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ENGINEERING HYDROLOGY

ANSWERS FOR THE PROBLEMS TO BE SOLVED


(For the ones included in CE 378 course content)

Chapter 1
1.3.

E= 198.8 mm
Epan= 284 mm
S= -17.513*106 m3
Surface runoff depth = 68 mm
Surface runoff volume = 4.964*106 m3
Ave. rate = 1915 lt/s
Surface runoff volume = 315*103 m3
E = 950 mm
E = 674745 m3

1.4.
1.5.
1.6.
1.7.

Chapter 3
3.6.
i (mm/hr)
12
10
7

t (hr)
0


3.7.

10

12

Volume = 8.04 * 106 m3


Mass curve

Hyetograph

d (mm)

i (mm/hr)
10

10

40

30

20
10
0

5 6 7 8

t (hr)

1
0

5 6 7 8

t (hr)

V= 1.596*106 m3
3.9.

Plot Thiessen polygons and isohyetal map and find areas as %, then average values will be as
follows:
Thiessen polygons method Pave = 28.85 mm
Isohyetal map method Pave = 26.62 mm

3.10.

Intensities in mm/hr for the durations are given below.


Duration (hr)
Arithmetic mean
Thiessen polygons

3.14.
3.15.

Qp= 18.57 m3/s


Qp= 2.16 m3/s

0-2
7.0
7.35

2-3
12.5
11.52

3-4
14.0
12.72

4-6
13.75
13.68

6-8
14.5
13.99


Chapter 4
4.3.
4.4.
4.5.

a) b = 1.29
b) Q = 1400 m3/s
3
Q =13.74 m /s
Q = 3.29 m3/s, vave = 1.08 m/s

4.6.

a) 63.1 m3/s
b) 24.5 m3/s
c) 30.74 m3/s

d) 100.94*106 m3
e) 4.65 mm
f) 0.00142 m3/s/km2

4.7.

a) 202.6 m3/s
b) 40.8 m3/s
c) 101.5 m3/s

d) 675.57*106 m3
e) 31.15 mm
f) 4.68 lt/s/km2

4.8.

a) 47.23 m3/s
b) 32.87 m3/s

c) tabular solution
d) 100.3 m3/s

4.9.

e) 43.25 m3/s
f) Number of strips is not adequate.
g) There will be erosion in the first six strips.

Chapter 6
6.4.

a) Plot the histogram


b) d = 26 mm
c) -index = 6.92 mm/hr

6.5.

a) Plot the infiltration curve.


b) f0 = 93 mm/hr, ff = 7.5 mm/hr, k = 0.036 1/min

6.6.

a) d = 71.17 mm
b) -index = 19.58 mm/hr
c) 39.16 mm

6.7.

i (mm/hr)

d = 26 mm
-index = 5.5 mm/hr
tr = 4 hr
F = 28 mm

13

11

Chapter 7
7.11.

Hydrograph in histogram form:


q (cm-km2/hr)

10.5

10

5.5

2
1

1
1

t (hr)

t (hr)


7.12

Hydrograph in histogram form:


q (cm-km2/hr)

10
8

3
2

7.13.
7.14.
7.15.

1.5

t (hr)

c) V = 68.14 * 106 m3,


d) d = 17.8 mm
Plot the hydrograph, and see that recession part is between 20 and 30 days.
= 0.05822 1/day, Kr = 0.9434
t (hr)
3
UH3 (m /s)

0
0

3
24

6
46

9
40

12
34

1
6.7
20

2
16.7
30

3
39.3
38

4
36.7
42

15
22

18
14

21
4

24
0

7.16.
t (hr)
3
a) UH3 (m /s)
3
b) UH1 (m /s)

0
0
0
9
17.3
12

10
12.7
8

11
8
4

12
4.7
2

5
38
34

13
2.7
2

6
34.7
28

14
1.3
0

7
28
22

15
.7

8
22.7
18
16
0

d) A = 93.6 km2
7.17.

a) A = 726 sq-mi
t (hr)
3
SH (m /s)

0
0

1
135

8
1715

2
1040
9
1285

3
3310
10
925

4
5935
11
587.5

5
5605
12
315

6
3560

13
135

7
2320

14
30

15
0

c) Qp = 3561 cfs at 4th day


7.18.

7.19

a) d = 16 mm,
c)
t (min)
0
3
UH2 (m /s)
0

b) tr = 2 hr
15
225

30
450

45
375

60
300

75
225

90
150

105
75

120
0

a)
i (mm/hr)
15
10

15
10
5

t (hr)

0
3
6
9
12

index = 5mm/hr
b) SH = 3 UH6 + (9 hr.lag.) 3 UH3
c)

t (hr)
3
SH (m /s)

0
10

11
52

12
79

d) A = 54 km2

1
13
13
97

2
22

3
40

14
100

4
55
15
82

5
67
16
64

6
76
17
46

7
78

8
73
18
28

9
55
19
16

10
46
20
10

7.20. Separation by simple method is not possible (all three ways), but it is possible with
approximate and Barnes (given below) methods.

Q ( lt/s)

10000

1000

100

time (hr:min)

:3
0
23

:3
0
22

:3
0
21

:3
0
20

:3
0
19

:3
0
18

:3
0
17

:3
0
16

:3
0
15

14

:3
0

10

d = 0.254 mm, = 13.492 mm/hr,


F = 10.479 mm, tr = 30 min,
= 0.02985 1/hr, q = 0.040 m3/s
7.21.

a), b)
t (hr)
3
SRH (m /s)
3
TRH (m /s)

0
0
30

1
330
360

2
750
780

9
189
219

10
81
111

11
0
30

3
990
1020

4
1107
1137

5
1185
1215

6
954
984

7
561
591

c) A = 97.2 km2
7.23.

a)
i (mm/hr)
40

36

30
20
7.8

10
0

1.2

7.8

1.8

10
20
30

c) d = 0.375 mm
d) = 33.75 mm/hr

e)

t (min)
UH10 (lt/s)

0
0

40

50

10
413.3

t (min)

20
3893.3

30
9922.7

40
6296

50
3101.3


60
1586.7

70
872

80
429.3

90
178.7

100
5.33

110
2.67

120
0

8
333
363


Chapter 8
8.5.

Plot the inflow and outflow values, and then plot the total storage values, which are given
below.
t (hr)
6
3
S (10 m )

0
0

6
12
18
24
30
36
42
0,54 4,86 16,74 27,54 34,02 31,86 27,00

48
54
21,60 15,66

60
9,18

66
4,86

72
2,16

78
0,54

84
0

d) Smax = 34.02*106 m3
8.6.
t (hr)
3
Q (m /s)

0
5

22
13

8.7.
8.8.

2
5.5

4 6 8 10 12 14
16 18 20
7 9.5 12 13.5 14 14.5 14.5 14 13.5

24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38
12.5 12 11.5 11 10.5 10 9.5 9

...
...

62
5

a) Qp = 185 m3/s, tp= 48 hr


b) H = 0.38 m
Qp = 815.6 m3/s, tb = 60 hr
Attenuation = 434.4 m3/s, Translation = 9 hr, Lengthening = 36 hr

Chapter 10
10.4.

a) June October
b) 7:4*106 m3
d)
Mon.
Cont.

10.6.
10.7.

10
1.4

11
.2

12
0

1
.8

2
2.2

3
5

4
7.2

Res. Cap. = 21.717*106 m3


Res. Cap. = 21.717*106 m3

Chapter 12
12.9. Qv = 5.75 lt/s/m
12.10. S = 0.001
12.11. t = 176.68 hr
12.12. s = 7.456 m
12.13. a) impervious boundary, at t = 10.62 min
b) s = 4.62 cm
12.14. s = 0.165 m
12.15. s = 0.48 m
12.16. a) at OW1, s = 0.29 m, at OW2, s = 0.60 m
b) at PW1, s = 0.01 m, at OW2, s = 0.0

5
7.4

6
7.2

7
6.4

8
4.8

9
3


12.17. a)
Q1

Q2

6,3 12,2
24,8

26,2

15,2

12,5

15,2

26,2

24,8

12,2

6,3

150 m

116.33

116.33

aquifer

200

200

50 m

1200 m

200

200

200

200

200

200

200

200

200

12.18. T = 8.36*10-4 m2/min, S = 5.016*10-6


12.19. It can be used if pumping time is more than 67 min.

200