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Piagets Stages Of Development

The Piaget stages of development is a blueprint that describes the stages of

normal intellectual development, from infancy through adulthood. This includes
thought, judgment, and knowledge. The stages were named after psychologist and
developmental biologist Jean Piaget, who recorded the intellectual development and
abilities of infants, children, and teens.
Piaget's four stages of intellectual (or cognitive) development are:
Sensorimotor - Birth through ages 18-24 months
Preoperational - Toddlerhood (18-24 months) through early childhood (age
Concrete operational - Ages 7 to 12
Formal operational - Adolescence through adulthood
Piaget acknowledged that some children may pass through the stages at different
ages than the averages noted above and that some children may show
characteristics of more than one stage at a given time. But he insisted that
cognitive development always follows this sequence, that stages cannot be skipped,
and that each stage is marked by new intellectual abilities and a more complex
understanding of the world.

Sensorimotor Stage
During the early stages, infants are only aware of what is immediately in front of
them. They focus on what they see, what they are doing, and physical interactions
with their immediate environment.
Because they don't yet know how things react, they're constantly experimenting
with activities such as shaking or throwing things, putting things in their mouths,
and learning about the world through trial and error. The later stages include goaloriented behavior which brings about a desired result.
Between ages 7 and 9 months, infants begin to realize that an object exists even if
it can no longer be seen. This important milestone -- known as object permanence -is a sign that memory is developing.
After infants start crawling, standing, and walking, their increased physical mobility
leads to increased cognitive development. Near the end of the sensorimotor stage
(18-24 months), infants reach another important milestone -- early language
development, a sign that they are developing some symbolic abilities.

Preoperational Stage
During this stage (toddler through age 7), young children are able to think about
things symbolically. Their language use becomes more mature. They also develop
memory and imagination, which allows them to understand the difference between
past and future, and engage in make-believe.
But their thinking is based on intuition and still not completely logical. They cannot
yet grasp more complex concepts such as cause and effect, time, and comparison.
Concrete Operational Stage
At this time, elementary-age and preadolescent children -- ages 7 to 11 -demonstrate logical, concrete reasoning.
Children's thinking becomes less egocentric and they are increasingly aware of
external events. They begin to realize that one's own thoughts and feelings are
unique and may not be shared by others or may not even be part of reality.
During this stage, however, most children still can't think abstractly or
Formal Operational Stage
Adolescents who reach this fourth stage of intellectual development -- usually at
age 11-plus -- are able to logically use symbols related to abstract concepts, such as
algebra and science. They can think about multiple variables in systematic ways,
formulate hypotheses, and consider possibilities. They also can ponder
abstract relationships and concepts such as justice.
Although Piaget believed in lifelong intellectual development, he insisted that the
formal operational stage is the final stage of cognitive development, and that
continued intellectual development in adults depends on the accumulation of

Title of the Movie: Every Child is Special

Ishaan Awasthi is an eight-year-old whose world is filled with wonders that no
one else seems to appreciate; colours, fish, dogs and kites are just not important in
the world of adults, who are much more interested in things like homework, marks
and neatness. And Ishaan just cannot seem to get anything right in class. When he
gets into far more trouble than his parents can handle, he is packed off to a
boarding school to 'be disciplined'. Things are no different at his new school, and
Ishaan has to contend with the added trauma of separation from his family. One day
a new art teacher bursts onto the scene, Ram Shankar Nikumbh, who infects the
students with joy and optimism. He breaks all the rules of 'how things are done' by
asking them to think, dream and imagine, and all the children respond with
enthusiasm, all except Ishaan. Nikumbh soon realizes that Ishaan is very unhappy,
and he sets out to discover why. With time, patience and care, he ultimately helps
Ishaan find himself.

1. Ishaan Awasthi

Piagetian Connection
Sensorimotor In this movie, Ishaan shows that he focuses on
what he sees, on what he is doing and its physical interaction in
his environment. There is a part in the movie wherein Ishaan
likes to play with the fishes and then imitates the movement of
it. He also talks and plays with the dogs. He is innocent thats
why he tries to experiment things by playing with it or simply
looking at it. He is also curious on what is happening on his
environment. I can say that Ishaans age is not covered by this
stage but he has the characteristics, attitudes, and behaviour of
the said stage due of having a disorder that is called dyslexia.
Pre-operational In this stage, Ishaans imagination is more

intense. He can solve puzzles and he is good in painting (simple).

He is imaginative and it is never close to reality. There is a part in
the movie wherein he saw a sandwich and he knew exactly that
it was a food (use of symbolism). Children at this age are very
active thats why when Ishaans mother told him not to eat that
food without washing his hands, he did not do it instead he plays
or tease his mother by putting the sandwich on his mouth.
Indeed, it is true that Ishaan in this stage is ego-centric because
he believes that what he is doing is correct just like when he had
a fight with the other kids and defending himself from his father
that he didnt do such things.
Concrete Operational In this stage, Ishaan is aware on what
is happening on his environment because he starts to wonder. He
wonders how the world works, what are the things that are new
to him. For example is when he strolls on the road alone, he
realizes everything that he saw and simply showed it through his
paintings. He now focuses on other people or a thing thats why
he is less ego-centric. Also, he is aware on what is right and
wrong for he knows that he should not be absent on class and
wander alone on the road so thats why he ask a favor to his
brother by writing him an absent note.
Formal Operational Ishaan cannot apprehend or understand
words easily because of having dyslexia but he has his special
talent that will make him unique. He knows that going to
boarding school is not good because it means that he has lack of
discipline. Being away from his family caused him to be
depressed and lack of self-improvement but Piaget is right that
the development of intellectual process depends on the
knowledge that you accumulate. The teacher of Ishaan taught
him of different things in which he soon developed it.