About the SES Conductor Database

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About the SES Conductor Database
The SES Conductor Database contains the electrical characteristics of a large number of conventional conductors, which can be exported in several locations where this information is needed in the SES software. The database categorizes the data into several classes of conductors, with the specifications of each conductor class listed in a detailed grid.
The database contains two types of classes: SES classes, which are predefined and cannot be modified, and user-defined classes, which can be modified. In user-defined classes, the individual characteristics of conductors can be changed and new conductors can be defined. Entire classes of conductors can be created or deleted.
The database is stored on disk as a collection of files with a file extension “SCC” (for SES Conductor Class). These files reside in the Databases\Conductor sub-folder of your SESSoftware installation folder.

Note:
This version of the SES Conductor Database uses a new file format for the database classes. The older format ("TRD") is still recognized, and can be imported into the new database.

For more information on the SES Conductor Database, please refer to the following related topics:
Types of Conductors in the Database describes the kind of information that is stored in the database.
Using the Conductor Database shows how to use the SES Conductor Database to manage conductor information.
Database Management Overview describes the various database-level management operations that are available.

Types of Conductors in the Database
The SES Conductor Database currently stores data for three different types of conductors: 

Solid or Tubular Conductors: Contains the electrical parameters of standard solid conductors, including hollow conductors. 

Stranded Conductors: Contains the electrical parameters of standard stranded conductors. 

Rail Conductors: Contains the electrical parameters of common rail conductors.

In all cases, the information stored in the database is sufficient to allow a computation of the self impedance of those conductors and of the mutual impedances between them. This includes: 

The inner and outer radius of the conductors, or their effective radius in the case of rails. 

The number of strands, and their radius. 

The resistivity and permeability of the material in the conductor, or an equivalent measure of those quantities, such as the DC resistance and the Geometric Mean Radius (GMR).

For the first two types of conductors, this information is static: you use the database simply to store and retrieve the electrical parameters. For the Rail-type conductors, however, the values of the electrical parameters can vary considerably depending on the amount of current flowing in the rail. In this case, the electrical parameters can be computed for any specified value of the current, as well as for three
different values of the frequency.

Initially, the SES Conductor Database contains several predefined conductor classes. The contents of these classes cannot be modified. You can, however, create new classes (or copy existing) ones. These new user-defined classes are editable: you can modify the properties of existing conductors of these classes, add some new conductors, delete some conductors, etc...

Using the Conductor Database
The SES Conductor Database is used from the CDEGS, Right-Of-Way, and AutoGrid Pro packages of SES to help define the characteristics of overhead and buried conductors. Typically, the database is made accessible through an Import From Database button. Clicking on this button brings the following screen:

This screen can be used to export the data of an existing conductor to the parent program (e.g., AutoGrid Pro, Right-Of-Way, CDEGS, ...), and to edit existing conductor information or add new conductors to user-defined database classes. It can also be used to initiate several database management operations (creating a class, copying a class, deleting a class, importing data into a class, etc...). See the topic
The Conductor Database Screen for more details.

In the TRALIN program of Input Toolbox as well as in the Right-Of-Way program, the SES Conductor Database is also used to edit or view the characteristics of conductors. This is typically done through a View / Edit Data or a Specify Data option, which brings the following screen:

This screen is used to specify the characteristics of a single conductor. See the topic The Conductor Specification Screen for more details.

Consult the following topics for more information:
Exporting a Conductor
Editing a Conductor
Deleting a Conductor
Creating a New Conductor
Database Management Overview

Exporting a Conductor
When exporting a conductor, the electrical parameters of that conductor that are relevant to the parent program are transferred to that program.

To Export a conductor from the database:
1. Load the Conductor Database screen. This is typically done through an Import From Database button in the parent program.
2. Select the desired conductor class from the Conductor Class drop-down menu.
3. (Optional) If the selected class is for Rail-type conductors, select the frequency at which the parameters are going to be used from the Frequency drop-down menu, type a value for the Current, then click on Apply. The program will re-calculate the electrical parameters for all entries in the Conductors grid. Note that you do not need this step if the initial values for the Current and Frequency are
suitable.
4. Select a conductor from the Conductors grid by clicking on any cell in the grid row displaying that conductor. The selected conductor is shown by a

icon to the left of the corresponding row in the grid.

5. Click on Export. The electrical parameters for the selected conductor are exported to the parent program, and the screen is closed.

Editing a Conductor
You can edit the electrical parameters of conductors that are stored in user-defined classes.

To Edit a conductor:
1. Load the Conductor Database screen. This is typically done through an Import From Database button in the parent program.
2. Select the name of the conductor class containing the conductor you wish to edit from the Conductor Class drop-down menu.
3. Select a conductor from the Conductors grid by clicking on any cell in the grid row displaying that conductor. The selected conductor is shown by a

icon to the left of the corresponding row in the grid.

4. Click on Edit. This loads the Conductor Specification screen that allows you to modify the characteristics of the conductor.

file://C:\Users\aivanov\AppData\Local\Temp\~hh44CF.htm

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Database Management Overview Several operations can be carried out on the classes in the SES Conductor Database. the displayed fields appear under Selected Data Fields and the hidden ones under Available Data Fields. Load the Conductor Database screen. To create a new conductor from scratch: 1. Deleting a Class To delete an existing user-defined database class: 1. To create a copy of an existing database class: 1. 2. This loads the Database Management screen. Load the Conductor Database screen. Load the Conductor Database screen. This is typically done through an Import From Database button in the parent program. A new. and the Conductor Type that the new class is to contain. Click on Advanced. This loads the Database Management screen. In the resulting screen. 2. Select the conductor class in which to create the new conductor from the Conductor Class drop-down menu. 5. Click OK. 3. After confirmation. Click on Advanced. Creating a New Conductor You can create new conductors in user-defined classes by entering the data from scratch. This loads the Database Management screen. This is typically done through an Import From Database button in the parent program. 6. 3. Click on Customize. Click on Advanced. This loads the Database Management screen. You can select either an SES class or a user-defined class. The changes take effect as soon as you click OK in this screen. 3. This is typically done through an Import From Database button in the parent program. Creating a Copy of a Class The databases classes provided by SES cannot be edited. Note: This operation may cause some problems if a program maintained a reference to a conductor of that class. 3. See the topic Selecting and Highlighting Conductors for details. This is typically done through an Import From Database button in the parent program. however: the data will be correctly preserved. 4. Type a unique class name in New Conductor Class Name. To customize the display of a class: 1. 4. Select the name of the class to rename from the Reference Conductor Class Name drop-down menu. These operations are regrouped in the Database Management screen. 4. Click OK. or by copying the data from existing conductors from the same or a different class. Click on Add to Database to load the Add to Database screen. 2. the conductor will not be found at the expected location in the database. Renaming a Class To rename an existing user-defined database class: 1. use the Ctrl and Shift keys. Select the conductor class containing the conductor(s) to be copied. This is typically done through an Import From Database button in the parent program. 5. Transfer the field names from one column to the other as needed. Select the name of the class to delete from the Reference Conductor Class Name drop-down menu. Click the Advanced button to go to the Database Management screen from the Conductor Database screen. After renaming the class. 2. 4. Customizing the Display You can customize the type of information that is displayed in the Conductors grid of the Conductor Database screen. 5. See The Customize Display Screen for more details on the behavior of that screen. Deleting a Conductor You can delete conductors from any user-defined conductor database class. Choose New Class under Select Database Operation. the original class is deleted. the data for the highlighted conductors is removed from the selected class. See The Add to Database Screen for more information on the behavior of that screen.About the SES Conductor Database Page 2 of 7 Click on OK in the Conductor Database screen to confirm the changes. 4. This screen allows you to select the name of the class in which to create a copy of the selected conductor(s). Click on Delete. You can create new classes. Type a unique class name for the new class in New Conductor Class Name. 3. To create a new database class: 1. Choose Copy Class under Select Database Operation. Load the Conductor Database screen. Select the conductor class whose display is to be customized from the Conductor Class drop-down menu. 3. Only the user-defined classes are available from this menu. Click OK. This is typically done through an Import From Database button in the parent program. Load the Conductor Database screen. Select the name of the class to copy from the Reference Conductor Class Name drop-down menu. 2. then specify the Frequency and Temperature at which the data was collected. Load the Conductor Database screen. Highlight the conductor(s) to be deleted in the Conductors grid. A new class is created containing copies of all the conductors that were found in the original class. 2. delete or rename existing classes. Click on OK in the Conductor Database screen to confirm the changes. Consult the following topics for more information: Creating a New Class Creating a Copy of a Class Renaming a Class Deleting a Class Converting an Older Conductor Database Importing Conductor Data Exporting a Class Creating a New Class The databases classes provided by SES cannot be edited. 6. Load the Conductor Database screen. Select the conductor(s) to be copied from the Conductors grid. Choose Rename Class under Select Database Operation. Click on Advanced. To select more than one conductor. Click OK. file://C:\Users\aivanov\AppData\Local\Temp\~hh44CF. Only the user-defined classes are available from this menu and can be deleted. Select the desired conductor class from the Conductor Class drop-down menu. and import data into existing classes. Choose Delete Class under Select Database Operation. This loads the Conductor Specification screen that allows you to specify the characteristics of the new conductor. Load the Conductor Database screen. 2. After confirmation. The original class is renamed. 2. 3. empty class is created. To create a copy of an existing conductor (or of several conductors): 1. Click on OK in the Conductor Database screen to confirm the changes. The contents of this new class can now be edited. You can save your own data in the SES Conductor Database by creating a new class or by copying an existing class. Click on New. 5.htm 13/02/2016 . 5. This is typically done through an Import From Database button in the parent program. Only the association to the database will be lost. Type a unique class name for the new class in New Conductor Class Name. This is typically done through an Import From Database button in the parent program. To Delete a conductor from a class: 1. 4. 3. You can save your own data in the SES Conductor Database by creating a new class or by copying an existing class. The information can be customized on a class by class basis.

. This option is available only when the selected conductor class contains Rail-type conductors. 7. To import the data from an older version of the SES Conductor Database: 1. This loads the Database Management screen. (The parameters are computed after clicking on Apply. as well as the Units of the data and the Current. such as creating.  Imperial: The data is displayed using the Imperial system of units. Conductor Name <Alphanumeric string>: Alphanumeric name for the conductor used to identify the conductor in the database. click on any cell in the row for that conductor.About the SES Conductor Database Page 3 of 7 Notes: 1. to indicate that it cannot be modified. see Customizing the Display. and can contain an optional header. Customize: Loads the Customize Display dialog that allows you to define which fields are displayed in the Conductors grid. When the selected class is an SES class. Map the columns of the file to the fields supported in the SES Conductor Database. Conductor Identification and Type Conductor Class Name: Name of the conductor database class containing the edited conductor. and cannot be modified. Choose Export to Text File under Select Database Operation. renaming or deleting classes. 6.. conversely. Type a unique class name for the new class in New Conductor Class Name. Right-Of-Way. You can specify the number of lines to skip at the top of the files (Number of Header Lines). Click on Advanced. Exporting a Class You can export the electrical parameter data for conductors stored in a class of the SES Conductor Database into a simple text format for use by other programs. however: the data will be correctly preserved. 2. Importing Conductor Data You can import the electrical parameter data for conductors stored into a text file into a new class.. 5.. This option is available only when the selected class is a user-defined class. When this option is selected. Choose Import from Foreign Database under Select Database Operation. or to add new conductors to the database. Click Next. 2. Load the Conductor Database screen. Default = 100>: Specifies the value of the current (in Ampere) to use when computing the electrical parameters of the conductors. The selected conductor is shown by a icon to the left of the corresponding row in the grid. with the conductor radii expressed in inches. 5.. It is also used in some programs (the TRALIN program of CDEGS and Right-Of-Way) to edit the characteristics of conductors that are not part of the conductor database. You can use it to view the data of existing conductors. 6. Conductor Type: Identifies the type of the conductor. Advanced: Loads the Database Management screen that allows you to perform several operations on the database. the Stranded Conductor Data should be specified. The file is imported and the new class is created. When a class is selected from this list. For Rail-type conductors. or browse to it using the . Valid range of values = (0. This is typically done through an Import From Database button in the parent program. General Data Conductor Class: Selects a conductor class from a list of existing classes. CDEGS. whose content cannot be modified and the User-Defined classes. This is used only to help identify the conductor. The Conductor Specification Screen This screen allows you to edit the characteristics of conductors that are part of the SES Conductor Database.. Select the name of the class to export from the Reference Conductor Class Name drop-down menu. 2. This starts the Foreign Database Wizard that guides you through the import process. 2. This loads the Database Management screen. The data from the selected class is exported to the specified file. The old class is imported and the new class is created. The status of this check-box is set automatically by the program. which can be modified at will. Click on Advanced. Two options are available:  Solid or Tubular Conductor: The conductor is a simple solid or hollow conductor. Click Next. Two options are available:  Metric: The data is displayed using the metric system of units. Delete: Deletes the currently selected conductor from the currently selected class. The deleted class is permanently deleted from its location on disk. Click Finish. 3. Most of the operations below always apply to the selected conductor. This loads the Conductor Specification screen (initially blank) that allows you to specify the characteristics of the new conductor. Operations on Individual Conductors Selecting a Conductor: To select a conductor from the Conductors grid. Units: Selects the system of units used to display the data in the Conductors grid.. Load the Conductor Database screen. allowing you to specify some general settings controlling the behavior of the SES Conductor Database. It must be unique within its class.g. Click on Advanced. New: Adds a new conductor to the selected class. with the conductor radii expressed in centimeters. this field displays the frequency (in Hz) for which the data applies. type the name of the file containing the old conductor database class to convert.) or to initiate several database management operations.  Stranded Conductor: The conductor is a stranded conductor. 5. The conductor name can contain at most 40 characters. and the Conductor Inner Radius is ignored. AutoGrid Pro. 4.]>: Defines the cross section area covered by the metallic part of the conductor. To export the conductor data into a text file: 1. This option is available only when the selected class is a user-defined class. Click Next on the Welcome screen. to indicate that it can be modified. This is typically done through an Import From Database button in the parent program. When this option is selected. Frequency: The behavior of this field differs depending on whether the selected conductor class contains Rail-type conductors or other types of conductors. This loads the Conductor Specification screen (initialized with the characteristics of the selected conductor) that allows you to view the characteristics of the conductor. Click Next. The functions available on this screen are described below.) For other types of conductors. the conductor will not be found at the expected location in the database. Every column in the imported file (shown in the Specified Foreign Database Fields list) should be mapped to one field of the Standard SES Conductor Fields. This is typically done through an Import From Database button in the parent program. Note: The new SES Conductor Database has stricter requirements than the old one regarding the validity of the data it stores. This option is available only when the selected class is an SES class. This loads the Conductor Specification screen (initialized with the characteristics of the selected conductor) that allows you to edit the characteristics of the conductor. 4. The remaining fields can be customized. Choose Convert under Select Database Operation. and cannot be recovered. . Note that you can also edit the characteristics of the conductors directly in the Conductors grid by typing or selecting the desired value in the grid cells. or importing / exporting data from a class. When converting an older class. and the Conductor Type contained in the file. or that is to contain the new conductor.. this field is a drop-down menu that allows you to select the frequency (in Hz) at which the electrical parameters should be computed. (The parameters are computed after clicking on Apply. This option is available only when the selected class is a user-defined class. Apply: Refreshes the data displayed in the Conductors grid by computing it based on the specified Current and Frequency values. 8. 3. and is not used in calculations. The latter is always determined by the system of units used in the parent program..]. and cannot be modified. and may contain blanks. Define the name of the file to import under Foreign Database Name and type a unique name for the new class under New Conductor Class Name (or accept the program's suggestion). 6. This field cannot be edited. 3. export conductor data to the parent program (e. This operation creates a new class in the SES Conductor Database containing the imported definitions of the conductors from the older class. View: Views the characteristics of the currently selected conductor. 4. the delimiter used to separate the columns in the file (Delimiter Selection).) This field is available only when the selected conductor class contains Rail-type conductors. When the selected class is a user-defined class. Add to Database: Copies the currently highlighted conductors to another database. You can choose to specify the cross section area in one of two different unit systems: file://C:\Users\aivanov\AppData\Local\Temp\~hh44CF. the Stranded Conductor Data doesn't have to be specified. This field cannot be modified. Note that this choice of units doesn't affect the numerical value of the data exported to the parent program when clicking Export. The individual conductors are identified by their Conductor Name (see Conductor Naming Conventions for details). Export: Exports the data for the selected conductor to the parent program. Conductors Grid Displays the data for the conductors in the selected class. Converting an Older Conductor Database You may already have some conductor data stored in a user-defined class of an older version of the SES Conductor Database that you wish to import into the current conductor database. The classes are divided into two categories: the SES classes. This loads the Database Management screen. This operation may cause some problems if a program maintained a reference to a conductor of that class. Define the structure of the file to import. Edit: Edits the characteristics of the currently selected conductor. After renaming the class. this option is replaced by the Edit option. Basic Conductor Data Cross Section <Real value. Click OK. it isn't checked for a user-defined class. In the Old Database field.. Display: Displays a schematic drawing of the currently selected conductor. Only the association to the database will be lost. the data for all conductors belonging to the class are shown in the Conductors grid. Management Operations Settings: Loads the Settings screen. Load the Conductor Database screen.htm 13/02/2016 . Temperature: Displays the temperature (in Celsius) for which the data applies. Use Ignore Column if you a want to skip over a column of the imported file. Conductor Class Locked: This check-box is checked when the selected conductor class is an SES class. Define the name of the file in which to export the data under Text File Name (or accept the program's suggestion). Click OK. and can be found in the CDEGS installation folder of older CDEGS installations. Valid range of values = [0. Click OK. These files have a TRD extension. button. Class Attributes Current <Real value. To import conductor data from a text file: 1. The Conductor Database Screen This screen gives you access to the SES Conductor Database. you may be prompted to fix certain problems found in the older class. This brings the Add to Database screen that allows you to specify a database class (either an existing one or a new one) in which to copy the highlighted conductors. this option is replaced by the View option. . The conductor data in the text file should be written in columns. Temperature and Frequency at which the data was obtained.

)>: Frequency (in Hz) at which the internal impedance is to be computed. Save a modified conductor to the database from which it was imported: In the TRALIN program of Input Toolbox as well as in Right-Of-Way.. Use these settings for all conductor classes: Check this option if you want the settings defined in this screen to apply to all classes of the SES Conductor Database..]>: Distance from center of conductor to the innermost perimeter of the innermost outer strand layer.  Disable: When using this option. and cannot be transferred from the Selected Data Fields list to the Available Data Fields list. the fields in the Reference Conductor Class allow you to select the class in which the conductors should be added. and from the strand information in the case of a stranded conductor. This option controls the behavior of the program when this happens. Existing Conductor Class Name: This drop-down menu allows you to select the name of an existing class in which the highlighted conductors should be added. The latter is fixed.About the SES Conductor Database  kcmil: The cross section area is specified in kcmil. Edit a conductor imported from the SES Conductor Database: In the TRALIN program of Input Toolbox as well as in Right-Of-Way. Valid range of values = [0. the screen closes without saving and without any confirmation whenever you click on the Cancel button. when you edit a conductor that is part of a SES class in the SES Conductor Database. Add Conductors To: Selects whether the conductors are added to a new or to an existing class. the link to the database is immediately broken.... 1.]>: Optional. in ohms/mile or ohms/km..g. The fields can be customized independently for all conductor classes. Resistance: Conductor internal resistance. X (1ft. This value is used to help identify the conductor type in the database and is not used in calculations. the link with the database is broken.]>: Outer radius of conductor (in centimeters or inches). A value of 0 can be specified to define a solid conductor.. The Add To Database Screen This screen is used to select a new or existing database class in which highlighted conductors are to be added. This field is available only when the New Conductor Class option is selected. Internal Impedance The internal impedance corresponding to the data specified on the screen is displayed as read-only information in this section..  Disable the Cancel function: When using this option. you are prompted to confirm the cancellation whenever you click on the Cancel button.]>: Geometric mean radius of the conductor. Valid range of values = [0.. with the conductor radii expressed in centimeters. specify zero. this would be the radius of the steel portion of the conductor. This value is used to help identify the conductor type in the database and is not used in calculations..  Enable: When using this option. Valid range of values = [0.. as described in Location of Fields in Conductors Grid. Imaginary Part Click on one of the three radio buttons to indicate what type of data is being entered for the calculation of the internal reactance of the conductor. If the conductor is made of only one material. Frequency <Real value... When this option is selected. Core Strand Radius <Real value... number of aluminum strands in an ACSR conductor). Two options are available:  Metric: The data is displayed using the metric system of units.. clicking on the Edit button has no effect.. button to browse to a file. Current: Displays the value of the current (in Ampere) used for Rail-type conductors. When this option is selected.e. Conductor Outer Radius <Real value. Rdc <Real value.. Impedance Computation Method Real Part Click on one of the three radio buttons to indicate what type of data is being entered for the calculation of the internal resistance of the conductor.) <Real value. then enter the corresponding value: Relative Permeability <Real value... The inner radius can be specified only for Solid or Tubular Conductors.. the fields in the Reference Conductor Class frame allow you to define the properties of the new class.. i. Conductor Inner Radius <Real value. it is impossible to edit a conductor that is stored in a SES class. Frequency <Real value. and describe the properties of that class. This field is currently not available. The Customize Display Screen This screen allows you to select which fields should be shown in the Conductors grid of the Conductor Database screen. and then enter the corresponding value: Relative Resistivity <Real value. This resistance value should correspond to the specified power system frequency. 1.. General This tab contains general options applicable to all screens of the SES Conductor Database. In ohms/mile or ohms/km.. Valid range of values = [-273. The screen is divided into three tabs: General.. and in Right-Of-Way). when you edit a conductor that is part of a user-defined class in the SES Conductor Database.  Imperial: The data is displayed using the Imperial system of units. The cross-section is estimated from the specified inner and outer radius in the case of a solid conductor. Edit This tab contains options applicable to the Conductor Specification screen.]>: Radius of the outer strands of the conductor (in centimeters or inches). Edit. In meters or feet. the other is automatically recomputed. in particular as regards messages issued by the program. By default. (in centimeters or inches).. clicking on the Cancel button has no effect. Valid range of values = [0. Valid range of values = [0. Reference Picture Name <Alphanumeric string>: (Optional) Filename of a picture file to be associated with the conductor. The displayed fields appear under Selected Data Fields and the hidden ones under Available Data Fields.. file://C:\Users\aivanov\AppData\Local\Temp\~hh44CF. For example... you are prompted to confirm when clicking on the Edit button before the link to the database is broken. you are not prompted to confirm when clicking on the Edit button. Outer Strand Radius <Real value. The following buttons are available to help transfer the field names between the Selected Data Fields list and the Available Data Fields list: >: Transfers the currently selected field name from the Available Data Fields list to the Selected Data Fields list. This field can be modified only when the New Conductor Class option is selected.. Click the .. This happens when editing the characteristics of a conductor that was previously exported from an SES class of the conductor database. Stranded Conductor Data Number of Outer Strands <Integer value. the link with the database will then be broken..]>: Specifies the number of outer strands in the conductor (e. The Settings Screen This screen is used to specify preferences regarding the behavior of the screens in the SES Conductor database component.. The ordering of the fields in the lists is not related to the ordering of the columns in the Conductors grid.. This field can be modified only when the New Conductor Class option is selected. you can automatically update the conductor data in the database with your changes. Valid range of values = [0. There are three options:  Prompt me: When using this option. specify the total number of strands.. core radius (in centimeters or inches).]>: Relative permeability of the conductor (relative to free space. Valid range of values = [0. Valid range of values = [0. Rac <Real value.  Existing Conductor Class: The conductors are added to an existing class. Cancel Changes: Controls the behavior of the Cancel button when changes were made to the screen. for an ACSR conductor. the characteristics are not editable in this case. Reactance: Conductor internal reactance. you are prompted to save the changes to the database when you click on the OK button.. Page 4 of 7 Whenever the cross section is specified for one type of units. <: Transfers the currently selected field name from the Selected Data Fields list to the Available Data Fields list.]>: AC resistance of the conductor in ohms/mile or ohms/km..]>: Displays or defines the frequency (in Hz) for which the data stored in this class applies..7241 E-08 ohm-m). Number of Core Strands <Integer value. This field is available only when the Existing Conductor Class option is selected. Temperature <Real value.. The outer radius specified here represents the outer metallic surface of the conductor.. Valid range of values = [0. There are three options:  Prompt me: When using this option. and Database Management. Reference Conductor Class New Conductor Class Name <Alphanumeric string>: Defines the name of the new database class in which the highlighted conductors should be added. Give an estimate of the cross-section area when none is specified: Check this option if you want the program to provide an estimate of the cross-section area (MCM) of a conductor when you do not specify any. The internal resistance and reactance values can be copied. Two options are available:  New Conductor Class: The conductors are added to a new class. with the conductor radii expressed in inches.]>: Displays or defines the temperature (in Celsius) for which the data stored in this class applies. >>: Transfers all field names from the Available Data Fields list to the Selected Data Fields list. Valid range of values = [0. Click on this button to edit the characteristics displayed in the screen. Note: The Conductor Name field must be selected.. The internal impedance is computed at the specified Frequency.]>: This is the relative conductor resistivity (relative to annealed copper. and the data will be saved only to your input file. the changes are automatically saved to the database when you click on the OK button.]>: 60 Hz reactance at 1 ft spacing of the conductor. >>: Transfers all field names from the Selected Data Fields list to the Available Data Fields list.  Save: When using this option. This option controls the behavior of the program when this happens. Valid range of values = (0.  Exit without saving: When using this option.]>: Optional..... Core Radius <Real value. The Edit Button An Edit button is sometimes available in this screen when editing / viewing the conductor data directly from the parent program (as in the TRALIN program of CDEGS.. This menu allows you to select only user-defined classes. There are three options:  Prompt me: When using this option.2566 E-06 henries/m). in ohms/mile or ohms/km. GMR <Real value. Transfer the field names from one column to the other as needed. Valid range of values = [0.  2 mm : The cross section area is specified in square mm.htm 13/02/2016 . for a conductor made of only one material. Valid range of values = [0.. Other Data Units: Selects the system of units used to display the data in the screen..]>: Inner radius of a hollow conductor (in centimeters or inches).]>: DC resistance of the conductor in ohms/mile or ohms/km. Valid range of values =(0. Valid range of values = [0..

 Copy Class: Select this option to create a new class that is a copy of an existing class. This name should be a valid name for a file. In the case of Import from Foreign Database. Reference Conductor Class Name: Use this drop down menu to select the name of a class to delete. which guides you through the steps required to import a file containing the data. Note: The deleted class is permanently removed from disk. All of the data from the class is exported.  Add them anyway: When using this option. and have an extension TRD. all valid conductors are converted. Conductor Type: Defines the default type of conductor that the database class to be created will store. Duplicate conductor name: Controls the behavior of the program when duplicate conductor names are encountered during a Convert or an Import from Foreign Database operation. or to accept the supplied default name.  Stop converting the class: When using this option. Old Database Class Name: Type the name of the file storing the old database class. This name should be a valid name for a file. At the end of the operation.. Reference Conductor Class Name: Use this drop down menu to select the name of a class to rename.  Don't add: When using this option. You are not prompted for the presence of invalid conductors. the screen remains available for further operations. Type a valid file name in this field. New Conductor Class Name <Alphanumeric string>: Defines the new name of the selected class.. you are prompted to confirm the operation when you click on the Add to Database button. Text File Name <Alphanumeric string>: Defines the name of the file in which the data for the selected class should be exported. and to specify their attributes.About the SES Conductor Database  Page 5 of 7 Disable: When using this option. This starts the Foreign Database Wizard. Valid range of values = (0.  Automatically create another conductor name: When using this option. or select Specify Value and type in any other value. Select one of the pre-defined values.  Continue converting the other conductors: When using this option. file://C:\Users\aivanov\AppData\Local\Temp\~hh44CF. There are three options:  Prompt me: When using this option.. you are prompted to provide a name. The behavior of the buttons is as follows: Apply: Carries out the selected operation using the data defined on screen. frequency. which allows you to select the desired operation and the remainder of the screen. Database Attributes Current: Defines the value of the current (in Ampere) used for Rail-type conductors. Select one of the pre-defined values. the conductors are added to the class without confirmation. New Conductor Class Name <Alphanumeric string>: Defines the name of the new database class that is to contain the converted data.  Delete Class: Select this option to delete an existing class. The New Class Operation Use this operation (part of the Database Management screen) to rename an existing user-defined class of the SES Conductor Database. These files are located in older CDEGS installation folders. The Foreign Database Wizard This screen is the starting point of the Foreign Database Wizard.]>: Defines the frequency (in Hz) for which the data stored in the class to be created applies. they will inherit the attributes of the class they are added to. There are three options:  Prompt me: When using this option. The Database Management Screen This screen is used to carry out several operations on the SES Conductor Database. the changes are not saved to the database when you click on the OK button. This field is currently not available. Each conductor in the class is saved on a single line. The Copy Class Operation Use this operation (part of the Database Management screen) to create a new class that contains a copy of all the conductor data stored in an existing class of the SES Conductor Database. Two options are available:  Solid: The new class will contain solid conductors.  Import from Foreign Database: Select this option to import conductor data from an external source into a new class... the conductors are not added to the class. Use the . New Conductor Class Name <Alphanumeric string>: Defines the name of the new database class to be created. Valid range of values = [-273. This menu contains only user-defined classes. or select Specify Value and type in any other value.. This wizard guides you through a 4-step process that allows you to import conductor data stored in text files into a new class in the SES Conductor Database. Frequency: <Real value. with the data fields separated by a ":". button to select the file with a browser.. which is used to identify the desired database class(es).  Prompt me: When using this option.]>: Defines the temperature (in Celsius) for which the data stored in the class to be created applies. the program automatically renames the conductor by appending a dash (-) followed by a number so as to make it unique.  Export to Text File: Select this option to export the conductor data from an existing class into a text file.  Convert: Select this option to convert a database class saved in the older format (TRD) of the SES Conductor database to the new format. or accept the program's suggestion. The Export to Text File Operation Use this operation (part of the Database Management screen) to export the data of an existing conductor class of the SES Conductor Database to a text file. This name should be a valid name for a file. Note that this doesn't cancel any operation that was previously performed using Apply. then closes the screen. This menu contains only user-defined classes. you are prompted to either stop or continue the conversion. Reference Conductor Class Name: Use this drop down menu to select the name of a class to copy. The operations available in this screen are:  New Class: Select this option to create a new class. deleting or renaming existing classes. and current) than those of the conductors. The Rename Class Operation Use this operation (part of the Database Management screen) to add a new. See The File Format for Exported Data for more details. Control returns to this screen only after completion of the wizard.  Rename Class: Select this option to rename an existing class. When an error occurs while converting a conductor class: Controls the behavior of the program when erroneous data is encountered while converting an older SES Conductor Database class (TRD file) to the new format. Database Management This tab contains options applicable to the Database Management screen. empty class to the SES Conductor Database. such as creating new classes. Note: If you accept to add the conductors. and importing data into existing classes..htm 13/02/2016 . The Delete Class Operation Use this operation (part of the Database Management screen) to delete an existing user-defined class from the SES Conductor Database. OK: Does the same thing as Apply.  Stranded: The new class will contain stranded conductors. this actually starts the Foreign Database Wizard. This name should be a valid name for a file. Type a unique name in this field. the conversion process stops the moment some invalid data is encountered. If the source and target attributes are different: Controls the behavior of the program when attempting to add conductors to a class (through the Add to Database function) which has different attributes (temperature. or accept the program's suggestion. Cancel: Closes the screen without carrying out the selected operation. Type a unique name in this field. New Conductor Class Name <Alphanumeric string>: Defines the name of the new class that should become a copy of the selected class. Temperature: <Real value. Type a unique name in this field. The Convert Operation Use this operation (part of the Database Management screen) to import the data from an older SES Conductor Database class to a new class in the new format. Type a unique name in this field. and cannot be recovered. Reference Conductor Class Name: Use this drop down menu to select the name of a class to export. The screen is divided into two parts: the Select Database Operation panel.

This can only be done once all the necessary data has been specified. Save the Current Settings: Check this option if you want the information defined in the other steps of the wizard to be reused the next time you use this wizard.. Pressing the Ctrl key toggles the highlight of the row on or off..10 and B36. To skip a column in the imported file (i. with the conductor radii expressed in centimeters. Step 4 . Conductor Outer Radius: Outer radius of conductor (in centimeters or inches). Pressing the Shift key extends the highlighted range to form a block.. Cancel: Cancels the import operation. >>: Transfers all field names from the Standard SES Conductor Fields list to the Specified Foreign Database Fields list. STD=Standard. Consult the topic The File Format for Foreign Databases for more details on the format of the imported foreign database. you should specify the characteristics of the format of the text file to import as well as the attributes of the new database class that should be created to store the data from the imported file.]. The field names are added at the end of the Specified Foreign Database Fields list. : Moves the currently selected field name down in the Specified Foreign Database Fields list. respectively. Units: Defines the units in which the data is stored in the file to be imported.19. or accept the program's suggestion. Step 3 . the Real Part and the Imaginary Part. Valid range of values = [-273. The selected conductor is the conductor identified by a icon to the left of the corresponding row in the Conductors grid. The relative resistivity and permeability for carbon steel are 10 (with respect to copper) and 300 (with respect to free space). The file should be in a specific format. Frequency <Real value. The following buttons are available to help assign fields from the Standard SES Conductor Fields list to the Specified Foreign Database Fields list: >: Transfers the currently selected field name from the Standard SES Conductor Fields list to the Specified Foreign Database Fields list. press the Shift or Ctrl key while highlighting a conductor. Foreign Database Name <Alphanumeric string>: Type the name of the foreign database file to import. the second field in the list is assigned to the second column in the file. This name should be a valid name for a file. There can be only one selected conductor. which are applicable for carbon steel.. in kcmil.Field Selection: Map each column of the imported file to one of the supported fields for the SES Conductor Database class. Use the up and down arrow buttons to move it to its proper location. click on the left-most cell of the row corresponding to that conductor in the grid. Use the up and down arrow buttons to move them to their proper location. although you may choose to hide some of those fields using the Customize Display dialog. The regions can be resized by dragging the handle bar located between the scroll-bars. Each region always contains the same fields.. The assignment of fields to a column in the Specified Foreign Database Fields list follows the order of specification in the list: the first field in the list is assigned to the first column in the imported file. <: Transfers the currently selected field name from the Specified Foreign Database Fields list to the Standard SES Conductor Fields list. Step 4 . Number of Outer Strands: Number of outer strands in the conductor. Temperature <Real value. the Conductor Fields.Conclusion: Complete the import operation. The total number of entries in this list should therefore be equal to the total number of columns in the imported file. The Standard SES Conductor Fields list shows all the fields of a SES Conductor Database class that have not been assigned to a column of the imported database yet. ES = Extra Strong. Cross Section (mm2): Cross section area covered by the metallic part of the conductor..Field Selection In this step of the Foreign Database Wizard. Delimiter Selection <Alphanumeric string>: Defines the delimiter used to separate the columns of data in the imported file. Step 2 . and the Specified Foreign Database Fields shows the list of fields assigned to a column. Type a unique name in this field.Identification In this step of the Foreign Database Wizard. To select a conductor from the Conductors grid. The pipe sizes and pipe wall thickness schedules are based on American Standard ASA-B36. Note that if this line is present.  Imperial: The data is stored in the Imperial system of units. The following fields are available: Conductor Fields Conductor Name: Alphanumeric name for the conductor used to identify the conductor in the database. The field name is added at the end of the Standard SES Conductor Fields list. To highlight a conductor in the Conductors grid. and for the definition of the field names. The Conductor Name in the database consists of two fields: the Nominal Pipe Diameter followed by the Wall Thickness Schedule. Database Attributes Defines the attributes of the new class created to store the imported data.Identification: Identify the file containing the data to import and the name of the new class to create. The field names are added at the end of the Standard SES Conductor Fields list.]>: Defines the temperature (in Celsius) for which the imported data applies. file://C:\Users\aivanov\AppData\Local\Temp\~hh44CF. as well as the attributes of the class to be created. There can be several highlighted conductors.. One exception is for the Pipes-Steel class. The text file to be imported should be in the format described in The File Format for Foreign Databases..]>: Defines the frequency (in Hz) for which the imported data applies. Conductor Type: Defines the default type of conductor that the database class to be created will store. Is there a line that represents SES conductor fields name?: Set this to Yes if the file includes a line identifying the field names stored in each column right above the first data line. Number of Header Lines <Integer value. Finish: Completes the import operation. Current <Real value>: Defines the value of the current (in Ampere) for which the imported data applies. Valid range of values = (0. Select one of the predefined choices. Cross Section (kcmil): Cross section area covered by the metallic part of the conductor. simply click on any cell of the row corresponding to that conductor in the grid. it should not be counted in the lines to be skipped defined under Number of Header Lines. etc.e. Two options are available:  Solid: The new class will contain solid conductors. Valid range of values = (0.Conclusion This is the last step of the Foreign Database Wizard. you should specify the name of the text file to import and the name of the new database class that should be created to store the data from the imported file. in square millimeters. Selecting and Highlighting Conductors All operations in the Conductor Database screen apply either to the selected conductor. Click Finish to complete the import operation. See the topic The File Format for Foreign Databases for more details about the supported format. The field name is added at the end of the Specified Foreign Database Fields list. New Conductor Class Name <Alphanumeric string>: Defines the name of the new database class to be created. The behavior of the buttons is as follows: Next: Moves to the next step of the wizard Back: Returns to the previous step of the wizard.htm 13/02/2016 . The highlighted conductors are identified by a different background color for all cells of the corresponding row. Tow options are available:  Metric: The data is stored in the metric system of units. Step 1 . and they need not form a contiguous block. To highlight several conductors in the Conductors grid. or use the Browse button to navigate to the file. Each region is equipped with its own horizontal scroll-bar to allow you to view any field that cannot fit in the current view.About the SES Conductor Database Page 6 of 7 Step 1 . >>: Transfers all field names from the Specified Foreign Database Fields list to the Standard SES Conductor Fields list. Default = 0>: Defines the number of lines to skip at the top of the file. All lines that do not represent conductor data in column format should be skipped.. Conductor Naming Conventions The names used to identify the conductors in the SES classes of the SES Conductor Database are the standard names of the conductors. or select Other and type the delimiter.  Stranded: The new class will contain stranded conductors.. with the conductor radii expressed in inches. : Moves the currently selected field name up in the Specified Foreign Database Fields list. Step 2 . File Format Characteristics Defines the characteristics of the format of the file to be imported. This field name is the only one that can be repeated in the list. Step 3 . Note that the field assignment is done automatically if the imported database file contains a special field identification line just above the first data line. Core Radius: Inner radius of a hollow conductor or distance from center of conductor to the innermost perimeter of the innermost outer strand layer for a stranded conductor (in centimeters or inches). Note that in the field for the Wall Thickness Schedule.. whenever possible. as described in the topic The File Format for Foreign Databases. Location of Fields in Conductors Grid The Conductors grid in the Conductor Database screen is separated into three regions. you should identify which type of data is stored in each column of the foreign database file.. For this class. or to the highlighted conductor(s). not assign it to any data field in the SES Conductor Database class) use the field name Ignore Column.Import Options: Define the characteristics of the format of the file to import. Outer Strand Radius: Radius of the outer strands of the conductor (in centimeters or inches).Import Options In this step of the Foreign Database Wizard. and DES = XX Strong. the name is constructed out of the values for the diameter and wall thickness schedules of the pipes.

. Line 1 of the header. Resistivity: Relative conductor resistivity (relative to annealed copper.368411 :ReactFlag :1 :1 :1 :1 :1 :1 :1 :1 13/02/2016 . :GMR #6 :26 :13.. It contains 8 data lines.38193 :ResistFlag :1 :1 :1 :1 :1 :1 :1 :1 :GMR :1.23368 Akron :31 :15.3175 .28171 :0..374749 :0.. 1. The data can be specified in either Metric or Imperial units.368411 :0.3175 .19965 :1.82867 :0.shows whether this file is an SES conductor class or not .002286 :X1ft :0.804399E-02 :1.002286 :0.391402 :0.1574 :2. Line 2 of the header.38193 :Rac :2. The names are not case-sensitive.shows the version of the file.7241 E-08 ohm-m) Rdc: DC resistance of the conductor in ohms/mile or ohms/km.61246 :1. X 1ft: 60 Hz reactance at 1 ft spacing of the conductor (in ohms/mile or ohms/km).25146 Kazoo :31 :15.083947 :2.70688E-03 #6-1 :26 :13.56564 :7 :0. # Header description and values: # # VersionTag = TRDB_VER_004 . The following line is Name :kcmil :CrossSArea :EquivalentCR #6 :26 :13.17439 :0. InnerSR: Radius of the inner strands of the conductor (in centimeters or inches). The numerical data in the conductor data section should be written in neutral form..0021336 :0. the foreign database is assumed to conform to a rather strict format.e.0018288 :0.82867 :0. .58139 :1.. This line should contain the data type name for each column separated by the chosen delimiter. The Field Identification Line The field identification line (when present) is used by the Foreign Database Import Wizard to identify the type of data contained in each column of the data section. (2): X1ft.374003 :0.105791 :1. Real Part Rho: Relative conductor resistivity (relative to annealed copper. 1.7241 E-08 ohm-m) Rdc: DC resistance of the conductor in ohms/mile or ohms/km. This delimiter must be provided to the Foreign Database Import Wizard. 1.25146 .70793 :0. using the same order as for the data.70793 :0. in square millimeters.19965 :7 :9.0018288 Kazoo :31 :15. Any delimiter that uniquely delineates the columns (for instance.28171 :0.23368 .3175 the "field identification line".. (0): Resistivity..25146 .0018288 :0. it is known that the data was written in the Metric system of units.105791 :1. Picture Name: Name of the file storing the picture representing this conductor. in kcmil. Name: Alphanumeric name for the conductor used to identify the conductor in the database. . MCM: Cross section area covered by the metallic part of the conductor. :0.385934 :0.70688E-03 :0.2566 E-06 henries/m)..17439 :0.368411 :ReactFlag :1 :1 :1 :1 :1 :1 :1 :1 The File Format for Exported Data The file format generated by the Export function of the SES Conductor Database is a special case of the format described under File Format for Foreign Databases. as described below. (1): GMR.. EquivalentCR: Outer radius of conductor (in centimeters or inches). NumInnerStr: Number of inner strands in the conductor.374003 :0. Imaginary Part µ: Relative permeability of the conductor (relative to free space..3175 Kaki :49 :24.28171 :0.  A field identification line describing the type of data that can be found in the data section.51717 :7 :0.82867 :0.. OuterSR: Radius of the outer strands of the conductor (in centimeters or inches). If this line is not specified. you have to provide a mapping of the field names to the data columns in the Foreign Database Import Wizard. i.002286 . Rac: AC resistance of the conductor in ohms/mile or ohms/km. X1ft: 60 Hz reactance at 1 ft spacing of the conductor (in ohms/mile or ohms/km). This topic describes the supported format. for example "Ignore".61246 :7 :0.  The conductor data: Any number of lines.391402 :0..0018288 #4 :42 :21. NumOuterStr: Number of outer strands in the conductor. GMR: Geometric mean radius of the conductor (in meters or feet).385934 :0.1574 :7 :0.  A data section listing all the data for the exported class.374749 :0.htm :X1ft :0. You must provide the total number of lines contained in the header of the imported file to the Foreign Database Import Wizard..368411 :0. CrossSArea: Cross section area covered by the metallic part of the conductor. The imported file can consist of three sections:  The header: This part can contain any number of lines (including zero). Inner Strand Radius: Radius of the inner strands of the conductor (in centimeters or inches). It is ignored when the data is imported. 1. the decimal separator of floating point numbers should be a period.. To skip a column. PictureName: Name of the file storing the picture representing this conductor.70793 :0. :1.804399E-02 :1.385934 :0.. The columns of data (and the fields in the field identification line.0021336 Alton :49 :24.About the SES Conductor Database Page 7 of 7 Number of Inner Strands: Number of inner strands in the conductor.23368 .70688E-03 Akron :31 :15.002286 Kaki :49 :24.51717 :2. ResistFlag: Integer value specifying which of the above three values is used in the calculations. .56564 :2.2566 E-06 henries/m). ReactFlag: Integer value specifying which of the above three values is used in the calculations.17439 :0. (2): Rac.25146 #4 :42 :21. a space or a comma) can be used. GMR: Geometric mean radius of the conductor (in meters or feet).0021336 #4-1 :42 :21. Specifically. CoreRadius: Inner radius of a hollow conductor or distance from center of conductor to the innermost perimeter of the innermost outer strand layer for a stranded conductor (in centimeters or inches).29464 #4-1 :42 :21. Line 3 of the header.083947 :2.385934 :0.374003 :0. Resistance Flag: Specifies which of the above three values is used in the calculations.  A field identification line: This optional line contains the names of the fields that should be associated with the data in the corresponding columns.70688E-03 :1. While the file does not contain this information directly. :NumOuterStr :OuterSR :Rdc :7 :0.17439 :0.077724 :2.. The data type names should be taken from the list below.374003 :0. :0. Permeability: Relative permeability of the conductor (relative to free space.077724 :2. This file contains 3 header lines and a field identification line.23368 #6-1 :26 :13. :1. Example The following is an abbreviated example of a file generated by the Export function of the SES Conductor Database.29464 Alton :49 :24. Rac: AC resistance of the conductor in ohms/mile or ohms/km. if it is present) should be separated by a delimiter. :0. :0. Reactance Flag: Specifies which of the above three values is used in the calculations. each containing the data for one conductor.35583 :1.82867 :0. :0.29464 .. The data should be in columns. file://C:\Users\aivanov\AppData\Local\Temp\~hh44CF.29464 . write any name not in the list below.0021336 :0. # Locked = True . The File Format for Foreign Databases In the Import from Foreign Database operation. The actual units used must be provided to the Foreign Database Import Wizard. and any data whatsoever.70793 :0.. It uses ":" as a field delimiter. (0): Permeability. those files contain:  A header of 51 lines describing the contents of the remainder of the file.28171 :0. :0. Name :kcmil :CrossSArea :EquivalentCR . (1): Rdc. Example The following is an example of a file that has a correct format for import through the Import Foreign Database Wizard.35459 :7 :0.58139 :7 :9.