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# MODULE 2

:
ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF REINFORCED CONCRETE TWO-WAY SLABS(WSD)

Depth Limitation for Two-Way Slabs NSCP

ln = clear span in long direction
β = ratio of long span to short span
α fm = ave. value of flexural stiffness of beam section on
edges of the panel

Analysis and Design Procedure
• Both directions need to be considered hence the name.
• The Designer must determine the Moments in both the short span
and the long span before applying the flexure formulas.

lb

-Mb

+Mb

la
+Ma
-Ma

• Determining Moments by the Coefficient Method -Moment along Short Span 2 -Ma = Ca wtot la -Moment along Long Span 2 -Mb = Cb wtot lb +Moment along Short Span +Ma = MDL + MLL MDL = CaDL W DL la2 MLL = CaLL W LL la2 +Moment along Long Span +Mb = MDL + MLL MDL = CbDL W DL lb2 MLL = CbLL W LL lb2 Where: la = length of the shorter span lb = length of the longer span C = moment coefficient .

0m LL = 2.6 Kpa G-1 4.4 KPa . G-1 f’c=21 Mpa n = 12 Fy = 275 Mpa B-1 5m B-1 Superimposed DL = 3.Examples Determine the required reinforcement for the slab of the structural system shown below.

6 ( 1m ) = 6.6 + 2. the simplest way to determine the required thickness is Perimeter/180. Step 2: Determine the loads on the slab Take note that the uniform load W is in KN/m.4 ( 1 m] ) = 2. So.0 = 6.0 Kn/m2 DL=3.125 Wtslab = 3.Step 1: Determine what the problem provides and requires.6 Kn/m WLL = 2.6 Kn/m2 LL = 2. while the given date is in Kn/m2. This simply means you need to multiply the given data to a “tributary width.4 Kn/m2 WDL = 6.6 Kn/m2 (weight of the slab will be added) Wtslab = unit weight of concrete x thickness = 24 Kn/m3 x 0.4 = 9.6 + 3.4 Kn/m Then the total load on the joist is simply the sum of these two: WT = 6. As = M fs j d Step 2: Determine the slab thickness(t) For two way slabs.1m or 100mm use 125mm Since the approximate is exactly 100mm. If calculations will require a thicker slab then bending provisions will govern/ t = Perimeter / 180 t = {2 x (5+4)} / 180 t = 0. it is good practice to use the next incremental thickness. the same formula applies for slabs in terms of As. The problem requires the amount of reinforcement of the beam (As) When it comes to formulas.” For one way slabs or slabs in general this is taken to be 1m only since we analyse the slabs in 1m strips Given: DL=3. beams and slabs share the same formulas when it comes to flexure.0 Kn/m .

056 +MDL = . The tables have nine different cases depending on the edge condition of the slab.06 Kn-m Long Span +Mb = MDL + MLL +MDL = CbDL W DL lb2 From Tables CbDL = . Before we can proceed with this step.056(6.795 Kn-m +MLL = CbLL W LL lb2 From Tables CbLL = . we have all discountinous edges because there is no adjacent slab to the one being designed.15 = 8. For this case.91 Kn-m +MLL = CaLL W LL la2 From Tables CaLL = .15 Kn-m +Ma = 5.056 +MDL = . The crosshatch indicates a continuous edge.023 . so we will use Case 1. Positive Moment: Short Span +Ma = MDL + MLL +MDL = CaDL W DL la2 From Tables CaDL = .0/5. the negative moments are zero.6)(5.0)2 = 3.0 m = .0)2 = 5.80 this will hold thru for all tables Next is to determine what “case” the slab in question is.91 + 2. Negative Moment: Short Span -Ma = Ca W t la2 From Tables Ca = 0 -Ma = 0 Kn-m Long Span -Mb = Cb W t lb2 From Tables Cb = 0 -Mb = 0 Kn-m Because the edges are discontinuous. First is the value for “m” m = la/lb m = 4.0)2 = 2.023 +MDL = .023(6.056(2. there are a few things that must be established that the tables require. Otherwise it is deemed discontinuous.6)(4.Step 3: Compute for the maximum bending moment (M).4)(4.

38 = 5.000891 m2 x 10002 = 891 mm2 S = Ab (1000) As Ab = Area of rebar Area of 12mm rebar = 113 mm2 S = 113 (1000) 891 s = 126.000572 m2 x 10002 = 572 mm2 h = 125mm Cc = Concrete Cover = 20 mm φb = Bar diameter k = 0.20 – (12/2) d = 99 mm 12 12 + (110/9.0)2 = 1.099) As = .45) j = 1 – 0.4)(5.099) As = .82 mm say 125 mm Long Span +Asa = 5. This step is simply filling up the formula M fs j d As = Solve for : fs = 0.Cc – (φb/2) n n + (fs/fc) n = 12 fc = .8308)(.175 110x1000 (.023(2.795 + 1.38 Kn-m +Mb = 3.40 (275) fs = 110 MPa j = 1 – k/3 Solve for : k= Solve for : d = h .06 110x1000 (.40 (fy) fs = 0.45 (21) fc = 9.8308 Positive Reinforcement: Short Span 8.508 +Asa = fy =275 Mpa .+MDL = .8308)(.45 fc’ fc = .508/3 j = .175 Kn-m Step 4: Compute for As and spacing.45 Mpa k= = 12 mm d = 125 .

7mm (or simply multiply the spacing by 3) -sdiscont = 175 x 3 = 525 mm .S = Ab (1000) As Ab = Area of rebar Area of 12mm rebar = 113 mm2 S = 113 (1000) 572 s = 197.56 mm say 175 mm Negative Reinforcement: NSCP states that for discontinuous edges: -Asdiscont = (+Asmispan)/3 Short Span -Asdiscont = 891/3 = 297 mm2 s = 380.5mm (or simply multiply the spacing by 3) -sdiscont = 125 x 3 = 375 mm Long Span -Asdiscont = 572/3 = 191 mm2 s = 592.