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You are on page 1of 31

COM

WWW.HAISTUDENTS.COM

If you want to get 200 out of 200 in Physics, you should

be answered the compulsory problem as well as possible. The

physics learners are advised to frame their own responses taking

ideas from the help points given for each problem.

Here, All the public examination

questions (Up to Sep 2015) particularly, Sixty Seven problems

are dealt in a detailed and simple manner, just like your attempts.

The students are thus prepared in an effective way to face the

compulsory problem confidently and come out with flying colours.

With best wishes and regards,

T.Thamaraiselvan,

PGT Physics,

G.B.H.S. School,

Aranthangi 614616

Cell: 9443645072

Email Id :

thamaraipg@yahoo.in

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A Parallel Plate capacitor has plates of area 200 cm2 and separation

1.

between the plates 1mm. Calculate (i) The potential difference between the plates if 1 nc

charge is given to the capacitor (ii) with the same charge if the plate separation is

increased to 2mm, what is the new potential difference and ((iii) electric field between

[March: 2006]

the plates.

A=200 cm2

=200 x 10-4m2

d = 1 x 10-3 m

q = 1 x 10-9 c

d

v=

0

(i)

1 cm2 = 10-4 m2

qd

=

A. 0

1 x 10-9 x 1 x 10-3

=

2 x 10-2 x 8.854x 10-12

v=5.65 v

(ii)

If d= 2 m m

v=?

If the distance increase by two times the P.D also will increase two times

/v= 2 x 5.65 =11.3 V

(iii)

= 5650 v / m.

2.

Three capacitors each of capacitance a 9 pF are connected in series (i) What is the

total capacitance of the combination? (ii) What is the potential difference across each

capacitor, if the combination is connected to 120V Supply?

[June - 2006, Sep 2006, June - 2011]

Given

C = 9 pF

v =120 v

n =3

Cs = ?

CS = c/n = 9/3

CS = 3 pF

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3.Two Capacitances 0.5 F and 0.75 F are connected in parallel and the combination to

a 110v battery. Calculate the charge from the source and charge on each capacitor?

Given: [June - 2007]

c1=0.5 F ;

c2=0.75 F

v = 110 v

q1, q2=? Total Charge q = ?

q1=c1 v

= 0.5 x 10-6 x 110

q1= 55 c

q2=c2 v

=0.75 x 10-6 x 110

q2 =82.5 c

q = q1+q2 =55+82.5

q = 137.5 c

4. Calculate the electric potential at a point P, located at the centre of the square of point

charges shown in the figure

[June- 2007]

q1=12 nc ;

q2=-24nc;

q3=31 nc ;

q4=17 nc

D

C

if a=1.3 m

17nc

31nc

r=.OA;=OB =OC=OD= a / 2

o

12nc

-24 nc

V =

1

[q1+ q2+q3+ q4]

A

B

40r

1.3 m

= 9 x 109 x 2

12-24+31+17

1.3

9 x 1.414 x 36 x 10-9 x 109

V =

1.3

V = 352.4 V

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work done in bringing them 4 cm Closer, so that, they are 6cm apart. [June 2008]

Given :q1 =12 c;

q2 =8c

If r1=10 cm

9 x 109 x q1 q2

Intial Energy Ui =

r1

9 x 109 x 12 x 10-6 x 8 x 10-6

=

10 x 10-2

If r2 = 6 cm

= 8.64 J

/Final Energy

9 x 109 x 12 x 10-6 x 8 x 10-6

Uf =

6 x 10-2

Uf = 14.4J

Work Done = W = Uf-Ui

=14.4 8.64

W= 5.76 J

6. Two capacitors of unknown capacitances are connected in series and parallel if the net

capacitances in the two combinations are 6 F and 25 F respectively find their

capacitances

[Sep 2008]

Given :C1 C2 = 150

Cp=25 F

Cs = 6 F: c1 , c2 =?

C1 (25-C1) = 150

Cp = c1 +c2

25C1 - C12 = 150

/ c1 +c2 =25 F

C2 =(25 C1) F

25C1 - C12 -150 = 0

Cs = C1 C2 / C1+C2

C12 - 25C1 + 150 = 0

C1 C2

(C1 -15)(C1 -10) = 0

=6

C1 = 15 (0r) 10

C1+C2

/C1 =15 F

C1 C2

C2 = 10 F

=6

25

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7.

The plates of parallel plate capacitor have an area of 90cm2 each and are separated

by 2.5 mm. The capacitor is charged by connecting it is a 400V supply, how much

electrostatic energy is stored by the capacitor?

[June 2009, Sep 13]

A=90 cm2 = 90 x 10-4 m2

d=2.5 x 10-3 m

v=400 v

E=?

E=cv2/2

C=0A / d

/ E =1 x 0A x v2

2

d

8.854 x 10 -12 x 90 x 10 -4x 400 x 400

1

E=

x

2

= 2.55 x 10 -6 J

2.5 x 10 -3

8.

There Charges -2x10-9C, 3x10-9 C, -4x10-9 C are placed at the vertices of an

equilateral triangle ABC of side 20 cm Calculate the work done in shifting the charges A,

B and C to A1, B1, and C1 respectively which are the mid points of the sides of the

triangle.

[June -2011]

AB=BC=AC=20 X 10-2 m

q1 = -2 x 10-9 C

q2 = 3 x 10-9 C

q3 = -4 x 10-9 C

-2 x 10-9 C

U=?

B

3 x 10-9 C

B1

9 x 109

( -4 x 10-9 x -2 x 10-9 ) ]

Ui =

20 x 10-2

9 x 109

=

20 x 10-2

-9 x 109 x 10 x 10-18

= 4.5x 10 -7 J

Ui =

20 x 10

-2

C

-4 x 10-9 C

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9 x 109

Uf=

[-10 x 10-18]

10 x 10-2

=-9 x 10-7 J

/U=Uf-Ui = -9 x 10-7 (-4.5 x 10-7)

= -(9+4.5) x 10-7

U = -4.5 x 10-7 J

9. In the given network, calculate the effective resistance between points A and B.

Find the effective resistance one unit [March: 2007]

three identical units

C

Rs1=R1+R2

=5+10= 15 5+10R1s

R3, R4 are connected in series

Rs2 = R3+R4

Rs2 = 5+10= 15

Rs1, Rs2 are connected in

Parallel /Rp1 = Rs / n = 15 / 2 =7.5

Each unit has a resistance of 7.5

Rs = nRp = 3 x 7.5

Rs = 22.5

10. The effective resistances are 10 , 2.4 when two resistors are connected in series

and parallel. What are the resistances of individual resistors

[March : 2007, March : 2010 October -2011, March : 2015]

Rs = 10;

RP =2.4 ;

R1,R2=?

Rs= R1+R2

R1+R2= 10

R2= (10- R1)

RP = R1 R2 /( R1+R2)

R1R2 / (R1+R2) = 2.4

R1R2 / 10 =2.4

R1R2=24

R1 (10-R1)=24

10R1 R12 -24=0

R12 10 R1+24=0

(R1-6) (R1-4)=0

R1= 6 or 4

/ R1 = 6 ; R 2 = 4

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11. A copper wire of 10-6m2 area of cross section carries a current of 2A, if the number of

electrons per cubic metre is 8 x 10 28, calculate the current density and average drift

velocity.( e=1.6 x 10-19 c)

[March : 2009]

-6

2

28

-19

A=10 m ;

I=2A;

n=8 x 10 ;e=1.6 x 10 c

J=? vd=?

J=I / A =2 / 10-6 =2 x 106A m-2

J

2 x 106

vd=

=

n.e

8 x 1028x1.6x10-19

=0.156 x 10-3

vd =1.56 x 10-4 ms-1

12.

Three resistors are connected in series with 10V supply as shown in the figure.

Find the voltage drop across each resistor [June - 2010 March: 2012]

Effective resistance of series combination Rs= R1+R2+R3

Rs= 5+3+2 = 10

/ Current in Circuit I=v/ Rs=10/10 = 1 A

Voltage drop across R1 v1 =I R1 = 1 x 5 =5 V

Voltage drop acrosR2 v2 =I R2= 1 x 3 =3 V

Voltage drop acrosR3 v3 =I R3 = 1 x 2 =2 V.

13. What is the drift velocity of an electron in a copper conductor having area

10 x 10-6 m2 carrying a current of 2A. Assume that there are 10 x 1028 electrons /m3

[March : 2009]

A = 10 x 10-6 m-2 ;

I=2A; n=10 x 1028 electrons / m3

vd = ?

I = n A e Vd

Vd = I / n A e

= 2 / [10 x 1028 x 10 x 10-6 x 1.6 x 10-19]

Vd = 1.25 x 10-5 ms-1

14.

Find the current flowing across the resistors 3 , 5 and 2 connected in

parallel to a 15 v supply, Also find the effective resistance and total current drawn from

the supply

[Oct-2010> March - 15]

R1= 3 ; R2= 5 ; R3= 2

V=15 v

I1,I2,I3 =?

Total Current I =?

Effective Resistance=?

Current Through R1 I1 = V / R1 =15/3 = 5A

Current Through R2 I2 = V / R2 =15/5 = 3A

Current Through R3 I3 = V / R3 =15/2 = 7.5A

/ Total Current I = I1+I2+I3

= 5+3+7.5=15.5A

Effective Resistance R = v / I =15 / 15.5

= 0.967

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15.

In a metre bridge, the balancing length for a 10 resistance in left gap is 51.8 cm.

Find the unknown resistance and specific resistance of a wire of length 108 cm and radius

0.2 mm.

[Oct-2010> June - 2010]

P = 10

l1 = 51.8cm

l2 = 48.2cm

Q=?

Q / P = l2 / l1

Q = P. l2 / l1 = 10 x 48.2 / 51.8

Q=9.3

L = 108 cm = 1.08m

r = 0.2 x 10-3 m = 2 x 10-4 m.

=?

= Q.A / L =>Q. r2 / L

9.3 x 3.14 x (2 x 10-4)2

=

1.08

= 108.2 x 10-8 =1.082 x 10-6 m

16. An iron box of 400 W power is used daily for 30 minutes. If the cost per unit is 75

paise, find the weekly expense on using the iron box

[June - 2012]

P=400 W; t=1/2 Hour.

Rate /Unit = 75 Paise

Cost /Week = ?

Energy consumed in one day = P x t

= 400 x 1 / 2

=200 w h

W =0.2 k wh

W =0.2 Unit

Energy consumed in one week

=7 x 0.2

=1.4 Unit

Cost / Week = Total units consumed x (rate / unit) = 1.4x0.75 = Rs.1.05

17. The resistance of a field coil measures 50 at 20oC and 65 at 70oC. Find the

temperature coefficient of resistance.

= R2-R1

R1t2-R2 t1

=

65-50

=

15

(50x70) (65x20) 3500-1300

= 15

2200

= 0.0068 / C

[June 2013]

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18.

A circular coil of radius 20cm has 100 turns wire and it carries a current of 5A.

Find the magnetic induction at a point along its axis at a distance of 20cm from the centre

of the coil.

[March 2006, Oct -2006, March 2009,June-2015]

n =100 turns

a = 20 x 10-2 m

a2 = 4 x 10 -2

I=5A

x = 20 x 10-2 m

x2 = 4 x 10 -2

B =?

n0 Ia2

B=

2(a2 + x2 ) 3 / 2

102 x4 x 3.14 x 5 x 4 x10-2 x10-7

=

2(4 x 10-2 + 4 x 10-2) 3 / 2

4 x 3.14 x 10-6

=

4 x 3.14 x 10-6

=

-2 3 / 2

162 x 10-3

(8x 10 )

= 0.555 x 10-3

B = 5.55 x 10-4 T

19.

A rectangular coil of 500 turns and area 6 x 10-4 m2 is suspended inside a radial

magnetic field of induction 10-4T by a suspension wire of torsional constant

5 x 10-10 Nm/degree. Calculate the current required to produce a deflection of 100

[June 2006, Oct -09, March -13, Sep - 15]

-4

N = 500; A=6 x 10 ;B=10-4 T

C = 5 x 10-10 Nm / degree = 10, I=?

I = C / NBA

5 x 10-10x10

10-3

=

=

2

-4

-4

5 x 10 x6 x 10 x10

6

I = 0.166 mA

20.

A moving coil galvanometer of resistance 20 produces full scale deflection for

a current of 50mA. How you will convert the galvanometer into (i) an ammeter of range

20A and (ii) a voltmeter of range 120V.

[March : 2007,March : 2009> June -13, March -=15]

G = 20 ; Ig = 50 mA;

(i) 20 A an ammeter range 20 A.

I = 20 A = 20000 mA

S=

Ig

I-Ig

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50

=

20

20000-50

50

x 20

19950

S = 0.05

/ A shunt of 0.05 should be connected in parallel

(ii) 120 v a voltmeter range v=120 R=?

R=

=

V

Ig

-G

120

-20

-3

50 X10

= (120000 / 50 ) -20

=2380

/ A resistance of 2380 should be connected in series with the galvanometer

21.

A long straight wire carrying current produces a magnetic induction of 4 x 10-6 T

at a point, 15 cm from the wire. Calculate the current through the wire

[Oct -2007]

a=15 x 10-6 m; B=4 x 10-6 T; I=?

B=2 x10-7 x I / a

/

I= B x a / 2 x 10-7

=4 x 10-6 x15 x 10-2 / 2 x 10-7

I=3A

22.

In a hydrogen atom electron moves in an orbit of radius 0.5 A making 1016

revolutions per second. Determine the magnetic moment associated with orbital motion

of the electron.

[June- 2008]

-6

radius r= 0.5 x 10 m

n=1016 revolution / Second.

e=1.6 x 10-19 c

l=?

/l =en x r2

=1.6 x 10-19 x 1016 x 3.14 x (0.5 x 10-10)2

l = I x A

I=e/T =e.n

l =1.256 x 10-23Am-2

A=r2

10

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23.

Two parallel wires each of length 5cm are placed at a distance of 10cm apart in

air. They carry equal currents along the same direction and experience a mutually

attractive force of 3.6 x 10-4 N Find the current through the conductors.

[Oct 2009; June 2010, March 2013]

l=5m; F=3.6 x 10-4 N

a = 10 x 10-2m;

I1 = I2 = I =?

2 x 10-7 x I1I2

F=

a

xl

2 x 10-7 x I2 x l

a

F=

Fxa

/ I2 =

2 x 10-7 x l

3.6 x 10-4x10x10-2

=

2 x 10-7 x 5

I2 = 36

I = 6A

24. A galvanometer has a resistance of 40 It shows full scale deflection for a current

of 2mA. How you will convert the galvanometer into a voltmeter of range o to 20v?

[Oct 2010]

-3

G = 40 ; Ig = 2 x 10 A; V = 20V

R=?

V

R=

-G

Ig

20

=

- 40

2 x 10

-3

20000

=

2

-40

= 10000-40

R = 9960

/ A resistance of 9960 should be connected in series

11

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25.

Two straight infinitely long parallel wires carrying equal currents and placed at a

distance of 20cm apart in air experience a mutually attractive force of 4.9 x 10-5 N per

unit length of wire, calculate the current [Oct-2011]

F = 4.9 x 10-5 N;

a=20 x 10-2 m;

l=1m

I1 = I2= I=?

F = 2 x 10-7 x I1I2 xl

a

F = 2 x 10-7 x I2 x l

a

Fxa

l2 =

2 x 10-7x l

4.9 x 10-5x20 x 10-2

=

2 x 10-7x 1

2

l = 49

I = 7A

26.

The deflection in a galvanometer falls from 50 divisions to 10 divisions when

12 resistance is connected across the galvanometer. Calculate the galvanometer

resistance

[Sep 2012]

S=12 ;

=50 divisions

g =10 divisions G=?

G=

-g

/G=

s

g

50 10

x 12

10

40

x 12

10

G = 48

27. A Current of 4A flows through 5 turn coil of a trangent galvanometer having a

4x10-5T, find the deflection produced

[March 14]

2a = 30x10-2 m;

Bh = 4x10-5 T;

I=

n=5; I = 4A;

=?

x tan

12

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tan

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=

tan

= 2.093

2.093

= 64o28

28. A rectangular coil of area 20cm X 10 cm with turns of wire is suspended in

a radial magnetic field of induction 5x10-3T If the galvanometer shows an

angular deflection of 15o for a current of 1mA. Find the torisional constant

of the suspension wire.

[June - 14]

A = 20 cm X 10 cm = 20x10x10-4 m

B = 5x10-3 T

I = 1mA

C=?

I=

C=

=

= 0.66x10-6

C = 6.6x10-7 Nm/degree

(Or) 381.7x10-7 = 3.81x10-5 Nm/radian

13

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current required to produce a deflection of 60o.

[Sep 14]

I1 = 1A; 1 = 30o

I2= ?;

2 = 60o

=

I2 =

I2 =

I2 =

I2 = 3A

30. A Uniform magnetic field of induction 0.5T acts perpendicular to the plane of the

dees of a cyctotorn. Calculate this frequency of the oscillator to accelerate protons mp

=1.67x10-27 kg)

(Sep 15)

B = 0.5 T;

mp = 1.67x10-27 kg

Frequency

31.

q = 1.6 x 10-19 c

=?

An A.C generator consists of a coil 10,000 turns and of area 100cm2 The coil

rotates at an angular speed of 140 rpm in a uniform magnetic field of 3.6 x 10-2 T.

Find the maximum value of the emf induced.

[June 2009]

N =104 turns; A=100 x 10-4 m2

B = 3.6 x 10-2 T;

E0 = ?

=140 rpm

E0 = N A B = N A B 2

=140 / 60 rps

4

-4

-2

E0 =10 x100 x10 x3.6 x 10 x2 x3.14x140/60

E0 = 52.752 V

14

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32. .A Soap film of retractive index 1.33, is illuminated by white light incident at an

angle 300. The reflected light is examined by spectroscope in which dark band

corresponding to the wave length 6000 is found. Calculate the smallest thickness

of the film.

[Oct-2007, Sep -2013]

=1.33; i=30;

n=1 (smallest thickness)

=6000 ,

t=?

If dark band 2 t cosr = n

t=n / 2 cos r

=sin i / sin r

sin i

sinr =

sin30

=

=0.373

1.33

r = sin -1 0.3759

r = 2204

1 x 6000 x 10-10

t=

2 x 1.33 x cos 2204

6000 x 10-10

t=

2 x 1.34 x 0.9267

t= 2.434 x 10-7 m

33.

between the centres of adjacent fringes is 0.75 mm. Calculate this distance

between the slits, if the screen is 1.5m away.

[Oct-2007 Sep 14, June - 15]

= 6 X 1014 HZ; = 0.75 X 10-3m

D = 1.5 m

d=?

= D /d

[=c/ ]

= C D / .d

/ d=CD/.

3 x 1 08 x1. 5

=

6 x1014 x0.75 x 10-3

d = 1 x 10-3 = 1m m

15

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34.

A parallel beam of monochromatric light is allowed to incident normally on a

plane transmission grating having 5000 lines per centimetre. A second order spectral line

is found to be diffracted at an angle 300 Find the wave length of the light.

[March 2008, March 2010, June -12]

N = 5000 lines / cm

= 5 x 105 lines / m

m=2

= 30

=?

sin = Nm

= sin / Nm

= sin 30 / (5 x105 x 2)

=

1

= 2x5x105x2

= 0.5 x 10-6

= 5000 x 10-10 m

= 5000 A

A monochromatic light of wavelength 5893 A is incident on a water surface

having refractive index 1.33 Find the velocity frequency and wavelength of light in

water .

[Oct 2008, March -11]

=4/3

= 5893 A

Velocity of Cw = ? w = ? = ?

Cw = C /

3 x 108

35.

4 /3

9

Cw =

x 108

4

= 2.25 x 108 ms-1

w = /

5893 x 10-10

=

4 /3

5893 x 10-10 x 3

=

4

= 4419.75 x 10-10m

=C/

3 x 108

=

-10

5893 x 10

= 5.09 x 1014 HZ

16

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36.In a Newtons rings experiment the diameter of the 20th dark ring was found to be 5.82

mm and that of the 10th ring 3.36mm. If the radius of the plano convex lens is 1 m.

Calculate the wavelength of light used.

[March : 2010, March 14, Sep - 15]

d20 = 5.82 x 10-3m ; d10 = 3.36 x 10-3m

n + m = 20;

n = 10;

m = 10 ;

R=1m

=?

d2n+m - d2n

d220 - d210

=

=

4mR

4mR

(5.82 x 10-3)2 - (3.36 x 10-3)2

=

4 x 10 x 1

=

40

= 9.18 x 2.46 x 10-6 /40

= 0.56457 x 10-6 = 5.645 x 10-10 m

= 5645 A

37.

A plano convex lens of radius 3m is placed on an optically flat glass plate and is

illuminated by monochromatic light. The radius of the 8th dark ring is 3.6mm. Calculate

the wave length of light used.

[March : 2011]

R= 3 m;

r8=3.6 x 10-3m ;

n=8;

=?

= r2n / nR

3.6 x 3.6 x 10-6

=

8x3

= 0.54 x 10-6 =5400 x 10-10 m

= 5400 A

38. A Plane transmission grating has 5000 lines / cm. Calculate the angular separation in

second order spectrum of red line 7070 and blue line 5000 [June -2013, June - 15]

N = 5000 lines / cm (or) N = 5x105 lines per meter

m = 2> R = 7070 ; V = 5000

v=?

R

Sin = Nm

Sin R = 5x105 x 2x7070x10-10

17

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Sin

R=

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0.707 =

R =45

5x105x2x5000x10-10

v = 0.5 =

v = 30

R v = 45 -30

0

R v = 15

Sin

Sin

v=

when placed in a polarimeter. If the specific rotation is 60o, calculate the quantity of

sugar contained in the solution

l=300 mm = 3dm

v=60 CC, = 9, S=60, m =?

s=

[June -2013]

s=

m=

= 3g

40. In a Youngs double slit experiment two concurrent sources of intensity ratio

of 64:1 produce interference f rings. Calculate the ratio of maximum and

minimum intensities.

[Sep - 14]

if

= 64:1

a2

a1= 8a2

18

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= 81: 49

41. In Newtons ring experiment the diameter of certain order of dark ring is

measured to be double that of second ring, what is the order of the ring?

[June - 14]

dn = 2d2

n=?

=

=

=

n =8

42.

Wave length of Balmer second line is 4861 A. Calculate the wave length of first

line.

[March : 2007]

2= 4861 A

1= ?

For Balmer II Line n1 =2; n2 =4

2 = R ( 1 _ 1

n12 - n22)

1/ 2 = R ( 1

1)

2

2 - 42

41

16

1/ 2 = 3R / 16

19

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2 = R 1 _ 1

22 - 32

WWW.HAISTUDENTS.COM

9 4R

36

1/ 1 = 5 / 36 R

1

1/ 2 =

1/ 2 =27 /20

1=

1=

1= 6562 A

43.

In Braggs Spectrometer the glancing angle for first order spectrum was observed

to be 8 . Calculate the wave length of x-ray. If d =2.82 x 10-10m. At what angle will the

second maximum occur?

[June - 2007]

-10

1 = 8 ; d= 2.82 x 10 m; n=1

=?

2d sin = n

2d sin

=

n

2 x 2.82 x10-10 x sin 8

=

1

= 2 x 2.82 x10-10 x0.139

= 0.7849 x 10-10 m

n = 2 when 2 = ?

2d sin 2 = n

sin 2 = n / 2d

2 x 0.7849 x10-10

=

2 x 2.82 x10-10

sin 2 = 0.2783

2 = sin-1 0.2783

2 = 16 9

20

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44.

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nucleus, Calculate this distance of its closest approach (Given atomic number of

gold 79 and atomic number of a particle =2)

[March : 2008]

(Atomic number of Gold = 79, Atomic number of particle = 2)

K.E = 4 x 10-6 x 1.6 x 10-19 J Z=79 r0 =?

18 x 109x Ze2

r0 =

K.E

18 x 109 x 79 x 1.6 x 10-19x1.6 x 10-19

=

4 x 106 x 1.6 x 10-19

= 568.8 x 10-16

r0 = 5.688 x 10-14 m

and an electric field E of 3.4 x 104 V / m, acting simultaneously. If the path of the

electrons remain undeviated calculate the speed of electrons. If the electric field is

removed what will be the radius of the electron path..?

[Oct-2011]

4

-3

E = 3.4 x 10 v / m ; B = 2 x 10 T

v=?

r=?

v=E/B

3.4 x 104

=

2 x 10-3

v = 1.7 10 ms-1

Bev = mv2 / r

Be = mv / r

+7

/ r = mv / Be

9.11 x 10-31 x 1.7 x107

=

2 x 10-3x1.6 x 10-19

r = 4.839 x 10-2 m

46.

How fast would a rocket have to go relative to an observer for its length to be

corrected to 99% of its length at rest

[Oct -2007, Oct -11, March -12, Jun - 14]

99

when l =

lo ; = ?

100

l = lo 1-v2 / c2

99

lo= lo 1-v2 / c2

100

0.99 = 1-v2 / c2

(0.99)2 = 1-(v2 / c2)

21

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(c2-v2) / c2 = 0.992

v2 = 0.0199 c2

c2-v2 = (0.99c)2

v = 0.141 c

v2 = c2 -0.9801 c2

= 0.141 x 3 x 108

= c2 (1-0.9801)

47.

At what speed is a particle moving if the mass is equal to three times its rest

mass?

[Oct-2008, Sep 14, June - 15]

m = 3 m0

v=?

m0

m=

1 -v2 / c2

m0

3 m0 =

1 -v2 / c2

3 1 -v2 / c2 = 1

9(1 -v2 / c2) = 1

9 (c2-v2) /c2

2

9c - 9v

=1

= c2

9v2

= 9c2 - c2

9v2

= 8c2

v2

= 8 c2 / 9

= 22 c / 3

= 22 x 3 x 108 / 3

= 22 x108 ms-1

=2.828 ms-1

v

v

48.

The time interval measured by an observer at rest is 2.5 x 10-8 s What is the time

interval as measured by an observer moving with velocity v=0.73c

[June - 2009]

to = 2.5 x 10-8 s

v = 0.73c

t =?

t = to / 1 -v2 / c2

v2 / c2 = 0.5329 c2 / c2

1 (v2 / c2 )= 1 - 0.5329 = 0.4671

1 -v2 / c2 = 0.4671 = 0.6834

t = t0 / 0.6834

= 2.5 x 10-8 / 0.6834 = 3.658 x 10-8 s

22

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49. Work function of Iron is 4.7eV Calculate the cut off frequency and the corresponding

cut off wavelength for this metal

[June 09, March 2012]

w = 4.7 e V

w = 4.7 x 1.6 x 10-19 J

o = ?

o =?

w = h o

o = w / h

4.7 x 1.6 x 10-19

=

6.626 x 10-34

o = 1.134 x 1015

o = c / o

3x 108

=

1.134 x 1015

= 2.645 x 10-7

o = 2645 A

50. A metallic surface when illuminated with light of wavelength 3333 A emits electrons

with energies up to 0.6ev. Calculate the work function of the metal

[Oct 2009, June 2012, March 2013]

= 3333A

K.E = 0.6 e v

w=?

h = w + k.E

w = h -k.E

w = h.c / - k.E

6.626 x 10-34 x 3 x 108

=

- 0.6

-10

-19

3333 x 10 x 1.6x 10

w = 3.727 0.6

w = 3.127 eV

51.

A proton is moving at a speed of 0.900 times the velocity of light Find the kinetic

energy in joules and Mev.

[March: 2011]

-27

v = 0.9 c;

mo = 1.67 x 10 kg

(m- mo)c2 = ?

m = mo/ 1 -v2 / c2

1.67 x 10-27

=

1- 0.81 c2 / c2

1.67 x 10-27

=

1- 0.81

1.67 x 10-27

=

0.19

23

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mo = 3.831 x 10-27 kg

m - mo = (3.831 x 10-27-1.67 x 10-27)

= 2.161 x 10-27

2

(m - mo) c = 2.161 x 10-27 x 9 x 1016

(m - mo) c2 = 19.449 x10-11 J

19.449 x 10-11

E =

1.6 x 10-19

= 12.155 x10-11 x 10-19ev

= 12.155 x108

E

= 1215 Mev

52.

[Oct-2012]

If. k.E = 120 ev

v = 120 v = ?

= (12.27 / v)

= (12.27 / 120)

= (12.27 / 10.95)

= 1.121 A

53.The rest mass of an electron 9.1x10-31 Kg What will be its mass if it moves

[June - 14]

m = 9.1x10-31

=

m=?

m=

=

=

=

=

=

24

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WWW.HAISTUDENTS.COM

=

m = 15.16x10-31 Kg.

54. Calculate the Debroglie wavelength of an electorn if the speed 105 ms-1

(given m = 9.1x10-31 kg; h = 6.626x10-34 JS)

(Sep 15)

-31

m = 9.1x10 Kg

h = 6.626x10-34 Js

ms-1

=

= 0.7281x10-8

72.81 AO

55.

A piece of bone from an archaeological site is found to give a count rate of 15

counts per minutes A similar sample of fresh bone gives a count rate of 19 counts per

minute. Calculate the age of the specimen (Given T1/2= 5570 Years)

[Oct - 2011, March- 2006> Sep -2013, March 2014]

N = 15 counts / minute

T1/2=0.693 /

N0 = 19 counts minute

t=?

N = N0 e- t

N / N0 = e- t

N0 / N = e t

loge(N0 / N) = t

t=

t=

loge

x2.303x loge

5570

t=

x 2.303 x .1026

0.693

t = 1899 Years

56.

Calculate the energy released when 1Kg of 92U 235 undergoes nuclear fission.

Assume, energy fission is 200 Mev. Avagadro Number =6.023 x 1023 Express your

answer in Kilowatt hour also

[March : 2006, Sep -2011, Sep 2013]

Energy produced fission = 200 Mev

= 200 x106 x1.6 x10-19 J = 3.2 x 10-11

Avagadro Number N = 6.023 x 1023

25

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WWW.HAISTUDENTS.COM

235 g 92U 235 Number of atoms in 235 g of uranium = 6.023 x 1023

Number of atoms in 1Kg (or ) 1000 g of uranium 92U 235

=

6.023 x 1023

x 1000

235

= 2.562 x 1024

Energy produced by 1 kg of uranium during fission

= 2.562 x 1024 x 3.2 x 10-11

E = 8.2016 x1013J

6

1 k w h = 3.6 x 10 J

8.2016 x1013

E=

= 2.2782 x 107 k w h

6

3.6 x 10

57. Find the energy released when two 1H2 nuclei fuse together to form a single 2He4

nucleus. Given the binding energy per nucleon of 1H2 a single 2He4 nucleus, Given the

binding energy per nucleon of 1H2 and 2He4 are 1.1 Mev and 7.0 Mev respectively,

[June 2006, October 2012]

2

1H -BE/A of = 1.1 Mev

4

= 7 Mev

2He - BE/A of

2

4

21H

2He + Q

Energy released Q = ?

BE/A of 1H2- = 1.1 Mev

BE of 1H2- = 2 x 1.1 Mev = 2.2 Mev

BE/A of 2He 4 = 7 Mev

BE of 2He 4

= 4 x 7=28 Mev

4

21H2

2He + Q

2 x 2.2

28 + Q

4.4

28 + Q

/Q = 28 4.4 = 23.6 Mev

58.

A reactor is developing energy at the rate of 32 MW. Calculate the required

number of fissions per second of 92U 235 Assume that energy per fission is 200 Mev.

[June - 2006,2008,2011, March 14]

6

-19

Energy / fission = 200 MeV = 200 x 10 x 1.6 x 10

Total Energy = 32 MW

No of fission of 92U23 =

32 x 106

N=

200 x 106 x 1.6 x 10-19

N = 1018 fission / Second

26

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59.

Show that the mass of radium (88Ra 226) with an activity of 1 curie is almost a

gram

[June - 2006,March :2008, March :2012]

[T - 1600 Years ;

1 curie = 3.7 x1010 disintegration / second]

T =1600 Years

=1600 x 365.25 x 24 x 60 x 60

dN / d t = 3.7 x 1010 disintegration / Second

m =?

T = 0.6931 /

dN / d t = N

N = 1 dN

dt

T

=

x

0.6931

dN

dt

X 3.7 x 1010

N=

0.6931

= 2.695 x 1021

According to Avagadros Principle, 6.023 x 1023 atoms = 226 g

Radium, 2.695 x 1021 atoms

226

m=

x 2.695 x 1021

6.023 x 1023

of

= 1.011 g

m 1g

60.Calculate the mass of coal required to produce the same energy as that produced by the

fission of 1 Kg of 92U 235

[October-2006]

Energy fission = 200 Mev = 200 x 1.6 x 10-19 x 106

Avagadro Number =6.023 x 1023

Heat of combustion of Coal = 33.6 x 106 J / kgMass of Coal= ?

Number of Atoms in 235 g U 235 = 6.023 x 1023

Number of Atoms in 1000 g ( or ) 1 kg U 235

6.023 x 1023

N=

x 103 = 2.562 x 1024

235

1 Energy/fission =3.6 x1011 J

Energy produced by the fission of 1Kg of U235; = 2.562 x 1024 x3.6 x10-11

27

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E = 8.2016 x 1013J

Let M be the mass of the coal required to produced equivalent to energy produced by

1Kg of U 235

M x Heat of combustion of Coal =8.2016x 1013

M x 33.6 x 106 = 8.2016 x 1013

8.2016 x 1013

M =

= 2.441 x 106 kg = 2441x103 Kg

6

33.6 x 10

61.

M = 2441 ton.

Mass defect of 6C12 is 0.098 amu. Calculate the B.E /A of 6C12 nucleus.

[June - 2007]

m of -6C12 = 0.098 amu; A=12

BE / A = ?

m of -6C12 = 0.098 amu

BE of -6C12 = m x 931 Mev

= 0.098 x 931 MeV

= 91.238 MeV

12

BE/A Of - 6C

= 91.238 /12 = 7.603MeV

62.

Calculate the time required for 60% of a sample of radon to undergo decay.

Given T1/2 redon =3.8 days

[March : 2007]

Half life of Rn; = 3.8 days

Original Amount N0 = 100% ; Amount of Sample disintegrated (N0 N )= 60%

Amount of Sample present N = 40% time required t=?

T1/2 = 0.6931

0.6931

=

T1/2

N = N0 e- t

N / N0 = e t

N0/ N = e t

log (N0/ N) = t

t = loge

= x2.303x loge

t=

t=

t=

3.8

2.303 x log 10 2.5

0.6931

3.8

2.303 x 0.3979

0.6931

t = 5.022 days

28

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63.

The binding energy per nucleon for 6C 12 nucleus is 7.68 MeV and that for 6C13 is

7.47 MeV. Calculate the energy required to remove a neutron from 6C13 nucleus

[March: 2009> March - 15]

BE/A of - 6C 12 = 7.68 Mev

BE/A of - 6C13 = 7.47 Mev

BE/A of Q = ?

13

12

+0n1 +Q.

6C

6C

13

BE/A of - 6C = 7.47 Mev

Total BE of C13= 13 x 7.47 MeV

= 97.11 MeV

12

- BE/A = 7.68 Mev

6C

Total BE of 6 C 12

= 12 x 7.68 Mev

= 92.16 Mev

13

Binding Energy of a neutron = = BE of 6C

--BE of 6C 12

= 97.11 92.16 = 4.95 MeV

64..

4

6

1

3

3Li +0n

2He +1H

Given Mass of 3Li6 = 6.015126 amu

Mass of 0n 1= 1.008665 amu

Mass of 2He4 = 4.002604 amu

Mass of 1H3 = 3.016049 amu

/ Mass of the reactants; =?

Mass of 3Li6 = 6.015126 amu

Mass of 0n 1= 1.008665 amu +

7.023791 amu

Mass of 1H3= 3.016049 amu

7.018653

Mass Defect m = Mass of the reactants - Mass of the products

m = 7.023791 - 7.018653

m = 0.005138 amu

Energy released in the reaction = m x 931 MeV

= 0.005138 x 931 MeV

E= 4.783 MeV

29

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65.

WWW.HAISTUDENTS.COM

Mg25+2He4

12

Mass of reactants 13AI27 + 1H 2 = 26.981535 +2.014102

= 28.995637 amu

Mass of products 12Mg25 + 2He4

= 24.98584 + 4.002604

= 28.988444 amu

m = 0.007193

Energy released in the reaction E = m x 931 MeV

= 0.007193 X 931 MeV

E = 6.696 Mev

66.

A transistor is connected in CE configuration. The voltage drop across the load

resistance (Rc) 3 k is 6V. Find the basic current. The current gain of the transistor

is 0.97

[June - 2010]

= 0.97

Rc = 3K

VCE= 6V

IB =?

Ic = VCE / Rc

= Ic / IB

= 6 / 3 x 103

IB = Ic /

-3

= 2 x 10-3 / 32.33

= 2x 10 A

= / (1 - )

= 0.0618 x 10-3

= 0.97 / (1 - 0.97)

IB = 61.8 x 10-6A

= 0.97 /0.03

IB = 61.8 A

= 32.33

30

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67.

A 10 MHz Sinusoidal carrier wave of amplitude 10 mv is modulated by 5 Kz

sinusoidal audio signal wave of amplitude 6 mV. Find this frequency components of the

resultant modulated wave and their amplitude [March: 2011]

Frequency of the carrier ( fc) = 10MHz

Frequency of signal ( fs) = 5 KHz= 0.005 MHz

Amplitude of the signal

= 6 mV

= 10 mV

Amplitude of the components in the modulated wave = ?

Upper side band frequency fc + fs

= 10+0.005

= 10.005MHz

Lower side band frequency = fc - fc

= 10 - 0.005

= 9.955MHz

The Modulation Factor m = Es / Ec

= 6 / 10

= 0.6

Amplitude of USB = Amplitude of LSB = mEc / 2 = (0.6 x 10 ) / 2 = 3 mV

T.Thamaraiselvan,

Cell: 9443645072

31

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