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My hearty congratulations to +2 Students!


If you want to get 200 out of 200 in Physics, you should
be answered the compulsory problem as well as possible. The
physics learners are advised to frame their own responses taking
ideas from the help points given for each problem.
Here, All the public examination
questions (Up to Sep 2015) particularly, Sixty Seven problems
are dealt in a detailed and simple manner, just like your attempts.
The students are thus prepared in an effective way to face the
compulsory problem confidently and come out with flying colours.
With best wishes and regards,

Walk with educational service


T.Thamaraiselvan,
PGT Physics,
G.B.H.S. School,
Aranthangi 614616
Cell: 9443645072
Email Id :
thamaraipg@yahoo.in

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A Parallel Plate capacitor has plates of area 200 cm2 and separation

1.

between the plates 1mm. Calculate (i) The potential difference between the plates if 1 nc
charge is given to the capacitor (ii) with the same charge if the plate separation is
increased to 2mm, what is the new potential difference and ((iii) electric field between
[March: 2006]

the plates.
A=200 cm2
=200 x 10-4m2
d = 1 x 10-3 m
q = 1 x 10-9 c
d
v=
0

(i)

1 cm2 = 10-4 m2

The potential difference between the plates v =?


qd
=
A. 0

1 x 10-9 x 1 x 10-3
=
2 x 10-2 x 8.854x 10-12
v=5.65 v
(ii)
If d= 2 m m
v=?
If the distance increase by two times the P.D also will increase two times
/v= 2 x 5.65 =11.3 V
(iii)

Electric Field E = v / d = 5.65 / 10-3


= 5650 v / m.

2.
Three capacitors each of capacitance a 9 pF are connected in series (i) What is the
total capacitance of the combination? (ii) What is the potential difference across each
capacitor, if the combination is connected to 120V Supply?
[June - 2006, Sep 2006, June - 2011]
Given
C = 9 pF
v =120 v
n =3

v1= v2= v3=?

Cs = ?

v1= v2= v3=v / n = 120 / 3

CS = c/n = 9/3

v1= v2= v3=40 v

CS = 3 pF

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3.Two Capacitances 0.5 F and 0.75 F are connected in parallel and the combination to
a 110v battery. Calculate the charge from the source and charge on each capacitor?
Given: [June - 2007]
c1=0.5 F ;
c2=0.75 F
v = 110 v
q1, q2=? Total Charge q = ?
q1=c1 v
= 0.5 x 10-6 x 110
q1= 55 c
q2=c2 v
=0.75 x 10-6 x 110
q2 =82.5 c
q = q1+q2 =55+82.5
q = 137.5 c
4. Calculate the electric potential at a point P, located at the centre of the square of point
charges shown in the figure
[June- 2007]
q1=12 nc ;
q2=-24nc;
q3=31 nc ;
q4=17 nc
D
C
if a=1.3 m
17nc
31nc
r=.OA;=OB =OC=OD= a / 2
o
12nc
-24 nc
V =
1
[q1+ q2+q3+ q4]
A
B
40r
1.3 m
= 9 x 109 x 2
12-24+31+17
1.3
9 x 1.414 x 36 x 10-9 x 109
V =
1.3
V = 352.4 V

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5. Two positive charges of 12 C and 8C respectively are 10 cm apart. Find the


work done in bringing them 4 cm Closer, so that, they are 6cm apart. [June 2008]
Given :q1 =12 c;
q2 =8c
If r1=10 cm
9 x 109 x q1 q2
Intial Energy Ui =
r1
9 x 109 x 12 x 10-6 x 8 x 10-6
=
10 x 10-2
If r2 = 6 cm

= 8.64 J
/Final Energy
9 x 109 x 12 x 10-6 x 8 x 10-6

Uf =
6 x 10-2
Uf = 14.4J
Work Done = W = Uf-Ui
=14.4 8.64
W= 5.76 J
6. Two capacitors of unknown capacitances are connected in series and parallel if the net
capacitances in the two combinations are 6 F and 25 F respectively find their
capacitances
[Sep 2008]
Given :C1 C2 = 150
Cp=25 F
Cs = 6 F: c1 , c2 =?
C1 (25-C1) = 150
Cp = c1 +c2
25C1 - C12 = 150
/ c1 +c2 =25 F
C2 =(25 C1) F
25C1 - C12 -150 = 0
Cs = C1 C2 / C1+C2
C12 - 25C1 + 150 = 0
C1 C2
(C1 -15)(C1 -10) = 0
=6
C1 = 15 (0r) 10
C1+C2
/C1 =15 F

C1 C2

C2 = 10 F

=6
25

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7.
The plates of parallel plate capacitor have an area of 90cm2 each and are separated
by 2.5 mm. The capacitor is charged by connecting it is a 400V supply, how much
electrostatic energy is stored by the capacitor?
[June 2009, Sep 13]
A=90 cm2 = 90 x 10-4 m2
d=2.5 x 10-3 m
v=400 v
E=?
E=cv2/2
C=0A / d
/ E =1 x 0A x v2
2
d
8.854 x 10 -12 x 90 x 10 -4x 400 x 400

1
E=

x
2
= 2.55 x 10 -6 J

2.5 x 10 -3

8.
There Charges -2x10-9C, 3x10-9 C, -4x10-9 C are placed at the vertices of an
equilateral triangle ABC of side 20 cm Calculate the work done in shifting the charges A,
B and C to A1, B1, and C1 respectively which are the mid points of the sides of the
triangle.
[June -2011]
AB=BC=AC=20 X 10-2 m
q1 = -2 x 10-9 C
q2 = 3 x 10-9 C
q3 = -4 x 10-9 C

-2 x 10-9 C

U=?
B
3 x 10-9 C

B1

Initial Potential Energy Ui = 1 / 40d [q1 q2 + q2 q3+ q3 q1 ]


9 x 109

[ ( -2 x 10-9 x 3 x 10-9 ) + ( 3 x 10-9 x -4 x 10-9 ) +


( -4 x 10-9 x -2 x 10-9 ) ]

Ui =
20 x 10-2
9 x 109

[ ( -6 x 10-18-12 x 10-18+8 x 10-18]

=
20 x 10-2

-9 x 109 x 10 x 10-18
= 4.5x 10 -7 J

Ui =
20 x 10

-2

C
-4 x 10-9 C

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If the Charges on A, B, and C distance final potential energy r= 10 x 10-2 m


9 x 109
Uf=

[-10 x 10-18]

10 x 10-2
=-9 x 10-7 J
/U=Uf-Ui = -9 x 10-7 (-4.5 x 10-7)
= -(9+4.5) x 10-7
U = -4.5 x 10-7 J
9. In the given network, calculate the effective resistance between points A and B.
Find the effective resistance one unit [March: 2007]

/The network has


three identical units
C

R1, R2 are connected in series


Rs1=R1+R2
=5+10= 15 5+10R1s
R3, R4 are connected in series
Rs2 = R3+R4
Rs2 = 5+10= 15
Rs1, Rs2 are connected in
Parallel /Rp1 = Rs / n = 15 / 2 =7.5
Each unit has a resistance of 7.5
Rs = nRp = 3 x 7.5
Rs = 22.5
10. The effective resistances are 10 , 2.4 when two resistors are connected in series
and parallel. What are the resistances of individual resistors
[March : 2007, March : 2010 October -2011, March : 2015]
Rs = 10;
RP =2.4 ;
R1,R2=?
Rs= R1+R2
R1+R2= 10
R2= (10- R1)
RP = R1 R2 /( R1+R2)
R1R2 / (R1+R2) = 2.4
R1R2 / 10 =2.4
R1R2=24

R1 (10-R1)=24
10R1 R12 -24=0
R12 10 R1+24=0
(R1-6) (R1-4)=0
R1= 6 or 4
/ R1 = 6 ; R 2 = 4

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11. A copper wire of 10-6m2 area of cross section carries a current of 2A, if the number of
electrons per cubic metre is 8 x 10 28, calculate the current density and average drift
velocity.( e=1.6 x 10-19 c)
[March : 2009]
-6
2
28
-19
A=10 m ;
I=2A;
n=8 x 10 ;e=1.6 x 10 c
J=? vd=?
J=I / A =2 / 10-6 =2 x 106A m-2
J
2 x 106
vd=
=
n.e
8 x 1028x1.6x10-19
=0.156 x 10-3
vd =1.56 x 10-4 ms-1
12.
Three resistors are connected in series with 10V supply as shown in the figure.
Find the voltage drop across each resistor [June - 2010 March: 2012]
Effective resistance of series combination Rs= R1+R2+R3
Rs= 5+3+2 = 10
/ Current in Circuit I=v/ Rs=10/10 = 1 A
Voltage drop across R1 v1 =I R1 = 1 x 5 =5 V
Voltage drop acrosR2 v2 =I R2= 1 x 3 =3 V
Voltage drop acrosR3 v3 =I R3 = 1 x 2 =2 V.
13. What is the drift velocity of an electron in a copper conductor having area
10 x 10-6 m2 carrying a current of 2A. Assume that there are 10 x 1028 electrons /m3
[March : 2009]
A = 10 x 10-6 m-2 ;
I=2A; n=10 x 1028 electrons / m3
vd = ?
I = n A e Vd
Vd = I / n A e
= 2 / [10 x 1028 x 10 x 10-6 x 1.6 x 10-19]
Vd = 1.25 x 10-5 ms-1
14.
Find the current flowing across the resistors 3 , 5 and 2 connected in
parallel to a 15 v supply, Also find the effective resistance and total current drawn from
the supply
[Oct-2010> March - 15]
R1= 3 ; R2= 5 ; R3= 2
V=15 v
I1,I2,I3 =?
Total Current I =?
Effective Resistance=?
Current Through R1 I1 = V / R1 =15/3 = 5A
Current Through R2 I2 = V / R2 =15/5 = 3A
Current Through R3 I3 = V / R3 =15/2 = 7.5A
/ Total Current I = I1+I2+I3
= 5+3+7.5=15.5A
Effective Resistance R = v / I =15 / 15.5
= 0.967

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15.
In a metre bridge, the balancing length for a 10 resistance in left gap is 51.8 cm.
Find the unknown resistance and specific resistance of a wire of length 108 cm and radius
0.2 mm.
[Oct-2010> June - 2010]
P = 10
l1 = 51.8cm
l2 = 48.2cm
Q=?
Q / P = l2 / l1
Q = P. l2 / l1 = 10 x 48.2 / 51.8
Q=9.3
L = 108 cm = 1.08m
r = 0.2 x 10-3 m = 2 x 10-4 m.
=?
= Q.A / L =>Q. r2 / L
9.3 x 3.14 x (2 x 10-4)2
=

1.08
= 108.2 x 10-8 =1.082 x 10-6 m
16. An iron box of 400 W power is used daily for 30 minutes. If the cost per unit is 75
paise, find the weekly expense on using the iron box
[June - 2012]
P=400 W; t=1/2 Hour.
Rate /Unit = 75 Paise
Cost /Week = ?
Energy consumed in one day = P x t
= 400 x 1 / 2
=200 w h
W =0.2 k wh
W =0.2 Unit
Energy consumed in one week
=7 x 0.2
=1.4 Unit
Cost / Week = Total units consumed x (rate / unit) = 1.4x0.75 = Rs.1.05
17. The resistance of a field coil measures 50 at 20oC and 65 at 70oC. Find the
temperature coefficient of resistance.

t1= 20 C; R1= 50 , t2 = 70 C R2= 65 =?


= R2-R1
R1t2-R2 t1
=
65-50
=
15
(50x70) (65x20) 3500-1300
= 15
2200

= 0.0068 / C

[June 2013]

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18.
A circular coil of radius 20cm has 100 turns wire and it carries a current of 5A.
Find the magnetic induction at a point along its axis at a distance of 20cm from the centre
of the coil.
[March 2006, Oct -2006, March 2009,June-2015]
n =100 turns
a = 20 x 10-2 m
a2 = 4 x 10 -2
I=5A
x = 20 x 10-2 m
x2 = 4 x 10 -2
B =?
n0 Ia2
B=
2(a2 + x2 ) 3 / 2
102 x4 x 3.14 x 5 x 4 x10-2 x10-7
=
2(4 x 10-2 + 4 x 10-2) 3 / 2
4 x 3.14 x 10-6
=

4 x 3.14 x 10-6
=

-2 3 / 2

162 x 10-3

(8x 10 )

= 0.555 x 10-3
B = 5.55 x 10-4 T
19.
A rectangular coil of 500 turns and area 6 x 10-4 m2 is suspended inside a radial
magnetic field of induction 10-4T by a suspension wire of torsional constant
5 x 10-10 Nm/degree. Calculate the current required to produce a deflection of 100
[June 2006, Oct -09, March -13, Sep - 15]
-4
N = 500; A=6 x 10 ;B=10-4 T
C = 5 x 10-10 Nm / degree = 10, I=?
I = C / NBA
5 x 10-10x10
10-3
=
=
2
-4
-4
5 x 10 x6 x 10 x10
6
I = 0.166 mA
20.
A moving coil galvanometer of resistance 20 produces full scale deflection for
a current of 50mA. How you will convert the galvanometer into (i) an ammeter of range
20A and (ii) a voltmeter of range 120V.
[March : 2007,March : 2009> June -13, March -=15]
G = 20 ; Ig = 50 mA;
(i) 20 A an ammeter range 20 A.
I = 20 A = 20000 mA
S=

Ig

I-Ig

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50
=

20
20000-50
50

x 20
19950

S = 0.05
/ A shunt of 0.05 should be connected in parallel
(ii) 120 v a voltmeter range v=120 R=?

R=
=

V
Ig

-G

120
-20
-3
50 X10

= (120000 / 50 ) -20
=2380
/ A resistance of 2380 should be connected in series with the galvanometer
21.
A long straight wire carrying current produces a magnetic induction of 4 x 10-6 T
at a point, 15 cm from the wire. Calculate the current through the wire
[Oct -2007]
a=15 x 10-6 m; B=4 x 10-6 T; I=?
B=2 x10-7 x I / a
/
I= B x a / 2 x 10-7
=4 x 10-6 x15 x 10-2 / 2 x 10-7
I=3A
22.
In a hydrogen atom electron moves in an orbit of radius 0.5 A making 1016
revolutions per second. Determine the magnetic moment associated with orbital motion
of the electron.
[June- 2008]
-6
radius r= 0.5 x 10 m
n=1016 revolution / Second.
e=1.6 x 10-19 c
l=?
/l =en x r2
=1.6 x 10-19 x 1016 x 3.14 x (0.5 x 10-10)2
l = I x A
I=e/T =e.n
l =1.256 x 10-23Am-2
A=r2

10

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23.
Two parallel wires each of length 5cm are placed at a distance of 10cm apart in
air. They carry equal currents along the same direction and experience a mutually
attractive force of 3.6 x 10-4 N Find the current through the conductors.
[Oct 2009; June 2010, March 2013]
l=5m; F=3.6 x 10-4 N

a = 10 x 10-2m;
I1 = I2 = I =?
2 x 10-7 x I1I2
F=
a

xl

2 x 10-7 x I2 x l
a

F=

Fxa
/ I2 =

2 x 10-7 x l
3.6 x 10-4x10x10-2

=
2 x 10-7 x 5
I2 = 36
I = 6A
24. A galvanometer has a resistance of 40 It shows full scale deflection for a current
of 2mA. How you will convert the galvanometer into a voltmeter of range o to 20v?
[Oct 2010]
-3
G = 40 ; Ig = 2 x 10 A; V = 20V
R=?
V
R=
-G
Ig
20
=

- 40
2 x 10

-3

20000
=
2
-40
= 10000-40
R = 9960
/ A resistance of 9960 should be connected in series

11

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25.
Two straight infinitely long parallel wires carrying equal currents and placed at a
distance of 20cm apart in air experience a mutually attractive force of 4.9 x 10-5 N per
unit length of wire, calculate the current [Oct-2011]
F = 4.9 x 10-5 N;
a=20 x 10-2 m;
l=1m
I1 = I2= I=?
F = 2 x 10-7 x I1I2 xl
a
F = 2 x 10-7 x I2 x l
a
Fxa
l2 =
2 x 10-7x l
4.9 x 10-5x20 x 10-2
=
2 x 10-7x 1
2
l = 49
I = 7A
26.
The deflection in a galvanometer falls from 50 divisions to 10 divisions when
12 resistance is connected across the galvanometer. Calculate the galvanometer
resistance
[Sep 2012]
S=12 ;
=50 divisions
g =10 divisions G=?

G=

-g
/G=

s
g
50 10

x 12
10
40

x 12

10
G = 48
27. A Current of 4A flows through 5 turn coil of a trangent galvanometer having a

diameter of 30cm. if the horizontal component of Earths Magnetic induction is


4x10-5T, find the deflection produced
[March 14]

2a = 30x10-2 m;
Bh = 4x10-5 T;
I=

n=5; I = 4A;
=?

x tan
12

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tan

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=
tan

= 2.093

2.093

= 64o28
28. A rectangular coil of area 20cm X 10 cm with turns of wire is suspended in
a radial magnetic field of induction 5x10-3T If the galvanometer shows an
angular deflection of 15o for a current of 1mA. Find the torisional constant
of the suspension wire.
[June - 14]
A = 20 cm X 10 cm = 20x10x10-4 m
B = 5x10-3 T
I = 1mA

C=?
I=
C=
=
= 0.66x10-6
C = 6.6x10-7 Nm/degree
(Or) 381.7x10-7 = 3.81x10-5 Nm/radian

13

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29. In an Tangent galvanometer, a current of 1A produces a deflection of 30 o, Find the


current required to produce a deflection of 60o.
[Sep 14]
I1 = 1A; 1 = 30o
I2= ?;

2 = 60o

=
I2 =
I2 =
I2 =
I2 = 3A
30. A Uniform magnetic field of induction 0.5T acts perpendicular to the plane of the
dees of a cyctotorn. Calculate this frequency of the oscillator to accelerate protons mp
=1.67x10-27 kg)
(Sep 15)

B = 0.5 T;

mp = 1.67x10-27 kg
Frequency

31.

q = 1.6 x 10-19 c

=?

An A.C generator consists of a coil 10,000 turns and of area 100cm2 The coil
rotates at an angular speed of 140 rpm in a uniform magnetic field of 3.6 x 10-2 T.
Find the maximum value of the emf induced.
[June 2009]
N =104 turns; A=100 x 10-4 m2
B = 3.6 x 10-2 T;
E0 = ?
=140 rpm
E0 = N A B = N A B 2
=140 / 60 rps
4
-4
-2
E0 =10 x100 x10 x3.6 x 10 x2 x3.14x140/60
E0 = 52.752 V

14

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32. .A Soap film of retractive index 1.33, is illuminated by white light incident at an
angle 300. The reflected light is examined by spectroscope in which dark band
corresponding to the wave length 6000 is found. Calculate the smallest thickness
of the film.
[Oct-2007, Sep -2013]
=1.33; i=30;
n=1 (smallest thickness)
=6000 ,
t=?
If dark band 2 t cosr = n
t=n / 2 cos r

=sin i / sin r
sin i
sinr =

sin30
=

=0.373
1.33

r = sin -1 0.3759
r = 2204

1 x 6000 x 10-10
t=
2 x 1.33 x cos 2204
6000 x 10-10
t=
2 x 1.34 x 0.9267
t= 2.434 x 10-7 m
33.

In youngs experiment of a light of frequency 6 X 1014 Hz is used distance


between the centres of adjacent fringes is 0.75 mm. Calculate this distance
between the slits, if the screen is 1.5m away.
[Oct-2007 Sep 14, June - 15]
= 6 X 1014 HZ; = 0.75 X 10-3m
D = 1.5 m
d=?
= D /d
[=c/ ]
= C D / .d
/ d=CD/.
3 x 1 08 x1. 5
=
6 x1014 x0.75 x 10-3
d = 1 x 10-3 = 1m m

15

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34.
A parallel beam of monochromatric light is allowed to incident normally on a
plane transmission grating having 5000 lines per centimetre. A second order spectral line
is found to be diffracted at an angle 300 Find the wave length of the light.
[March 2008, March 2010, June -12]
N = 5000 lines / cm
= 5 x 105 lines / m
m=2
= 30
=?
sin = Nm
= sin / Nm
= sin 30 / (5 x105 x 2)
=
1
= 2x5x105x2
= 0.5 x 10-6
= 5000 x 10-10 m
= 5000 A
A monochromatic light of wavelength 5893 A is incident on a water surface
having refractive index 1.33 Find the velocity frequency and wavelength of light in
water .
[Oct 2008, March -11]
=4/3
= 5893 A
Velocity of Cw = ? w = ? = ?
Cw = C /
3 x 108
35.

4 /3
9
Cw =
x 108
4
= 2.25 x 108 ms-1
w = /
5893 x 10-10
=

4 /3
5893 x 10-10 x 3
=

4
= 4419.75 x 10-10m
=C/
3 x 108
=

[ frequency in water = frequency in air]


-10

5893 x 10
= 5.09 x 1014 HZ

16

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36.In a Newtons rings experiment the diameter of the 20th dark ring was found to be 5.82
mm and that of the 10th ring 3.36mm. If the radius of the plano convex lens is 1 m.
Calculate the wavelength of light used.
[March : 2010, March 14, Sep - 15]
d20 = 5.82 x 10-3m ; d10 = 3.36 x 10-3m
n + m = 20;
n = 10;
m = 10 ;
R=1m
=?
d2n+m - d2n
d220 - d210
=
=
4mR
4mR
(5.82 x 10-3)2 - (3.36 x 10-3)2
=
4 x 10 x 1

(5.82 +3.36) (5.82-3.36 )x 10-6


=
40
= 9.18 x 2.46 x 10-6 /40
= 0.56457 x 10-6 = 5.645 x 10-10 m
= 5645 A
37.
A plano convex lens of radius 3m is placed on an optically flat glass plate and is
illuminated by monochromatic light. The radius of the 8th dark ring is 3.6mm. Calculate
the wave length of light used.
[March : 2011]
R= 3 m;
r8=3.6 x 10-3m ;
n=8;
=?
= r2n / nR
3.6 x 3.6 x 10-6
=
8x3
= 0.54 x 10-6 =5400 x 10-10 m
= 5400 A

38. A Plane transmission grating has 5000 lines / cm. Calculate the angular separation in
second order spectrum of red line 7070 and blue line 5000 [June -2013, June - 15]
N = 5000 lines / cm (or) N = 5x105 lines per meter
m = 2> R = 7070 ; V = 5000
v=?
R
Sin = Nm
Sin R = 5x105 x 2x7070x10-10
17

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Sin

R=

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0.707 =

R =45

5x105x2x5000x10-10
v = 0.5 =
v = 30
R v = 45 -30
0
R v = 15

Sin
Sin

v=

39. A 300 mm long tube containing 60 cc of sugar solution produces a rotation of 9o


when placed in a polarimeter. If the specific rotation is 60o, calculate the quantity of
sugar contained in the solution

l=300 mm = 3dm
v=60 CC, = 9, S=60, m =?

s=

[June -2013]

s=
m=

= 3g

40. In a Youngs double slit experiment two concurrent sources of intensity ratio
of 64:1 produce interference f rings. Calculate the ratio of maximum and
minimum intensities.
[Sep - 14]
if

= 64:1

a2

a1= 8a2

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= 81: 49
41. In Newtons ring experiment the diameter of certain order of dark ring is
measured to be double that of second ring, what is the order of the ring?
[June - 14]

dn = 2d2

n=?

=
=
=
n =8
42.

Wave length of Balmer second line is 4861 A. Calculate the wave length of first
line.
[March : 2007]
2= 4861 A
1= ?
For Balmer II Line n1 =2; n2 =4
2 = R ( 1 _ 1
n12 - n22)
1/ 2 = R ( 1
1)
2
2 - 42

41
16

1/ 2 = 3R / 16

For Balmer I line n1 =2; n2 = 3

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2 = R 1 _ 1
22 - 32

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9 4R

36
1/ 1 = 5 / 36 R
1

1/ 2 =

1/ 2 =27 /20

1=

1=
1= 6562 A
43.
In Braggs Spectrometer the glancing angle for first order spectrum was observed

to be 8 . Calculate the wave length of x-ray. If d =2.82 x 10-10m. At what angle will the
second maximum occur?
[June - 2007]
-10
1 = 8 ; d= 2.82 x 10 m; n=1
=?
2d sin = n
2d sin
=
n
2 x 2.82 x10-10 x sin 8
=
1
= 2 x 2.82 x10-10 x0.139
= 0.7849 x 10-10 m
n = 2 when 2 = ?
2d sin 2 = n
sin 2 = n / 2d
2 x 0.7849 x10-10
=
2 x 2.82 x10-10
sin 2 = 0.2783
2 = sin-1 0.2783
2 = 16 9

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44.

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An - particle is projected with an energy on 4 MeV directly towards a gold


nucleus, Calculate this distance of its closest approach (Given atomic number of
gold 79 and atomic number of a particle =2)
[March : 2008]
(Atomic number of Gold = 79, Atomic number of particle = 2)
K.E = 4 x 10-6 x 1.6 x 10-19 J Z=79 r0 =?
18 x 109x Ze2
r0 =
K.E
18 x 109 x 79 x 1.6 x 10-19x1.6 x 10-19
=
4 x 106 x 1.6 x 10-19
= 568.8 x 10-16
r0 = 5.688 x 10-14 m

45. An electron beam passes through a transverse magnetic field of 2 x 10-3 T


and an electric field E of 3.4 x 104 V / m, acting simultaneously. If the path of the
electrons remain undeviated calculate the speed of electrons. If the electric field is
removed what will be the radius of the electron path..?
[Oct-2011]
4
-3
E = 3.4 x 10 v / m ; B = 2 x 10 T
v=?
r=?

v=E/B
3.4 x 104
=
2 x 10-3
v = 1.7 10 ms-1
Bev = mv2 / r
Be = mv / r
+7

/ r = mv / Be
9.11 x 10-31 x 1.7 x107
=
2 x 10-3x1.6 x 10-19
r = 4.839 x 10-2 m
46.
How fast would a rocket have to go relative to an observer for its length to be
corrected to 99% of its length at rest
[Oct -2007, Oct -11, March -12, Jun - 14]
99
when l =
lo ; = ?
100
l = lo 1-v2 / c2
99
lo= lo 1-v2 / c2
100
0.99 = 1-v2 / c2
(0.99)2 = 1-(v2 / c2)

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(c2-v2) / c2 = 0.992

v2 = 0.0199 c2

c2-v2 = (0.99c)2

v = 0.141 c

v2 = c2 -0.9801 c2

= 0.141 x 3 x 108

= c2 (1-0.9801)

v = 0.423 x 108 ms-1

47.
At what speed is a particle moving if the mass is equal to three times its rest
mass?
[Oct-2008, Sep 14, June - 15]
m = 3 m0
v=?
m0
m=
1 -v2 / c2
m0
3 m0 =

1 -v2 / c2
3 1 -v2 / c2 = 1
9(1 -v2 / c2) = 1
9 (c2-v2) /c2
2

9c - 9v

=1
= c2

9v2

= 9c2 - c2

9v2

= 8c2

v2

= 8 c2 / 9

= 22 c / 3
= 22 x 3 x 108 / 3
= 22 x108 ms-1
=2.828 ms-1

v
v

48.
The time interval measured by an observer at rest is 2.5 x 10-8 s What is the time
interval as measured by an observer moving with velocity v=0.73c
[June - 2009]
to = 2.5 x 10-8 s
v = 0.73c
t =?
t = to / 1 -v2 / c2
v2 / c2 = 0.5329 c2 / c2
1 (v2 / c2 )= 1 - 0.5329 = 0.4671
1 -v2 / c2 = 0.4671 = 0.6834
t = t0 / 0.6834
= 2.5 x 10-8 / 0.6834 = 3.658 x 10-8 s

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49. Work function of Iron is 4.7eV Calculate the cut off frequency and the corresponding
cut off wavelength for this metal
[June 09, March 2012]
w = 4.7 e V
w = 4.7 x 1.6 x 10-19 J
o = ?
o =?
w = h o
o = w / h
4.7 x 1.6 x 10-19
=
6.626 x 10-34
o = 1.134 x 1015
o = c / o
3x 108
=

1.134 x 1015
= 2.645 x 10-7
o = 2645 A
50. A metallic surface when illuminated with light of wavelength 3333 A emits electrons
with energies up to 0.6ev. Calculate the work function of the metal
[Oct 2009, June 2012, March 2013]
= 3333A
K.E = 0.6 e v
w=?
h = w + k.E
w = h -k.E
w = h.c / - k.E
6.626 x 10-34 x 3 x 108
=
- 0.6
-10
-19
3333 x 10 x 1.6x 10
w = 3.727 0.6
w = 3.127 eV
51.
A proton is moving at a speed of 0.900 times the velocity of light Find the kinetic
energy in joules and Mev.
[March: 2011]
-27
v = 0.9 c;
mo = 1.67 x 10 kg
(m- mo)c2 = ?
m = mo/ 1 -v2 / c2
1.67 x 10-27
=
1- 0.81 c2 / c2
1.67 x 10-27
=
1- 0.81

1.67 x 10-27
=
0.19

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mo = 3.831 x 10-27 kg
m - mo = (3.831 x 10-27-1.67 x 10-27)
= 2.161 x 10-27
2
(m - mo) c = 2.161 x 10-27 x 9 x 1016
(m - mo) c2 = 19.449 x10-11 J
19.449 x 10-11
E =
1.6 x 10-19
= 12.155 x10-11 x 10-19ev
= 12.155 x108
E
= 1215 Mev
52.

What is the de Braglie wave length of an electron of Kinetic energy 120ev?


[Oct-2012]
If. k.E = 120 ev
v = 120 v = ?
= (12.27 / v)
= (12.27 / 120)
= (12.27 / 10.95)
= 1.121 A

53.The rest mass of an electron 9.1x10-31 Kg What will be its mass if it moves

with 4/5th of the speed of light

[June - 14]

m = 9.1x10-31

=
m=?

m=
=

=
=
=
=
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=
m = 15.16x10-31 Kg.
54. Calculate the Debroglie wavelength of an electorn if the speed 105 ms-1
(given m = 9.1x10-31 kg; h = 6.626x10-34 JS)
(Sep 15)
-31
m = 9.1x10 Kg
h = 6.626x10-34 Js
ms-1
=

= 0.7281x10-8
72.81 AO
55.
A piece of bone from an archaeological site is found to give a count rate of 15
counts per minutes A similar sample of fresh bone gives a count rate of 19 counts per
minute. Calculate the age of the specimen (Given T1/2= 5570 Years)
[Oct - 2011, March- 2006> Sep -2013, March 2014]
N = 15 counts / minute
T1/2=0.693 /
N0 = 19 counts minute
t=?
N = N0 e- t
N / N0 = e- t
N0 / N = e t
loge(N0 / N) = t
t=
t=

loge

x2.303x loge

x 2.303 x log 1.266


5570

t=

x 2.303 x .1026
0.693
t = 1899 Years
56.
Calculate the energy released when 1Kg of 92U 235 undergoes nuclear fission.
Assume, energy fission is 200 Mev. Avagadro Number =6.023 x 1023 Express your
answer in Kilowatt hour also
[March : 2006, Sep -2011, Sep 2013]
Energy produced fission = 200 Mev
= 200 x106 x1.6 x10-19 J = 3.2 x 10-11
Avagadro Number N = 6.023 x 1023

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1 kg 92U 235 Energy released f 1kg 92U235 = ?


235 g 92U 235 Number of atoms in 235 g of uranium = 6.023 x 1023
Number of atoms in 1Kg (or ) 1000 g of uranium 92U 235
=
6.023 x 1023
x 1000
235
= 2.562 x 1024
Energy produced by 1 kg of uranium during fission
= 2.562 x 1024 x 3.2 x 10-11
E = 8.2016 x1013J
6
1 k w h = 3.6 x 10 J
8.2016 x1013
E=
= 2.2782 x 107 k w h
6
3.6 x 10
57. Find the energy released when two 1H2 nuclei fuse together to form a single 2He4
nucleus. Given the binding energy per nucleon of 1H2 a single 2He4 nucleus, Given the
binding energy per nucleon of 1H2 and 2He4 are 1.1 Mev and 7.0 Mev respectively,
[June 2006, October 2012]
2
1H -BE/A of = 1.1 Mev
4
= 7 Mev
2He - BE/A of
2
4
21H
2He + Q
Energy released Q = ?
BE/A of 1H2- = 1.1 Mev
BE of 1H2- = 2 x 1.1 Mev = 2.2 Mev
BE/A of 2He 4 = 7 Mev
BE of 2He 4
= 4 x 7=28 Mev
4
21H2
2He + Q
2 x 2.2
28 + Q
4.4
28 + Q
/Q = 28 4.4 = 23.6 Mev

58.
A reactor is developing energy at the rate of 32 MW. Calculate the required
number of fissions per second of 92U 235 Assume that energy per fission is 200 Mev.
[June - 2006,2008,2011, March 14]
6
-19
Energy / fission = 200 MeV = 200 x 10 x 1.6 x 10
Total Energy = 32 MW
No of fission of 92U23 =
32 x 106
N=
200 x 106 x 1.6 x 10-19
N = 1018 fission / Second

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59.
Show that the mass of radium (88Ra 226) with an activity of 1 curie is almost a
gram
[June - 2006,March :2008, March :2012]
[T - 1600 Years ;
1 curie = 3.7 x1010 disintegration / second]
T =1600 Years
=1600 x 365.25 x 24 x 60 x 60
dN / d t = 3.7 x 1010 disintegration / Second
m =?
T = 0.6931 /
dN / d t = N
N = 1 dN
dt
T
=

x
0.6931

dN
dt

1600 x 365.25 x 24 x 60 x60


X 3.7 x 1010

N=

0.6931
= 2.695 x 1021
According to Avagadros Principle, 6.023 x 1023 atoms = 226 g
Radium, 2.695 x 1021 atoms
226
m=
x 2.695 x 1021
6.023 x 1023

of

= 1.011 g
m 1g
60.Calculate the mass of coal required to produce the same energy as that produced by the
fission of 1 Kg of 92U 235
[October-2006]
Energy fission = 200 Mev = 200 x 1.6 x 10-19 x 106
Avagadro Number =6.023 x 1023
Heat of combustion of Coal = 33.6 x 106 J / kgMass of Coal= ?
Number of Atoms in 235 g U 235 = 6.023 x 1023
Number of Atoms in 1000 g ( or ) 1 kg U 235
6.023 x 1023
N=
x 103 = 2.562 x 1024
235
1 Energy/fission =3.6 x1011 J
Energy produced by the fission of 1Kg of U235; = 2.562 x 1024 x3.6 x10-11

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E = 8.2016 x 1013J
Let M be the mass of the coal required to produced equivalent to energy produced by
1Kg of U 235
M x Heat of combustion of Coal =8.2016x 1013
M x 33.6 x 106 = 8.2016 x 1013
8.2016 x 1013
M =
= 2.441 x 106 kg = 2441x103 Kg
6
33.6 x 10

61.

M = 2441 ton.
Mass defect of 6C12 is 0.098 amu. Calculate the B.E /A of 6C12 nucleus.
[June - 2007]
m of -6C12 = 0.098 amu; A=12
BE / A = ?
m of -6C12 = 0.098 amu
BE of -6C12 = m x 931 Mev
= 0.098 x 931 MeV
= 91.238 MeV
12
BE/A Of - 6C
= 91.238 /12 = 7.603MeV

62.
Calculate the time required for 60% of a sample of radon to undergo decay.
Given T1/2 redon =3.8 days
[March : 2007]
Half life of Rn; = 3.8 days
Original Amount N0 = 100% ; Amount of Sample disintegrated (N0 N )= 60%
Amount of Sample present N = 40% time required t=?
T1/2 = 0.6931

0.6931
=
T1/2
N = N0 e- t
N / N0 = e t
N0/ N = e t
log (N0/ N) = t
t = loge
= x2.303x loge
t=
t=

t=

x 2.303 x log 2.5


3.8
2.303 x log 10 2.5
0.6931
3.8
2.303 x 0.3979
0.6931

t = 5.022 days

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63.
The binding energy per nucleon for 6C 12 nucleus is 7.68 MeV and that for 6C13 is
7.47 MeV. Calculate the energy required to remove a neutron from 6C13 nucleus
[March: 2009> March - 15]
BE/A of - 6C 12 = 7.68 Mev
BE/A of - 6C13 = 7.47 Mev
BE/A of Q = ?
13
12
+0n1 +Q.
6C
6C
13
BE/A of - 6C = 7.47 Mev
Total BE of C13= 13 x 7.47 MeV
= 97.11 MeV
12
- BE/A = 7.68 Mev
6C
Total BE of 6 C 12
= 12 x 7.68 Mev
= 92.16 Mev
13
Binding Energy of a neutron = = BE of 6C
--BE of 6C 12
= 97.11 92.16 = 4.95 MeV
64..

Calculate the energy released in the following reaction


4
6
1
3
3Li +0n
2He +1H
Given Mass of 3Li6 = 6.015126 amu
Mass of 0n 1= 1.008665 amu
Mass of 2He4 = 4.002604 amu
Mass of 1H3 = 3.016049 amu
/ Mass of the reactants; =?
Mass of 3Li6 = 6.015126 amu
Mass of 0n 1= 1.008665 amu +
7.023791 amu

Mass of 2He4 = 4.002604 amu


Mass of 1H3= 3.016049 amu
7.018653
Mass Defect m = Mass of the reactants - Mass of the products
m = 7.023791 - 7.018653
m = 0.005138 amu
Energy released in the reaction = m x 931 MeV
= 0.005138 x 931 MeV
E= 4.783 MeV

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65.

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Calculate the energy released in the reaction 13AI27 +1H 2

Mass of 13AI27 = 26.981535 amu

Mg25+2He4

12

Mass of 12Mg25 = 24.98584amu

Mass of 1H 2 = 2.014102 amu

Mass of 2He4= 4.002604 amu

Energy related in the reaction = ?


Mass of reactants 13AI27 + 1H 2 = 26.981535 +2.014102
= 28.995637 amu
Mass of products 12Mg25 + 2He4

= 24.98584 + 4.002604
= 28.988444 amu

Mass of defect = Mass of reactions - Mass of Products


m = 0.007193
Energy released in the reaction E = m x 931 MeV
= 0.007193 X 931 MeV
E = 6.696 Mev

66.
A transistor is connected in CE configuration. The voltage drop across the load
resistance (Rc) 3 k is 6V. Find the basic current. The current gain of the transistor
is 0.97
[June - 2010]
= 0.97
Rc = 3K
VCE= 6V
IB =?
Ic = VCE / Rc
= Ic / IB
= 6 / 3 x 103

IB = Ic /

-3

= 2 x 10-3 / 32.33

= 2x 10 A
= / (1 - )

= 0.0618 x 10-3

= 0.97 / (1 - 0.97)

IB = 61.8 x 10-6A

= 0.97 /0.03

IB = 61.8 A

= 32.33

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67.
A 10 MHz Sinusoidal carrier wave of amplitude 10 mv is modulated by 5 Kz
sinusoidal audio signal wave of amplitude 6 mV. Find this frequency components of the
resultant modulated wave and their amplitude [March: 2011]
Frequency of the carrier ( fc) = 10MHz
Frequency of signal ( fs) = 5 KHz= 0.005 MHz
Amplitude of the signal

= 6 mV

Amplitude of the carrier Signal

= 10 mV

Frequency components of Modulated Wave = ?


Amplitude of the components in the modulated wave = ?
Upper side band frequency fc + fs
= 10+0.005
= 10.005MHz
Lower side band frequency = fc - fc
= 10 - 0.005
= 9.955MHz
The Modulation Factor m = Es / Ec
= 6 / 10
= 0.6
Amplitude of USB = Amplitude of LSB = mEc / 2 = (0.6 x 10 ) / 2 = 3 mV

T.Thamaraiselvan,

Cell: 9443645072

31