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III B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2008

COMPUTER GRAPHICS

(Computer Science & Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

www.andhracolleges.com

1. (a) Consider the raster system with resolution of 1280 by 1024. What size frame

buffer (in bytes) is needed for the systems to store if 24 bits pixel are to be

stored.

(b) How long would it take to load a 640 × 480 frame buffer with 12 bits per

pixel, if 105 bits can be transferred per second.

(b) Show why the point-to-line error is always ≤

conversion algorithm.

1

2

[8+8]

[10+6]

3. Show that the transformation matrix for a reflection about the line y = -x is equiv-

alent to a reflection relative to the y-axis followed by a counter clockwise rotation

of 900 . [16]

transformation? Derive the viewing transformation matrix.

(b) What is the significance of 4-bit region code is Cohen-Sutherland algorithm?

[8+8]

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5. List and describe the algorithm steps of any two shading models for polygons.

Compare them. [16]

P. Find the transformation for a rotation of θ0 about L. [16]

7. (a) Explain the possible relationships between polygon surfaces while implement-

ing area-subdivision method. How to handle these cases.

(b) Illustrate with an example a scence consisting of three or more planes and

explain how the BSP tree is constructed to represent the scene. [8+8]

8. What are the steps in design of animation sequence? Describe about each step

briefly. [16]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1 ofUSA-UK-Australia-Germany-France-NewZealand

1 Universities List

www.andhracolleges.com The Complete Information About Colleges in Andhra Pradesh

III B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2008

COMPUTER GRAPHICS

(Computer Science & Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

www.andhracolleges.com

1. (a) Assuming that a certain full-color (24-bit per pixel) RGB raster system has

a 512 by 512 frame buffer, how many distinct color choices (intensity levels)

would be available.

(b) Explain how virtual reality systems can be used in design applications. [10+6]

2. (a) Explain how the pixel screen positions are stored and retrieved from frame

buffer.

(b) What are the steps involved in mid point circle algorithm? [8+8]

3. Prove that the multiplication matrices for each of the following sequence of opera-

tions is commutative [16]

(b) Two successive translations

(c) Two successive scalings.

algorithm.

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(b) Derive the Window-to-View port transformation. [8+8]

tation of solid object representation schemes.

(b) List and describe the polygon tables representation for polygon surfaces of a

3-D object. Give an example. [8+8]

6. Explain how the shearing of an object with respect to the three coordinate axes are

implemented. What are the corresponding input values for the shearing parameters.

[16]

(b) What are the special cases in determining the depth-order of surfaces? Explain

the procedure to resolve them with suitable examples. [8+8]

8. What are the steps in design of animation sequence? Describe about each step

briefly. [16]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1 ofUSA-UK-Australia-Germany-France-NewZealand

1 Universities List

www.andhracolleges.com The Complete Information About Colleges in Andhra Pradesh

III B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2008

COMPUTER GRAPHICS

(Computer Science & Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

www.andhracolleges.com

1. List the operating characterstics of

(b) Vector refresh systems

(c) Plasma panel

(d) LCDs. [4×4=16]

2. (a) Use the mid-point method to derive a decision parameter for generating points

along a straight line path with slope in the range 0 <m <1.

(b) Use the mid-point method and symmetry considerations propose a solution to

scan convert the parabola. x=y 2 for the interval - 10 ≤ y ≤10. [8+8]

3. (a) Describe the transformation which reflects an object about an arbitrary line

L.

(b) What is the relationship among rotation (Rθ ) , inverse rotation (R−θ ) and

coordinate rotation (Rθ1 ). [8+8]

4. (a) Give a brief note about two dimensional viewing functions. Give an example

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which uses two dimensional viewing functions.

(b) Explain the Cohen-Sutherland line clipping algorithm. [8+8]

5. (a) Classify the reflections. What are the characteristics of each? Illustrate with

suitable figures.

(b) Describe the Phong illumination model. Explain the parameters used in

phong’s model. [8+8]

6. Derive the transformation which aligns the vector V = I + J + K such that it aligns

with vector K along Z-axis. [16]

7. (a) Write an algorithm to that would test a given plane surface against a rectan-

gular area to decide whether it is a surrounding, overlapping, inside or outside

surface.

(b) Distinguish depth-sort and z-buffer algorithms. [8+8]

8. Explain the steps involved in transforming a sphere into a specified polyhedron.

[16]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

Seminar Topics - Scholarships - Admission/Entrance Exam Notifications

1 ofUSA-UK-Australia-Germany-France-NewZealand

1 Universities List

www.andhracolleges.com The Complete Information About Colleges in Andhra Pradesh

III B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2008

COMPUTER GRAPHICS

(Computer Science & Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

www.andhracolleges.com

1. (a) Assuming that a certain full-color (24-bit per pixel) RGB raster system has

a 512 by 512 frame buffer, how many distinct color choices (intensity levels)

would be available.

(b) Explain how virtual reality systems can be used in design applications. [10+6]

2. (a) Write an algorithm for generating the intermediate points using Bresenham?s

algorithm when two-end points are given as input.

(b) Write an algorithm for polyline function which calls the above algorithm, given

any number (n) of input points. A single point to be plotted when n=1. [8+8]

3. Show that the transformation matrix for a reflection about the line y = -x is equiv-

alent to a reflection relative to the y-axis followed by a counter clockwise rotation

of 900 . [16]

transformation? Derive the viewing transformation matrix.

(b) What is the significance of 4-bit region code is Cohen-Sutherland algorithm?

[8+8]

www.andhracolleges.com

5. (a) State the boundary conditions that defines the Hermite curve section.

(b) Derive the Hermite matrix.

(c) Explain how the Hermite blending functions are derived. [4+4+8]

6. (a) What is the procedure for reflecting an about an arbitrarily selected plane.

(b) What are the characterstics of perspective projections? [8+8]

7. (a) How does the basic scan-line method determine which surfaces are hidden.

(b) How does edge coherence help to reduce computational effort. [8+8]

8. (a) Explain how the linear interpolation is implemented when the key-frame po-

sitions of an object are given.

(b) Describe linear list notation of animation languages. [16]

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