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You are on page 1of 12

Draw a line from each unit on the left-hand side to the correct equivalent unit on the

right-hand side.

jo u le ( J )

kg m s2

w a tt (W )

N m

n e w to n (N )

J s1

[Total 2 marks]

2.

(a)

ra c e tra c k

ro u te o f c a r B

160 m

r e fu e llin g

s ta tio n

The cars A and B are in a race and both have a speed of 80 m s . Car A has a

lead over car B of 17.0 s at X when A leaves the racetrack to refuel. Car A

travels 120 m from X to the refuelling station.

Calculate the following values for car A, from the point where it leaves the

racetrack until it comes to rest at the refuelling station. Assume the deceleration

is constant.

(i)

deceleration = ............................ m s

[3]

(ii)

time = ............................ s

[2]

Ambrose College

(b)

Car A refuels in 9.0 s and then takes 4.0 s to travel to Y. During the refuelling of

1

car A, car B continues to travel at 80 m s . Calculate the time difference

between the cars A and B as car A arrives back on the racetrack at Y.

time = ............................ s

[4]

[Total 9 marks]

3.

Explain the difference between a scalar and vector quantity, including one example of

each in your explanation.

(i)

a scalar

.........................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................

(ii)

a vector

.........................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................

[Total 4 marks]

Ambrose College

4.

gannet

30m

w a te r

6 .0 m

f is h

The gannet is 30 m above the water. It folds in its wings and falls vertically in order to

catch a fish that is 6.0 m below the surface.

Ignore air resistance.

(a)

Calculate

(i)

Speed = .............................. m s

[2]

(ii)

the time taken for the bird to fall to the water surface.

time = ........................................ s

[2]

Ambrose College

(b)

The bird does not continue to travel at the acceleration of free fall when it enters

the water. State and explain the effect of the forces acting on the bird as it falls

(i)

................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................

[2]

(ii)

................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................

[2]

[Total 8 marks]

Ambrose College

5.

Fig. 1 shows a long rope that is tied at one end to a high support. A woman swings

forwards and backwards across a pool using the other end of the rope.

s u p p o rt

ro p e

Fig. 1

Ambrose College

Fig. 2 shows the variation with time t of the displacement x, of the woman from A to B

and back to A.

2 .5

x /m

2 .0

1 .5

1 .0

0 .5

0

0

1 .0

2 .0

3 .0

4 .0

5 .0

6 .0

t/s

Fig. 2

(i)

State what the gradient of the graph represents and explain why the graph shows

both negative and positive gradients.

.........................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................

[2]

Ambrose College

(ii)

a position where the speed of the woman is zero (label this cross Z)

a position where the speed of the woman is a maximum

(label this cross M).

[2]

(iii)

Use Fig. 2 to calculate the maximum positive speed of the woman. Show on

Fig. 2 how you determined your answer.

[3]

[Total 7 marks]

6.

b lo c k

ra m p

(i)

The weight W of the block is already shown on the figure. Complete the diagram

by showing the normal contact (reaction) force N and the frictional force F acting

on the block

[2]

Ambrose College

(ii)

.........................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................

[1]

[Total 3 marks]

7.

acceleration, density, displacement, energy, power, speed, time, weight.

In the blank spaces provided in the table below, list the quantities as either scalars or

vectors.

scalar

vector

[Total 4 marks]

Ambrose College

8.

The figure below shows three ropes attached to a ring R. Three cylinders x, y and z,

are supported by these ropes from two pulleys.

p u lle y

p u lle y

X

Z = 360N

90

x

37

z

53

Y = 450N

360N

(a)

(i)

Calculate

1

mass = ............................ kg

[1]

density = ............................ unit ........

[3]

(ii)

tension X.

tension X = ............................ N

[4]

Ambrose College

(b)

(i)

Explain why the sum of the magnitudes of the tensions in any two ropes

does not equal the tension in the other rope.

................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................

[2]

(ii)

Show that the sum of the vertical components of the tensions X and Z is

equal to the tension Y.

[2]

[Total 12 marks]

Ambrose College

10

9.

The figure below shows a vacuum cleaner of weight W being pushed with a force P.

The force P acts at 30 to the horizontal.

dust

c o lle c t o r

P = 2 4 .0 N

30

flo o r

W = 6 5 .0 N

The weight W is 65.0 N and the magnitude of force P is 24.0 N.

(a)

(i)

Calculate

2

[3]

(ii)

[1]

(iii)

[2]

Ambrose College

11

(iv)

The vacuum cleaner is not switched on and is pushed in such a way that it

travels at a constant velocity to the left. There are other forces acting on the

vacuum cleaner. State and explain the magnitude of the resultant of these

other forces.

................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................

[2]

(b)

(i)

The total area of the vacuum cleaner in contact with the floor is

3

2

4.2 10 m . Calculate the pressure exerted on the floor by the

total downward vertical force.

pressure = ................................Pa

[2]

(ii)

State and explain what happens to this pressure if the handle is lifted so

that its angle with the horizontal direction is more than 30. The force P

and the total area in contact with the floor remain constant.

................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................

[1]

[Total 11 marks]

Ambrose College

12

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