The Geographic Approach

Homeland Security GIS Summit
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Governor Jim Geringer

The Geographic Approach

Homeland Security GIS Summit
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Agenda
• 8:00 • 8:10 • 9:10 • 9:40 • 10:30 • 11:00 • 12:30 • 1:30 • 3:00 • 3:30 • 4:20 • 4:30 • 6:30 Introductions Keynote Welcome Governor Jim Geringer Jack Dangermond, President ESRI Denver Mayor Hickenlooper Justin DeMello, Denver OEM Dan Cotter, GMO, Department of Homeland Security

Keynote Break Plenary Panel 1 – Situational Awareness ESi sponsored Lunch (Expo Open) Plenary Panel 2 – Critical Infrastructure Protection Break Intel Analysis Joe Rozek, Microsoft Wrap up Jim Geringer Expo and refreshments Dinner and Guest Speakers

Steve Gage, USFS – NIMS and ICS Kate Daragan, California State Fire Marshall – 2007 Wildfires

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Agenda
• 08:00 Breakfast with Speaker – Ernest Chambers, Las Vegas MPD • 09:00 GIS Workshops (Each Workshop will be presented 2 times)
1. Common Operational Picture (COP) Solutions using ArcGIS Server 2. GIS Case Studies for Data Fusion 3. An Introduction to ArcGIS Server for the Homeland Security Industry

• 12:00 – Box Lunch • 1:00 – Paper Tracts
1. 2. 3. 4. GIS Integration in Crisis Management and Public Safety Systems GIS for Data Fusion Centers Mobile GIS Critical Infrastructure Protection

• 4:15 • 5:00

Wrap Up Adjourn

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Jack Dangermond President - ESRI

The Geographic Approach

Homeland Security GIS Summit
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Homeland Security GIS Summit

Purpose
Being Together and Sharing:
• • • • Experiences Information Values Approaches

• Ideas

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You are Part of a Global Network of GIS Users
Focused on Homeland Security
Supporting
• • • • • First Responders and Law Enforcement Emergency Operations Managers Intelligence and Information Analysts Medical Personnel Community and Political Leadership

. . . Providing Geographic Information Infrastructure
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This Summit is About The Use of GIS in Homeland Security
Technology Methods Organization Data Processes Standards … And About You Mapping Applications Surveying Modeling Cooperation Policy Image Processing Tech Support Systems GI Science Web Service Data Model Education Data Compilation

• • • • •

Projects

Visualization

. . . And Your Work
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Your Work is Creating New Approaches to Homeland Security

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Natural and Human Disasters
Chemical Release Train Accident Analyses
Alabama

Nuclear Risk Analysis
Korea

High-impact Wind Areas HighFlorida

Hurricane Forecasting and Tracking
Los Angeles

Hazards Mapping

Fire

Georgia

Flood Modeling

San Diego
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Defense & Law Enforcement

Threat Analysis

Touch Table

3-D Visualization Military Cartography

Threat Modeling/ Vehicle Routing
Baghdad, Iraq Baghdad,
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Risk Assessment
Flood Risk
Midwest

HAZUS
Loss Estimation
HAZUS-MH: FEMA’S SOFTWARE PROGRAM FOR ESTIMATING POTENTIAL LOSSES FROM DISASTERS HAZUSFEMA’

Damaged Highways and Schools

Insurance
Risk Assessment

Homes In Hazardous Fire Areas
Colorado

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Emergency Planning and Preparedness
Traffic Modeling Counter-Terrorism Exercise CounterSouth Carolina

3-D Modeling

Earthquake Scenario
San Andreas Fault line

Shelter Needs

Incident Modeling
CATS

Estimated Casualties

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Emergency Planning and Preparedness
Tsunami Simulation
Oregon

Volcanic Hazards

Asia

Wildfire Dam Failure

Indonesia

Hawaii California

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Response and Recovery
Fire Apparatus Tracking
Colorado Springs, CO

GIS Driven Traffic Light Pre-emption PreWildfire Perimeter
2007 Slide Fire - California

Active Incidents

Damage Assessment
2007 Wildfires

Evacuation Management
Hurricanes

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Critical Infrastructure Protection
Critical Economy Assets Critical Infrastructure Analysis
Los Angeles
Chicago

Infrastructure Real time surveillance

Utilities

Buffer Zone Protection Plans
South Carolina

Port Security

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Data Fusion and Intelligence Analysis
Geographical Fusion
• • • • • Greater Knowledge & Awareness Comprehensive Planning Potential Target Modeling Deterrence and Impedance Interception and Protection Biometric

Spatially Referencing Disparate Systems to Identify Relationships

License Plate Recognition

Counter Terrorism Information Center
State of Arizona (ACTIC)

Sensors and Detection

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Situational Awareness – Common Operating Picture
Common Operating Picture
State of Texas

Airport Logistics
Las Vegas

Buffer Zones

EMS Situational Awareness
Loma Linda Hospital

Integrated Viewer
State of Maryland

Traffic Cameras
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Situational Awareness – Common Operating Picture
Common Operating Picture Post Fire - Land Erosion Identification
Southern California San Francisco Bay Area

State of Wisconsin
Situational Awareness

Incident Situation Awareness
Los Angeles City Fire Department

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Situational Awareness – Common Operating Picture

Geographical Security System Ministry of Interior -Kingdom of Bahrain

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Disaster Reporting - Humanitarian Relief
Relief Convoy Status
Lebanon

Areas Affected by Catastrophe
Pakistan

Security Incidents
Darfur

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Citizen and Media Information
Wildfire Evacuations
Southern California

Maps for the Media

Local Assistance Centers

Linking Information through ArcExplorer

Victim Shelters

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Homeland Security

The Geographic Approach

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Our World Has Many Problems to Solve
• • • • • • Growing Population Global Warming Social Conflicts Resource Shortages Loss of Biodiversity Security Population Density

2050
Land Cover

2002

We Need
• • • Greater Knowledge & Awareness Comprehensive Planning Collaborative Action

UNEP

We Need to Change… …We Need a New Approach
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We Need an Approach That Changes
How We See Things . . .

. . .And the Way We Do Things

Patterns Relationships Significance Deciding Managing Designing Restoring

Our Understanding
Implications Consequences

Environment

Human

Our Behavior
Protecting Developing Helping

Regulating

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The Geographic Approach
Turning Knowledge into Actionable Information

Geographic Knowledge
Creating
Measuring Organizing Analyzing Modeling

Holistic Comprehensive Systematic Analytic Visual

Applying
Planning Designing Deciding Managing Acting

Integrating Geography Into Security Solutions
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GIS Applies the Geographic Approach
Providing Tools, Methods, and Workflows That Support Collaboration and Action

Storing Measuring Analyzing

Work Flow

Visualizing Integration

Acting Spatial Analysis • • • Better Decisions Greater Efficiency (Money/Time/Resources) More Effective Communication

Collaboration

. . . Improving Homeland Security
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GIS is Being Applied Around the World
Across Homeland Security Organizations

Network Analysis Resource Tracking E-911

Public Safety

Law Enforcement

Data Fusion Centers

Watershed Analysis

+
+
Threat Detection Counter-Terrorism CounterDemographic Analysis

Emergency Management

Transportation Modeling

Critical Infrastructure Protection

Capabilities Analysis

Risk and Threat Analysis
Vulnerability Assessments

Geoprocess Modeling

Becoming an Instrument for Safety and Security . . .
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What is a GIS?
Software Technology for Managing and Applying Geographic Information

Supporting:
• • • Rich Data Model Data Management Strong Tools
– Data Compilation – Data Integration – Analysis / Modeling – Mapping / Visualization

• Applications and Workflows

On a Technology Platform (Architecture, Hardware, Networks . . .)

. . . And Knowledgeable Users
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GIS Is Being Used to Build Information Systems
Supporting Many Workflows and Application Domains

CAD and Incident Data

Common Operating Picture

Critical Infrastructure Protection Information Systems for
• • • • • • • Homeland Security Data Fusion Centers Emergency Management Public Safety Situational Awareness Critical Infrastructure Protection Risk Analysis and Modeling

Emergency Management Data Fusion Centers

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GIS Implementations Follow Common Patterns
Multi-User Servers

Desktop
• Shared Database • Fixed Applications • Transactions

Federated Networks

Enterprise Infrastructure

Work-Groups

• Ad Hoc Projects • Analysis/Modeling/Mapping

• Integration • Sharing • Collaboration

Professional

Organizations
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The Web Provides a New Pattern for Implementing GIS
Becoming a New Platform

Supporting
• • • • Collaborative Computing Service Integration (Mashups) User Contributed Content Distributed Data Management Map Services

GeoWeb
Distributed Collaboration

Many Participants • Interconnected • Interoperable • Integrative • Dynamic

Web 2.0

Web 1.0
. . . An Agile Framework for Collaboration & Integration of Systems
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Microsoft and Google are Already Using This Platform
Providing Image Basemaps for the World

For Consumer Focused Geospatial Visualization and Mashups

Their Vision is to Georeference All Content on the Web . . . One More Aspect of Search

. . . They are Demonstrating the Reach and Value of the Web Environment
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GIS Professionals are Also Using The Web Platform
Contributing Rich Content and Building Powerful Applications

• •

Publishing Authoritative Knowledge Building Professional Systems

GeoWeb
Use Serve

Author

Content
• • • Maps Data Models

Creating Many Additional Resources
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Soon We’ll Be Fusing Everything
Providing New Possibilities for Sharing, Integrating and Using
• Integrating
– GIS Services – Consumer Basemaps & Content – Georeferenced Web Content (Geo-RSS, Photos, Documents . . . ) (Geo-

Use
Web Users Sensor Network (GRSS)

GIS Users

+ +
Georeferenced Georeferenced Content GIS Servers

Author
Basemaps & Globes

Integrating Professional GIS with Everything on the Web

. . . Creating a New Kind of Geospatial Framework . . . In an Open and Interoperable Environment
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Enabling Technology

• • • • • • • •

Faster Processing (100x) Increased Bandwidth (500x) Larger Storage (1000x) Mobile Web Services Real Time Sensor Networks ... and GIS Software

Desktop

Servers
GIS Services

Laptop

Web Services

PDA Phone
Scalable Networked Hardware

. . . Improving Our Ability to Share and Distribute
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GIS
A Complete Geographic Information System

EXPLORER MOBILE

DESKTOP

WEB

ONLINE SERVER

. . . For Authoring, Serving & Using Geographic Knowledge
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Many Improvements
Providing Many New Capabilities & Innovations

Making Users More Productive
• • • • • • • • • • • Mapping Visualization Animation Charting Integrating Time Modeling Spatial Analysis Data Management Interoperability Web Services Server Architecture

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Improving Geographic Science
Spatial Analysis

Scatter Plot Graphics New Contouring Tool Improved Proximity Analysis Gaussian Geostatistical Simulations

Geographically Weighted Regression Vehicle Routing with Time Windows

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Mapping
Improving the Quality and Functionality of Cartography
Contour Labeling

• Multi Viewer Windows • Labeling
“WYSIWYG Editing” Editing”

Polygon Labels

Stacked Asian Characters

Flexible Callout Position

Geologic Symbols

Multiple Views

Street Numbering Placement

Curved Graticules

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Analyzing and Visualizing Geographic Networks
Representing Geography as Schematic Diagrams
Critical Infrastructure

Many Applications

New Diagram Types

Overlapping Link Layout

Utility Networks
Map Selection

Disease Surveillance (Mad Cow)

Schematic Design

New Ways to See & Analyze Relationships
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3D Analysis & Visualization
Authoring, Analyzing & Viewing 3D Data
Time Series Animation KML Faster Web Services

Tracking Analysis in 3D

Improved Rendering

Spatial Analysis Textured COLLADA

Better Labeling

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Workflow Management for GIS
Job Tracking

Provides • Standardized Work Flows • Improved Productivity & Efficiency • Collaboration & Communication • Reporting

. . . . Management And Tracking of Resources
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Solutions for the Mobile Work Force
Multiple Solutions ArcGIS Engine and Desktop Applications ArcPad

ArcWeb Solutions
Incident Response
(Strong GPS Integration)

Mission Critical Solutions

Hosted Services

. . . For Geo-Intelligence, Incident Situational Awareness
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GIS Server
Complete Server-Based GIS

Desktop

Explorer

Web Map Viewer

Mobile

Open APIs

Enterprise Environment

Use

Serve
ArcGIS Server

• • • •

Mapping 3-D Visualization Modeling & Analysis Data Management

Author

Making GIS Knowledge Available To Anyone . . . . . . Integrates With Other Systems Via Standards
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GIS Server Supports Geospatial Data Management

Supporting All Types of Geographic Data

Networks 3D Objects Attribute

Replication Services –
Supporting Web Based Data Exchange
Surveys

Topology

Scalable Storage Environments

Vectors Cartography Terrain Schematics Annotation

Maryland
Dimensions

Enterprise

Cadastral

Any DBMS

Work Group Images Personal

Addresses

File

Complete Information Model

Change-Only ChangeUpdates 1-Way 2-Way

Geodatabase

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Managing Imagery
Providing a System for Managing, Analyzing, and Visualizing Imagery

Additions
• • • Very Fast Image Service Integration of Image Server More Processing Tools

On Display Processing

Orthorectification

Pan Sharpening

Image Processing Browser

Mosaicking / Color Balance

GIS Desktop

ArcGIS Server

Image Server
Reducing Time
Raw Files Enterprise Data

. . . Exploiting Multi-Resolution, Multi-Spectral, and Temporal Aspects of Imagery
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Server Based Mobile Application
A Lightweight Client for the Field/Use Powered by ArcGIS Server

Supports
• • • • Mapping Editing Query GPS

Runs On Many Devices
• Phones • PDA’s PDA’ • Laptops

Application

Includes development kit for custom applications

. . . Synchronized with Geodatabase
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Simple GeoBrowsers – ArcGIS Explorer
For Working with Geographic Information

• • •

Fast Intuitive Web Centric

Visualization

Mapping

Analysis Tasks

ArcGIS Online

ArcGIS Server

. . . Accesses Maps, Models and Globe Services
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Demonstration

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GIS Servers are Open & Interoperable
Using Standards to Integrate with Any System

Web
• REST, SOAP XML, JavaScript, KML, V.E. . . .

Any Client/Any Application
SAP Imagine Virtual Earth ENVI

OGC
• GML, WFS, WMS, WCS . . .

Enterprise Integration
• SOAP, XML, EJB, SQL

Google

Application Content
• CAD, Image, PDF Ionic GeoMedia AutoCAD Standards

ArcGIS Server

MapInfo

Enhancements
• • • • Better CAD & PDF REST/JavaScripting Stronger OGC Google (KML 2.1) & Microsoft

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GIS Servers Support Mashups
Integrating Multiple GIS Services and Making Use of Consumer Map Services

Web Clients
Virtual Earth Google

Desktop

ArcGIS Clients
Web Map

Explorer KML

Mashup
OpenLayers JavaScript

Consumer Mapping

ArcGIS Server

Mashups

GIS Servers

Helping Users Tell Stories in Internet Map Sites . . . . . . And Integrating Web Content into GIS
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GIS Servers Can Be Federated
Using Web Services and Services-Oriented Architecture (SOA)

• Organized Around Business Units
– Applications / Data – Locally Managed

• Shared Data
– Web Services – Replicated (Data Warehouse)

Workgroup Servers
Engineering Planning
Applications Applications

Supporting Individual Missions

Land Information
Applications

Services

Providing Generic Services

Services

Services

Web Services
Services

Replication

Enterprise Server

Enterprise Data Warehouse

. . . A Flexible Framework For an Enterprise GIS
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Common Data Models are Important

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Emergency Operations Structures/Critical Infrastructure Governmental Units Utilities Addresses Transportation Ownership Parcels Hydrography Environmental Land Use/Land Cover Basemap Geodetic Control Elevation Imagery

. . . Integrating Data Based on a National Data Model
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Online GIS Services
GIS Content and Services for GIS Users

Content Services
• • • Maps & Globes Data Downloads Tasks Physical

GIS Services (Future)
• • • Geography Network Geoprocessing Hosting Relief Streets

Imagery Topographic Political

. . . Helping GIS Professionals Be Immediately Productive
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Your Work With GIS is Already Helping
Providing
• Risk Assessment • Situation Awareness • Planning & Preparedness • Critical Infrastructure Protection • Damage Assessment • Better Response • Economic Recovery • Citizen Support

. . . Improving Our Collaboration and Leadership With Actionable Information
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Thank You for Being Here

Homeland Security GIS Summit

The Geographic Approach

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Mayor John Hickenlooper Denver, Colorado

The Geographic Approach

Homeland Security GIS Summit
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Justin DeMello - Director
Denver Office of Emergency Management

The Geographic Approach

Homeland Security GIS Summit
JD-HLS Summit 2007 JD59

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