Conservation Essay

Biology 112
Alan Reid
University of the Fraser Valley
Matthew Strauss
April 4, 2016

each animal will be assessed and graded on a 4 point scale. when removed from their ecosystem. large python. They have been chosen and the rational why follows. we face a crisis. Who. The question is not who to save but who can be lost. As the . will result in the least impact? Those who are 'keystone' in their respective environment must be saved.Ladies and Gentlemen of the board. Humans can adapt to such changes. Without going into detail why. Koala Phascolarctos cinereus Habitat Forested Australia Prey Eucalyptus Predators Dingo. Food for other carnivores but neither wide spread enough or essential enough to cause distinct impact on the food chain. cultural and social status must be ignored. In no particular order. only 3 of the designated 12 animals can be saved. Point Value Status 4 Critical to Multiple Ecosystems 3 Critical to Local Ecosystem 2 Non-Critical to Local Ecosystem 1 Isolated in Local Ecosystem A short explanation of the grade will follow each animals description. birds of prey on young Status Least Concern Points 2 A Koala's impact on it's local ecosystem appears minimal. Therefore.

The snakes that prey on the mole rat may feel the impact. As the fossa can also hunt lemurs. This endangered animal eats primarily insects. larvae and fruit while being prey to fossa. but it is believed not overly . they Aye-Aye's presence is valued but not essential. Somalia) Prey Tubers Predators Snakes Status Not Threatened Resistant to Cancer. garnering it a rank of 2. birds and humans (Sterling. Longest Living Rodent (31 years) Points 2 Abundant and radicivorous. Kenya. the mole rat's food will continue to persist in neither excess nor recess. fruit Predators Human. 1993). local predator's would find other sources of food and the eucalyptus would grow as before. Mole Rat Heterocephalus glaber Habitat East Africa (Southern Ethiopia. larvae. Points 2 The Aye-Aye provides a mammalian aspect in Madagascar's unique ecosystem. fossa. Aye-Aye Daubentonia madagascariensis Habitat East coast Madagascar Prey Insects.Koala primarily ingests Eucalyptus and is not necessary for Eucalyptus control. birds of prey Status Endangered Worlds largest nocturnal primate. the Koala is graded as Non-Critical in it's ecosystem. If removed entirely.

Status Endangered Panda waste contains microbes being studied for potential biofuel. but not over the potential destruction of other ecosystems. Guinea Prey Insects Predators Humans (food. has only 6 known species in existence. etc. deforestation. leopards. The damage humans are doing to its habitat obscures the actual . cubs: jackals. receives a 2 for being neither essential for predators nor necessary for keeping the Eucalyptus in check. For medical reasons. A 2 is given with preference over other 2 rated animals. maintaining the mole rat population for study would be preferred. iron ore mining) Status Critically Endangered Points 1 Lamottes Round Leaf Bat. Notable is the scientific research being done in panda waste. Panda Ailuropoda melanolecua Habitat Mountain ranges in central china Prey Eucalyptus Predators Adult stage: none. 2000 panda's left. border of Cote d'Ivoire. Unique to the Mole Rat is it's longevity and particular resistance to cancer ( This would place the Panda above other 2 rated animals (equal with the Mole Rat). where microbes are being studied for their potential biofuel benefits. 2005). Points 2 The Giant Panda. like the Koala. while not technically isolated in it's ecosystem. Lamottes Round Leaf Bat Hipposideros lamottei Habitat Mount Nimba.

Harp Seal Pagophilus groenlandicus Habitat Eastern Canada. otters. It garners a 3 due to their volume in northern environments. crustaceans. (Alligator Mississippiensis) Chinese A. the harp seal provides food for many creatures. It's declination would be felt throughout the northern species but it is not known how deeply. Yangtze River Valley Prey Fish. where few species manage to survive. reptiles.impact the Round Leaf Bat's absence would have. Greenland and Western Russia Prey Fish and Crustaceans Predators Polar Bears. Wolves. but it can be extrapolated from the lack of current serious detrimental effects that the Round Leaf Bat is not critical to the ecosystem. Humans. insects. It's importance is largely as food and thus would rank lower than other 3 rated animals. Alligator American A. bobcats. (Alligator Sinensis) Habitat Southeast United States. Orcas and Sharks Status Threatened Points 3 Widely hunted by mammals across large northern expanses. birds. Foxes. turtles. snakes and larger alligators Status Not Endangered Keep Coypu and Muskrat population in check Points 3 . panthers and black bears Predators Young to birds and racoons.

Africa. 1998). dying animals Predators Great horned owls.The Alligator provides a control on local animals. Its ecological impact is disproportionate to it's population (Vandermeer. the Jaguar is thought to keep other populations in check. read tailed hawks. Predators Humans Status Near Threatened Keystone predator in ecosystem. Vulture New World and Old World Vultures Habitat Warm and temperate Americas. Jaguar Panthera onca Habitat Mexican and South American rainforests. For that reason. the Jaguar receives a 3. golden eagles Status Particular old world vultures are Near Threatened Points 2 . Prey Obligate Carnivor – terrestrial vertebrates.. Asia. 2003). Points 3 Keystone predator status is currently debated but tends to describe a creature that maintains local populations through hunting (Steiner. Like the Alligator. Europe Prey Dead carcasses. The absence of Alligators can be assumed to damage local ecosystems from the spike in Coypu and Muskrats – ranking the Alligator at 3.

The Vulture only eats dead or dying animals and as small animals can provide the same. Asia and North America Prey Fish. long legged herons. the vulture is not essential to its ecosystem and is ranked 2. large fish. crustaceans. the Vulture provides recycling of dead animals (Green. Blue Sided Tree Frog Agalychnis annae Habitat Tropical rainforests of Costa Rica and Panama Prey Insects Predators Xiphophorus hellerii fish. amphibians Predators Humans. racoons.Wide spread and only threatened in Indian ecosystems due to diclofenac poisoning . Soft Shell Turtle Trionychiae family (soft shells) Habitat Largely aquatic Africa. chytridiomycosis. providing no current scientific benefit and food for specific fish that do not depend on it. the Blue Tree frog is a low 2 due to it's lack of proposed impact were it absent from its ecosystem. human pet trade Status Endangered Points 2 Keeping no populations in control. snails. the Soft Shell Turtle is not essential to any particular . 2004). Status Vulnerable Points 2 Food for humans and other animals.

were they absent. Of the animals evaluated. it is rated at 2. The Jaguar and Alligator provide population control that. local populations are assumed to increase and detrimentally influence the local ecosystem. The Harp Seal provides food for animals in northern ecosystems that. . eel and shark. 1981). Prey Zooplankton. the following have been chosen to save: Jaguar. Great Barrier Reef. were they absent. Clown Fish Amphiprioninae (subfamily) Habitat Warmer water of indian and pacific ocean. All other animals are acceptable losses in comparison to these three. Predators Large fish.ecosystem and recieves a 2. undigested host anemone food. The scientific benefits of saving the Giant Panda and Mole Rat are being researched and currently unknown. would have significant difficulty in finding other food due to the desolate environment they inhabit. Status Not Endangered Points 2 The Clown Fish provides a symbiotic relationship to anemone (Dunn. Alligator and Harp Seal. As the Clown Fish is not essential to particular ecosystems and keeps no populations in check through predation or being preyed upon. Retrieved April 3. J. 101(3).2004. R. F.2003. The Journals of Gerontology.. from http://link. E. A. 2016. Cunningham. D.. (2005). Oikos.springer. Retrieved April 3. The Clownfish Sea Anemones: Stichodactylidea (Coelenterata: Actiniaria) and Other Sea Anemones Symbiotic with Pomacentrid Fishes. (2004). (1993). E. 2016. 2016. 2016.short Dunn. A. 2016. Journal of Applied Ecology. Newton. Gilbert.12309. S. 3-115.0021-8901. Retrieved April 3. J.x/abstract Sterling. 793-800. V. Keystone predator effects and grazer control of planktonic primary production [Abstract]. The Naked Mole-Rat: A New Long-Living Model for Human Aging Research [Abstract]. Pain.. American Philosophical Society. from from http://onlinelibrary. 1369-1377.wiley. Diclofenac poisoning as a cause of vulture population declines across the Indian subcontinent [Abstract].. Retrieved April 1-10. Retrieved April 3. & Prakash. Lemur Social Systems and Their Ecological Basis. Shultz. (1981). 60(11). M.1007/978-1-4899-2412-4_1 .wiley. Green. a. from http://biomedgerontology.1600-0706.oxfordjournals..References Buffenstein.00954.1034/j. F. C. (2003). from http://www. D. Patterns of Range Use and Social Organization in Aye-Ayes (Daubentonia Madagascariensis) on Nosy Mangabe [Abstract].x/full Steiner. 71(1). I.1111/ 41(5).

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