h1 h2 )h2 m3 (2h1 2h2 h3 )h 3


m
hm2

120

5000 1.7 2 6000(2 1.7 1.75) 1.75 4000 (2 1.7 2 1.75 1.55) 1.55
52

=4836.6 kN/m4
EI 0.8Ec I

mb1 5
4836.6 2.7

0.2366
EI
0.8 2.8 10 7 0.7856

h 0.2366 37 8.754 2.5

3 z M z zx

N o =7667.086 kN H o =53.875 kN M o =1194.481 kN m


M z

Mz

Ho

Am M o Bm

Am Bm 5-12
5-11
zx

zx

Ho
b1

zAx

2M o
b1

zBx

Ax Bx z

z z

5-13 5-11

H 0
b1

0.2366 53.875
4.721
2.7

121

5.12 M z ( kN m )

z z

h h

Am

Bm

0.4227

0.1

0.0996

0.99974

0.8453

0.2

0.19696

1.6906

0.4

2.5359

0.6

3.3812

Ho

M o Bm

Mz

22.679

1194.170

1216.850

0.99806

44.849

1192.164

1237.012

0.37739

0.98617

85.934

1177.961

1263.895

0.52938

0.95861

120.542

1145.041

1265.584

0.8

0.64561

0.91324

147.009

1090.848

1237.856

4.2265

0.72305

0.85089

164.642

1016.372

1181.014

5.4945

1.3

0.76761

0.73161

174.789

873.894

1048.683

6.3398

1.5

0.75466

0.68694

171.840

820.537

992.377

8.4531

0.61413

0.40658

139.840

485.652

625.493

10.5664

2.5

0.39896

0.14763

90.845

176.341

267.186

12.6796

0.19305

0.07595

43.958

90.721

134.679

14.7929

3.5

0.05081

0.01354

11.570

16.173

27.743

16.9062

0.00005

0.00009

0.011

0.108

0.119

250

500

750

1000

1250 Mz

-10

-5

Am

(kN
m)

10

15

20

(kN/m2)

12

12

15

15

z(m)

z(m)

5-11

4.4
z 2.5359 m
M =1265.58 kN m

N =7667.086 kN
0.2%

As

2 2 0.2% 6083.185 mm2

24 18 As 6108 mm2

As
6108

0.201%
2
r
1000 2

l p h 4
4.0

l p 0.7 lo
=11.834 m

e0

Md
0.1651 m=165.1mm
Nd

5.3.9 5.3.10

1 0.2 2.7
2 1.15 0.01

e0
0.1651
0.2 2.7
0.4378
(r rs )
1.8745

l0
11.834
1.15 0.01
1.0908 1 2 1.0
2r
2
2

lp
1
1 2
1
1400 e0 (r rs ) 2r
2

1
11.834
=1

0.4378 1
1400 0.1651 1.8745 2
=1.124
eo =165.11.124=185.572 mm

122

123

5.13 zx (: kN / m )
2

Ho

2M o

zx

z z

Ax

Bx

0.845

0.2

2.11799

1.29088

2.000

6.394

8.394

1.691

0.4

1.80273

1.00064

3.404

9.912

13.317

2.959

0.7

1.36024

0.63885

4.495

11.075

15.570

3.804

0.9

1.09361

0.44481

4.647

9.914

14.561

4.649

1.1

0.85441

0.28606

4.437

7.793

12.230

6.340

1.5

0.46614

0.06288

3.301

2.336

5.637

8.453

0.14696

-0.07572

1.388

-3.750

-2.363

12.680

-0.08741

-0.09471

-1.238

-7.036

-8.274

16.906

-0.10788

-0.01487

-2.037

-1.473

-3.510

e0

b1

zAx

b1

zBx

Bf cd D gf sd'
r g rs r 1.749 / 2 1 0.875
Af cd C f sd'

f cd 11.5 MPa f sd =280 MPa 0.201%

0.93 A=2.5065B=0.4433C=2.1132D=0.8055

e0

0.4433 11.5 0.8055 0.00201 0.875 280


1000 183.0682 mm 1.35%
2.5065 11.5 2.1132 0.00201 280
Ar 2 f cd Cr 2 f sd' 2.5065 10002 11.5 2.1132 0.201% 10002 280
=28824.75kN 0 N d =7667.086kN

Br 3 f cd Dgr 3 f sd' 0.4433 10003 11.5 0.8055 0.201% 0.875 10003 280
=5494.618 0 N d e0 1543.384 kNm

124

4.5
1 xo , o

xo

Ho
M
Ax 2 z Bx h 4 z=0.
3
EI
EI

Ax 2.44066 Bx 1.621

3 EI 0.23663 2.8 107 0.8 0.7856 2.331105


2 EI 9.851105
x0

53.875
1265.58
2.44066
1.621 2.647 10 3 m6mm m
5
2.33110
9.851105

Ho
M
A o B
2
EI
EI

A 1.621 B 1.75058

EI 0.2366 2.8 107 0.8 0.7856 4.164 106


0

53.875
1265.58
(1.621)
(1.75058) 0.000443 rad
5
9.85110
4.164 10 6

2
E1 I1 d1
EI d x1 xo olo xQ xm
xQ

H 1

nh23 h13 nh1h2 h1 h2

E1I1 3

xm

M
h12 nh2 2h1 h2
2 E1I1
4

E1 I1
1.8
E E1 n
0.6561
EI
2.0

E1 I1 0.6561EI
h1 =8.3m h2 =2m h =35m l h1 h2 h3 45.3 m

xQ

125

53.875
1

(0.6561 2.0 3 8.33 ) 0.6561 2 8.3 (8.3 2)


7
0.6561 0.8 2.8 10 0.7856 3

= 5.32 104 m
xm

1194.481
8.32 0.6561 2 (8.3 2 2)
7
2 0.6561 0.8 2.8 10 0.7856

= 4.83 103 m
x1 xo olo xQ xm
2.647 103 10.3 0.000443 0.532 103 4.83 103
= 17.36 103 m

l 5 45.3 33.653 mm17.36 mm


x1
M

h1
h2

l0

E1I1=nEI

EI

5-12

126

1
1.1
1

2
3
1
2
3

4
1

2
5
1.2
1
2
3
4

127

2
3
4

5
3
3.1

3.2

3.3

60
4

128

129

[1]JTG C30-2002[S].
2006.
[2]JTG B01-2003[S]. 2006.
[3]JIG D60-2004[S].2006.
[4]JIG D622004[S].
2006.
[5]JTJ 02189[S]
2006
[6]1997 [S]
[7] ..2008.
[8] ..2001.
[9] ..2005.
[10] .[M] .
[11][S]
[12] [M]
[13] [M] .
[14] [M] .
[15]
GBT 52242003.2003.
[16]
JTJ 02485.
1985.
[17] ..2000.
[18] ..2001.
[19] ..1994.
[20] ..20081009- 7716( 2008)

130

131

132

133

134

135

136

cs (t u , t 0 ) 10

40% RH 70%

70% RH 99%

/d

h / mm

h / mm

100

200

300

600

100

200

300

600

3-7

0.50

0.45

0.38

0.25

0.30

0.26

0.23

0.15

14

0.43

0.41

0.36

0.24

0.25

0.24

0.21

0.14

28

0.38

0.38

0.34

0.23

0.22

0.22

0.20

0.13

60

0.31

0.34

0.32

0.22

0.18

0.20

0.19

0.12

90

0.27

0.32

0.30

0.21

0.16

0.19

0.18

0.12

(t u , t 0 )

40% RH 70%

70% RH 99%

/d

h / mm

h / mm

100

200

300

600

100

200

300

600

3.78

3.36

3.14

2.79

2.73

2.52

2.39

2.20

3.23

2.88

2.68

2.39

2.32

2.15

2.05

1.88

14

2.83

2.51

2.35

2.09

2.04

1.89

1.79

1.65

28

2.48

2.20

2.06

1.83

1.79

1.65

1.58

1.44

60

2.14

1.91

1.78

1.58

1.55

1.43

1.36

1.25

90

1.99

1.76

1.65

1.46

1.44

1.32

1.26

1.15

1.

RH

40% RH 70%

55%

70% RH 99% 80%


2. h 2 A / u A u A

u
3. C40

C50

32.4 / f ck

137

f ck MPa

4.-20+40
5.

6.